Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Kumar Sangakkara's Cowdrey Lecture In Sinhala

1,787 views

Published on

Kumar Sangakkara's 2011 MCC Spirit of Cricket Cowdrey Lecture in full in Sinhala

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Kumar Sangakkara's Cowdrey Lecture In Sinhala

  1. 1. l=ud¾ ix.laldr úiska2011 cQ,s ui 04 fjks i÷ Èkf,daâia ls%lÜ msáfhysk¾iß meú,shkays §mj;ajk ,o2011tïiSiS ^MCC& ls%lÜ Ôj.=Khfl!âß foaYkh
  2. 2. YS% ,xldfõ ls%lÜ lS%vdfõ Ôj.=Kh - wfma úYsIaGNdjhg Wmydrhla2011 cQ,s 04iNdm;s;uks" W;=udKkajreks" fkdakdjreks" uy;ajreks" =fuu jif¾ foaYkh meje;aùug ud leu;s o keoao hkak oek .ekSu i|yd udj iïnkaOlr.ekSug CMJ W;aidy lrñka isák njg mKsúvh §ug uf.a l<ukdldr uy;d ug l;dlrk úg f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfhka miq ud isáfha bkaÈhdfõ hj;auka tla osk cd;Hka;r ;r.dj,sh ueoafoa wm isákafkah hk ldrKh ksid uq,§ uumiqng jqj o ;rula l,amkd lrkq ,eîfuka miq th ud m%;lafIam fkdl< hq;= wdrdOkhla sjQfha h hkak wjfndaO lr .;sñ wdrdOkh lrkq ,nk m%:u YS% ,dxlslhd ùu ug muKlafkdj udf.a ifydaor rg jeishdg o uy;a f.!rjhla úhwk;=rej ud uf.a ud;Dldj f;dard.; hq;=j ;sìK wo Woafhda.S f,i újdo fjñka ;sfnkfndfyda ud;Dldjkaf.ka tlla - ;dlaIKfha N+ñldj" lS%vdfõ md,kh" fgiaÜ ls%lÜyswkd.;h" iy ¥IKfha idmh úfYaIfhka u uqo,g ;r. mdjd§u jekakla ud f;dard .kqwe;ehs Tn fndfyda fokd wfmalId lrkakg we;ehs uu wkqudk lrñ aby; ish,a, jeo.;a h tfuka u lS%vdj iïnkaOfhka .eUqqre wdfõokhla we;sj isá ls%lÜjD;a;dka;hla jk fld,ska fl!âß o ta ish,a, ms<sn|j n,.;= woyia we;sj isákakg we;snj ksiel hjd¾;d.; ùu i|yd uu o fufia lshñ lSvdfõ b;sydifha ;SrKd;aul ikaêia:dkhla lrd %wm <`.d ù isák nj o wm fgiaÜ ls%lÜ jvd;a ;srirj mj;ajd .ekSu" Woafhda.su;a f,i;dlaIKh je<| .ekSu" lS%vdfõ f.da,Sh md,kh mgq wd;au ,dNfhka wdrlaId lr .ekSu yd¥IKh jvd;a wdl%uKldÍ f,i uq,s kqÿrd fkdouf;d;a ls%lÜ lS%vdj wúksYaÑ; wkd.;hlguqyqK fokq we;s nj o uu ;rfha úYajdi lrñkuq;a fï ish,a,u is;a n|kd ud;Dld jk w;ru ud ;=<ska kef.k .eUqre ye`.Sug wkqj ugWjukd lrkafka Tn iu. l;dka;rhla" YS% ,xld ls%lÜj, l;dka;rh" fld,ska uy;a fiai;=gg m;ajkq we;ehs ud úYajdi lrk .ukla fnod yod .ekSug h ula ksid o wof,dalfha ls%lÜ lS%vd lrk lsisÿ cd;shla yqfola lS%vdjlg jeä fohla jk ls%lÜ lS%vdfõYlH;djh jvd fyd¢ka biau;= lrkafka hhs ud úYajdi fkdlrk ksid hfuu foaYkh uq¿ukska u lS%vdfõ Ôj.=Kh ms<sn|j jk w;r fï iïnkaOfhka .;a l, YS%,xldfõ ls%lÜ ms<sn| l;dka;rh Ñ;a;dl¾IKSh fõ YS% ,xldfõ ls%lÜ ;j ÿrg;a yqÿlS%vdjla fkdfõ th úfkdao uQ,dY%hla yd tlai;a Ndjh i|yd jk n,hla jk yjqf,a nqla;sú¢k ,d,idjls th wfma iudcfhys lSA¾;su;a ia:dkhla .kakd iïm;la f,i i,lklS%vdjls 2
  3. 3. b;d flá ld,hla ;=< msgia;r l%Svdjla wfma cd;sl ffp;islhla njg" uq¿uksku jdf.a aNlaf;Hdakud§ ,d,ihlska yd wdorhlska a lS%vd lrkq ,nk yd wkq.ukh lrkq ,nklS%vdjla njg m;aj ;sîu wmQ¾j ckl h th cd;shg ksYap,;ajhla f.k tk lS%vdjls"hqoaOh yd foaYmd,kh blaujd hdfï yelshdfjka hq;a ta id n,iïmkak lS%vdjlstu ksid wo rd;s%fhys YS% ,xldfõ ls%lÜ lS%vdfõ Ôj.=Kh ms<sn|j l;d lsÍug uu ;SrKhlf<ñYS% ,xldfõ b;sydihfkdakdjreks" uy;ajreks" uf.a rfÜ b;sydih jir 2500 lg jvd wE;g Èfjhsth wmg wjdisodhl ld, fukau jdis odhl ld, hk foflys § u È.= ld,hla uq¿,af,af,dalfha wjOdkh weo f.k ;sfnk bkaÈhka id.rfhys jdisodhl uQf,damdhsl ia:dkhlmsysá w,xldr osjhsklsYS% ,xldj iajdNdúl ruKSh;ajfhka yd ish Ôú;h ms<sn| wdl,amh wNHka;r yd ndysr hkfoflysu blaukska fjkiajk foaYmd,kfhka yev .iajd ;sfnk úiañ; f,i ÿla lrormSvdÈfhka m%lD;s ;;a;jhg m;ajk" Woa§ma; yd wd.ka;l i;aldrhg reÑ ck;djla úisk a a =wdj¾ê; iïm;aj,ska fmdfydi;a N+ñhlswfma b;sydifhys lS¾;su;a idufha yd fi!Nd.Hfha ld, mßÉfþo o uydl,flda,dy,hkaf.a" hqoaOfha yd m%pKav;ajfha ld, mßÉfþo o Tng olakg ,efnkq we;YS% ,dxlslhka w;aoelSfuka mkakrh ,nd ;sfnk w;r ;uka iEu l,aysu Ôú;h yd Ôj;a ùui|yd jk wfma wNsreÑh W;aijYS%hg kxjk blaukska m%lD;s ;;a;jhg m;ajk yd idvïnr aiudchla jk nj fmkakï lr we; qYS% ,dxlslhka iómj tlg ne+÷Kq m%cdjls mjq,a tallfha Yla;h wfma m%cdjkaf.a Ôj.=Kh sms<sìUq lrhs wms m%Yak weiSug ,eÈ yd úfkdaoldó jQ o" ÿIalr;d yd r¿j W;aij mj;ajkiuDoaêfha ld, yuqfõ tä;rj iskdfikakd jQ o ck;djlswms fyg i|yd fkdj wo i|yd Ôj;a fjuq wfma ffoksl Ôú;fha iEu iqiaulau wdiajdokhlruq wms wfma Wreuh yd ixialD;sh ms<sn|j W.% f,i wdvïnr fjuq idudkH YS% ,dxlslhdtu oekqfuka Wiaj ke.S isáhs" wdrlaIdj i,id .kshsmD;=.SiSk"a ,kafoaiSka yd ì%;dkHhka úiska mj;ajd .;a jir ydr ishhlg wêlhg;aúð;lrKh wmf.a wouH Ôj.=Kh ì| oeóug fyda nd, lsÍug fyda iu;a fkdù htfia jqj o fuu ikao¾Nh ;=< wfma uE; b;sydih yd iudch u; ls%lÜ lS%vdj y÷kajd §uu.ska we;s l< n,mEu uú;lr yd ie,lsh hq;= ;rï h 3
  4. 4. YS% ,dxlslfhda ishjia .Kkdjla wfma iudch ngysrlrKh lsÍug tfrysj iuyr úglngysr iïm%odh yd n,mEu kmqre yd wk¾:odhl f,i ,>qjg m%;lafIam lrñka b;d oeä sf,i igka jeÿkytfy;a flfia jqj o ls%lÜ wfma ngysr úfrdaë wdrlaIl úëka f.a újrhla Tiafia ,siaidhdug iu;a úh oeka th wfma ì%;dkH hg;aúð; Wreufha b;du;au w.kd mdrïmßljia;jla njg m;aj ;sfí =th wmg ;sfnk yeu fohlskau iuyr úg wmg ke;s foaj,ska mjd wuq;;l=g ix.%y lrkq a,eîfï wfma wd.ka;l i;aldrfha ir, ye`.Sfï m%;M,hla jkakg mq¿jk = sTn .%dóh YS% ,dxlsl ksjilg .shfyd;a Tng f;a fldamamhlska ix.%y lrkq we; thfkdbjish yels meKs rihlska hq;a nj Tng oefkkq we; iuyr úg uu fuh w;aú|we;af;ñ ;jÿrg;a fidhd ne,Sfï § th tfia jkafka wuq;;d iSks we;=¿j yeu fohlgu ajeäfhka ysñlï we;sj isák njg i;aldrlhska úYajdi lrk ksid nj uu oek .;sñ iSksimhd .ekSu wiSre iqfLdamfNda.S NdKavhlajk ksfjiaj,§ i;aldrlhka iSks mdúÉÑfhkaf;dr jqj;a wuq;;dg iSks iys; f;a fldamamhla ,efnkq we; aYS% ,xldfõ ls%lÜ lS%vdfõ uQ,hkafld,ska fl!âß yd ls%lÜ iïnkaOj YS% ,xldfõ wdorhg uú;lr f,i .e,fmk f;a ydiudk uQ,hka we;af;a hfld,skf.a mshd jk w¾kiaÜ bkaÈhdfõ f;a jeú,slrefjl= úh Tyq tx.,ka;fha mdi,a .sh aw;r Tyqf.a mshdf.a j;=j, lSvd lf<a h ug wikakg ,enqK mßÈ Tyqg jvd jir %.Kkdjlska jeäuy,a bka§h <uqka iu. Tyq mqyqKfõ fh§ we; qls%lÜ ,xldjg y÷kajd fok ,oafoa 1796 isg jir 150 l muK ld, mrdihla wdjrKh l<hg;a úð; md,k iufha w¾kiaÜ jeks ñksiqka yd bx.S%is f;a jeú,slrejka úisk flfia jqj so YS% ,xldfjys lS%vdfõ ia:dmkh iïnkaO f.!rjh hg;aúð; wdKavqj wOHdmk wdh;kia:dmkh lsÍfï lghq;;g bv yer ;snQ wex.a,sldkq ñIkdßjrekag o Èh hq;j ;sfí a =19 jk ishjfia miq Nd.h jk úg hg;aúð; wdKavj úiska újD; lr fok ,o jdKsc qwjia:djka Wmfhda.S lr .ekSu u.ska Okh rdYsN+; lr .;a úYd, YS% ,dxlSh mjq,a lKavdulajeã ;sìK flfia jqj o fuu mjq,aj,ska nyq;rhlg Tjqka Wmka l=,hg Tjqkaj urKholajdu kdu ,laIs; lr ;snQ oeä OQrdj,Suh l=, l%uhl meje;au fya;= fldg f.k lsisÿby< iudc ms<s.ekSug fkdyels úh l=, le,f,ka .e,ùfï tla ud¾.hla jQfha ì%;dkHlsÍghg Tjqkaf.a mlaImd;SNdjh Ym; lsÍu yd wdKavq md,khg wdOdr lsÍu h 4
