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Final Report (Fall 2008).doc


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Final Report (Fall 2008).doc

  1. 1. Acknowledgements We would like to thank the following individual for sharing her knowledge and experiences with the class this semester: Roy Salter The Salter Group Vanita Spaulding Spaulding and Associates Earl Enzer Goldman Sachs
  2. 2. Portfolio Managers Ashley, Robert Barillas, Elder Boggs, Codie Ciolache, Dima Furman, Maurice Henson, Corey Kim, Sung Lansen, Nicholas Ossipian, Sevag Rogers, Emily Rupany. Raj Sack, Maximillian Van Moppes, Nathan 2
  3. 3. Portfolio As of December 31, 2008 Shares Company Price Market Value 475 Altria Group (MO) 15.06 7,153 500 American International Group (AIG) 1.57 785 110 Apple (AAPL) 85.35 9,388 1200 Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) 28.83 34,596 500 AT&T (T) 28.50 14,250 865 Barrick Gold (ABX) 36.77 31,806 2,295 BLDERs Asia 50 ADR Index Fund 19.72 45,276 590 Canadian NATL RAILWY (CNI) 36.76 21,688 400 Chubb 51.00 20,400 1900 Cisco Systems (CSCO) 16.30 39,970 400 Coca Cola (KO) 45.27 18,108 475 Conoco Phillips (COP) 51.80 24,605 600 Consolidated Edison (ED) 38.93 23,358 1,000 Costco (COST) 52.50 52,500 390 Exelon (EXC) 55.61 21,688 400 Fluor Corp. (FLR) 44.87 17,948 260 Freeport McMoran (FCX) 24.44 6,354 375 Goldman Sachs Grp (GS) 84.39 31,646 550 Infosys Technologies (INFY) 24.57 13,513 1,850 Intel Corp (INTC) 11.66 27,121 500 International Business Machines (IBM) 84.16 42,080 300 Ishares Nasdaq Biotech 71.05 21,315 400 Ishares S&P Latin America (ILF) 25.47 10,188 400 Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) 59.83 23,932 740 JP Morgan Chase & Co. (JPM) 31.53 23,332 600 Kellogg (K) 43.85 26,310 328 Kraft Foods (KFT) 26.85 8,807 730 Luxottica (LUX) 18.12 13,227 550 Marathon Oil (MRO) 27.36 15,048 685 Market Vectors Coal (KOL) 14.89 10,199 192 Medco Health Solutions (MHS) 41.91 8,047 2,000 Nestle Group (NSRGY.PK) 39.08 78,170 444 Nike (NKE) 51.00 22,644 670 Nokia (NOK) 15.60 10,452 1,575 Oracle (ORCL) 17.73 27,924 3
  4. 4. 425 Owens Illinois (OI) 27.33 11,615 500 Pepsico Inc. (PEP) 54.77 27,385 1,400 Pfizer (PFE) 17.71 24,794 1,200 Philips Electronics ADR (PHG) 19.87 23,844 300 Praxair (PX) 59.36 17,808 187 Siemens Aktien (SI) 75.75 14,165 345 Stryker (SYK) 39.95 13,783 510 Target (TGT) 34.53 17,610 550 T Rowe Price Group (TROW) 35.44 19,492 520 United Healthcare (UNH) 26.60 6,818 215 Veolia (VE) 31.71 15,314 790 Verizon (VZ) 33.90 26,781 1,000 Walt Disney (DIS) 22.69 22,690 1,400 Waste Management Inc. (WMI) 33.14 46,396 Cash 147,749 Total $1,229,595 4
  5. 5. Portfolio As of May 31, 2008 Shares Company Price Market Value 1070 Aero & Defense ETF (PPA) 21.58 23,091 475 Altria Group (MO) 22.26 10,573 500 American International Group (AIG) 36.00 18,000 110 Apple (AAPL) 188.75 20,762 1200 Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) 39.70 47,640 500 AT&T (T) 39.90 19,950 865 Barrick Gold (ABX) 40.29 34,851 2,295 BLDERs Asia 50 ADR Index Fund 33.94 77,892 795 Cabot Oil and Gas (COG) 60.25 47,899 590 Canadian NATL RAILWY (CNI) 56.41 33,282 187 Chipotle Mexican Grill (CMG) 92.30 17,260 1900 Cisco Systems (CSCO) 26.72 50,768 400 Coca Cola (KO) 57.26 22,904 475 Conoco Phillips (COP) 93.10 44,223 600 Consolidated Edison (ED) 41.30 24,780 1,000 Costco (COST) 71.32 71,320 390 Exelon (EXC) 88 34,320 200 Fluor Corp. (FLR) 185.55 37,310 260 Freeport McMoran (FCX) 115.71 30,084 375 Goldman Sachs Grp (GS) 176.41 66,154 550 Infosys Technologies (INFY) 49.11 27,011 1,850 Intel Corp (INTC) 23.18 42,883 500 International Business Machines (IBM) 129.43 64,715 80 Ishares S&P Latin America (ILF) 300.55 24,044 400 Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) 66.74 26,090 740 JP Morgan Chase & Co. (JPM) 43.00 31,820 600 Kellogg (K) 51.81 31,086 328 Kraft Foods (KFT) 32.48 10,653 225 Lockheed Martin (LMT) 109.44 24,024 730 Luxottica (LUX) 27.97 20,418 550 Marathon Oil (MRO) 51.59 28,265 685 Market Vectors Coal (KOL) 54.20 37,127 192 Medco Health Solutions (MHS) 48.45 9,302 800 Nestle Group (NSRGY.PK) 123.40 98,720 2,000 The News Corporation (NWS) 18.60 37,200 5
