Real Cost of Nuclear Power by Surendra Gadekar


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Real Cost of Nuclear Power by Surendra Gadekar at Sambhaavnaa Institute

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Real Cost of Nuclear Power by Surendra Gadekar

  1. 1. The Real Costs of Nuclear Power Dr. Sanghamitra Gadekar Dr. Surendra Gadekar Sampoorna Kranti Vidyalaya Vedchhi District: Surat Gujarat
  2. 2. Democracy and Development <ul><li>Democracy means people's choice </li></ul><ul><li>Choice needs to be an informed choice. Both benefits and costs need to be well understood. </li></ul><ul><li>All forms of electricity generation have costs that need to be paid </li></ul><ul><li>The experience of sixty years of development has shown that some have lost and some others have gained. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Characteristics <ul><li>Disregard for proper procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Lies and Misinformation Galore </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination against low wage workers </li></ul><ul><li>A propensity for shoddy work </li></ul>
  4. 4. Disregard for Proper Procedure Even before 123, Nucleocrats are off their marks and running wild Prepare EIA. Invite comments. Hold public hearing. Make financial outlays. Issue notices under section 4(1). Get objections. Negotiate prices. Issue further notices... People have already been served with land acquisition notices under section 17 (Emergency provisions) with no right to appeal
  5. 5. Lies and Misinformation Galore <ul><li>Preliminary surveys are conducted under false pretenses Sanavada: Granite roads so that tanks can roll on easily into Pakistan Loharki (Pokran): Oil exploration Maadban (Jaitapur): Bauxite exploration </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two Contradictory Statements <ul><li>“ The GOI has sanctioned 2X1000 MW LWR type reactor units at Madban as Jaitapur NPP. The type of units is not yet decided and hence cost figures are not available.” 17.7.07 </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is proposed to install 6X1650 MW capacity PWR units at the Jaitapur site to harness nuclear power.” May '07 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Innocuous Zone IV <ul><li>“ Proposed Jaitapur site is not earthquake prone.” </li></ul><ul><li>88 quakes of intensity > 3 have been recorded during the period 1986-2005 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1993 there was a quake of intensity 6.3 and a further two of intensity > 5.1 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000 there were two shocks of intensity 5.2 and one of intensity 5 </li></ul><ul><li>The Koyna shock of 1967 at the site was of intensity 6.5 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lies and Misinformation Galore <ul><li>“ The land at the proposed Jaitapur site is government owned and is barren.” Horticultural land nil. </li></ul><ul><li>If such is the case then how come 427 families have been served with land acquisition notices and compensation of Rs 127620 for losses suffered by the mango crop was paid in 2005. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Discrimination Against Low Wage Workers and Villagers <ul><li>The officers' colony is always located 10 kms from the plant site. They along with other operating staff commute daily to work. </li></ul><ul><li>The construction workers colony will be located just 1.6 km from the reactors. There will also be no displacement of villagers since there are none housed within 1.6 km. It is perfectly safe to live just outside the 1.6 km perimeter. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discrimination Against Contract Workers <ul><ul><li>Contract workers do the most dangerous and dirty jobs but are not entitled to any benefits enjoyed by salaried employees. Most disgracefully they do not get admission to the plant hospital or any other medical benefit. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Shoddy Work Practices
  12. 12. Shoddy Work Practices
  13. 13. Dirty and Dangerous <ul><li>According to the Tarapur Nuclear Power Station Annual Performance Report for the year 1985 radiation levels in various parts of the reactor building were ten to five hundred times higher than what was expected by design. This situation had prevailed for many years. The radiation levels in the turbine building were 1.5 to 2 times higher than expected. They were six to eight times higher in the radwaste building. </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ Routine Emissions”
  15. 15. Emergency 'Preparedness' <ul><li>In case of off-site emergency needing evacuation it is planned to take the whole population of Mandvi (> 15000) to a primary school in Mangrol that cannot hold even 200 packed like sardines </li></ul>
  16. 16. Pre-operational Environmental 'Surveillance' <ul><li>Comparison of population and number of households of some villages between paper published by BARC and local panchayat sarpanches of the concerned villages </li></ul>
  17. 17. Consequences: Jaduguda <ul><li>A Significant Rise in Congenital Deformities </li></ul>
  18. 18. Jaduguda: Respiratory Problems <ul><li>National average of TB: 187/100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Permissible exposure limit (PEL) for silica dust in India is 1.5 times that allowed in USA </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of silicosis is estimated to be 77% for a lifetime exposure to silica at PEL </li></ul><ul><li>Not a single case of silicosis diagnosed by UCIL doctors amongst uranium workers </li></ul>
  19. 19. Dead Men Do Tell Tales <ul><li>Of the 20 deaths amongst children (< 20 years) in villages near Jaduguda, there were 13 males and 7 females. 8 had deformities. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the 78 deaths amongst adults (>= 20 years) in villages near Jaduguda, there were 53 males and 25 females. While death due to chronic lung disease is just 12% amongst women, it is a huge 41.5% amongst men. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Rawatbhata
  21. 21. Rawatbhata: Solid Tumours
  22. 22. Rawatbhata <ul><li>Extraordinary rise in congenital deformities </li></ul><ul><li>Miscarriages, stillbirths and one day deaths of new born babies significantly higher </li></ul><ul><li>Significant increases in chronic diseases especially amongst young </li></ul><ul><li>Solid tumours significantly higher </li></ul><ul><li>People die eleven years younger </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly lesser number of households with electricity connections </li></ul>
  23. 23. Not Just Statistics
  24. 24. Gandhar
  25. 25. Sumitra
  26. 26. Nandalalji
  27. 27. Dhapobai
  28. 28. Nandakuvar
  29. 29. Badri
  30. 30. Munni
  31. 32. Dinesh
  32. 33. Pappu
  33. 34. Banwari
  34. 35. Guddu
  35. 36. Ramdayal