  5. 5. ;;a;jh {dkdkaú; f,i ;lafiare lrñka ñIkdßjre ish¨u j¾." l=, yd wd.ïj,g wh;a afmdfydi;a <uqka i|yd úfYaIfhkau fld<U wêl .dia;= wh lrk mdi,a újD; l<y20 jk ishjfia wrefKdaoh jk úg bx.S%is Ôú;h ;=< ta jk úg;a wdfõKsl lS%vdjlajYfhka mej;s ls%lÜ lS%vdj fuu wOHdmk l%uhg y÷kajd§u iajhxlS%hjuj isÿ úh fkú,ald¾vqia lshk mßÈ —ls%lÜj,ska f;drj tu N+ñfhys .S%Iau iD;=jla ;sfnkakg ners h˜ls%lÜ lS%vx.k" WmlrK yd mqyqKlrejka wjYH úhoï iys; lS%vdjls ì%;dkH ñIkdßjre qfuu mdi,a iaj,amhg wjYH tjeks myiqlï ish,a, iemhQy ls%lÜ fuu bx.S%is mdi,al%ufhys laIKsl id¾:l;ajhla w;a lr .;af;a hth jrm%idÈ; mdi,a tkï fmdfydi;=ka i|yd jk mdi,aj,g iSudù ;sîu ksid fndfyda YS%,xlslhka ie,l=fõ ls%lÜ Tjqkg <`.d ùug Tífnka jQ lS%vdjla f,i h ah:d ld,fha § ñIkdßjre mqj;am;a m%pdrfha iyh we;sj ckms%h i;s wka; iudc lghq;;la anjg m;ajk wka;¾ tlg ne£fï ;r. ixúOdkh l<ymqj;am;a rfgys yd msg; mj;ajk ,o ls%lÜ ;r. ms<sn| ish¨ úia;r m, lf<a h m%;M,hla sf,i mdi,a YsIH ls%lÜ l%Svlfhda ljre;a okakd kdu njg m;a jQy tfiau mqj;am;a bx.S%i sm%dka; ls%lÜj,g muqL wdjrKhla ,nd ÿka w;r ,dxlslhka bx.S%iSkg;a jvd m%dka; ls%lÜ a.ek okakd nj fndfyda úg lshkq ,eìK20 jk ishjfia wrefKdaoh;a iu. fmdfydi;a úoHd,j, mdi,a yer hkakka i|yd wjYH;diemhSug ie,iqï l< ls%lÜ iudc msysgjkq ,eìK ls%lÜ iudc isxy, lS%vd iudch ^SSC&" qgeñ,a hQkshka" n¾.¾ ßls%fhaIka la,í ^BRC&" uqj¾ia jeks jd¾.sl kï oerS h tfy;a taish,a, tldldrju wex.a,sldkq idrO¾uj,ska frdams;j ;sìKwka;¾ iudc ;r. lS%vd lrk ,oafoa yqfolau lS%vdjla f,i mS%;s wdiajdoh i|yd h tfiaulS%vd iudc ls%lÜ ì%;dkHhka iu. iudcuh jYfhka ñY%ùug foaYShhka i|yd wjia:d újD;lr,Sh tf,i 1948 § ì%;dkHh ,xldjg ksoyi m%odkh lrk úg ls%lÜ m%N+ mx;sfha,d,idjla ùu mqÿuhla fkdfõwdikak mYapd;a iajdëk;d ld, jljdkqfjys wex.a,sldkqlrKShjQ m%N+ mx;sh l=vdiq¿;rhla jQfha jqqj o Tjqkf.a foaYmd,k oDIaájdofhka ngysr mlaIjd§ jQ w;r n,.;= afoaYmd,k n,mEï n,hla jYfhka mej;=K sksoyfika miq wdikakfhau mej;s uy ue;sjrKj, § m%N+ ys;jd§ wdKavq f;aÍ m;a jQ w;rwdKavj,g kdhl;ajh ÿka w.ue;sjre ;sfokd m%Odk fmdfydi;a úoHd,j, m<uq XI qls%lÜj,g lS%vd lr ;sìK ;j o Tjqyq isxy, lS%vd iudcfhys idudðlhkaj isáhy 5
  6. 6. 1960 iy 1981 w;r ld, mßÉfþoh n,h wex.a,sldkqlrKShjQ m%N+kaf.ka kef.ñka isáiudcjd§ yd cd;sljd§ lKavdhï w;g udreùu ksid lS%vdfjys ckms%h;dfjys m%.;shukao.dó jQ tlla jQfha htfia jqj o uhsl,a ;sfiard yd wkqr f;kakfldaka jeks ienE f,dal uÜgfï ms;lrejka sf,i n,mEula lrñka isá lS%vlhka iu. ks, fkdjk fgiaÜ ;r. lS%vd lsÍfï wjia:dj,nd foñka 1965 § YS% ,xldj cd;Hka;r ls%lÜ ljqkis,fha iyldr idudðlfhl= njg m;a aflßKwNdjm%dma; .re .dñKS Èidkdhl uy;df.a m%h;akhkag ia;;s jkakg 1981 § cd;Hka;r =ls%lÜ ljqkais,h YS% ,xldjg ks, fgiaÜ ;;a;jh m%odkh lf<a h th meyeÈ,s f,i u wfma als%lÜ lS%vd b;sydifha b;d jeo.;alulska hq;a ld,hla úh fuh ls%lÜ m%N+ lS%vdjl isgck;dj i|yd jk lS%vdjla njg mßj¾;kh ùul wdïNh úhj¾.jd§ ler,s yd f,a jels .egqu<ufhl= f,i fuu ndr¥r wjia:dj uf.a u;lhg kef.kafka ke; ta ud mia úhe;s<ufhl= jQ ksid úh yels h tfia u th idlÉPdfõ lemS fmkqKq ud;Dldjla fkdùu ksidùug o mq¿jk 1980 .Kkaj, uq,a wjqreÿ W;=f¾ igkaldñ;ajh bÈß jir 30 wj,laIK l<iïmQ¾K mßudK isú,a hqoaOhla njg W;aikakùu u.ska wêm;s;jh ,eî h a1983 NSIK jd¾.sl ler,s o ;reKhka w;rska ke.s f,a jels fldñhqkiaÜ ler,sldß;ajh o sudf.a <ud úfha udf.a u;lhka o ish¨ YS% ,dxlslhkaf.a Ôú; o w÷re lrkq ,eî h uuoeka 1983 jd¾.sl ler,s ix;%difhka hq;j wdj¾ckh lrñ tfy;a tf;l=;a jhi wjqreÿ 6 =la fkdjQ <ufhl=f.a ir, mßl,amkh iïnkaOfhka .;a l, th úia;D; lS%vdfõ ydúfkdaofha ld,hla úh wfma ish,af,dau fou< jQ ióm;u ñ;=rka 35 fofkl= muK wfmaksjfia wdrlaIdj ,enQ fyhska uu fuh ieye,a¨fjka fkdlshñ Tjqkg foaYmd,k jYfhka afmd<Ujkq ,enQ uer lKavdhïj,ska wNhia:dkhla wjYHj ;snQ w;r uf.a mshd úúOckjd¾.sl miqìïj,ska meñKs ;j;a fndfyda ks¾NS; YS% ,dxlslhka mßoafoka uy;afm!oa.,sl wjodkula we;sj Tyqf.a f.j,a Tjqka fjkqfjka újD;j ;eî htfia jqj o ug th uf.a ish¨ ñ;%hka iu. oji mqrd fi,a,ï l< hq;j ;snqKq ld,hla =úh mdi,a jid oeuqKq w;r wm miqmi ñÿf,ys mehlg miq mehla fi,a,ï l< hq;= úh wmsls%lÜ" mdmkaÿ" rjqkav¾ia fi,a,ï lf<uq th <ufhl=f.a isyskhla ienE ùula úh uf.afoudmshka úiska lS%vdjlg r¿ f,i ndOd lrkq ,enQ úg fldamhg m;a whqre o uerlKavdhï wfma wi,ajdiS fidaÈis lsÍu wdrïN l< úg wfma ñ;%hka iu. wm ish¨ fokdie`.jqKq by< ud, ;=<g le|jd f.k f.dia ksy`vj isákakg wK l< whqre o ug u;l h 6
