What’s a landmark?• A landmark literally meant a geographicfeature used by explorers and others to findtheir way back or through an area.• In modern usage, a landmark includesanything that is easily recognizable, such as amonument, building, or other structure.
What’s a landmark?• In American English it is the main term used todesignate places that might be of interest totourists due to notable physical features orhistorical significance.• Landmarks in the British English sense areoften used for casual navigation, such asgiving directions. This is done in AmericanEnglish as well.
UMS (Mexico’s Landmarks)Mexico is a beautiful country located south ofthe Unites States border. It’s a great place toexplore and experience a culture that reflectsthe complexity of the country’s past through thefusion of pre-Hispanic civilizations and Spanishculture during Spain’s 300-year colonization ofMexico.
Chichen ItzaChichen Itza was founded by theMaya in 400 A.D. and is located inthe north central YucatanPeninsula, now called Mexico.Chichen is located 75 miles fromMerida and has a history of 1500years. It was the primary locationfor different ceremonies and isbelieved to have been governedby priests. Chichen Itza means “Atthe mouth of the well of Itza”. Theword Chi stands for ‘mouth’, Chenfor ‘well’ and Itza for ‘the Itzatribe’. The people who lived thereare believed to have sacrificedobjects and humans to their god.Those who survived the ordealwere thought to be seers.
Teotihuacán Pyramids in the Valleyof MexicoThis is a very popular area to visitfrom the city, as these ruins areamong Mexico’s most remarkablesites.The Temple of Quetzalcoatl is one ofits most monumentalstructures, located in the center ofthe area. This temple has a pyramidbuilt on top of it called the FeatheredSerpent Pyramid. Here over 200ceremonially buried warriors’skeletons have been found byarchaeologists.The Pyramid of the Sun is positionedon the Avenue of the Dead’s eastside. It is the third biggest pyramid inthe world and the largest pyramidthat has been restored in theWestern Hemisphere.
CalakmulThis area is the site of one of the largestancient cities by the Mayan civilization thathas ever uncovered. This site is located inthe Mexican state of Campeche, in theCalakmul Biosphere Reserve which has anarea of 1,800,000 acres. Calakmul issurrounded by a jungle region and is only30 kilometers from Mexico’s border withGuatemala.Calakmul is a popular destination for thosewho want a lot of history and culturebecause there are a lot of structures in thisMaya region. Moreover, most of thesestructures have been recovered intact.Calakmul has 117 obelisks, whichrepresents representing rulers and theirwives in paired sets. This figure is thelargest obelisk count in the region. The badnews is, these carved obelisks were madeout of soft limestone, and theweather, wear and tear has eroded most ofthem beyond interpretation.
UxmalUxmal, a city belonging tothe Mayan civilization inthe Mexican state ofYucatan. This exoticsounding name ispronounced as “Oosh-mahl,” which is believed tobe part of the old Mayanlanguage which means“built three times.” Theseplaces in Uxmal are wellpreserved. In fact, it is oneMayan city where a visitorcan get an idea of how theentire ceremonial centerlooked like in days past.
San Miguel de AllendeMexico has a lot of colonialtowns that invoke both luxuriousand classic charms. A very goodexample is the town of SanMiguel de Allende.San Miguel de Allende is in thestate of Guanajuato in Mexico.This historic town wasestablished in 1542 and hasattracted certain type of visitorwhen it comes to tourism – thistown has become a haven forrich residents of the capitalMexico City residents and hasbeen a go-to city for Americanand Canadian expatriates andretirees.
TaxcoTaxco de Alarcón, also referred tosimply as Taxco. Taxco is found inthe Mexican state of Guerrero. The“de Alarcon” in the town’s officialname is in tribute to Juan Ruiz deAlarcon, a writer who is from thistown.This ancient town has a longassociation with silver, both themining of the metal and the craftingof the metal into jewelry andsilverware. The town’s reputationwith silver, as well as the city’spicture perfect homes andlandscapes have now made tourismthe premier industry in this area.This comes as a welcomedevelopment as the remaininglarge-scale mining operation in thearea is already decreasing itsoperations and will eventually beclosing soon.
