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  1. 1. $$!! YAAAAAAA !!$$ $$!! WE WANNA BE RICH !!$$
  2. 2. <ul><li>BEAR </li></ul><ul><li>BULL </li></ul><ul><li>CHICKEN </li></ul><ul><li>PIG </li></ul><ul><li>DEER </li></ul>WHAT KIND A ANIMAL R U ? MARKET MODELS
  3. 3. <ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE DOSE IT START ? ( LIFE OF A STOCK ) </li></ul><ul><li>WHY GET IN NOW ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO GET IN ? </li></ul><ul><li>NOW WHAT ? </li></ul><ul><li>QUES-TIANOOOOS ? </li></ul>Y R V HERE 2 DAY ?
  4. 4. WHY INVEST ?
  5. 5. INVESTING <ul><li>STOCKS </li></ul><ul><li>BONDS </li></ul><ul><li>MUTUAL FUNDS </li></ul><ul><li>START YOUR OWN BUSINESS </li></ul>&quot;investment vehicles,&quot; Alternative Investments: Options, Futures, FOREX, Gold, Real Estate, Etc.
  6. 6. Knowing Yourself <ul><li>Investment objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe </li></ul><ul><li>Investing personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Putting It All Together: Your Risk Tolerance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Portfolios and Diversification “ DONT put all your eggs in one basket.&quot;
  8. 8. Putting It All Together <ul><li>Investing is about making your money work for you. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinvesting earnings allows you to take advantage of compounding. </li></ul><ul><li>Each investor is different in his or her objectives and risk tolerance. </li></ul><ul><li>There isn't just one strategy that can be used to invest successfully. </li></ul><ul><li>Each investment vehicle has its own unique characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversifying investments in a portfolio helps to manage risk. </li></ul>
  9. 9. WHY STOCKS ?
  10. 10. WHAT IS A STOCK ? <ul><li>STOCK is a share in the ownership of a company. </li></ul><ul><li>STOCK represents a claim on the company's ASSETS and EARNINGS. </li></ul>TYPES OF STOCK <ul><li>Common Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Different Classes of Stock </li></ul>
  11. 11. How Stocks Trade <ul><li>Most stocks are traded on exchanges, which are places where buyers and sellers meet and decide on a price </li></ul>Stock Market <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Where securities are created ( by means of an IPO ) </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Investors trade previously-issued securities without the involvement of the issuing-companies </li></ul>Third and Fourth Markets
  12. 12. Getting to Know Stock Exchanges <ul><li>The New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE ) </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary , Floor, specialist, </li></ul><ul><li>The National Association of Securities Dealers ( NASDAQ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary, Virtual, </li></ul><ul><li>American Exchange ( AMEX ) </li></ul><ul><li>OTCBB </li></ul><ul><li>PINK SHEET </li></ul>
  13. 13. What dose Market Indexes Tell Us ? <ul><li>An index is essentially an imaginary portfolio of securities representing a particular market or a portion of it . </li></ul>Dow Jones Industrial Average Has 30 stocks Represents company's with annual revenues in excess of $7 billion. S&P 500 Includes 500 of the most widely traded company’s Covers about 70% of the market’s total value market capitalization or market cap weighted index The Nasdaq Stock Market Composite More than 5,000 Heavily weighted to technology stocks Russell 2000 Index
  14. 14. <ul><li>NOW WE KNOW </li></ul><ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Initial Public Offering - IPO <ul><li>INVESTMENT BANK - Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, Credit Suisse First Boston , Lehman Brothers and Morgan Stanley. </li></ul><ul><li>UNDERWRITTING -process of raising money </li></ul><ul><li>Registration with the SEC </li></ul><ul><li>SEC requires &quot;cooling off period” </li></ul><ul><li>RED HERRING - &quot;dog and pony show&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, the securities are sold on the stock market and the money is collected from investors. </li></ul>
  16. 16. WHY GET IN NOW ? <ul><li>NOW WE KNOW </li></ul><ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE DOSE IT START ? </li></ul><ul><li>( LIFE OF A STOCK ) </li></ul>
  18. 18. MARKET MODELS -REEVALUATION <ul><li>BEAR - Pessimistic </li></ul><ul><li>BULL - Optimistic </li></ul><ul><li>CHICKEN - Lose Hands </li></ul><ul><li>PIG - Ho ho ho….. </li></ul><ul><li>DEER - Neutral </li></ul>Bulls, Bears Make Money, Pigs Get Slaughtered
  19. 19. <ul><li>NOW WE KNOW </li></ul><ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE DOSE IT START ? ( LIFE OF A STOCK ) </li></ul><ul><li>WHY GET IN NOW ? </li></ul>HOW TO GET IN ?