  7. 7. uf.a ñ;%hka fidhd .kq ,eîfuka úh yels ìysiqKq m%;úmdl uu f;areï fkd.;af;ñ ;j so tu ld,h ;=< tl ojil Tyq fj;g yeÍ iïmQ¾K wysxil;ajfhka hq;=j —uf.a ñ;%hkaish,af,dau wm iu. Ôj;a ùug ,eîu ta ;rïu úfkdaohla jk ksid fuh yeu wjqreoafouisÿ fjkjd oe˜ hs ud lshQ nj fjk;a Èkl uf.a mshd ug u;la lr ÿkafka hwfma úYaj úoHd,j,ska mek ke.=Kq cúfm kdhl;ajh ÿka fldñhqkiaÜ ler,sldß;ajh 1980 s.Kkaj, tmßoafoka u ìysiKq úh idmamq" mdi,a yd úYajúoHd, jid oeñK ikaOHdjkays qck;dj Tjqkf.a f.j,aj,ska msg;g wähla ;enqfõ l,d;=rlsks mdr fome;af;ys ms<siaiqKq au, isrerej, o .x.dj, mdfjñka ;snQ u, isrerej, o o¾Ykh ìh .kajkiq¿ m%lg oiqklaúhck;d úuql;s fmruqKg wjk; fkdjQ ckhd oreKq m%;úmdlhkag a s uqyqK ÿkay ish¨umdi,aj,ska t<shg meñK Tjqkf.a wruqKqj,g iyh jYfhka fm<md,s mj;ajkakehs mjd aTjqyq isiqkf.ka b,a,d isáhy aTjqkf.a ksfhda.hkag wjk; fkdjQ mdi,a iaj,amfhka tlla jk ;s%;j úoHd,fhys bf.kqu a a,eîug uu jdikdjka; ùñ tfy;a uu Ôj;a jQfha O¾urdc úoHd,hg hï;ï my<sk tys sf.aÜgqj,ska msg;g meñKs isiqkg l÷¿ .Eia m%ydrhkag uqyqK §ug isÿ úh wfma j;af;a amhsmamfhka ish weia fydaod .ekSug lkafoka my<g Èj tk isiqka ug oelsh yels úhisiqkg wh lsÍulska f;drj fgksia yd ls%lÜ mqyqKq l< lÈu ukqIHfhl= jQ uf.a m<uqjk als%lÜ mqyqKqlrejk ã tÉ o is,ajd uy;dg ler,slrejka úiska fgksia lS%vdx.kfha § fjä;nkq ,eî h há nvg fojrla fjä je§ ;sìh §;a Tyqf.a ysig t,a, lr ;snQ ;=jlalj =wjysr ùu ksid Tyq wdYap¾hu;a f,i Èú .,jd .;af;a h tu ld, jljdkqj ;=< fukaumiqj fndfyda fokd fuka Tyq o msg rgg m<d f.dia ´iafÜ%,shdfjys kj Ôú;hla wdrïNlf<a hoYlhla f.ù hk úg W;=r yd kef.kysr wr.,h iïmQ¾K mßudKfha hqoaOhla njg jeã;sìK YS% ,xld wdKavj ;%ia;jd§ t,aààBh iu. wfma rfÜ ixj¾Okh oYl .Kkdjlska qmiqmig weo oeuQ hqoaOhl kshe,S isáfha h mjq,a" idudkHfhka my< wd¾Ól mx;sj, mjq,aTjqkf.a ;reK ;reKshka oyia .Kkska YS% ,xld yuqodfõ fiajhg lem l<y ahqoaOfha bÈß fmruqfKka ÿria:j mej;shd hhs fmfkk w. k.rhla jk fld<U mjdn,.;= jdyk yd urdf.k uefrk fndaïn fhdod .ksñka ;%ia;jd§ka úiska jg,Eug md;%lr ;sìKisú,a jeishka yd foaYmd,k b,lal hk fomd¾Yjhu b,lal lr .ksñka m%isoaO ia:dkj,fndaïn ;eîu YS% ,xldfõ ffoksl Ôú;fha ms<s.;a wjodkula njg m;aj ;sìK nifhkajevg hk foudmshkag fn§ fjkaù .uka lsÍug isÿj ;sìKs ta Tjqkaf.ka wfhl= ñh .shfyd;a wfkldg mjq, /l n,d .ekSu msKsi mjq, fj; wdmiq meñKsh yels ksid h iEu YS%,dxlslfhla u tu .egqfï lDDr;ajh u.ska iam¾Y lr ;sìK 7
  8. 8. ck;dj foaYmd,kh" n,h yd hqoaOh iïnkaO uq,dfjka ñ§ ;sìK wúksYaÑ; wkd.;hlams<sn|j Tjqyq NS;fhka miq jQy m%pKav;ajfha pl%h ksu fkdjk nj fmfkkakg úh YS% s,xldj tys hqoaOh yd .egqu iïnkaOfhka m%lg njg m;a úhth wm cd;shla jYfhka wkqm%dKhla - iqÿue,s ;sñr mg,h bj;a lr tfll= f,i tlai;ajqjfyd;a rgla f,i fmkaùug iu;a wdYap¾hhla" wfma ck;djf.a úNjh Woa§ma; lrkn,dfmdfrd;a;fõ m%§mhla fidhñka isá n,dfmdfrd;a;= úrys; ld,hla úh tu wkqm%dKh =1996 § meñKSug kshñ; úhwkkH;d w¾nqohla1995 fmr hq.h YS% ,xldj fyd| ls%lÜ lS%vlhka fndfyduhla ìys l< tfy;a YS% ,xldfõlS%vdj l< hq;= jQ ud¾.h wêYslIKh lr ;snqKq merKs hg;a úð; n,mEfuka ñ§u i|yd awr., l< ld, jljdkqjla úh1981 fgiaÜ ;;a;jh ,nd .ekSfuka miq mjd YS% ,xldfõ ls%lÜ wkkH;d w¾nqohlska fm¿Kq aw;r wm wfma ls%lÜ lS%vd l< wdldrh ;=< jQfha b;d l=vd —Y%S ,dxlslfhls˜ n,dfmdfrd;a;=mej;sfha jqj o wfhl= fndfyda fihska l;d lf<a lS%vd masáh yd msg; hk foflys § uú;a;dl¾IKSh yd j¾Kj;a ls%lÜ lS%vlfhl= jQ i;disjï .ek h Tjqka lshkafka Tyq ueðlahIaháhla jka ls%lÜ ms;;la wf;ys /¢ ls%lÜ lS%vlfhl= lshd h ;j;a úYsIaG ms;lrefjl= a sjQfha oeka wfma m%Odk f;aÍïlre jk úl%udkaú; ks¾NS;Ndjfhka ms;a; yeisrjQ ÿ,smafukaäia htfia jqj o fmdÿfõ wm ls%lÜ lS%vd lf<a fmd;g wkqj iïm%odhsl ls%lÜ n,d.drj,Ñria:dms; yd .;dkq.;sl ffY,Ska fldms lrñks wmg wfmau wkkH;djla Yla;su;a lrkwjia:djg WÑ; Woafhda.S yd ieye,a,qfjka .kakd wdl,am lsisjla ;snqfKa ke;wmg iu;a lS%vlhkaf.ka hq;a ;r.ldÍ lKavdhula ;sìh hq;= jQ kuqÿ wms nhdÿ yd uDÿ ùuq;ks ;ks lS%vlhka jYfhka fyda lKavdhula jYfhka wfma jákdlu tf;l=;a mQ¾KjYfhka úYajdi fkdflf<uqfndfyda wdldrhkaf.ka wm uq,a ld,Sk ngysr bka§h lKavdhï tkï úfkdao lS%vlhka f,ilS%vd l< yd ks;ru jdf.a tkuq;a m%ikak f,i mrdchgm;a le,smafida ls%lÜ lS%vlhka jekshhs uu wkqudk lrñta ld,fha wmg wjYH jQfha kdhlfhls lerÜgqj" yelshdj yd ish,a,g;a jvd l%uh fjkialsÍug" wjdisodhl ixialD;sh yd iïm%odh yuqfõ ke.S isàug ks¾NS;nj yd m%.,aN;dj;snQKd jQ o úYd,;r wNsm%dhla uqÿka muqKjd .ekSu i|yd jk ud¾.fhys ;ukaj msysgjd q q.ekSug ìh fkdjQ o ck;dj w;frka meñKs lS%vlfhls 8
  9. 9. fuu uy;a wfmalIdfjka isá .e,jqïlrejd meñKsfha w;sYhsku olaI yd hu;ï ;rndre a aw¾cqk rK;=x. kï jQjl=f.a wdldrfhks Tyq meñKsfha oY ,laIhlg wêl ck;djTjqkf.au fm!oa.,sl isyskhla f,i je<|.;a wm fmdÿfõ fnod yod.;a WkaudokSh a,d,ihlska wdorh l< lS%vdj mßj¾;kh lrñka wfma ls%lÜ Wreufha uq¿uy;a b;sydihfjkia lsÍug hw¾cqkf.a kdhl;ajhfuu ld, mßÉfþoh ;=< w¾cqkf.a kdhl;ajh f.da,Sh n,hla f,i wfma mek ke.Sug;SrKd;aul úh wfma hg;a úð; w;S;fha ú,x.=j,ska ksoyia ùug tajd ì| oud kjwkkH;djla" úfYaI jYfhka YS% ,dxlSh idrO¾uj,ska ne÷Kq wkkH;djla" idudkHYS%,dxlslhka f.a ,d,ifhka" §ma;fhka yd Ñ;a;fõ.fhka fmdaIs; wkkH;djla f.dv ke.Su swjYH jkafka ukaoehs b;du;a meyeÈ,sj wjfndaOlr .;a mqoa.,hd jQfha w¾cqk hw¾cqk m%;M,h l=ula jqj;a YS% ,xldfõ lS%vdj u; Tyqf.a i,l=K ;eîug wêIaGdk lr.;a" súfoaY iïm%odfhka ì£ug wêIaGdk lr .;a yd ls%lÜj, kj cd;sl ikakula ;enQ ñksfil=úh wdkkaofha isg isxy, ls%lÜ iudchg meñKSu Tyqg ixialD;sl lïmkhla we;s lf<a hisxy, lS%vd iudcfha wdêm;Hh ork ,oafoa fld<U b;du;au m%N+ mdi,a follajQ Ydka;f;dauia yd rdclSh úoHd,fha isiqka úisks tys lñgqfõ" idudðl;ajfha yd lKavdhfïixhq;fha mjd wdêm;Hh ork ,oafoa fuu m%N+ mdi,a úisk s sixialD;sh msgia;r hhs ye`.=fka flfia o yd Bg yev .eiSug W;aidy lsÍu yd we;=<;a ùuTyqg wiSre jQfha flfia o hkak ms<sn|j w¾cqku l;d lr ;sfí 15 úhe;s mdi,a orefjl=f,i lS%vd iudcfha oe,a ;=< mqyqKq fjñka isáh § lS%vd iudcfha fÊHIaG Nla;su;awdOdrlrefjla Tyq ms<sn|j úuid ;sfí Tyq YsIaG iïmkak fkdjk wdkkao úoHd,fhkameñKsfha hhs lS úg Tyq Tyqf.a meyeÈ,s olaI;d laIKfhka bj; ,ñka —wmg fï lS%vdiudchg lsisÿ zirï fcdksfhl=Z wjYH ke;˜hs mjid we;tfy;a lreKq ldrKd isÿ fjoa§ jir .Kkdjla ;siafia w¾cqk isxy, lS%vd iudcfha ls%lÜkdhlhd jQjd muKla fkdj lS%vdfõ meje;s m%N+ mdi,aj,g ;snqK oeä .%yKh ì| oeóug ols%hd lf<a h Tyqf.a wruqK jQfha lKavdhu ;=< wd;au úYajdih we;s lsÍu h" wmg msgfldkaola yd ;uka ;=<u m%;mlaIh oelSug yd iudkj ke.S isàug" iajhx wúYajdifhka sfyda ìfhka f;drj ;r. lsÍug" fi!LHu;a fkdjk iïm%odhkag tfrys ùug yd wfmau YS%,dxlsl wkkH;djla je<| .ekSug lKavdhu fmd<Ujk wd;au jákdlu ms<sn| ye`.Sula,nd §u h Tyq m%Yak l< fkdyels wêldrfhka hq;j wNS;j kdhl;ajh ÿkafka h kuq;a ta =lemagka l+,a hk kdu ixfla;h Tyqg ,nd ÿka ikaiqka yd iduqysl wdldrhlsk s 9