  6. 6. 444 Nike (NKE) 68.37 30,356 670 Nokia (NOK) 28.40 19,028 1,575 Oracle (ORCL) 22.84 35,973 425 Owens Illinois (OI) 57.22 24,318 1,000 Pepsico Inc. (PEP) 68.30 68,300 1,400 Pfizer (PFE) 19.36 27,104 1,200 Philips Electronics ADR (PHG) 38.43 46,116 300 Praxair (PX) 95.06 28,518 187 Siemens Aktien (SI) 113.79 21,279 345 Stryker (SYK) 74.55 22,270 510 Target (TGT) 53.36 27,214 550 T Rowe Price Group (TROW) 57.92 31,856 520 United Healthcare (UNH) 34.21 17,789 215 Veolia (VE) 71.23 15,314 790 Verizon (VZ) 38.47 30,391 1,400 Waste Management Inc. (WMI) 37.93 53,102 Cash $87,026 Total $1,833,708 6
  7. 7. Transactions Sales: Transactions occurred on October 23, 2008 sold 225 shares of Lockheed Martin October 23, 2008 sold 795 shares of Cabot Oil and Gas October 23, 2008 sold 1,070 shares of Powershares Aero & Def ETF October 23, 2008 sold 187 shares of Chipotle Mexican Grill December 8, 2008 sold 500 shares of Pepsico December 8, 2008 sold 2,000 shares of News Purchases: Transactions occurred on December 8, 2008 bought 400 shares of Chubb December 8, 2008 bought 1,000 shares of Disney December 8, 2008 bought 300 shares of Nasdaq Biotech ETF 7
  8. 8. Student Portfolio vs S&P 500 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 S93 F94 S96 F97 S99 F00 S02 F03 S05 F06 S08 Semester Student Portfolio S&P 500
  9. 9. The Stocks Altria Group, Inc. through its wholly owned subsidiary Philip Morris International engages in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products worldwide, producing seven of the top 20 best-selling global cigarette brands. Philip Morris USA is the largest tobacco company in the U.S. and has half of the U.S. cigarette market’s retail share. Its brands include Marlboro, Virginia Slims, Basic and Parliament. Phillip Morris Capital Corporation is an investment company whose portfolio consists of leveraged and direct finance lease investments and other tax- oriented and third party financing. In April of 2007, Altria Group spun-off their ownership of packaged foods manufacturer and seller Kraft Foods Inc., in order to focus on their primary operations. Altria Group was founded in 1919 and based in New York, New York. American International Group, through its subsidiaries, provides insurance products and financial services in the U.S. and internationally. The company is divided into four business segments: General Insurance, which offers property and casualty insurance, excess liability, inland, marine, environmental, workers compensation, excess and umbrella coverage, aviation, accident and health, equipment breakdown, directors and officers’ liability, difference-in-condition, kidnap- ransom, export credit and political risk, and various types of professional errors and omissions coverage; Life Insurance & Retirement Services offers individual and group life, payout annuities, fixed and variable annuities, endowment and accident, and health policies: Financial Services, which provides financial products and services, including aircraft leasing, capital market transactions, and consumer and insurance premium financing. Real estate mortgages, consumer loans, retail sales finance products, and asset management, which provides investment services and products, including institutional and retail asset management, broker dealer service, and spread-based investment business. AIG has over 2,200 offices in the United States, 8 offices in Canada, and several offices abroad. AIG was formed in 1967 and is based in New York City. Dow Jones component and THE BIGGEST FAILURE IN THE U.S. HISTORY. Apple, was founded in Cupertino, California, on April 1, 1976. Apple Inc., formerly Apple Computer, Inc., designs, manufactures and markets personal computers and related software, services, peripherals and networking solutions. It also designs, develops and markets a line of portable digital music players along with accessories, including the online sale of third-party audio and video products. For the fiscal year ended 29 September 2007, Apple Inc.'s revenues increased 24% to $24B. Net income increased 76% to $3.5B. Revenues reflect increased Iphone sales. The price of the stock increased 130% on a 52 week basis. The momentum generated by IPod and IPhone sales will continue in Q4, especially with the holidays season coming soon.
