5 Steps to Fabric Structure Success

7,422 views

Published on

Learn the 5 steps necessary to have a good fabric structure experience

5 Steps to Fabric Structure Success

  1. 1. 5 steps to a successful Fabric Structure experience Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  2. 2. Step 1. Do your research…then Design Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  3. 3. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures “ It’s basically steel, fabric and cables, but its not as easy (or hard) as it looks”
  4. 4. <ul><li>Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Design Development </li></ul><ul><li>key steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>design only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>design/build </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plans and spec </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.)   Form Finding 101 There is no substitute for a “hands on” approach…
  6. 6. Hypar
  7. 7. Cone
  8. 8. Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com Vault
  9. 9. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) <ul><li>STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>Structure’s response to loads </li></ul>
  10. 10. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) <ul><li>MEMBRANE ENGINEERING </li></ul><ul><li>From 3D to 2D </li></ul>
  11. 11. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in LEED certification </li></ul><ul><li>Design Excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Energy & Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Quality </li></ul>
  12. 12. Designing Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.)   In Designing Fabric Structures… Form, Function, Fabric are one and the same
  13. 13. <ul><li>Architectural Fabric Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Building </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you want to walk the walk, its good to talk the talk” </li></ul><ul><li>Common Shapes and Forms : </li></ul><ul><li>Mast Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Point Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Arch Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Frame Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Saddle </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Forms and Uses of Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mast-supported systems </li></ul><ul><li>Tent-like structures in form </li></ul><ul><li>One or several peaks supported by central poles and perimeter cables </li></ul><ul><li>Typically use compression ring or “bale” ring </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Forms and Uses of Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Point-supported </li></ul><ul><li>Clear span avoids a center mast </li></ul><ul><li>Often hypar shaped (two high, two low connection points) </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizes an exterior frame or series of peripheral masts </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Forms and Uses of Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Arch-supported </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing a curved compression member </li></ul><ul><li>Cross arches often used </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Forms and Uses of Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Frame supported </li></ul><ul><li>Space frame </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric attached to a structural frame </li></ul><ul><li>Structural components carry forces </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric is purely used as a cladding </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Forms and Uses of Architectural Fabric Structures (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Saddle/Hypar </li></ul><ul><li>Double curvature </li></ul><ul><li>Two (2) high points, Two (2) Low points </li></ul><ul><li>“ Saddle” shape </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal or Vertical </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal surfaces </li></ul>
  19. 19. Step 2. Pick the right fabric. Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  20. 20. Available Materials (cont.)   Selecting the proper Fabric “ size does matter”   Fabrics for Today and Tomorrow: “ the key is finding the right fabric for the right application”
  21. 21. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Teflon Coated Fiberglass (PTFE) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>large scale permanent structures </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Silicone, TiO2, Woven PTFE </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>more pliable than standard PTFE </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Ethylene Tetra Fluoro Ethylene (ETFE) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>if you’re looking for high transparency (97%) </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Vinyl Coated Polyester (PVC/PVDF) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>most cost effective material for temporary and permanent structures </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) </li></ul><ul><li>when you’re looking for shade only </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Laminates, Lycra and Theatrical Draperies </li></ul><ul><li>The materials for tents, awnings, and interiors </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Available Materials (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Future? </li></ul><ul><li>PV, custom fabrics, films and smart too! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Step 3. Pick the right components Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  29. 29. Components and Details   Design and Engineering Criteria “ The engineer’s and designer’s aesthetics”
  30. 30. <ul><li>Components and Details (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Details </li></ul><ul><li>custom </li></ul><ul><li>bridge or yacht </li></ul><ul><li>Less is more vs. Light is more </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Components and Details (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Base Plate </li></ul><ul><li>“ get those anchor bolts right” </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mast </li></ul><ul><li>cleats, clips and bale rings </li></ul><ul><li>Membrane Plate </li></ul><ul><li>the link and connector </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Components and Details (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Edge </li></ul><ul><li>curve, cantenary or clamp </li></ul><ul><li>Tie downs </li></ul><ul><li>connector to the ground </li></ul>
  33. 33. Components and Details (cont.)   Hardware Stainless steel, Galvanized or Custom finishes
  34. 34. “ A Fabric Structure is made like a well tailored suit” Step 4. Understand the process. Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  35. 35. <ul><li>Steps to Success (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it simple… </li></ul><ul><li>Design Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Approvals (Design, Material, Cost) </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Approvals (For Foundations by Others) </li></ul><ul><li>Details </li></ul><ul><li>Shop Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Approvals </li></ul><ul><li>Order Material (structure, hardware, fabric) </li></ul><ul><li>Survey </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Steps for Success (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Patterning </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Fabric to be used </li></ul><ul><li>Establish seam width </li></ul><ul><li>Patterning </li></ul><ul><li>Determine reinforcements and offsets </li></ul><ul><li>CAD/CAM cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric Fabrication </li></ul><ul><li>fabrication drawings </li></ul><ul><li>purchasing material </li></ul><ul><li>fabrication </li></ul><ul><li>packaging </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Steps to Success (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Installations </li></ul><ul><li>weather permitting </li></ul><ul><li>site preparation </li></ul><ul><li>unloading materials </li></ul><ul><li>installing and tensioning </li></ul><ul><li>inspection and closeout </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Steps for Success (cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>routine cleaning (self-cleaning or “power” wash) </li></ul><ul><li>annual inspections </li></ul><ul><li>“ fabric kits” and repairs </li></ul><ul><li>warranty vs life span </li></ul><ul><li>pay now, pay later or have a plan </li></ul>
  39. 39. Step 5. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com
  40. 40. So how do YOU get started? <ul><li>Create a team </li></ul><ul><li>Architect/Engineer/Designer </li></ul><ul><li>LEED Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Tensile Membrane Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturer/Contractor </li></ul>
  41. 41. A Tour of Fabric Structures Walkway Convention Centers
  42. 42. Retail
  43. 43. Hotels Casinos
  44. 44. Covered Parking
  45. 45. Outdoor Dining
  46. 46. Signage Theme Parks
  47. 47. Food Courts
  48. 48. Walkways
  49. 49. The use of colors
  50. 50. Urban Waterfront
  51. 51. Recreation
  52. 52. Band shells
  53. 53. Interior sun shading Exterior Sun Shading
  54. 54. Supermarkets Farmers Market
  55. 55. Marquee
  56. 56. Parks and Recreation
  57. 57. Amphitheaters
  58. 58. New Construction Renovations
  59. 59. Playgrounds
  60. 60. Gas Stations Grandstands
  61. 61. Walkways
  62. 62. Transit
  63. 63. Custom Umbrellas
  64. 64. Sports Schools
  65. 65. Projected Images Textile Facades
  66. 66. Thank You Samuel J. Armijos, AIA, www.fabric architect .com

×