  10. 10. 1996 lrd jQ wfma j.lSu iïnkaO m<uq yd b;du;au jeo.;a w;a;jdru oukq ,eìK Tyqf.a sfin¿ka mßiaiñka f;dard .ekSu i|yd m%:ujrg wfma rfÜ imhd.; yels wyquq¿ ish,a,gfk;a fhduq l< fuu hka;ñka wê nr yd fkd.e,fmk ju;aldrhd ;=<ska YS% ,xldjg§ma;u;a fckrd,a jrfhl= ,enqfKa h súYsIaG lS%vlhka fidhd hduw¾cqk lsisfjl=g;a jvd ta ld,fha wmg uqjd;la wjYHj ;snQ nj wjfndaOlr .;a w;r taiïnkaOfhka Tyq olaI;djkaf.ka t;rï úYsIaG yd jvd Tm uÜgï lr .;aúg úreoaOmd¾Yjh jHDl+, yd úkdY lrkq we;s lS%vlhka fiùfuys fhÿfka hls%lÜ lS%vdfõ § ld, ksYaph ish,a, fõ fuh YS% ,xld lKavdhu iïnkaOfhka o Tmamqùwe; cd;shla f,i ik;a chiQßhf.a iy uq;a;hshd uqr,sorkaf.a foudmshkag úYd,;uwjYH;djfha ld,fha wfma lslÜj,g fiajh lsÍug fuu úYsIaGhska fofokd ìys lsÍu %iïnkaOfhka wms iodl,a ia;;jka; úh hq;f;uq = s a ud;r isg meñKs ik;a ksryxldrmiqìulska wd buy;a olaI;djhlska hq;a ñksfila úh tu olaI;dj fufyhùulska fyda Tnoeóulska f;dr úh w¾cqk rK;=x.f.a fufyhùu hgf;a lSvdfõ tf;la fuf;la okakd %,o b;du;au ixydrl ms;s yrU n,hkaf.ka tlla njg ikakoaO flreKq olaI;djla njgm;a úh th fmr lsisod fkdÿgq olaI;djla jQ w;r oeka Tyqf.a úY%du .ekSu;a iu. kej;lsisod olakg fkd,efnkq we; uqr,s kqjr l÷lrfha isg ;rula fmdfydi;a miqìulskameñKsfha h fõ. mkaÿ hjkafkl= f,i mgka f.k miqj Tyq o`. mkaÿ hjkafkl= njg m;aúh Tyqf.a mkaÿ hjk ndyqfjys iajdNdúl úl,dx.;djlska wdYS¾jdo ,;a Tyqg is;h sfkdyels fldaKj,ska fnda,h o`. ljd t;rï o`. leùula lsÍug bv ,enqK Tyq w;. o`. smkaÿ msg o`. mkaÿ njg m;a lf<a hw¾cqkf.a lKavdhu oeka iqÿiq ;efka úh th is;a .kakd olaI;d ixÑ;hla úh tfy;aTjqka tf;l=;a lKavdhula jQfha ke; 1996 f,dal l=i,dkh ch.%yKh lsÍu È.= ld,Skmrud¾:hla úh Tjqkg talrdYSjk a ,laIHhla" —lKavdhñl˜ ye`.Sula Tjqkg ,nd fok atlai;aùfï ,laIHhla" Tjqkag fmdÿ b,lalhla foñka lKavdhu tlg n¢kq ,nk isoaêhlamuKla fkdj lKavdhu yd tys .ukg cd;shl iuia; iyh fm<.iajk isoaêhla fidhd.; hq;= úhfuh 1995 fndlaisx Èkfhys fu,afndaka ls%lÜ msáfha § fuh isÿ úh ta jk úg th idlaId;alr .k ;snqfKa iaj,amhlska kuqÿ fpdaÈ; fnda, oud .eiSu iïnkaOfhka uqr,sj ksmkaÿ heõnjg ;Skaÿ lsÍu ÿr È. hk m%;úmdl we;s lf<a h m%Yakh iuia; YS% ,dxlSh cd;sfha u sWoyi u;= lf<a h uqr,s ;jÿrg;a ;ks fkdù h Tyqf.a fõokdj" wmyiqjg m;a lsÍu" ydfldamh ish¨ fokd úiska fnodyod .kakd ,§ úfõplhka l=ula lSj o w¾cqk yd lKavdhu 10
  11. 11. uqqr,s msgmi isg kka wdldrfha iuia; cd;shlau idvïírhg m;a lf<a h tu wjia:dfõ Y%S q,xldj l%slÜ l%Svlhka ir, f,i ye`¢ka jQfha — wfma <uhs˜ fyda wfma fld,af,da lshd h.sh foh Y%S ,dxlSh l%slÜ f,da,hdf.a uq,a fjka lsßu jQ w;r tys ia:dkh .;af;a tu ñksiqk a s15 fokd iïnkaOfhka wNskjfhka fidhd.;a wdorh hs Tjqyq wfma mq;a;= njg m;a jQyifydaorfhda njg m;a jQy Y%S ,dxlslfhda Tjqka iu. isg.;a w;r Tjqkf.a ysßyer yd amSvdjka fnod yod .;ayfu,an¾kays§ uqr,s ksmkaÿ hejQ f,i kï lsßs fï ;SrKh ish¨ Y%S ,dxlSlhkag tlg tllssßfuka f;drj ;sfnkakg bv fkdyeßh hq;= wmydihla úh th Y%S ,dxld lKavdhu is;h sfkdyels foh lrùug tkï whsiSsiSs ;;a;jh ,eîfuka yqfola jir 14lg miq f,dal Y+rhka anjg m;aùug fmd<Ujd Æ W;af;a;clh úh1981g fmr cd;sl l%Svlhkaf.ka 80% lÜ jeä m%udKhla meñKsfha m%N+ mdie,a j,sk kuq; a s s1996 jk úg tu mdie,a f,dal l=i,dk lKavdhug tlÿ l%Svlfhl= j;a odhl fkdl< nji`oyka lsßu jeo.;a h1996 f,dal l=i,dfka tlai;a lsÍfï ix>glhtu f,dal l=i,dk ch.%ykfha n,mEu úYd, úh th l%Svdfõ ìï uÜgï mq`t,a lsßu muKlafkdj tla fnodyod .;a ,d,idjlg ish¨ idudðlhka iïnkaO lsßu hk folu lf<a hm%:u jrg msg m<d;aj,ska yd wdKavfõ mdi,aj,ska meñKs <uqkg l%slÜ Tjqkf.au njg q a am;alr .ekSug wjldY ie,isK l%slÜ fmdÿ ck;djg újD; úh fuh w; fkd.eiqolaI;djhg újD; ùug muKla fkdj by<u ;,fhaÈ l%Svd lsrug h:d¾:jdÈ wjia:djla Si,id ÿkafka hfuu ìï uÜgfï l%Svlhka idudkH Y%S ,dxlslhkaf.a iajdNdúl ,laIK ;uka iu. f.kwd w;r fï olajd wysñj ;snQ ,d,ihlaa" i;=gla yd ;Sj%;djla we;sj l%Svdfõ fhÿkyTjqka ik;a " uqr,s " l`t" yd wrúkao l%Svd lrkjd krUd ;sìK ik;a,d tla Èk l%slÜms<sn`o ixl,amh fjkia l<d muKla fkdj Y%S ,dxlslhska f,i laIKslj y`÷kd.; yelsnjla o i,id ÿkafka hwm ;j ÿrg;a nhdÿ fyda uDÿ fyda fkdjeo.;a lKavdhula fkdfõ wms f,dalfha fyd`ou whiu. l%Svd lr yd mrojkq ,en we;af;uq wm th lf<a jHdcfhka fyda ,eÊcdfjka f;drjwmg cd;sl idrO¾u wfma iduqysl ixialD;Ska yd yqre mqreÿ u;= lrk ,o yd lS¾;shg m;alrk ,o wdldrhlsk s t wfmau hehs wdvïnrfhka lsj yels l%slÜ i,l=Kla" foaYShÔj.=Kfhka hq;a ffY,shla yd wfma Wreufhys hym;ajQ ish,a, uQ¾;su;a l< ix{d t<shlaúh 11
  12. 12. f,dal l=i,dk ch.%yKh wmg l%slÜ l%Svlhka f,i wfma iudcfha wfma Yla;h wjfndaO slr .ekSug kj Yla;shla ,nd ÿkafka h f,dal l=i,dkh ;=< rgla kj wdrïNhla fidhd.;af;a h Y%S ,dxldj jvd fy`o wkd.;hla ms<sn`o Tjqkf.a isysk f.dv ke.Sfï kj am%fNdaohla f.k ÿkafka hfuys úúO miqìïj,sk"a j¾.hkaf.ka yd wd.ïj,ska meñKs yefuldu ;ukaf.afm!oa.,slNdjh ms<n| oreKq f,i wdvïnr jQ tfy;a yqÿ lKavdhula f,i fkdj mjq,laf,i tlai;ajq mqoa.,fhda 15 fofkla jQyTjqyq wfma iudcfha iuia;h ksfhdackh lrñka ienE Y%S ,dxlslfhl= ùug ;sìh hq;=jqmeyeÈ,s .=Kh Tjqkg úoyd olajñka iEu Y%S ,dxlShl=g u Èÿ,k wdo¾Yhla imhñka fmdÿ acd;sl wfmalIdjla i`oyd igka l<y a1996 f,dal l=i,dk ish¨ Y%S ,dxlslhkag fmdÿ njla" fnÈ .sh iudchlg ienE cd;slwkkH;djhla ,nd ÿka iduqysl i;=fÜ yd mrud¾:fha tla ,laIKhla ,nd ÿkafka h ish¨iudc kmqre iqjm;a l< ufy!IOh jQfha h ìysiqKq iajdNdúl úm;a;ka yd fÄockl isú,a ShqoaOh ;=<ska rgg jdisodhl jk fia ke.s isáug wjia:dj i,id ÿkafka h1996 f,dal l=i,dk ch.%yKh Tjqkaf.a rg foi fjkiaj ne,Sug ck;dj fmd<Ujd,S hl%Svdj úiska ;%ia;jdoh yd foaYmd,k ler,s flda,dy, hgm;a lr oukq ,eîh th iEuflfkl=gu Tjqkf.a yoj;aj,g wdorKSh ùug hula iemhq w;r idudkH ck;djg aTjqkf.a Ôú;fhka f.dv taug wdOdr lf<a h atfiau lKavdhu Y%S ,dxlSh iudch úúO miqìïl,sk"a j¾.hkaf.ka" uyd wd.ïj,ska meñKsl%Svlhka iu. Tjqkf.a fmdÿ i;=g" Tjqkaf.a ,d,idj jk tlsfkld flfrys Tjqkaf.a aud;DN+ñh flfrys jk wdorh fnod yod.; hq;f;a flfia o hkak ms<sn`o laIqø ksrEmKhla anjg m;a úh hqoaOh fkd;ld wms fuys tlaj l%Svd lrñka isáuq Y%S ,dxlSh lKavdhuiqix.; lrk idOlhla njg m;a úhf,dal Y+rhska ùfï wd¾Ól n,mEuft;sydisl ch.%yKfhka miq Y%S ,xldfõ iuia; ls%lÜ l%Svdj úma,ùhlrKh jQfha hrEmjdysks uqo,a ls%lÜ md,l uKav,fha NdKavd.drhg jelaflfrkak jQfha h úYd, cd;slyd nyq cd;sl ixia:d wkq.%dyl whs;ka ,nd .ekSu i|yd igka jeÿky Sls%lÜ ls%vlfhda cd;sl fldka;d;a yd mejreï .kqfokq hk fohdldrfhkau ;:H uqo,a %Wmhkakg mgka .;ay m%:u jrg ls%lÜ ls%vlfhda fhdaO t,suyka oekaùï mqjrej, yd 12