  10. 10. Archer-Daniels-Midland Company engages in the procurement, transportation, storing, processing, and merchandising of agricultural commodities and products. The company operates in three segments: Oilseeds Processing, Corn Processing, and Agricultural Services. The Oilseed Processing segment process oilseeds, such as soybeans, cottonseed, sunflower seeds, canola, peanuts, and flaxseed into vegetable oils and meals for the food and feed industries. The Agriculture Services segment engages in buying, storing, cleaning, and transporting agricultural commodities, such as oilseeds, corn, wheat, milo, oats and barley, and reselling these commodities to the agricultural processing industry. In additions, the company engages in milling wheat, corn, and milo into flour, which are sold to commercial bakeries, food companies, and retailers. It also produces bakery product and mixes for the baking industry. Archer-Daniels-Midland Company was founded in 1898 and is headquartered in Decatur, Illinois. AT&T, Inc. provides telecommunication services and products to residential, business, and governmental customers in the United States and internationally. Its services include local exchange services, long-distance services, wireless communications, data/broadband and Internet services, managed networking, wholesale services, directory advertising and publishing, and sale of telecommunications equipment. The company offers a range of wireline services, including local and long-distance services; caller ID, call waiting, and voice mail services to retail customers; switched access service to service providers; and call routing by origination point, time-of-day routing, and virtual private network applications, including dedicated outbound facilities. AT&T’s wireless services comprise local wireless communications service, long-distance service, roaming services, and wireless data services. It also sells various handsets and personal computer wireless data cards and accessories, such as carrying cases, hands-free devices, batteries, battery chargers, and other items, to consumers, as well as to agents and other third-party distributors. The company was founded in 1983. It was formerly known as SBC Communications, Inc. and changed its name to AT&T, Inc. in 2005. Barrick Gold, Inc. engages in the acquisition, exploration and development of gold properties. It mines gold, copper, silver, and zinc. The company holds interests in various gold mineral resources in U.S., South America, Australia Pacific, and Africa. Copper is mined in Zaldivar Mine located in Chile and Osborne Mine situated in Australia. As of December 31, 2006, the company had proven and probable mineral reserves of 123.1 million ounces of gold, 6 billion pounds of copper, and 964 million ounces of contained silver within gold reserves. Barrick Gold Corporation was founded in 1983 and is headquartered in Toronto, Canada. BLDRS Asia 50 ADR Index Fund seeks to provide investment results that correspond generally to the price and yield performance of the Bank of New York Asia 50 ADR Index. The fund typically invests most of its assets in the securities that make up the index. Their main holdings include Canon Inc. ADR (4.96% of assets), Mitsubishi UFJ Fin (8.57% of assets) and Toyota MTR CP ADR (14.35% of assets). The funds inception date was November 8, 2002 and has assets of $125.10 million. 10
  11. 11. Chubb through its subsidiaries, provides property and casualty insurance to businesses and individuals. The company operates through three segments: Personal Insurance, Commercial Insurance, and Specialty Insurance. The Personal Insurance segment offers insurance products for automobile, homeowners, and other personal coverages. The Commercial Insurance segment provides a range of insurance products, including coverage for multiple perils, casualty, worker compensation, property, and marine. The Specialty Insurance segment offers various professional liability products for privately and publicly owned companies, financial institutions, professional firms, and healthcare organizations, as well as involves in the surety business.It provides its products and services through independent insurance agents and brokers in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, Latin America, and Asia. The company was founded in 1882 and is based in Warren, New Jersey. CISCO Systems, Inc. designs, sells, and produces IP-based networking and products related to information technology worldwide. CISCO is a major provider of products that transport data, voice, and video within and between networks throughout the world. The company produces the routers that connect computer networks, and offers home networking products, optical networking products, network security products and services, storage area networking products, in-building and outdoor wireless networking products, such as access points, wireless LAN controllers, wireless management software, wireless LAN clients and client software, bridge, antennas, and accessories, and service provider IP communication and network management software products. The company was founded in 1984 and is headquartered in San Jose, California. The Coca-Cola Company engages in the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups worldwide. The company offers nonalcoholic beverages, principally carbonated soft drinks, as well as noncarbonated beverages. Its beverage products comprise bottled and canned soft drinks and beverages products. The company's products also include beverage concentrates, such as flavoring ingredients and sweeteners; syrups, the beverage ingredients produced by combining concentrates, sweeteners, and added water; and fountain syrups that use equipment for mixing the syrups with carbonated or noncarbonated water for immediate consumption, and are sold to fountain retailers, such as restaurants. The Coca-Cola Company also produces and markets noncarbonated beverages, including waters and flavored waters, juice and juice drinks, energy and sports drinks, teas, and coffees. The company markets its nonalcoholic beverages under various brand names, including Coca-Cola, Diet Coke, Fanta, and Sprite. and canning operators, distributors, fountain wholesalers, and fountain retailers. The Coca-Cola Company was founded in 1886 and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. ConocoPhillips operates as an integrated energy company worldwide. The company has six divisions: Exploration and Production, Midstream, Refining and Marketing, LUKOIL Investment, Chemicals, and Emerging Businesses. The Exploration and Production segment primarily explores for, produces, and markets crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids. It also mines deposits of oil sands in Canada that are used to produce synthetic crude oil. The Midstream segment gathers and processes natural gas; it also markets natural gas liquids primarily in the United States, Canada, and Trinidad. The Refining and Marketing segment 11
