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WWI

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WWI

  1. 1. The Great War: WWI
  2. 2. World War I <ul><li>CAUSES </li></ul><ul><li>European powers compete for colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism increases in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Arms race develops </li></ul><ul><li>Hostile alliances form </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECTS </li></ul><ul><li>Allies defeat Central Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Old empires break up </li></ul><ul><li>Europe is economically devastated </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations is formed </li></ul><ul><li>US becomes economic giant & isolationist </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty’s harsh treatment of Germany helps lead to WWII </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of WWI (MAIN) <ul><li>Militarism: Building up armed forces, getting ready for war </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances: agreement or promises to defend & help another country </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism: Trying to build up an empire </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism: Pride in your country, willing to defend it </li></ul>
  4. 4. Countries Involved <ul><li>ALLIES </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Russia (in the beginning) </li></ul><ul><li>16 other nations/colonies </li></ul><ul><li>CENTRAL POWERS </li></ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul>
  5. 7. Order of Events <ul><li>June 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austrian throne, is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. </li></ul><ul><li>July 1914: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Aug. 1914: Alliance system pulls in one nation after another. </li></ul>
  6. 8. US Stays Neutral <ul><li>Pres. Wilson’s campaign slogan: “He kept us out of the war!” </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of Isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>WWI is Europe’s problem </li></ul><ul><li>US traded w/ all of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>US immigrants had family still in Europe on both sides </li></ul>
  7. 9. US Joins WWI (1917-1918) <ul><li>Pres. Wilson joins Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Note: German diplomat sends letter to Mexico encouraging it to attack the US, if the US joins WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>Lusitania: British ship sunk by German u-boat. American passengers on ship. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia withdraws from war </li></ul><ul><li>US loans billions to Allies </li></ul>

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