INTRODUCTION TO
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
CHAPTER 1
ESS 201
• Anatomy:
• Physiology:
Levels of Organization
• Atoms
• Molecules
• Macromolecules
• Organelles
• Cell
• Tissue
• Organ
• Organ System
• Organism
Characteristics of Life
Metabolism:
• Movement
• Responsiveness
• Growth
• Reproduction
• Respiration
• Digestion
• Absorp...
5 Requirements of Organisms
• Water
• Food
• Oxygen
• Heat
• Pressure
Homeostasis
• Definition:
• Receptors:
• Effectors:
• Set point:
• Negative feedback mechanism:
Organization of the Human Body
Body Cavities:
• Appendicular
• Axial
-Cranial cavity
-Vertebral canal
-Thoracic cavity
-Ab...
Organ Membranes
• Parietal Pleura
• Visceral Pleura
• Pericardial Membranes
• Peritoneal Membranes
Organ Systems
• Integumentary
• Skeletal
• Muscular
• Nervous
• Endocrine
• Cardiovascular
• Lymphatic
• Digestive
• Respi...
Anatomical Terminology: Position
Anatomical Position-
• Superior
• Inferior
• Anterior
• Posterior
• Medial
• Lateral
• Pr...
Anatomical Terminology:
Body Sections
• Sagittal plane-
• Transverse plane-
• Frontal plane-
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Introduction to anatomy and physiology

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Introduction to anatomy and physiology

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 1 ESS 201
  2. 2. • Anatomy: • Physiology:
  3. 3. Levels of Organization • Atoms • Molecules • Macromolecules • Organelles • Cell • Tissue • Organ • Organ System • Organism
  4. 4. Characteristics of Life Metabolism: • Movement • Responsiveness • Growth • Reproduction • Respiration • Digestion • Absorption • Circulation • Assimilation • Excretion
  5. 5. 5 Requirements of Organisms • Water • Food • Oxygen • Heat • Pressure
  6. 6. Homeostasis • Definition: • Receptors: • Effectors: • Set point: • Negative feedback mechanism:
  7. 7. Organization of the Human Body Body Cavities: • Appendicular • Axial -Cranial cavity -Vertebral canal -Thoracic cavity -Abdominopelvic cavity
  8. 8. Organ Membranes • Parietal Pleura • Visceral Pleura • Pericardial Membranes • Peritoneal Membranes
  9. 9. Organ Systems • Integumentary • Skeletal • Muscular • Nervous • Endocrine • Cardiovascular • Lymphatic • Digestive • Respiratory • Urinary • Reproductive
  10. 10. Anatomical Terminology: Position Anatomical Position- • Superior • Inferior • Anterior • Posterior • Medial • Lateral • Proximal • Distal • Superficial • Deep
  11. 11. Anatomical Terminology: Body Sections • Sagittal plane- • Transverse plane- • Frontal plane-

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