  12. 12. purchases, refines, markets, and transports crude oil and petroleum products primarily in the United States, Europe, and Asia. The Chemicals segment manufactures and markets petrochemical and plastics. The Emerging Businesses segment encompasses the development of new businesses, including new technologies related to natural gas conversion into clean fuels and related products, technology solutions, power generation, and emerging technologies. ConocoPhillips was founded in 1917 and is headquartered in Houston, Texas. Costco Wholesale Corporation operates membership-only warehouses that sell branded and private-labeled products in a wide range of merchandise categories at low prices. Costco operates 488 warehouses, including 359 in the United States and Puerto Rico, 68 in Canada, 18 in the United Kingdom, 5 in Korea, 4 in Taiwan, 5 in Japan, and 29 in Mexico. The company buys nearly all of its merchandise directly from manufacturers for shipment either directly to Costco’s selling warehouses or to a consolidation point, where various shipments are combined to minimize freight handling costs. Costco was founded in 1976 and is based in Issaquah, Washington. Exelon Corporation is a utility services holding company, engages in the purchase, transmission, distribution, and sale of electricity to residential, commercial, industrial, and wholesale customers in northern Illinois. It also offers electricity and natural gas in southeastern Pennsylvania. In addition, the company operates electric generating facilities and wholesale energy marketing business, as well as retail sales business of other generation projects. As of February 13, 2007, Exelon distributed electricity to approximately 5.2 million customers in northern Illinois and Pennsylvania, and gas to 460,000 customers in the Philadelphia area. Exelon Corporation was founded in 1887 and is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. Flour Corporation (FLR): provides the services of engineering, procurement, construction, and maintenance in the following five segments in the United States: Oil & Gas – builds new facilities and restores old and damaged facilities; the division also expands refineries, pipelines, and offshore facility installations for the energy industry; Industrial & Infrastructure – provides its services to the following sectors: manufacturing, life sciences, commercial and institutional, chemicals, mining, microelectronics, telecommunications, and transportation. If clients desire new construction and improvements of old facilities, the company will lend its architectural, industrial design, engineering, construction, construction management, and commissioning expertise. Government- Flour provides project management services to the department of energy for the U.S. government. Global Services – the company provides the services of outsourcing industrial fleet, plant turnaround, and the temporary staffing. Power – Flour designs and constructs new power facilities for companies in a variety of energy-related businesses. Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold,is an international mining industry leader founded in 1987 and based in Phoenix, Arizona. It is the world’s largest publicly traded copper mining firm. FCX, through its majority-owned subsidiary, PT Freeport Indonesia, engages in the exploration, mining, and production of copper, gold and silver. Moreover, it is the largest producer of molybdenum. FCX smelts and refines copper concentrates and sells its products to companies in Asia, Europe and international trading companies. The company has large, geographically diverse assets and considerable reserves of copper, gold and molybdenum. It owns the 12
  13. 13. Grasberg open pit and the Deep Ore Zone mines in Indonesia, which contains the largest single gold reserve and one of the largest copper reserves in the world. The company also owns interests in the Grasberg block cave, Kucing Liar, Deep Mill Level Zone, Ertsberg Stockwork Zone, Mill Level Zone, Big Gossan, Dom open pit, and Dom block cave. FCX conducts its operations primarily through its principal operating subsidiaries, PT Freeport Indonesia, Phelps Dodge and Atlantic Copper. Goldman Sachs (GS): is a leading global investment banking, securities and investment management firm that provides a wide range of services to a diversified client base. As of November 24, 2006, they operated offices in over 25 countries. Goldman Sachs is the successor to a commercial paper business founded in 1869 by Marcus Goldman. In May 1999, they converted from a partnership to a corporation and completed an initial public offering of their common stock. Their activities are divided into three segments: Investment Banking, Trading and Principal Investments, and Asset Management and Securities Services. Infosys Technologies LTD (India) (INFY): is a global technology services company. The company provides end-to-end business solutions, which leverage technology for its clients, including consulting, design, development and software re-engineering. They provide business process management services, such as off-site customer relationship management, finance and accounting, and administration and sales order processing. The company also manufactures security and software products for the banking industry in North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. The company is headquartered in Bangalore, India. Intel Corp., (INTC): engages in the manufacturing of semiconductor chips, as well as in the development of advanced integrated digital technology platforms