Types of resources

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It describes the different types of resources, where you can find them and advantages or disadvantages for each.

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Types of resources

  1. 1. 21 but test them all; hold on to what is good, 22 reject every kind of evil. 1 Thessalonians 5:21-22
  2. 2. SOURCES OF INFORMATION TYPES
  3. 3. What is a source of information O Any mean that provides data or information which is useful to develop a research.
  4. 4. Types of Sources O Primary Sources O They are original materials. They are from the time period involved and have not been filtered through interpretation or evaluation. Primary sources are original materials on which other research is based. They are usually the first formal appearance of results in physical, print or electronic format. They present original thinking, report a discovery, or share new information.
  5. 5. ExamplesO Artifacts (e.g. coins, plant specimens, fossils, furniture, tools, clothing, all from the time under study); O Audio recordings (e.g. radio programs) O Diaries; O Internet communications on email, listservs; O Interviews (e.g., oral histories, telephone, e-mail); O Journal articles published in peer-reviewed publications; O Letters; O Newspaper articles written at the time; O Original Documents (i.e. birth certificate, will, marriage license, trial transcript); O Patents; O Photographs O Proceedings of Meetings, conferences and symposia; O Records of organizations, government agencies (e.g. annual report, treaty, constitution, government document); O Speeches; O Survey Research (e.g., market surveys, public opinion polls); O Video recordings (e.g. television programs); O Works of art, architecture, literature, and music (e.g., paintings, sculptures, musical scores, buildings, novels, poems). O Web site.
  6. 6. Types of Sources O Secondary Sources O Secondary sources are less easily defined than primary sources. Generally, they are accounts written after the fact with the benefit of hindsight. They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence.
  7. 7. Examples O Bibliographies (also considered tertiary); O Biographical works; O Commentaries, criticisms; O Dictionaries, Encyclopedias (also considered tertiary); O Histories; O Journal articles (depending on the disciple can be primary); O Magazine and newspaper articles (this distinction varies by discipline); O Monographs, other than fiction and autobiography; O Textbooks (also considered tertiary); O Web site (also considered primary).
  8. 8. Types of Sources O Tertiary Soruces O They consist of information which is a distillation and collection of primary and secondary sources.
  9. 9. Examples O Almanacs; O Bibliographies (also considered secondary); O Chronologies; O Dictionaries and Encyclopedias (also considered secondary); O Directories; O Fact books; O Guidebooks; O Indexes, abstracts, bibliographies used to locate primary and secondary sources; O Manuals; O Textbooks (also be secondary).
  10. 10. NOTE O The previous definitions can vary depending upon the discipline or context of your researhc.
  11. 11. Comparison Across the Disciplines SUBJECT PRIMARY SECONDARY TERTIARY Art and Architecture Painting by Manet Article critiquing art piece ArtStor database Chemistry/Life Sciences Einstein's diary Monograph on Einstein's life Dictionary on Theory of Relativity Engineering/Physical Sciences Patent NTIS database Manual on using invention Humanities Letters by Martin Luther King Web site on King's writings Encyclopedia on Civil Rights Movement Social Sciences Notes taken by clinical psychologist Magazine article about the psychological condition Textbook on clinical psychology Performing Arts Movie filmed in 1942 Biography of the director Guide to the movie
  12. 12. Libraries as Source of Information O What is a library? O What is its roll in a research? O What types of sources does it offer? O What types of information? O Advantages O Disadvantages
  13. 13. Getting Digital Information O What is digital information? O Where can you get it? O Advantages O Disadvantages
  14. 14. Assignment O Make 6 bibliography cards following instructions from material provided by the professor.

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