  13. 13. rEmjdysks fj<| oekaùï ksIamdokj, fidfiaciaj, isg fi¨,¾ cd, olajd m%pdrKfha´kEu fohl fmkS isákakg jQyls%lÜ YlH jD;a;hla njg m;ajQ w;r ls%lÜ ls%vlfhda ms<su yd mrudo¾Y njg m;a jQy ta sld,h jkf;la ud ls%lÜ fi,a,ï lf<a kshu Woafhda.hlska yd mrud¾:hlska fkdfõ udfjkqfjka l%Svd lrkakg ljodj;a is;fõ fyda isysk oelafla ke; wia.sßfha Y%S ,xldj yd =flkahdj w;r ;r`.h keröfuka miq fuh fjkia úh th uf.a mdif,ys wjika jir úhik;a" .=reisxy yd wrúkao o is,ajd úoyd oelajQ w;s m%n, ms;lrKh kerUQ úg uf.a rg sfjkqfjka l%Svd lsÍfï uf.a oelafuys m<uq îc uf.a isf;ys yd yojf;ys me,úK tuWoafhda.fha îch i;s follg muK miq ,dfyda¾ys mej;s lS¾;su;a wjika ;r`.hrEmjdyskfhka keröfuka miq Ôú;hg ld jeÿks Y%S ,xldfõ iEu flfkla u tu wjidk s;r`.h mej;sh § ;uka isáfha fldfyaoehs isysm;a lrhscd;shl m%S;s f>daIdfõ y`v lsisÿ fndaïnhlg fyda mqmqrk fI,a fjählg fyda .s,ajd oeñhfkdyels úh ls%lÜ wfma cd;sl ufkdaNdjfhys wLKav yd jeo.;a wx.hla njg m;a úhwfma ls%lÜ wfma Ôú;j, yeu fohlau"wfma iskyj iy l÷¿" wfma wd.ka;l i;aldrl nj =yd wfma ;Hd.YS,S nj" wfma ix.S;h yd wfma wdydr mdk yeu fohlau uQ¾;su;a lf<ah thhqoaOfhka jHikhg m;a Èjhskl mshú ;;a;jh" n,dfmdfrd;a;j yd m%fndaoh úh ta ;=< a =wfma wm%udK ckj¾. Yd wd.ï úiska fmdfydi;a njg m;a lrkq ,enQ wfma ixialD;sh ydWreuh úh ta ;=< hg;a msßfihska ál l,lg fyda mgq foaYmd,kh yd fn§ï u.ska iam¾YfkdflßK Ôú;h hkq ls%lÜ fkdjk nj i;a;lsku ÿlls th tfia jQfha kï wm uq.aO ahqoaOhl meijk ;=jd, fkdolskq we;ls%lÜ lS%vlhka i|yd jvd úYd, N+ñldtfia u ls%lÜj, mek ke.Su yd Y%S ,xld iudch we;=<; ls%lÜj, kj N+ñldj yqfolamsÜgksfhys l%Svd lrkjdg jvd úYd, j.lSï ls%lÜ l%Svlhkag ;snQ nj o woyia fõmsÜgksfhka msg wmg Ôj;a ùug Okd;aul Ôjk ffY,shla wjYH jk w;r tfia u wmwdmiq §u o wjYH h iEu ;r`.hl§u wmg m%Yxid lrk ckhdu Tjqkf.a Ôú;j,g wfmka aOkd;aulj fmr<d odhl;ajhla wfmalaId lrhs yqfola msÜgksh muKla fkdj thska msg; owmg fm<Ujd,Su wjYH úhiqkdñh tjeks tla isoaêhls th ke.S isàfï§ b;sß l< urK yd úkdYh wfma rgg oeßhfkdyels myrla úh th tk úg wm isáfha kjiS,ka;fha m<uq tlaÈk cd;Hka;r ;r`.hgls%vd lrñks wm krl f,i fi,a,ï lr ;snQ w;r n,dfmdfrd;a;= lvj úfõld.drfhaisák úg iqmqreÿ f,i ik;af.a ÿrl:kh îma y`v fokakg úh Tyq sms mKsúv lshjd fï 13
  14. 14. oeka wuq;= isÿùula —uqyqÿ /<sj,ska iuyr m%foaY hgù ;sfnk˜ nj mejiS h th wiajdNdúlWoula úh hq;= hhs is;d wms uq,§ t;rï lkiai,a,g m;a fkdùuq wms fyda fydag,hg meñKsm%jD;a;s neÆ úghs wmg úkdYfha úYd,;ajh wjfndaO lr.;af;a fjr,nv k.r msiodf.k.sh /,sj, o¾Yk yd c, myrg oyia .Kka Ôú; .idf.k hdu ne,Su ìh .kajk iq¿ hwmg th isÿjQjd hhs úYajdi l< fkdyels úh isÿjkafka l=ulaoehs oek .ekSug wms f.orgweu;Suq —th we;a; oe˜hs wms weiSuq —msk;+r we;a; úh yelafla flfia oe˜@ hs wms is;uq a Swm ish¨ fokdgu wjYH jQfha wdmiq f.or f.dia wfma mjq,a yd wfma ck;dj iu. tlajke.S isàug h foieïn¾ 31 § .=jka f;dgqfmd,g f.dv neiSu ug u;l h rd;s%hlidudkHfhka uq¿ fld<U W;aij i|yd úÿ,s myka oelafõ ix.S;hla yd iskd y`v wefiatfy;a k.rh ysia yd w÷re h" ufkdaNdjh ÿflka ÿ¾uqL yd ksii, hwm wdOdr l< hq;f;a flfiaoehs is;ñka isá w;r ;=r uqr,s Woafhda.h iemhSug läkï úh auqr,sj Tyqf.a jD;a;h Ôú;fha§ yeu me;af;kau weo .ekSug W;aidy l< mqoa.,fhls Stfy;a Tyq yeuúg Tyqf.a lKavdhï i.hska iy rg jeishka iu. tlg isáfha h lsisÿmels,Sulska f;drj Tyq Tyqf.a foaYSh yd úfoaYSh iïnkaO;dj,g ÿrl;kfhka weu;S h ÈklSmhla ;=< f,dal wdydr jev igyk iu. tlaj Tyq ydkshg m;a fmfoiaj,g yd ck;djgfnod §ug lkafÜkrhla msrjQ wdydr" j;=r yd we÷ï me<÷ï iQodkï lf<a h uú;lr f,iwod< n,Odßka fnod yeÍfï j.lSu Ndr .ekSu m%;lafIam l< úg uqr,s nvq f.k hk sjdyk lKavdhu iu. hdu Tyq Ndr .;af;ah ud yg iïnkaO jkakehs l< wdrdOkh ugNd.Hhla úh uf.a ìß| iy uu" ufya," reÑr fmf¾rd" wfma fN!; Ñls;ail iSfÊ la,dlayd ;j;a fndfyda iafõÉPd ls%hdldÍyq wdydr jdyk fm< iu. .shy fuu w;aoelSumqoa.,fhl= f,i ud fjkilg Ndckh lf<a hwm k;r jQfha oUq,a,g ;rula W;=frka fmdf<dkakrefõ h wms iqkdñfhka úkdYhg m;ajQ;s%l=Kdu,h" uvl,mqj jeks fjr< nv k.r lrd .sfhuq tfiau miq ixpdrhkays § .d,a,"yïnkaf;dg jeks ol=fKa k.r lrd o .sfhuq wms yuqodj yd t,aààB h u.ska mj;ajdf.k.sh kjd;eka l|jqrej,g .sfhuq iuyr tajd Tjqka yjqf,a md,kh lf<da h oreKq.egqïldÍ md¾Yj folla msysg wjYH ld,hl ck;djg WoõlsÍug tlg f.fkkq ,eìKiEu l|jqrl§u ;reK uy¨ ckhdf.a uqyqKj, ,shù ;snqKq fÄojdplfha m%;sM, wms ÿáuq qúh<S .sh ysia weia ÿlska msÍ ;sìK ksjdi" wdorh lrkakka yd Ôúld jD;a;ka i|yd jQ oeä SwdYdj ìysiqKq r< myr úiska wysñ lr ;sìKtfy;a wm iu." Tjqkf.a ls%lÜ l%Svlhka iu. Tjqyq iskdjla mEug iu;a jQy ;s%lKdu,fha a =ol=Kg wdikak lskkshd l|jqfrys t;rï foa wysñ jQ ck;djf.a m<uq m%;pdrh jQfha wfma a smjq,a fyd¢ka bkakjd o hkqhs ik;af.a yd Wmq,a pkaokf.a ujqka ;=jd, jQ nj weiQ úg Tjqyq 14