for the computing and communications industries. The company’s products include microprocessors: chipsets; motherboards; flash memory; wired and wireless connectivity products; communications infrastructure components, including network processors; and products for networked storage. Its products are incorporated primarily into desktop computers, the infrastructure for the Internet, enterprise computing servers, notebooks, wireless connectivity products, and handheld computing devices. The company’s customers include original equipment and design manufacturers, PC and network communications products users, and industrial and communications equipment manufacturers. It offers its products through its sales force and distributors in the Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Americas, and Japan. The company was founded in 1968 and is based in Santa Clara, California. International Business Machines (IBM): International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) operates as an information technology (IT) company worldwide. It has three segments: Systems and Financing, Software, and Services. The Systems and Financing segment offers various systems that include servers, data storage products, integrated supply chain services and a suite of semiconductor manufacturing services, and semiconductor products, as well as printing systems, and point-of-sale retail checkout systems, software, and solutions. This segment also offers short-term inventory and accounts receivable financing to dealers and re- marketers of IT products; lease and loan financing to external and internal clients; and sale and lease of used equipment. The Software segment provides database and content management software solutions, Lotus collaboration and messaging 13
  14. 14. software, rational Software, Tivoli software for infrastructure management, and Websphere Software. The Services segment primarily offers business performance transformation services, business transformation outsourcing, engineering and technology services, business consulting services, business performance management, center for business optimization, on-demand innovation services, strategic outsourcing services, integrated technology services, application management services, and e-Business hosting services. The company also provides a range of telecommunication solutions in the areas of converged communications, network optimization, mobile networks, and network integration. Ishares Latin America (ILF) seeks investment results that correspond closely to the performance, before fees and expenses, of the S&P Latin America 40 index. The fund invests at least 90% of assets in an aggregate sample of securities that reflect the predominant characteristics of its sector index. It invests in American Depository Receipts, rather than directly holding stocks, from companies in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and Chile. Ishares Nasdaq Biotech seeks investment results that correspond generally to the price and yield performance of the Nasdaq Biotechnology index. Johnson & Johnson (JNJ): is engaged in the manufacture and sale of products in the health care field primarily in the United States. Johnson & Johnson has more than 230 operating companies, which manufacture and market thousands of products, all designed to help us lead healthy and happy lives. The company’s business operates through three segments: Consumer, Pharmaceutical, and Medical Devices and Diagnostics. The consumer segment manufactures and markets a range of products used in the baby and child care, skin care, oral and women’s health care fields, as well as over the counter pharmaceutical and nutritional products. The pharmaceutical segment franchises various products in the anti-fungal, anti-infective, cardiovascular, contraceptive, dermatology, gastrointestinal, hematology, immunology, neurology, oncology, pain management, psychotropic, and urology fields. The medical devices and diagnostics segments make various products used by physicians, nurses, therapists, hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, and clinics. JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM): JPMorgan Chase & Co., through its subsidiaries, provides a range of financial services worldwide. The company operates through six segments: Investment Bank, Retail Financial Services, Card Services, Commercial Banking, Treasury and Securities Services, and Asset Management. The Investment Bank segment offers investment banking products and services, such as advising on corporate strategy and structure, raising capital in equity and debt markets, risk management, market-making in cash securities and derivative instruments, and research. It serves corporations, financial institutions, governments, and institutional investors. The Retail Financial Services segment provides regional banking services, including consumer and business banking, home equity lending, and education lending, as well as offers mortgage banking and auto finance services. The Card Services segment issues credit cards, and general-purpose cards to individual consumers, small businesses, and partner organizations, including cards issued with AARP, Amazon, Continental Airlines, Marriott, Southwest Airlines, Sony, United Airlines, and Walt Disney Company brands. The Commercial Banking segment offers lending, treasury services, investment banking, and asset management services to 14