MitlaMitla is the name that hasbeen given to a site ofarchaeological interestlocated in the town of SanPablo Villa de Mitla. Thistown is in the Mexicanstate of Oaxaca. It receivesits acclaim for having anumber of well-tendedand intact Mesoamericanbuildings from the Pre-Columbian era.Actually, unlike most townswith ancientstructures, Mitla is afunctioning town in thepresent-day.
Barranca del cobreNatural wonders abound inthis country, and one of themis the Barranca del Cobre, orCopper Canyon in English. TheCopper Canyon, located in thestate of Chihuahua inMexico, is a group of sixcanyons joined together inthe Sierra Tarahumara range.Visitors would be surprised tofind out that this system ofcanyons is actually bigger(actually, at least four timeslarger) than what isconsidered to be the world’smost breathtaking collectionof canyons
USA (USA’s Landmarks)Its land area includes both naturally beautiful, sparselypopulated and open landscape, and huge, heavilypopulated cities and urban centers with suburbs.America, being a county made up of immigrants, has noone distinct culture, but rather has a combination ofmany and the cultural experience you receive dependslargely on which part of the country you visit. Commonelements of American culture includeindividualism, popular culture (Hollywood films, musiclike country, jazz, rock n roll and pop), sports, especiallybaseball “the American pastime”, technology, corn on thecob and fast food.
Glen Canyon DamGlen Canyon Dam is the second largest dam on the Colorado River, situated in Page, Arizona.It was built with the primary purpose of generating electrical power, securing water supplyfor the dry southwestern portion of the United States, and housing water recreationdestinations and activities. The dam caused the nearby Glen Canyon to its north to becomeflooded, creating a large reservoir now known as Lake Powell.
Devil’s TowerIt’s quite intriguing that the first national monument in the United States is not made by the hands of men. Infact, this towering natural landmark means more to the American Indians than it is to the forefathers whoestablished the colonies.Bears Lodge, as others would often refer to it, is believed by American Indians as a sacred site. Knowing itssignificance, then President Theodore Roosevelt designated it as a national monument in 1906. That’s theDevils Tower as we know it today.One might wonder why it was called as such. In truth, the landmark was supposed to be called as Devil’s Tower.
Alcatraz islandThe island’s strategic location made it an excellent choice for a military quarter. And it did become one in1850 – specifically from the orders of then US president Millard Fillmore. But the island known as TheRock became famous – or infamous in 1934 when it became a federal prison, locking down some ofhistory’s most notorious gangsters and criminals. Who could have thought that the era’s dark figures likeAl Capone, George “Machine Gun” Kelly, Alvin Karpis, and Robert Franklin Stroud have all graced its nowempty prison cells? It’s funny how an Island aptly named after “pelicans” can have so much notoriety.
Albany City HallThe city of Albany is the second oldest city in the United States and one of the lastremaining settlements from the original thirteen British colonies. The streets of Albany arepeppered with imposing structures, each showcasing unique architectural styles ofvisionary architects and highlighting the important developments that have occurred in theEmpire State’s capital. One such structure is the Albany City Hall.
Bell RockBell Rock, located in the Village of Oak Creek, in Sedona, Arizona.This land formation is technically a butte, made up of sedimentary rocks that were piled up horizontallyfor centuries. What it is now is a sight that looks spectacular especially during the sunset, when the richbrown color of the butte glimmers. The formation also takes a special significance among believers of theNew Age movement, who believe that the place has a spiritual ingredient that rejuvenates theirbeing, with the rock energizing and calming anyone located on its slopes.
California Palace of the Legion of honorIt is a museum in the northwestern part of the Richmond neighborhood that has a magnificent view ofthe Golden Gate Bridge and Lincoln Park. This museum is an excellent place to visit if you want to beawed by ancient European art. The museum itself is considered a work of art because the architectureof the building is neoclassical and you will feel that you are in ancient Europe when you visit.
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve.As one of the national parks in the whole of United States, this park in Alaska isundoubtedly one of the best tourist destinations and is considered as one of UNESCO’sHeritage Sites.300,000 visitors per year is proof of how attractive the park is.
Griffith ObservatoryIn 1904, a man looked through a 60-inch telescope atop Mount Wilson and was inspired toshare his experience of the heavens with everybody. Welsh businessman and long-time LosAngeles resident Griffith J. Griffith’s vision took almost 30 years in the making, even outlivingGriffith himself who died years earlier. Today, the Griffith Observatory continues Griffith’sadvocacy of free public access to the exhibits until now and is widely recognized as a nationalleader in public astronomy.