  15. 15. wjdikdjka; ;;a;jh w;sYfhdal;fhka lSfõj;a ta ;=< .s,S isáfhaj;a ke; Tjqkaf.a a a sie,ls,a, Tjqka jgd isá ish,a,ka i|yd tl yd iudk úh wm ixpdrh l< iEu l|jqrlui;H fuh úh Tjqkaf.a jHikh ueoafoa Tjqyq wm%;y;" m%lD;shg m;aùfï" wdorfha" ohdfõ" s;Hd.YS,sNdjfha" wd.ka;l i;aldrfha yd uy;audNdjfha Y%S ,dxlsl Ôj .=Kh úoyd mEy =fuh wm wfma ls%lÜ ls%vdfõ§ olsk Ôj.=Khu hs fuf,i wfma w÷re;u mefha§ rglatlsfkldg wdOdr lsÍug yd wdorh lsÍug tlai;aj yd Yla;u;aj tlg ke.S isáfha h uu sfï ish,a, w;aÿgqfjñ fuu ck;dj ug fok ,o jrm%idoh l%Svd msáfha§ Tjqka ksfhdackhlsÍfï f.!rjh yd j.lSu" Tjqka wdorh lrk yd uy;a Nla;fhka mqok l%Svdjla fi,a,ï slsÍu wh:d f,i fh§ug uu lsis Èkl keUqre fkdjk nj ugu Ym; lr.;sñ mYapd;aiqkdñ iyk yd h<s f.dvke.Su i|yd Tjqkf.a fm!oa.,sl Odß;dfjka ls%lÜ l%Svlhka ar`.mdk ,o N+ñldj Tjqka ;=< jk cd;shlf.a ck;dj flfrys jk úYajdifha jeo.;alufmkakï lf<a h uqr,s h<s;a ke.S isáfha h Tyqf.a l<ukdlre l=Is,a .=Kfialr iu. jQ qTyqf.a iSk.u jHdmD;shg 1000lg wêl ksjdi m%udKhla f.dvke.Su o we;=<;a úh th suú;lr h fuhg MCC wdOdr l< nj uu oksñ,dfyda¾ m%ydrhuf.a Ôú; ld,h ;=< Y%S ,xldfõ§ uD lsis Èkl Rcqju ysxikhg uqyqK §fï w;aoelSulafkd,eîug ;rï uu jdikdjka; ùñ jir .Kkdjla mqrd fndfyda fndaïn msmsÍïm%udKhla isÿj ;sfí tfy;a ud lsis Èkl jerÈ fj,djl jerÈ ia:dkhl isg ke;fuu úáka úg msmsfrk fndaïn yereKq úg fld<U Ôú;h idfmalI jYfhka idudkH úh ahqoaOfhka ldhslj fjkaj isàfï iqfLdamfNda.h ck;djg ;sìK <fuda mdi,a .shy ckhdjevg .shy uu ls%lÜ l%Svd lf<ñtfia jqj o rfÜ wfkl=;a fldgiaj, ck;dj tlaflda Tjqkaf.a uõ ìu wdrlaId lsÍfï§ke;fyd;a hqo l,dmhl Ôj;a ùug isÿùu ksid yqfola N+f.da,Sh ;;a;jhkaf.ka fíÍ isàug aW;aidy lsÍfï§ ffokslj Tjqkaf.a Ôú; ydksfha udj;l ;eîug isÿj ;sìK Tjqkagmeje;au i|yd fjä WKavj,sk"a fI,a fjäj,sk"a ìï fndaïnj,ska yd w;a fndaïnj,ska .e,ùisàu wksjd¾h úh fuh ud iDcqju iïnkaO ke;s w;aoelSula úh Tjqka iïnkaOfhka uy;awkqlïmdjla yd ohdjla ud fj; ;sìK tfy;a ug iudka;rj .; yels ienE w;aoelSulafkdùhta 2009 ys wm mlsia:dkfha ixpdrh lrkq ,enQ f;la muKs wms lrÉÑ yd ,dfyda¾j, fgiaÜ;r`. folla i|yd msg;a jQfjuq m<uqjk fgiaÜ ;r`.h úYd, isoaêhlska f;drj ksud úh 15
  16. 16. fojk fgiaÜ ;r`.fha § o ;=kjk Èkfha msÜgksfhka msgj hk úg úYd, m<uq bksula aiys;j isáfhuq mlsia:dka nihla tkf;la kej;S isákq fjkqjg l,ska msg;aùug lshkq,eìK wms mkaÿ hjkakka i|yd oeä fjfyildÍ Èkhla n,dfmdfrd;a;fjka isáfhuq =nifha msgmi fõ. mkaÿ hjkakka y`v k.d Tjqkf.a ueisú,s lSy ;s,dka ;=Idr Tyqf.a q afldkao lefvkak <`. hhs Yío k.d meñKs,s lrñka lE.eiQ nj ug úfYaIfhka u;l hTyq fndaïnhla mqmqrd .sfhd;a fyd| hhs úys¨ lf<a túg ,dfydarfhka msgù f.or hd yelshhs lshñks ;;amr 30la .sfha ke; r;s[a[d mqmqrkjd jeks y`vla weisK yÈisfhkaubÈßfhka lE .eiSula weisK —my;a fjkak" Tjqka nia tlg fjä ;shkjd˜ m%;pdrh CIKsl súh yeu wfhlau wdjrKh ùu i|yd È.d fjñka wdik fma,s w;r ;Srefõ fyda iSÜ msgqmiie`.ù .;ay b;d l=vd wjldYhl wms ish,af,dau tlsfkld u; je;sr .;suq túg fjäWKav jÈkakg mgka .;s th áka jy,lg jeiai jefgkjd n÷ úh nihg bÈßhg hdfkdyels jQ w;r ;=jlallrejkag myiq b,lalhla úh nih ys,alr f.k fjä WKav =mqmqrk úg wmg l< yels foh jQfha urKh fyda ;=jd, isÿ fkdfõjdhs wfmalIdfjka hd{d alrñka ksi,j ksYaYíoj isàu muK h yÈisfhau nifha msgmi jdäù isá ufya, Tyqf.a qoKysi my<g fjä jeÿk nj is;kafka hhs lshñka lE.ikakg úh uu je;sÍ isáfha;s,dkag tydhsk Tyqf.a l,jfha msgmig WKavhla je§fuka Tyq fl¢ß .dkakg úh Tyq s qfoi ne,Sug uf.a ysi Tijk úg lsishï fohla iSia .d uf.a lK miqlrf.k .sh njoeksK WKavhla y`v k.ñka iSÜ tfla me;a;l jeÈk ta ál fj,jlg uf.a ysi ;snqKia:dkh h lsishï fohla uf.a Wrysig jeÿk nj ye`.=K w;r th ysß jeáK ug fjäjeÿk nj uu oksñ kuq;a hka;ï iykhla oeksK WKav ysig fkdje§u .ek uu hd{dlf<ñ Tyqf.a ux., ixpdrh fhÿKq ;rx. mrKú;dk o isáfha uf.a <`.g h Tyq isg.;af;a h WKav Tyq jgd mshdUd hkakg úh Tyqf.a f,hska f;;ajQ mmqj w,a,d f.k —ugfjä jeÿkd˜ hs l.ikakg úh Tyq Tyqf.a iSÜ tlg weo jeáK fmfkk yeáhg Tyqg isyske;s úh uu Tyq ne, fufia is;fjñ —Tya uf.a foúhks" Tn m<uq fnda,fhka oeú .sfha h" =B<`. bksfï§ ÿjoa§ oeù .sfha h oeka Tng fjä je§ we; fudk ;rï ìysiqKq m<uqjkixpdrhla o@˜Tn is;kafka flfia o hkq wuq;= h uf.a Ôú;h f.ù hkjd uu fkdoelaflñ Wu;=ika;dihla we;af;a ke; tu wjia:dfõ isÿjkafka l=ula o hkak .ek taldka; %meyeÈ,s;djhlayd oekqj;a njla ;sìK nih y`v k.df.k .uka wrUkakg mK fmdjkjdug wfia È,aIdka —mojkak" mojkak˜ lshñka ßhÿrdg fld÷rñka isà wms fõ.h jeä lrjerÈ ud¾.hlg jeà wjidkfha l%Svdx.kfha wi, wdrlaIs; ia:dkhlg wdfjuq nifhkaneiSu i|yd oäìähla úh ;rx. mrKú;dk isg .;af;a h Tyq ;ju;a f,a .,ñka isàfjä WKavh Tyqf.a mmqfõ ueo wegfhys hka;ñka kej;S we; nifha n| mkakrh ù ;sîuWKavfhys fõ.h wvqù th wegfhys k;r ùug m%udKj;aj we; ;s,dkag nifhka neiSugwdOdr flßK úfõl ldurh ;=< jQfha Ñ;a;dfõ.hkaf.a ñY%Khls fldamh" iykh" i;=g 16
  17. 17. l%Svlhka yd mqyqKq ld¾h uKav,h w;=re ffjoH fiajlhka úiska mÍlaId flßK ;s,dka ydmrKú;dk .s,ka r:hlska frday,g f.k hkq ,eìKwms ish¨ fokdu úfõl ldurfhys jdäù isÿjQfha l=ula o hkak .ek l;d lf<uq ñks; a;=lSmhla we;=<;iskdj yd úys¨ .,df.k hkakg mgka .;s wms m%:u jrg ysxikfhab,lalhla njg m;aùuqwms .e,ù .;suq wfma iuyr ifydaor Y%S ,dxlslhka jir 30 lg wdikak ld,hla w;aÿgqfõl=ulaoehs wms ish,af,dau wjfndaO fldg .;suq Tjqkf.a ks¾NS;Ndjh yd mrd¾:ldóNdjh aiïnkaOfhka kj f.!rjhla yd f.!rj iïm%hql; ìhla jQfha h fld;rï blaukska wm awmg t,a, l< m%ydrfhka .e,jqkd o hkak ie,lsh hq;= h wm ldhslj ;=jd, ,enqj oudkislj wms Yla;u;aj isáfhuq sm%ydrfhka meh lSmhlg miq wms ,dfydarfha .=jka yuqod l|jqrg .=jkska f.k .sfhuqnyqúO WKav len,s ;=jd, ksid nekafâÊj,ska ysi T;d isá wcka; fukaäia fmdal¾;r`.hla fhdackd lf<a h ;s,dka wdmiq f.kú;a ;sìK fnfy;aj,ska ksÈ .kajd ;snqK oiïmQ¾Kfhka isysh ;sìK wm iu. isàu .ek Tyqg wms úys¨ lf<uq Tyq fmr<d iskdiqK swmsg fjä ;eìK" f.%fkavj,ska myr fokq ,eìK wmg ;=jd, isÿúK tfy;a wm ìhg m;afkdjQfhuq wms wirK fkdùuq —wms Y%S ,dxlslfhda fjuq˜hs wmsu is;fjuq —wm oeäh" wmg =ÿIalr;d ch.; yelsh" wm ch.kafka wfma Ôj.=Kh Yla;u;a ksid h˜ sm%ydrfhka iaj,am fõ,djlg miq mej;s wfma iïuqL idlÉPdj,§ f,dalh ÿgq foh fuh hswms ikaiqkj isáfhuq wms iduQyslj isáfhuq nqoaêu;a jQfhuq wfma Ñ;a;fõ. ks,fkdjk a;dkdm;Ska jYfhka wfma N+ñldjg wjxl úh hq;= hmlsia:dkfha isg fld<Ug wfma meñKSfuka i;shlg miq uu k.rfha ßh mojñka isáh§uqr fmd<l§ kj;kq ,eìK m%ydrfhka miq uf.a ;;a;jh .ek fin<d wdpdrYS,Sj uf.ka aúuiS h ux fyd¢ka hhs ms<s;=re ÿka uu wms w;aÿgqfõ ñks;a;= lSmhl ld,hla muKhs kuq; ayeu mqj;a isria;,hlau th m, l<d fin¿ka f,i yeuodu Tjqka w;aolskfka l=ula o lshd aweiSñ fin<d ud foi n,d fufia ms<s;=re ÿks —tal yß uu uerefKd;a ta uf.a /lshdjksihs uu talg iQodkï kuq;a Tn ùrfhla" Tn uereKd kï th wfma rgg úYd, mdvqjla˜uu mqÿuhg m;aùñ fldfydu o fï ñksid uf.a Ôú;hg jvd Tyqf.a Ôú;h wvqfjka w.hlf<a@ Tyqf.a wjxlNdjh w;s m%n, h ug ksy;udks ye`.Sula we;s úh ls%lÜ iy ls%lÜ 17