  15. 15. corporations, municipalities, financial institutions, and not-for-profit entities. The Treasury and Securities Services segment provides transaction, investment, and information services to institutional clients. It also offers custodian services and cash management solutions, including trade finance and logistics solutions, wholesale card products, and liquidity management services. The Asset Management segment provides investment and wealth management services to institutions, retail investors, and high-net-worth individuals. It offers global investment management services; trust, estate, and banking services; and retirement services. Kraft Foods, Inc., through its subsidiaries, engages in the manufacture and sale of packaged foods and beverages in the United States, Canada, Europe, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Africa, and the Middle East. It offers packaged food products, including snacks, such as cookies, crackers, salted snacks, biscuits, and chocolate confectionery; beverages, including coffee, aseptic juice drinks, flavored water, and powdered beverages; and cheese and dairy, such as natural, process, and cream cheeses. The company also offers grocery, including ready-to-eat cereals, enhancers, and desserts; and convenient meals, such as frozen pizza, packaged dinners, lunch combinations, and processed meats. It serves supermarket chains, wholesalers, super centers, club stores, mass merchandisers, distributors, convenience stores, gasoline stations, drug stores, value stores, and other retail food outlets. Kraft Foods sells its products through distribution centers, satellite warehouses, company-operated and public cold-storage facilities, depots, and other facilities. The company was founded in 2000 and is based in Northfield, Illinois. Kraft Foods, Inc. was formerly a subsidiary of Altria Group, Inc. Luxottica Group S.p.A., together with its subsidiaries, engages in the design, manufacture, and distribution of prescription frames and sunglasses. The company operates in two segments, Manufacturing and Wholesale Distribution, and Retail Distribution. The Manufacturing and Wholesale Distribution segment engages in the design, manufacture, wholesale distribution, and marketing of house and designer lines prescription frames and sunglasses. It offers its products under various brands, including house brands, such as Ray-Ban, Revo, Arnette, Killer Loop, Persol, Vogue, Luxottica, and Sferoflex; and designer lines, such as Prada, Chanel, Miu Miu, Dolce & Gabbana, D&G, Versace, Versus, Bvlgari, Salvatore Ferragamo, Donna Karan, DKNY, Brooks Brothers, Anne Klein, Burberry, Polo Ralph Lauren, and Puma. This segment's wholesale customers include retailers of mid- and premium-priced eyewear, such as independent opticians, optical and sunglass chains, optical superstores, sunglass specialty stores, and duty-free shops, as well as optometrists and ophthalmologists, health maintenance organizations, and department stores. The Retail Distribution segment operates optical and sun glass retail stores. As of December 31, 2006, this segment operated 5,280 owned or leased corporate-owned retail locations and 454 franchised locations. It also sells watches and accessories in certain of its retail locations in North America. The company sells its products worldwide with a primary focus on North America, Europe/Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, Mainland China, and Hong Kong. Luxottica Group was founded in 1961 and is headquartered in Milan, Italy. 15
  16. 16. Medco Health Solutions: provides pharmacy benefit programs and services for clients, members of client-funded benefit programs, and individual patients in the United States. Its clients include employers, federal, state, and local government agencies, and managed care organizations. The company was founded in 1983 and is headquartered in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey. Nestle S.A. is the world’s largest food company. The company’s principal business is the manufacture of baby food, dairy products, nutrition products (cereals, dietetic foods, yogurt, etc.), ice cream, chocolate and confectionery, prepared foods, beverages, food services, bottled water, pharmaceutical products, cosmetics and pet care products. In 2007, the Swiss-based company posted record sales and profits; sales increased 8% from 2006, while profits increased 16.74%. Nokia Corporation engages in the manufacture of mobile devices and mobile networks. It also provides equipment, solutions, and services for network operators, service providers, and corporations. The company operates in four segments: Mobile Phones, Multimedia, Enterprise Solutions, and Networks. The Mobile Phones segment offers mobile phones and devices based on GSM/EDGE, 3G/WCDMA, and CDMA cellular technologies. The Multimedia segment enables to create, access, and share multimedia in the form of advanced mobile multimedia computers and applications with connectivity over multiple technology standards. The Enterprise Solutions segment offers various products and solutions, including enterprise-grade mobile devices, underlying security infrastructure, software, and services for businesses and institutions. The Networks segment provides network infrastructure, communications, and networks service platforms, as well as professional services to operators and service providers. The company was founded in 1865 and is based in Espoo, Finland. Oracle Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the development, manufacture, distribution, servicing, and marketing of database, middleware, and application software. It offers software license updates, product support, and other services. The company operates in five segments: New Software Licenses, Software License Updates and Products Support, Consulting, On Demand, and Education. The New Software Licenses segment provides licenses for database and middleware software that includes database management software, application server software, analytics, development tools, and collaboration software; and applications software, which provides enterprise information for various sectors, such as financials, human resources, maintenance management, manufacturing, marketing, product lifecycle management, procurement, projects, and supply chain planning. The Software License Updates and Products Support segment provides customers with rights to unspecified software product upgrades and maintenance releases, and Internet access to technical content, as well as Internet and telephone access to technical support personnel. The Consulting segment designs, implements, deploys, and upgrades database, middleware, and applications software. The On Demand segment provides multi-featured software and hardware management, and maintenance services for its database, middleware, and applications software. This segment also provides customers configuration and performance analysis, and annual on-site technical services. The Education segment offers Internet-based training for use of its database, middleware, and applications software. 16