UK (United Kingdom)Visiting United Kingdom is an unforgettableexperience and there is a true breadth of historygoing back hundreds of years. Round almostevery corner there are landmark sights withtheir own story, and architectural style.
StonehengeStonehenge is a prehistoric and a mystical monument which is located in the county ofWiltshire, England. It is situated almost 3.2 km west of Amesbury. The Stonehenge is aformation of stones in a circular fashion that are standing upright. The construction of thisprehistoric monument started some 5000 years ago and it is amazing to know that thesestones are still in place after 5 millenniums.
Big BenIt may be one of the most well-known tourist destinationsin the world, but the insides of the tower remains unseenby the general public because of security reasons.However, at certain times, press people and otherpersonalities are given right of entry.It was in 1288 when a clocktower was established atWestminster. The Chief Justiceof King’s Bench at thattime, Ralph Hengham financedthe construction of the towerusing the money accumulatedfrom the fine collected. Whenthe old Palace of Westminsterwas destroyed by fire on thatfateful night of October 1834everything was destroyed. Sothe palace instructed theirchief architect, Charles Barry todesign the palace using Neo-gothic style as inspiration. Handin hand with Augustus Puginwho designed the present 316-ft clock tower, the new palacewas built.
St. Paul’s CathedralSt. Paul’s Cathedral was used for the marriage ofPrice Charles and Lady Diana Spencer. Way back in2001, a memorial service to honor victims of theSeptember 11, 2001 attack was held in this verycathedral as well.St. Paul’s Cathedral is anAnglican Cathedral found inLudgate Hill in the City ofLondon. This cathedral hasbeen generally reckoned asLondon’s fifth St. Paul’sCathedral. The cathedral islocated on the highest pointof London. The cathedral isone of the most visitedcathedrals or sights inLondon. The cathedral wasbuilt using Portland Stone inlate Renaissance Style orthem.
Loch NessLoch Ness is purportedly the mostfamous lake in the world and one of themost visited locations in Scotland. TheLoch Ness is a large, deep lake found inScotland about 23 miles wide and 52 feetabove sea level. The Loch Ness isallegedly the home of the famous LochNess Monster. The legendary animal issaid to be 40 to 50 meters tall with along, snake-like neck. Its first sightingsdate back to 565 AD and the sightingsbecame more frequent during the 18thcentury. Numerous sightings and pictureshave appeared to prove the existence ofthis monster, but all these supposedevidence are still inconclusive. If you lovebusting or proving myths and legends, gomonster hunting and try spotting theLoch Ness Monster with the wholefamily!
National Gallery of ScotlandThe National Gallery of Scotland is located in Edinburgh, Scotland. The National Gallery possesses themost magnificent galleries, special exhibitions and varied collections of national fine art. The gallery boastsof one of the best collections in the world. It is open everyday and offers free admission to the public.The National Gallery has rare art pieces from the early Renaissance until today by some of the mostimportant artists ever known to mankind. The National Gallery housed masterpieces from respectableartists like Bernini, Boticelli, Constable, El Greco, Gauguin, de Goya and the like. It also has a vast collectionof portraits of the greatest Scots in history.
Blarney StoneThe Blarney Stone is a famous Irishhistorical site located in the village ofBlarney, just a mere 8 kilometers from thecity of Cork. It’s a huge block of stone thatwas a gift of gratitude to the Irish peoplefrom Robert the Bruce, for theirunwavering support in the 1314 battle ofBannockburn. It was in 1446, when KingDermot McCarthy had a castle speciallymade for the stone, constructingbattlements to be a part of it. Andthus, the Blarney castle has come toexistence.The Blarney Stone is said to have specialpowers to bequeath any person who kissesit with the gift of eloquence or flattery.This is why it has become one of thefamous landmarks that tourists flock to inIreland every year.
Canterbury CathedralCanterbury Cathedral isCanterbury in Kent County.This structure is one of themost ancient and mostpopular in England and is apart of a World Heritage Site.This cathedral is the officialresidence of the leader of theChurch ofEngland, Archbishop ofCanterbury, who is also thesymbolic leader of theAnglican Communion. Theformal name of this Christianedifice is the Cathedral andMetro political Church ofChrist at Canterbury.