  18. 18. l%Svlhka Y%S ,dxlslhka ;=<ska u;=lrk ,d,idj fuh hs ud uf.a jD;a;fha§ ffokslj sfokakg fjfyfik wdorh fuh hsmYapd;a 1996 n, foaYmd,khwms h<s;a wfma ls%lÜj,g wdfjd;a wk¾:odhl ls%lÜ md,l uKav, foaYmd,kh wdrïN ùuyd hy w¾:j;a wjxl ñksiqka úiska kdhl;ajh fok ,o iafjÉPd fufyhqulska hq;aixúOdkhl isg wfma l%slÜ mßmd,kh nyq ñ,shk fvd,¾ ixúOdkhlg mßj¾;kh úu;aiïnkaOfhka f,dal l=i,dkh o f.k wdfõ wvq ms<s.eksulska hq;a fjkia lïh t;ekamgka ls%lÜ md,k uKav,h mej;sfha l,yldÍ ;;a;jhlh aY%S ,xldfõ l%slÜ yd foaYmd,kh iudkú ;sfí .re .dñKS Èidkdhlf.a W;aidyhka Y%S,xldjg fgiaÜ ;;a;ajh ,nd .ekSfï§ jeo.;a ld¾h fldgila bgq lf<a h tfiau Tyqwia.sßh cd;Hka;r l%slÜ l%Svdx.kh f.dv ke.Sfï§ o jeo.;a úh wfma l%slÜj, <udld,fha§ rdcH wkq.%yfhka yd wruqo,a iemhqfuka f;drj l%sSvdj mj;ajdf.k hdu ÿIalrúh f,dal l=i,dk i`oyd ´iafÜ%,shdkq yd ngysr bka§h fldfoõ wfma rgg meñKSum%;lafIam l< úg wdKavfõ ud¾. Tiafiahs taldnoaO f,dal ñ;%;j XI meñK fuys l%slÜ s q alS%vd lsßug wdrlaId iys; hhs f,dalhg fmkajSug fld<UÈ l%Svd lf<awfma iudchg l%SlÜj, jeo.;alu jQfha th yeu ld,fhysu hy idOl rdcH wkq.%yh N=l; s aú`§u hY%S ,xldjg cd;sl lKavdhula f;dard .eksug Bg l%Svd wud;HxYfha idudðl;ajh ;sìh hq;=h lsisÿ lKavdhulg l%Svd wud;Hjrhdf.a wjidk wkqu;sfhka f;drj l%Svdfjys fhÈhfkdyels h th i;a;lsku uKaav,h úiska m;a l< f;areï lrejka wê;SrKh lr ´kEu afõ,djl ta jk úg;a f;dard f.k we;s lKavdhla h<s f;darkakehs b,a,d isáh yels úYsIaGl%uhls l%Svd wud;Hjrhdg o mÍsslaIK u.ska ¥IK uq,H wl%ñl;d fy<s jQfjd;a Tyqf.aiqúfYaI n,;, l%Shd;aul lr l%slÜ md,l uKa,h úiqq rejd yeßh yels h1996 ch.%yKh;a iu. uqo,a yd n,h uKav,h yd l%Svlhka fj; meñKsfhah lKavdhuwe;=<;ska tk l%Svlhka o l%lÜ md,l uKav,h we;=<; n, ;r.j,g ueÈy;aj we; fï súÈyg n,hg f;aÍ m;ajk ks,Odßka ys,õ jYfhka l%Svlhdf.a mlaImd;s;ajh Tjqkf.a awruqKq i`oyd fhdod .kshs iuyrúg uKaaâ,fha foaYmd,kh lKavdhu ;=<g o .,d hñkafn§ïj,g" whym;a ye`.Sj,g yd wúYajdihg u. mdohs 18
  19. 19. Wu;= n, wr.,hlaa ;=< mßmd,kfhys j.ùu yd úksúoNdjh o l%shdldß;ajfhaúYajikShNdjh o ke;sj f.dia Y%S ,xld l%slÜ iaÓr;djka ke;s meyeÈ,s mßmd,khla ke;s;;a;jhlg jeàug u. mdod ;sfí iNdm;sjreka yd f;dard m;a l< úOdhl lñgq tkq hkq awe; wdKavj f;da rd m;a lrk wka;¾ lñgq m;a lsÍu o úiqrejd yeÍu o lrkq we; 1996ka qmiq ls%lÜ md,l uKav,h md,kh yd mßmd,kh lrkq ,enqfõ tlaflda fm!oa.,sljke;fyd;a m%;hql;lfhl=f.a ud¾.fhka fyda m;alsÍu fyda f;aÍm;aùu u; r|d mj;sñka s audrefjka udrejg tk yd hk fyd| f;areula we;s mqoa.,hka w;f,diails wjdikdjlgTjqkf.a n,h ;yjqrelr .ekSug fyda Ñria:dhs lr .ekSug Tjqyq mßmd,kfha fodrgq ls%lÜ amd,l uKav,fha uQ,hhka yd iïm;a ¥IKhg yd ys;jlaldr kdia;hg u. mdok mlaI.%dys = s.c ñ;=rkag újD; lr;sth wjq,a iy.; úh" ;ju;a wjq,a iy.; h Pkao ñ,§ .ekSï yd fydr Pkao oeófïfpdaokd" iEu md¾Yjhlsku isÿjk n,mEï ksid jk l%Svl ueÈy;aùï yd wú f,,ùï yd ale; .=á fl<s we;=¿ jd¾ISl uy indj, m%pKav ls%hd mjd ug u;lhg .; yels ;rï È.=ld,hla ls%lÜ md,l uKav, ue;sjrK ;=< i,l=Kq ù ;sfílKavdhug th yd mßmd,kh w;r iajrdlaIlhla ke;s ù we; l%Svlhka mlaImd;s;jhka ayd wfkHdkH jrm%ido ,nd .ekSu i|yd n,fha isák idudðlhka fj;g Rcqj m%fõY ùuidudkH njg m;aj ;sfí 1999 isg mßmd,kfhys yd l%Svl wdl,amj, fuu ish¨ fjkialï1996 mej;s iómj ne÷Kq tallhla jQ foh fnodyod .;a oelaula fyda lKavdhï ye`.Sulake;s mqoa.,hkaf.a tl;=jla njg mßj¾;kh lr ;sfí1999 § tx.,ka;fha mej;s f,dal l=i,dkh wka; mrdchla úh m<uq jgfhkau úis úhtfia jqj o jdikdjlg lKavdhfï jHikldÍ ld¾h idOkh Y%S ,xld ls%lÜ lKavdhfï.;slhka we;=<; jeäuk;a fjkialï i|yd W;af;ackhla nj ikd: flreKs l%Svlhkaf.akj ñY%Khla o ;dreKHfha yd w;aoelSfï lÈu ixfhda.hla o u.ska imhk ,o ikao¾Nhik;a" udjka yd ufya, f.a jvd iyñ;sl yd ish,a, we;=<;a lr.kakd kdhl;ajh hgf;awd oYlh ;=< lKavdhu we;=<; merKs OQrdj,s jHqyhka wfydais lr oeó h1999 isg f.dvke.=Kq kj lKavdhï ixialD;sh ;=< mqoa.,hka ms<s.kq ,eìK ie,ls,a,g.; hq;= tlu foah jQfha lKavdhug olajk lemùu yd úYajdih hs mqoa.,Ndjh yd újdohms<s.kq ,eìK f.!rjh b,a,d isáfha ke;" Wmhd .;s uKav,fha l,n.Eksj,ska lKavdhuwE;a lr mj;ajd .ekSu lrd jk kj lemùula jQfha h th wfma lKavdhfï .;sl;ajfhkaiïmQ¾Kj neyer lsÍu ÿIalr ù ;sìK ulakid o wmj wdmiq weo .ekSfï wkjr; m%h;ak o sÿ¾j,;ajfha ld,j, ielhla ksid l%Svlhka me;s udre lsÍu o ksid h ;ju;a tl wruqKla 19
  20. 20. tkï l%Svd msáfha§ ch .ekSu lrd jk wfma iduQysl m%h;akhka wdrlaId lsÍug ydfm<Uùug wms iu;aj isáuqwm jvd fyd| mßmd,khla wfmalId l< hq;j ;sfí mßmd,kh lKavdhu úiska jir a =.Kkdjla ;siafia wdrlaIs; lrkq ,enQ tu idrO¾u u: wjxl;ajh" mdroDYHNdjh" lemùuyd úkh ls%hdjg ke.Su wjYH hmßmd,kh jvd;a jD;a;suh njg m;aùug" Rcqj is;ug yd mdroDYHjkakg iu;a jkafka Ske;skï túg wms fmdÿ ñksid mrdfrdamKh lsÍfï wjodku .kafkuq i;a;lskau fuhoekgu;a isÿfjñka ;sfí Nla;u;a f,da,Syq jeä jeäfhka uq,dfjka ñfoñka isá;s fuh sb;d wk;=reodhl h ukao l%Svdj ;srirj mj;ajd f.k hkafka mßmd,lhkaj;a l%Svlhkaj;afkdj ls%lÜj,g wdorh lrk c;dj ksid h ls%lÜj,g n,h fokafka Tjqkf.a ,d,idjhs aTjqka l%slÜj,g Tjqkf.a msgmi yerjqjfyd;a túg iuia; moaO;shu lvd jefgkq we; a qfuhg úi÷u cd;Hka;r ls%lÜ ljqkis,h lsishï wk¾:odhl foaYmd,k ueÈy;a ùulska hq;a ayd ¥IKfha yd wh:d md,kh ms<sn| fpdaokd t,a,jk idudðl md,l uKav, ;ykïlsÍfï ia:djrhla .ekSu úh yels h fuh ksfhdað; lKavdhï bÈßm;a lsÍfï yelshdj fydawhsiSiSfhka wruqo,a yd wfkl=;a m%;,dN ,eîu fyda ksfYaO lrkq we; tfy;a Y%S s,dxlslfhla jYfhka wmg u ms<s;re = fidhd .ekSfï Yla;h s ;sfnk njg uun,dfmdfrd;a;= ;nñolaI;dj u.ska n,h iemfhk lKavdhulalKavdhfï jHQyh yd ixialD;sh th úiska u l%ufhka úldYkh fjñka ;sfnk w;r wfmal%Svd ìfuys id¾:l;ajh m%d:ñlj fufyh fjkq ,efnkafka yqÿ olaI;djh yd uqr,s" ik;a"wrúkao" ufya, yd ,is;a jeks uE; ld,j,§ u;=lr.;a úYsIaG f,i olaI l%Svlhkaf.a Ôj.=Kh úisk swfma mdi,a ls%lÜ jHQyh w;Hka;fhkau Yla;u;a jqj o wfma l%Svd iudc jHQyh h,amskQ stlla fjhs l%Svd iudc 20la w;r l%Svlhka Èhdre lr oeóu iu. cd;sl mqyqKq ld¾huKav,hg jeäuk;a ixj¾Okh i|yd olaI l%Svlhka myiqfjka y÷kdf.k mqyqKq lr.ekSug yelshdj ,nd fkdfoa l%Svd iudcj," ;r`.dj,sj, ;r`.ldß;ajfha wvqj tajdhskamkakrh ,enQ m<uq mka;fha jD;a;h l%Svlhka ksIamdokh lr .ekSug bv fkdfohs s S 20