  17. 17. PepsiCo Inc. was founded in 1965 through the merger of the Pepsi-Cola and Frito- Lay companies. The company manufactures, markets, and sells a variety of salty, convenient, sweet and grain-based snacks, and carbonated and non-carbonated beverages. The company is organized in four divisions: Frito-Lay North America (31% of revenues in 2006), PepsiCo Beverages North America (27%), PepsiCo International (37%), and Quaker Foods North America (5%). PepsiCo distributes its products through direct store delivery, broker warehouse, and food service and vending distribution networks to its customers, including franchise bottlers, distributors, and retailers. It is the largest snack company in the world with 2006 revenues of more than $35 billion, an 8% increased from 2005. Pfizer, Inc. engages in the discovery, development, manufacture, and marketing of prescription medicines for humans and animals, as well as consumer healthcare products worldwide. It operates in three segments: Human Health, Consumer Healthcare, and Animal Health. In addition, the company offers empty soft-gelatin capsules, contract manufacturing, and bulk pharmaceutical chemicals. It offers its products to health care providers, such as doctors, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, hospitals, Pharmacy Benefit Managers, Managed Care Organizations, and government agencies. Philips Electronics N.V. (PHG): Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. operates as an electronics company with activities in the domains of healthcare, lifestyle, and technology. It operates in four segments: Medical Systems, Domestic Appliances and Personal Care, Consumer Electronics, and Lighting. Medical Systems segment offers X-ray, magnetic resonance, and computed tomography products; nuclear medicine; patient monitoring and ultrasound systems; defibrillators and other cardiac care technologies; picture archiving and communications systems; medical transcription services; and customer services. Domestic Appliances and Personal Care segment provides shaving and beauty, domestic appliances, health and wellness, and oral healthcare products. Consumer Electronics segment offers flat TV; home theater in a box systems; DVD, DVD+RW, and hard-disc recording systems; voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) cordless digital phones; HD and Internet protocol TV set-top boxes; remote controls; digital photo displays; peripherals and accessories, such as headphones, cables, and recordable media, as well as amBX peripherals accessories; and VoIP phone with Skype and MSN. Lighting segment provides incandescent and halogen lamps, compact and normal fluorescent lamps, gas- discharge and special lamps, automotive lighting products, luminaires, electromagnetic and electronic ballasts, and solid-state components, modules, and systems. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft operates as an electronics and electrical engineering company worldwide. The Information and Communications segment offers analogue and digital telephones, enterprise solutions, carrier networks, wireless modules, and information technology (IT) environment integration, and IT consulting services. The company’s Automation and Control segment provides products and services in low voltage control and installation technology; automation, motion control, and drive system; and process automation areas. Siemens Power segment offers equipment for converting energy into electricity and heat; and supplies various power-related equipment, systems, and services. The company’s Transportation segment provides products and services for railway transportation. The Medical segment offers 17
  18. 18. diagnostic and therapeutic systems and devices, and information technology systems for clinical and administrative purposes. Siemens’ Lighting segment offers lighting products for various applications. The Financing and Real Estate segment offers various services, including equipment and sales financing, project and export financing, investment management, and insurance services, and provides real estate development, disposal, lease, and management services. Stryker Corporation was incorporated in Michigan in 1946 as the successor company to a business founded in 1941 by Dr. Homer H. Stryker, a leading orthopaedic surgeon and the inventor of several orthopaedic products. Today, Stryker Corporation is one of the world's leading medical technology companies with the most broadly based range of products in orthopaedics and a significant presence in other medical specialties. Stryker works with respected medicalprofessionals to help people lead more active and satisfying lives. The company segregates its operations into two reportable business segments: Orthopaedic Implants and MedSurg Equipment. Target Corporation engages in the operation of general merchandise and food discount stores in the United States. It offers an assortment of general merchandise, including consumables and commodities; electronics, entertainment, sporting goods, and toys; apparel and accessories; and home furnishings and decor; as well as a line of food items. The company operates its stores under Target and SuperTarget brands. It also serves its customers through online. The company distributes its products through a network of distribution centers and import warehouses. As of May 4, 2007, the company operated 1,502 stores in 47 states and 182 SuperTarget stores in 21 states, as well as 25 distribution centers and 4 import centers. Target Corporation was founded in 1902 and is headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota. T. Rowe Price Group Inc. manages assets for individuals through mutual funds and for institutions in separate portfolios. It has a family of more than 80 stock, bond, and money market funds with low expenses. It also offers discount-brokerage and trust services, retirement accounts, and investment-management services. Fund managers are guided by the company's investment philosophy of controlling risk, resulting in relatively stable fund returns. Nearly all of its funds have below-average expenses compared with other funds in the same categories. Its portfolio managers are careful about their investments, paying attention to valuation and not betting the farm on any one stock or sector. UnitedHealth Group Incorporated provides healthcare services in the United States. Its Uniprise segment delivers health care and well-being services to employers, individual consumers, and other health care organizations; and provides consumer- driven health plans and consumer activation services, as well as health-care-focused financial services. It also offers transactional processing services to intermediaries and health care entities. The company's Health Care Services segment offers consumer-oriented health benefit plans and services; administrative and other management services to customers that self-insure the medical costs of their employees and their dependents; and non-employer based insurance options for 18