Tower BridgeThe Tower Bridge is located in above the River Thames, London. On June 30th, 1894, the Tower bridge wasopened by King Edward VII. The design of the Tower Bridge was done by Horace Jones and Wolfe Barry, thebridge was constructed in the year 1894. The Tower Bridge contains two massive towers which are linkedtogether. The bridge stands at a height of 60 meters and the height of each tower is about 43 meters. Themiddle part of the bridge can be lifted up when huge ships pass through that way. In the past, the bridge waslifted nearly 50 times per day.
Important cities of MexicoImportant cities of Mexico
GuadalajaraWas named in honor to the city that saw being born in Spain theconqueror Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán. In 2008, it was considered tobe the metropolis of the future in Mexico for being a place of rapideconomic growth. In 2009, it was the second city in North Americain having the biggest monetary potential.
It is the capital of state of the same name. It is also one of themost important colonial cities of the country. In 1980, its historiccenter with its mines were declared Cultural Heritage ofHumanity. Its monuments, buildings and the layout of thestreets make it a unique city.Guanajuato
MoreliaThe Spaniards settled in the area gave the name of Valladolid and sincethen it has been a city of great importance in the countrys political andeconomic history. Its urban image is due to the way that the first houseswere built during the colonial period and that almost always lead to amajestic construction. Its cultural offer is the richest in the country.
MonterreySince the 19th century it became an important industrial andtechnological hub. It has the stronger the countrys economy and has gonefrom becoming a metropolis whose development has moved frommanufacturing to the services and knowledge.
The standard of living in this city is considered among the highest in the countryand Latin America, for the low rate of unemployment. It is the second best city inMexico to start businesses. It was appointed Cultural Heritage and has a very widecultural and entertainment offerQuerétaro
• It was known as City of palaces during the time of the viceroys. In areas such asthe Historic Center keeps buildings from the colonial period. Some of the leadingcompanies in the nation are laid down in this city; in addition to being themetropolis where decisions are made more important of the countrys political lifeMexico city
New YorkIt has been chosen as one of the cities of theUnited States that should visit the city ofskyscrapers, offers all the glamour with largestores of the most important firms of designers.
Las VegasThe city of United States, whichhas a multitude of casinohotels, a luxury that attractsmany tourists who want to havefun and try your luck
MiamiIf you prefer a warm placewith a beach forsunbathing, Miami is theideal city marked with alatin air we found themost beautifulbeaches, no doubt one ofthe United States to visitcities.
• A rich history, architecture and some of the best universities in the world, Bostonhas a youthful, full of culture atmosphere, has several bars, fashionable clubs, artsand music cannot are missing in this, one of the best cities in United StatesBoston
• One of the cities in the UnitedStates most important, perhapsby being the capital isunavoidable, rather than theWhite House, that account withsome of the emblematicmonuments, museums, scenesof live music, restaurants andshopWashington
City of the entertainment, in the cities of the bigger United Stateswith the position number 2, possesses mountains, beaches; it isknown by its movie, wireless, television, and record industry. Thehearth of the stars of movies(movie theater) of HollywoodLos Angeles
LondonThis is definitely one of the best cities inEngland, the largest urban area of this countryand of greater activity in the world
• After London is consideredone of the best cities inEngland, it is known as thefactory of the world or thecity of the thousandbusinessBirmingham
• One of the cities of England known by the famed band The Beatles that helped tomake it a tourist destination, it is also considered a world heritage site by UnescoLiverpool
It is an important artisticcenter, financial and media, and isregarded as one of the cities ofEngland with greater economicgrowth and is home to two footballteams in the Premier LeagueManchester
OxfordIs the British university town, home to the oldest university in the English-speaking world, is known as the city of needles of dreams for its harmony in thearchitecture of the buildings and is of the cities of England that you have to know
The Economy of the United Kingdomis the sixth largest in the world. Themain economic activities are:• Agriculture• Energy Matters• Financial• Industry• Mining
In Agriculture, the main productions are potatoes, sugarbeet, wheat and barley. Livestock is also significant, particularlysheep and cattle, with a large European producer of milk and dairyproducts.AGRICULTURE AND CATTLERANCHING
ENERGY MATTERSIn energy , nuclearpower has supplyingenergy to the publicand businesses .