  21. 21. leálr ÈhqKq lsÍu i|yd fuu jHQyh fjkia lsÍug ork ,o úúO W;aidyhkag mßmd,khyd wod< l%Svd iudc úiska úfrdaOh md ;sfí fuhg m%Odk fya;=j ù we;af;a f;aÍm;ajQ´kEu ls%lÜ md,l uKav,hla fï l%Svd iudc jrolrejka lf<d;a Pkaoh meje;afjk úgPkao wysñùfï wjodkulg uqyqK §u hta w;ru wfma mßmd,kfha wia:dhs;dj wmg wjYH lrk fõ.j;a fjkig oejeka;ndOlhla fjhs i;a;lsku fuu l%uh ;sìh§;a wm fndfyda f,dal uÜgfï l%Svlhka ìys alsÍu uú;lr hflfia jqj o fuys W;aidyh jkafka iuyrúg wfma úYd,;u ÿ¾j,;dj ù we;af;a wfmaúYd,;u Yla;h njh hkak h ta w¾O jYfhka jHQyfha wvqj ksid h ,is;$ ik;a$ uqr,s s ayd fukaäia jeks wh úêu;a mdG .%k: mqyqKqfjka fíÍ ;sîu iïnkaOfhka wm jdikdjka; ahTjqka uQ,Od¾ñl mqyqKjg wdjrKh ù ;snqKs kï q Tjqkf.a olaI;d fudgùug b;d fyd`o awjia:djla ;snqKs ish¨ iïNdjH;djka wkqj Tjqka WodiSk;ajhg weo jefgkak bv ;snqK sY%S ,xldj yuqfõ we;s wNsfhda.htfia jQj;a nyq, ioajdNdúl olaI;d ;sìh§;a wmg wfma l%SlÜ jHqyh fjkia lsßu wjYH hwd;aud¾:ldñ jkjdg jvd wm Y%S ,dxlsl úSu wjYH h wfma l%slÜ jHqyh ixflakøKh lr afyd`ou l%Svlhka yeu úgu tlsfkld iu. l%Svd lsßu iy;sl lsßu wjYH h akjHuhj is;u iy ksoyia m%ldYkh hk folg u bv i,iñka fuh wm újD; ukilsk a Slsßu wjYH h we;eï me;sj,ska wm th oekgu;a lrñka isáuq flfia fj;;a úfYaIfhkauwfma mqyqKq fomd¾;fïka;j iïm%odhsl fkdj olaI;d .fõYKfhys l%shdldÍj kshe,S isà =wfma l%sllÜ jvd Yla;u;a jkafka th ksoyia " ffO¾h iïmkak jk úg h tu ksid wm sl%Svlhka Tjqkaf.a woyia m%ldYlsßug yd kfjHd;amdokhkag újD; ùug Èssß.ekaúh hq;= huE;l§ Èi;%sla mqyqKq lrefjl= úiska msgm,d;a j, mkaÿ heùfï l`ojqrla mj;ajdf.k hknjg cd;sl mqyqKqlrejkag f;dr;=rla ,enqKq isoaêhla úh Tyq iSud br lrd fyñka Èjf.dia wk;=rej .=jfka isg mkaÿj lvd ì`of.k hkjd jeks msïulska uqod yßk fjd,s fnda, al%Svlfhl= fidhdf.k we; Tyqf.a msïu Tyqj *f,da ;arE tfla§ Tyqj ;K ;Srej u;;rula ÿßka m;s; lrjhs Èia;%sla mqyqKq lre Tyqf.a mkaÿ hejSu meh Nd.hla ùäfhda 21
  22. 22. frfldaâ lr we; ùäfhda mgh kerUQ fld<U cd;sl mqyqKq lrejka l=;=y,fhka hq;j =i;shlg miq úêu;a mqyqKj i`oyd Tyqg wdrdOkdlr we; miqj ÿrl:k weu;=ulsk a qfldkafoa fõokdjla ksid frday,a.;j Tyq isá nj oek .ekSug ,eî ;sfí Tyq Tyqf.aÔú;fha lsis Èkl ñks;;= 30lg jvd tl È.g mkaÿ heùula lr ke; aY%s ,xldfõ wE; .ul ;eme,a uqødj jeÿKq ;j;a ,smshla ,eî we; ,shQ ;eke;a;d Y%S,xldfjys fidhd fkd.;a fõ.j;au mkaÿ hjkakdhehs lshd ;snqK Èia;s%la mqyqKqlre fuu sysñlï lshdmEu mÍlaId lsßfïÈ ,shqïlre f,dia úfhys miqjk fn!oaO NslIqjla nj afidhdf.k we; ;ju;a isjqf¾ isáoa§u mkaÿ hjd fmkaùug tu NslIqj wjia:djla fok af,i b,a,d we; fuf,i Y%S ,xldfõ l%slÜ mQcH mlaIh mjd fmd<Ujñka ;sfítu wjia:dfõ úYsIaG olaI;d flfrys jk wdYdj m%;M, f.k ÈS ke; tfy;a mqyqKq ld¾h suKav,h wfma l%slÜ ;j ÿrg;a bÈßhg f.k hkq we; B<`. w;aN+; mkaÿ hjkakd fydal%slÜ l%Svlhd u;=lr .ekSfï Tjqkf.a fidaÈish iqrlaIKh lr .;a hq;= h aY%S,xldfõ kj hq.fhys l%slÜ l%Svdfjys jeä jk jeo.;aluwm fudfyd; .%yKh lr .eksug iu;a kï túg Y%S ,xldfõ l%SlÜ ys wkd.;h b;d§ma;u;aj mj;skq we; wfma Èjhsfka wkd.;fhys l%lÜj,g tA yd jeo.;a N+ñldjla s sr`.mdkakg ;sfnk ksid wm fuh l< hq;= hhs uu hd{d lrñ l%slÜ Y%S ,xldfõ isú,ahqoaOfha wkaOldr ojiaj,§ ish¨u m%cdjka fhdaO mSvdjkaf.ka fm`tk hq.hl § ;SrKd;aulN+ñldjla r`. mEfõh tf,iu m%;ikaOdkfha yd m%;IaGdmkfha ;SrKd;aul ld, s smßfÊohlg ish¨u Y%S ,xlslhka iduh yd tlai;a nj wfmalaId lrk is;a w,,kld,mßfÊohlg m%fõY jk úg Bg;a jvd úYd, jeo.;a lula lKavdhfï yeisÍug ydld¾h idOkhg ;sfnkq we; tfukau kj olaI;d ixÑ; újD; jk W;=f¾ yd kef.kysryqol,d m%cdjla h<s ixúOdkh lrk ld,mßÉfþoh o ls%lÜ iïnkaOfhka is;a w,,kld,mßÉfþohla jkq we;ls%lÜj, Ôj .=Khg úfkdaoh yd i;=g imhñka iudch we;=<; hym; i|yd jkud¾f.damfoaYl n,hla f,i mej;sh yels h yd mej;sh hq;= h tfiau th wm ish,a, wfmaÔú;j,g m%fõY úh hq;f;a flfia o hkak ms<sn| ish,a,gu Èÿ,k wdo¾Yhla o jkq we; a 22
  23. 23. oeka hqoaOh wjidk h" Y%S ,xldj idufha yd iuDoaêfha kj wkd.;hla wfmalId lrhs uu aiodld,slju fuhg lD;{ fjñ tys f;areu uf.a orejka wfma Ôú;j, ffoksl fldgilajYfhka hqoaOfhka yd ysxikfhka f;drj jefvkq we;s nj h Tjqka tys NSIK;ajh Rcqjfkdj we;eï úg b;sydi mx;sfha§ fyda ixjdo ;=<ska bf.k.kq we; oeka Tjqka nqla;s ú¢kksoyia yd iqrlaIs;;dj fjkqfjka wfma rg yd rfÜ ck;dj f.jk ,o uyd ìysiqKq ñ,Tjqka f;areï .ekSu yd ;lafiare lsÍu jeo.;a hwfma ls%lÜj,§ wms úYsIaG Ôj .=Khla" iyY% fol yudlrg wêl ld,hla úysfokb;sydihlska W.;a mdvï u.ska fmdfydi;a Ôj .=Khka úoyd olajuq wfma ls%lÜj,§ wfmack;djf.a pß;h" wfma b;sydih" ixialD;sh yd iïm%odh" wfma iskyj" wfma i;=g" wfmal÷¿ yd ÿlal fodaukiai Tn olskfkys h th Ñ;a;fõ.fhka yd olaI;djfhka fmdfydi;a ah Y%S ,xld ls%lÜ l%Svlfhl= f,i uf.a j.lSu jkafka fuu w,xldr l%Svdj ;jÿrg;afmdfydi;aa lsÍu h thg tl;= lsÍu yd th Wiia lsÍu h wfkl=;a ls%lÜ l%Svlhkagwkq.ukh lsÍu i|yd jvd fmdfydi;a Wreuhla b;sß lsÍu hY%S ,xld wkkH;dj uf.a ukfiys w;s W;alDIagj ;nd .ksñka uu fuh lrkafkñ l%Svdj;Èka yd idOdrKj lrkafkñ Y%S ,xldjg wdvïnrfhka yd idOkShj f,dalhg l;d l<yels y`vla jkafkñ uf.a mlaImd;s nj idudkH Y%S ,dxlSh f,da,shdg h wfma Èjhsfkaßoauhg tflla f,i iduQyslj yo .efyk ñ,shk 20 l ck;djg h fkdñfhk yd iodNla;u;a wdorhlska msreKq wfma fï ls%vdjg h súúO cd;Skg" l=,j,g" ckj¾.hkag yd wd.ïj,g wh;a fmdÿ cd;sl jHdhduhla i|yd atlai;a ùu u.ska tlg tl;=j Tjqkf.a úúO;aj iurK f,da,Sk"a Tjqka uf.a w;a;jdru h" a sTjqka uf.a mjq, h ug Tjqka iu. uf.a ls%lÜ l%Svd lrkafkñ Tjqkaf.a Ôj .=Kh ls%lÜj,ienE Ôj .=Kh h" ud iu. jkqfha uf.a ish¨ ckhd h u oñ<" isxy," uqia,sï yd n¾.¾jkafkñ uu fn!oaOfhl=" yskÿ Nla;slfhl=" bia,duh yd ls%ia;hdksh wkq.ukh a slrkafkl= fjñ uu wo iy yeuúg u idvïnr Y%S ,dxlslfhla ñ 23

×