  20. 20. Brokers and Online Trading <ul><li>Brokers -- can't live with 'em, can't live without 'em. </li></ul><ul><li>You need some kind of broker if you want to trade stocks and bonds . </li></ul><ul><li>It's up to you to pick the broker that meets your needs. </li></ul><ul><li>A broker acts as a middleman between the securities that trade on the market and the investors who buy them. </li></ul>Brokers are salespeople. They get a commission when you trade. * Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)
  21. 21. Brokers and Online Trading: The Costs <ul><li>Opening an Account </li></ul><ul><li>Every brokerage has different terms and conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum requirement $500 to $2500. </li></ul><ul><li>Commissions and Fees </li></ul><ul><li>The dirt cheap Discount brokers who charge $5-$200 to Full-service Expensive brokers </li></ul><ul><li>The Hidden Fees </li></ul><ul><li>Fees for transferring assets both into and out of an account · Account maintenance fees · Inactivity fees · Fees for not maintaining a minimum balance · Interest on margin loans · Sales charges on certain securities (e.g. loads on mutual funds) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Types of Accounts <ul><li>What's Your Style? </li></ul><ul><li>Investor Trader (Day Trader ) </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Accounts Depending on what type of securities you hold, there are four major choices you have when opening an account : Cash Account : The basic account where you deposit cash to buy stocks , bonds, mutual funds , etc. IRA account : For people looking to set up an individual retirement account. Margin Account : Margin basically allows you to borrow from your broker against the cash and securities in your account. Profits can diminish quickly when you use margin, so be very careful! Learn about how this works in our margin tutorial . Option Account : Only seasoned investors should consider this choice. This type of account allows you to trade options , which are much riskier investments than stocks or bonds . </li></ul>
  23. 23. Types of Orders <ul><li>I'm ready to trade, now what? In order to make your trade you have to be specific about how you want the transaction to be performed. The following are common order types you'll encounter when placing an equity order using an online interface or the phone: Market order : An order that requires immediate execution at the best price available. These are generally the cheapest trades to place because there is little work or maintenance by the broker. Limit order : An order to transact at a specified price. This guarantees the price at which you will buy or sell a security. Limit orders are usually more expensive than market orders. Stop Order : A market order that trades after a specified level has been reached. This may be a stop-loss or stop-limit . The exact price cannot be guaranteed, but this can be a good way to protect your downside. All or None (AON) : A stipulation on a limit order either to buy or sell a security only if the broker can fill the entire order, not part of it. Day Order : An order that expires at the end of the business day if it has not been filled. GTC (Good Till Canceled) : An order either to buy or to sell a security that remains in effect until the customer cancels it or until it is executed by the broker. Fill-or- Kill :An order for immediate execution . If it cannot be filled immediately the order is automatically cancelled. Short Sale : Short selling is an advanced investing technique when stock is borrowed and sold with the hopes of returning the stock at a lower price. Buy to Cover : An order placed to close out a short position. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>NOW WE KNOW </li></ul><ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE DOES IT START ? ( LIFE OF A STOCK ) </li></ul><ul><li>WHY GET IN NOW ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO GET IN ? </li></ul>
  26. 26. LETS MAKE A PLAN <ul><li>LEARN THE LINGO </li></ul><ul><li>DO RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE A FAKE ACCOUNT – Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Test ur Wits or ur Luck </li></ul>
  27. 27. Learn The Lingo
  28. 28. Graphs are for Engineers
  29. 29. RESEARCH & Expert Opinion <ul><li>MARKET EDGE, GOLDMAN SACH, VICKERS ,ETC </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNICAL/FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>NOW WE KNOW </li></ul><ul><li>WHY INVEST ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY STOCKS ? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE DOES IT START ? ( LIFE OF A STOCK ) </li></ul><ul><li>WHY GET IN NOW ? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO GET IN ? </li></ul><ul><li>NOW WHAT ? (RESEARCH) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Research Resources <ul><li>Stock Market Simulators </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>For Technical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>1. http:// </li></ul><ul><li>2. </li></ul><ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>4. http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Book Lovers - First Read </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Trading for a Living&quot; by Dr. Alexander Elder. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Disciplined Trader: Developing Winning Attitudes&quot; by Mark Douglas. </li></ul><ul><li>On unrelated topic, read &quot;Rich Dad, Poor Dad&quot; by Robert Kiyosaki. </li></ul>