FINANCIALThe London StockExchange is the secondglobal financial centerand the British capital isthe European city withmore activity in thecapital market .
INDUSTRYIn industry, the main activitiesare machinery , transportequipment (vehicles , trains andaircraft ) and chemicals.
The sectors with great potential are the technologies ofinformation and communicationtechnologies, biotechnology, aerospace, defense andrenewable.
MININGMining has always been a very important sector, traditional coal mines have supplied the energyneeded for economic development .
TOURISMBrowse the UK is going throughthe various cultures that cometogether in four differentcountries: that ofEngland, Scotland, Wales andNorthern Ireland, as well as thesmaller islands surrounding it.All these places preservetraditions of many centuries ofhistory, while mixed withtechnology.
The main activities are in Mexico are:•Agriculture•Cattle Ranching•Extraction of materials and minerals•Industry•Logging•Tourism•Trade•Transport
AGRICULTUREThe 10 productsthat are producedin the Mexicancountryside are:Lemon. Potato.Banana. Orange. Tomato.Corn.Sugarcane. Green pepper.Sorghum. Wheat.
CATTLE RANCHINGThis activityincludes the rearingofcattle, sheep, pigs, goats, poultry, beekeeping, horses, donkeys and mules
EXTRACTION OF BUILDINGMATERIALS AND MINERALSThe produced minerals aregold, silver, lead, copper, zinc, iron, lead,copper, zinc andmolybdenum, coal, coke, iron andmanganese, among others. Oil is ofgreat importance to theeconomy, producing millions of barrels
INDUSTRYHere stands the automotive industrywhich is recognized through theworld, also highlights the electronicproduction where Mexico is the sixthlargest producer worldwide. Otherindustries representative of this industryare the petrochemical, cement productionand construction, textiles and food anddrink.
TRADETrade is the economic activity that hasthe largest number of establishmentsin the country. Commercialestablishments engaged in the sale:•49% Food, beverages and snuff.•13% Stationery or recreation andothers.•12% Textiles, clothing accessories andfootwear.
TOURISMTourism in Mexico is an important economicactivity for the country and is one of the largestin the world, placed in tenth place in the world
TRANSPORTThe transport of people and goods in Mexico is mainlyfor: Roads, railroad, air transport, water transport.
The economy of the United States of Americais the largest national economy in the world.Maintains a high level of production, is oneof the worlds richest nations. It is also thebiggest industrial producer and the largesttrading country, with the main tradingpartners China, Canada and México.
ECONOMY AND BUSINESSThe U.S. economy isone of thelargest, mostpowerful andinfluentialworldwide, is why itis one of the worldpowers and movesmillions of dollarsannually. In theU.S., business andmany transactionstake place on theExchange.
FINANCIAL SYSTEMThe United States had about 11,060banks with more than 70,000 offices
INDUSTRYIn the industry big industrialregions are distinguished.Pittsburgs region with aproduction and consumptionof aluminium that tends tosubstitute the steel. In theregion of south-east thesecond one is where thereexist importantpetrochemical andmetallurgical facilities.
Subsurface WealthIt has a third of the worlds coal reserves and alsothat oil is abundant with oil zones there are richdeposits of natural gas
TRANSPORTIt has the most modern andefficient transportinfrastructure. The roadnetwork as well as the railwaynetwork where the main roadsare like transcontinentalCentral Pacific, NorthernPacific and Southern Pacific.Air traffic is very intense dueto the vast distances of thecountry.
TRADEOnly in 1993, more than 700,000 companies startedtheir business in the United States. Many large chainstores started with a single store. For example:The Coca-Cola Company, whichdistributes the gas throughout theworld, began when a pharmacistmixed the first Coca-Cola and beganto sell in the city ofAtlanta, Georgia.The companies H. J. HeinzCo., which specializes inpickles, mustard and ketchup. Itbegan when a teenager startedselling various food items fromdoor to door and down thestreet.
TOURISMIn the United Statesthere are plenty ofattractions which can beaccessed throughvarious means oftransport are there ineach city, choosing thebest suited according tothe situation andpossibilities.