  19. 19. purchase by individuals, which are designed to meet the health coverage needs of consumers and their families. As of December 31, 2006, UnitedHealth Group offered its services and resources through 520,000 physicians and other care providers, and 4,700 hospitals. The company was founded in 1974 and is based in Minnetonka, Minnesota. Veolia Environnement SA and its subsidiaries provide environmental management services to public authorities, individuals, and industrial and commercial customers worldwide. It operates in four segments: Water, Environmental Services, Energy Services, and Transportation. The Water segment provides water and wastewater services, such as management and operation of drinking water plants, wastewater decontamination and recycling plants, drinking water distribution networks, and wastewater collection networks. The Environmental Services segment provides waste management and logistical services, which include waste collection; waste treatment; cleaning of public spaces, offices, and factories; maintenance of production equipment; treatment of polluted soil; and management of waste discharge at industrial sites. The Energy Services segment provides heating and cooling systems, thermal and multi-technical services, industrial utilities services, installation and maintenance of production equipment, integrated facilities management, and electrical services on public streets and roads. The Transportation segment provides urban, urban beltway, and other supplementary transportation services; intercity and regional transportation services; and transportation management services. The company was founded in 1853 as Vivendi Environnement SA and changed its name to Veolia Environnement SA in 2003. Veolia Environnement SA is headquartered in Paris, France. Verizon Communications, Inc. provides communication services worldwide. It is a leader in providing broadband and other wireline and wireless communication services to mass market, business, government, and wholesale customers. Verizon is the second largest telecommunication company by market capitalization. Verizon operates in two segments: Wireline and Domestic Wireless. Verizon’s Wireline segment offers telephone services, broadband video and data services, television services, and other communication products and services worldwide in 150 countries. Verizon’s Domestic Wireless segment operates as Verizon Wireless, in which Verizon owns 55 percent and Vodafone Group PLC owns 45 percent. Verizon Wireless provides wireless voice and data products and services across the United States. Verizon Wireless operates America’s most reliable wireless network, serving 63.7 million customers nationwide. Walt Disney operates as a diversified entertainment company worldwide. The company’s Media Networks segment comprises domestic broadcast television network, television production and distribution operations, domestic television stations, cable/satellite networks, domestic broadcast radio networks and stations, and the Internet and mobile operations. It operates the ABC Television Network and 10 owned television stations, the ESPN Radio and Radio Disney networks, and 46 owned radio stations. This segment also produces, licenses, and distributes cable and animated television programming; and operates ABC-, ESPN-, ABC Family-, 19
  20. 20. SOAPnet-, and Disney-branded Internet Web site businesses, as well as Club Penguin, an online virtual world for kids. The company’s Parks and Resorts segment owns and operates the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida that includes theme parks; hotels; vacation ownership units; a retail, dining, and entertainment complex; a sports complex; conference centers; campgrounds; golf courses; and water parks. This segment also owns and operates Disneyland Resort in California, Disney Vacation Club, Disney Cruise Line, and ESPN Zone facilities; manages Disneyland Resort Paris and Hong Kong Disneyland Resort; licenses the operations of the Tokyo Disney Resort in Japan; and designs and develops new theme park concepts, attractions, and resort properties. Its Studio Entertainment segment produces and acquires live-action and animated motion pictures, direct-to-video programming, musical recordings, and live stage plays. The company’s Consumer Products segment licenses Disney characters, and visual and literary properties to manufacturers, retailers, show promoters, and publishers; and publishes books and magazines, computer software, and video game products. This segment markets its products through its own and licensed retail stores, and through a Web site. The Walt Disney was founded in 1923 and is based in Burbank, California. Waste Management, Inc (WMI) provides waste and environmental services in North America. The company provides collection, transfer, recycling and resource recovery, disposal, and landfill services. Waste Management also develops, operates, and owns waste-to-energy facilities in the United States. WMI also rents and services portable restroom facilities to cities and commercial customers; and provides street and parking lot sweeping services. WMI’s customers include commercial, industrial, municipal, and residential customers; other waste management companies; electric utilities; and governmental entities. The Company manages and evaluates its operations through seven operating Groups, five of which are organized by geographic area (Eastern, Midwest, Southern, Western and Canadian Groups) and two of which are organized by function (Recycling and Wheelabrator Groups). 20