Role of GOs and NGOs in
NFE is any deliberately organized educational
activity outside the established school and
university system, particularly for adults and
out of school youth, for the purpose of
communicating ideas, developing
skills, changing the attitude or modifying
behaviour related to the realization of
development goals and achievement of
higher standards of living and the welfare of
the people.( AIOU, 1974)
NFE is any systematized arrangement or process
for imparting edn/training outside the
established and conventional stream of
education and training, so that formal education
too, may incorporate NFE elements ( e.g.at the
simplest , services of education audio-cassettes)
and NFE include formal elements (at its most
obvious level, a school building and its facilities)
and indeed, the two are in a position to
strengthen and enrich each other when they
interact rather than run along separate parallel
lines.( Ministry of Edn , 1985,p-42)
Target population for NFE
Women both rural and urban
Unemployed, underemployed, under privileged
Social education for development of life skills to
tackle socio-economic problems
Occupational education in rural and agricultural
Ministry of Education- special wing for NFE
Projects supervised by Federal Ministry Of Education
funded by donor agencies
Adult Literacy Centre to make adult illiterate to
Mosque Schools: inexpensive , significantly
contributing to development of primary
education in Pakistan
Mohallah Schools: use community buildings for
promoting female education in rural areas.
Village workshops: for out of school youth
o Emphasize skill development needed in rural areas
o Govt provides instructors and tool kits
Literacy and Mass Education Commission(LAMEC):
supervised and sponsored by the Federal Ministry Of
Education. Two programmes were run namely Nai
Roshni School project and Iqra pilot project
Nai Roshni School project
o Purpose was to provide opportunity to dropouts and out of
school children of 10-14.
o Established in Dec 1986
o Approach NFE
o Schools opened throughout the year. No strict admission
o School functioned in formal school building in afternoon
o No tests for admission
o Free books and stationery
o School hours -4 hours daily for two years.
o Student qualifying were allowed to get admission in class SIX
National Farm Guide Movement(1966)
Objective : popularizing better methods of
farming, fighting against literacy and initiating
community development programmes
Members trained in adult education, crop
production, civil defence and first-aid
Correspondence courses are also offered.
Each student guide to educate one illiterate and
teach vocabulary of 1200 words
The movement published Dehi Razakar in Urdu
and Farm Guide in English
Provision of two primers to illiterates who intend
to learn and write
A set of 13 agricultural lessons was provided to
farmers with some basic education
The Pakistan Girl Guides Association (PGGA) is a
national organization established in Pakistan in
1947 and now operating in the provinces of
Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, North West
Frontier, Federal area of Islamabad and Northern
Tribal Areas of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Girl Guides Association is a voluntary
semi-governmental organization that aims at the
development of girls and young women.
The association designs and executes the
programs for girls between the ages of 621, many service projects in the field of
education, health, training skills and advocacy
campaigns for an improved style of life are
offered to these girls
Mission of the Girl Guide Movement is to train
girls and young women to develop their fullest
potentials as individuals and make them useful
and caring citizens of Pakistan.
Develop good citizenship among girls and young
women by forming their character, training them in
habits of observation, tolerance, self-reliance and
thought fullness for others.
Provide opportunities to girls and young women to
food, nutrition, health, environment, prevention from
drug addiction and human rights
Create awareness about national issues and plan small
projects for solving these issues at grass root level.
Provide opportunities to Guides to work for the
promotion of literacy for girls and women.
ROLE AND OBJECITVES
The role of Literacy Resource Centre is to
strengthen PGGA and other NGOs / GOs in their
efforts for the promotion of literacy and NonFormal Education for girls and women
throughout the country.
To collect, document and distribute information
on literacy activities of NGOs / GOs.
Locate community based organizations (CBOs)
which are engaged in literacy and NFE activities
and help them by providing training and
Literacy Workshop For NGOs/CBOs
Provide training to literacy personnel of
NGOs on curriculum
development, monitoring of literacy
programme, training techniques and
developing learning materials.
Networking with Local, National and
International Agencies in the field of Literacy
and also with other LRCs in the Asia Pacific
APWA was established in 1949 by the late
Begum Raana Liaquat Ali Khan
APWA was formed to tackle the refugee
crises that emerged as a result of partition
between India and Pakistan.
Begum Raana Liaquat announced the formation
of a voluntary, non-partisan, non-political
organization in recognition of the need for a
national association to oversee, consolidate and
coordinate women's activity for the
social, cultural and economic empowerment of
women and children in Pakistan.
Over the 60 years of its existence, APWA has
emerged as the oldest and one of the respected
non-governmental organizations in the country.
To improve women's rights and status in
legal and socio-political terms.
APWA was instrumental in equalizing and
regularizing aspects of the Muslim Family
Together with female economist, sociologists
and politicians, APWA helped in the creation
of the Family Laws Ordinance (1961), which
still exists today.
Set up schools, dispensaries, maternity homes and
family planning clinics in both urban and rural
By the mid 1950's APWA had 32 district branches
with a total membership of about 1200 women of
whom about 800 were said to be actively engaged
in social work.
APWA maintained contacts with other
women through its 20 industrial homes
where an estimated 40,000 women passed
through various stages of training each year.
Further more through its 100 social welfare
centers, 6 dispensaries and 13 basic education
centers, another 15,000 women were being
Approximately 8,000 children attended the
primary schools run by APWA.
Higher level education institutions opened by
APWA included the College for Sciences and
Arts that was established in Karachi in 1964.
The APWA College for Women in Lahore
became a full degree college in 1958.
Training Lady Health Visitors
Training for organizers of population planning
Training of auxiliary nurses
Training of Civil Defence Volunteers
Started functioning 1959
Objective: to experiment with new
techniques of rural development
Projects: extension education and ulema
Extension education for the development of
one of five integrated programme
Training of managers and model farmers
Pesh imam from selected villages were trained in
first aid and health education
Poultry vaccination courses were also conducted
Courses for limited number of people were
organized in agriculture, organizers of
cooperatives, accountants and plant protection
Launched in collaboration with Auqaf
Department to equip ulema with trade skills
to earn income and help rural population in
improving quality of life
To impart knowledge about agriculture
Active participation in supervision of plant
protection, first aid, vaccination etc
Non govt organization supported and
financed by missionaries
Aim is to provide adult education and
ABES operated literacy and adult education
In one of the Adult Basic Education Project
cycle 165 centres were opened by ABES.
ABES also arranges sessions in
health, nutrition child
care, handicrafts, cutting
,sewing, embroidery, vocational training and
Reading material in these fields are provided
for new literates