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Relationship: Understanding the phenomenon.
Relationship: Understanding the phenomenon, guide for the clinician.
Samiul...
Outline:
 Understanding the phenemenon.
Assessment.
 Treatment.
Why relationship?
 It is a complicated phenomenon.
Lot's of case received with this kind of this problem.
Stable relati...
Perspective of relationship: Theoritical aspect.
Attachtment Theory:
Bowlby(1973) proposed this theory. It proposed a mo...
 Adult attachtment is a dynamic concept. There are three model to describe the concept.
 Life stress model.
 Proposed b...
Life stress model.
Proposed by Bowlby( 1969).
 It stated that life events and circumstances that are emotionaly signifi...
Social Cognitive Model
Proposed by Baldwin, Keelan, Fehr, Enns and Koh-Rangarajoo( 1996).
It said that, change in attach...
Individual difference model.
 Pathological individual difference can affect the attachtment.
 People who experienced par...
Adutl attachment: two continums
 Anxiety:
 The strong desire to receive attention from partner with a deep fear about re...
Types of adult attachtment
 Bartholomew and Horowitz( 1991) coceptualized four styles of adult attachment.
Secure.( Low ...
Why attachment?
 Numerous studies suggests that adult attachment can influence relationship so many way.
Such as: relati...
Continue
 Propensity for domestic violence( Weston,2008).
Secure attachment contribute to relationship stability( Karaku...
Relationship maintenance
 Relationship need to be maintained as like automobile need to be maintained.
Relationship main...
Relationship Maintenance
Use of this behaviour can be perceived by other partner as an indication of quality of relations...
Continue
 Studies have identified severeal relationship maintenance behaviour. Such as:
Positivity( Being optimistic and...
Continue
Sharing tasks( Sharing household duties and completing shared reponsibilities)
These behaviours can be affected...
Common relationship problems
Infedility:
It is most damaging act in the relationship and most difficult to treat( Whisma...
Continue
 Infidelity often measured by the act that breaks the agreement of sexual monogamy between t
Types of infidelity
 Emotional affair:
When the partner spends emotional resources like love, time and attention to othe...
 People scored higher in anxcious attachment were more likely to participate infidelity( Bogaert
Males with dismissive a...
 Preoccupied individuals fear of abandonment and always seek closeness, approval from other
 So they can involve infidel...
Emotional reactivity also have an impact on infidelity.
Parental infidelity also have an impact.
How to build a stable relationship?
There are broad range of factors found to be associated with stable relationship.
Th...
Kaakurt's Model.

Relationship Difficulties in modern ages and how clinical psychologist can help to overcome these difficulties.
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Relationship Difficulties in modern ages and how clinical psychologist can help to overcome these difficulties.

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This presentation is a brief demonstration how clinical psychologist can client with relationship difficulties.

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Relationship Difficulties in modern ages and how clinical psychologist can help to overcome these difficulties.

  1. 1. Relationship: Understanding the phenomenon. Relationship: Understanding the phenomenon, guide for the clinician. Samiul Hossain Clinical Psychologist II .
  2. 2. Outline:  Understanding the phenemenon. Assessment.  Treatment.
  3. 3. Why relationship?  It is a complicated phenomenon. Lot's of case received with this kind of this problem. Stable relationship can be key to productivity.  Pattern of relationship has been changing over the years.
  4. 4. Perspective of relationship: Theoritical aspect. Attachtment Theory: Bowlby(1973) proposed this theory. It proposed a model about infant-caregiver relationship. The relationship depend on the attachtment's figure's availability and proximity during various e Adult attachtment theorise that, partners replace the parents as the primary attachtment figure
  5. 5.  Adult attachtment is a dynamic concept. There are three model to describe the concept.  Life stress model.  Proposed by Bowlby( 1969).  It stated that life events and circumstances that are emotionaly significant can change attacht
  6. 6. Life stress model. Proposed by Bowlby( 1969).  It stated that life events and circumstances that are emotionaly significant can change attacht Negative life events such as perception of loss associated with events and moods found to be
  7. 7. Social Cognitive Model Proposed by Baldwin, Keelan, Fehr, Enns and Koh-Rangarajoo( 1996). It said that, change in attachtment security is result of changing state of minds. It highlights the temporal, state like features. Different levels of attachtment wil be reported at different points in time depending upon what is The recollection of life events that activate feeling of loss will activate insecure attachtment( Da
  8. 8. Individual difference model.  Pathological individual difference can affect the attachtment.  People who experienced parental divorce are more prone to change in their attachment levels
  9. 9. Adutl attachment: two continums  Anxiety:  The strong desire to receive attention from partner with a deep fear about relationship and pa Avoidance:  The difficulty finding comfort in close psychological and emotional intimacy. It also featured by 
  10. 10. Types of adult attachtment  Bartholomew and Horowitz( 1991) coceptualized four styles of adult attachment. Secure.( Low levels of anxiety and avoidance) Preoccupied.( High anxiety and low avoidance) Fearful.( High in anxiety and avoidance) Dismissing. ( Low anxiety and high avodiance)
  11. 11. Why attachment?  Numerous studies suggests that adult attachment can influence relationship so many way. Such as: relationship satisfaction( Hazan & shaver, 1987,1994) Sexual satisfaction, intimacy( Mickelson, Kessler& Shaver,1997). Communication( Collins & Read,1990) Conflict Resolution styles( Shi, 2003)
  12. 12. Continue  Propensity for domestic violence( Weston,2008). Secure attachment contribute to relationship stability( Karakurt,2012)
  13. 13. Relationship maintenance  Relationship need to be maintained as like automobile need to be maintained. Relationship maintenance behaviour help to sustain the relationship in different stage. It also p It can be performed either stratigically to produce specific outcome or routinely;performed with
  14. 14. Relationship Maintenance Use of this behaviour can be perceived by other partner as an indication of quality of relationsh  It also predicts liking one's partner, commitment in relationships and relationships satisfaction.
  15. 15. Continue  Studies have identified severeal relationship maintenance behaviour. Such as: Positivity( Being optimistic and hopeful about the relationship) Opennes( Desire to disclose information to one partner) Assurances. Social networks( Use common friendships to gain support and keep the relationship enjoyable)
  16. 16. Continue Sharing tasks( Sharing household duties and completing shared reponsibilities) These behaviours can be affected by the partner's attachment pattern( Adams & Baptist, 2012)
  17. 17. Common relationship problems Infedility: It is most damaging act in the relationship and most difficult to treat( Whisman, Dixon and John Therapists estimate that 50-65% of their practice involved couples that have problems with infe
  18. 18. Continue  Infidelity often measured by the act that breaks the agreement of sexual monogamy between t
  19. 19. Types of infidelity  Emotional affair: When the partner spends emotional resources like love, time and attention to other individual. Sexual affair or Physical infidelity: When one partner involved in sexual activity with somebody other than primary partner. Combined type: It has greatest threat to the relationship ( Glass and Wright, 1985)
  20. 20.  People scored higher in anxcious attachment were more likely to participate infidelity( Bogaert Males with dismissive attachment styles and female with preoccupied attachment styles had hi People with Fearful and preoccupied attachment style more likely to practice in infidelity( Fish,
  21. 21.  Preoccupied individuals fear of abandonment and always seek closeness, approval from other  So they can involve infidelity to validate their self worth.
  22. 22. Emotional reactivity also have an impact on infidelity. Parental infidelity also have an impact.
  23. 23. How to build a stable relationship? There are broad range of factors found to be associated with stable relationship. There are multifaceted factors associated with relationship stability.
  24. 24. Kaakurt's Model. 

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