Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008

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Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008

  1. 1. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008 Marie Corman
  2. 2. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation <ul><li>Policy Framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barcelona Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Neighbourhood Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union for the Mediterranean </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Ministerial conference in Nice November 2008 <ul><ul><li>To take stock of progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To fix priorities for the 2 years ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise Quality business support schemes and services Strong business associations Innovative companies Improved skills Strengthening Euro-Mediterranean networks and partnerships Easier access to finance and investment-friendly taxation Better market access Simple Procedures for business Education and Training for Entrepreneurship Clear and Targeted information
  5. 5. Scope, objective, nature and focus <ul><li>Scope : 9 Mediterranean partner countries and their stakeholders 4 organisations : Commission, OECD, ETF, and EIB </li></ul><ul><li>Objective : Conduct a thorough enterprise policy assessment covering 77 policy indicators in 10 key policy areas affecting the life-cycle of a company, from birth to maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Nature : Pilot project </li></ul><ul><li>Focus : Policies developed and delivered mainly by central government institutions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Two Assessment teams operating in parallel : OECD Private Sector DG Enterprise & Industry European Training Foundation European Investment Bank Independent Consultants Relevant Institutions in Charge of Policy Elaboration and Implementation for Each Dimension National Experts Key Stakeholders Independent Team <ul><li>Country Team </li></ul><ul><li>[operating under the National Charter Co-ordinator] </li></ul>
  7. 7. Steps in the Charter Assessment Process <ul><li>Steps Timeline/Location </li></ul><ul><li>Define assessment grid in cooperation with MED experts </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops held in : </li></ul><ul><li>Turin (Italy), 10-11 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Brussels 13 -14 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Endorsement and validation of assessment grid October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Launch of parallel assessments Dec. 2007- February 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Technical meetings to analyse preliminary results </li></ul><ul><li>to devise weighting system January – February 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>9 bilateral meetings (Commission+ MED country) </li></ul><ul><li>to discuss results of parallel assessments with </li></ul><ul><li>national stakeholders February – March 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Regional meeting to present final results 16 April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Finalisation and p ublishing of Report June – October 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Official presentation of the Charter report </li></ul><ul><li>at the 7th Euro-Med Ministerial Conference on Industry Nice, 5-6 November 2008 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Key Results – Overall Assessment <ul><li>Convergence towards policy guidelines of Charter progressing in MED region, but at different paces across the region </li></ul><ul><li>Progress most noticeable in : Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia </li></ul><ul><li>Transition towards horizontal enterprise policy at early stage: Algeria and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Progress hindered by conflicts and political instability: Lebanon and Palestinian Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Well-developed enterprise policy: Israel </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dimension 1 Simple procedures for enterprises <ul><li>In most MED countries building blocks for enterprise policy in </li></ul><ul><li>place. However: </li></ul><ul><li>No comprehensive enterprise development strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-ministerial policy co-ordination is generally weak </li></ul><ul><li>Clear assignment of tasks and competencies in enterprise policy elaboration and implementation among ministries and implementing agencies needs improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory reform initial stage (except Egypt and Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements to company registration. OSS in place (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dimension 1 Simple procedures for enterprises
  11. 11. Dimensions 2 and 3 Education and Training for Entrepreneurship and Improved Skills <ul><li>Education systems currently do not promote entrepreneurial attitudes (except Tunisia) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of lifelong learning perspective as a central pillar to competitive economy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of regular surveys of enterprise community to track skills and training needs and to improve policy </li></ul><ul><li>Well-developed practice on training for expanding enterprises (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia), but need for developing knowledge sharing networks </li></ul>
  12. 12. Dimension 2 Education and Training for Entrepreneurship
  13. 13. Dimension 3 Improved Skills
  14. 14. Dimension 4 Access to Finance <ul><li>Asset backed lending main source of external financing, but high collateral requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Little risk capital, VC industry early stages (except Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of development in credit information services (except Israel and Tunisia) </li></ul><ul><li>Well developed credit guarantee schemes operating in partnership with commercial banks (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dimension 4 Access to Finance
  16. 16. Dimension 5 Better Market Access <ul><li>National Export Strategies have to be defined (except Israel and Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>Well-established government export agencies and export promotion programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of intra-regional trade integration at an early stage </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in simplification of international trade procedures (Egypt, Israel, Morocco and Tunisia) </li></ul><ul><li>Further progress needed to prepare Agreements on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products </li></ul>
  17. 17. Dimension 5 Better Market Access
  18. 18. Dimension 6 Innovative Firms <ul><li>All around recognition that innovation is a source of long-term prosperity and steps to establish innovation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Systems focus on creating linkages with universities, incubators, upgrading human captial and technology upgrading </li></ul><ul><li>Volume of R&D Investment is limited for region, lack of sources of technological innovation (except Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Development of comprehensive innovation strategies (Egypt, Tunisia) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Dimension 6 Innovative Firms
  20. 20. Dimension 7 Strong business associations <ul><li>Public-private consultations practices well-established all around, but geared to serve insider interests versus new market entrants </li></ul><ul><li>Practices vary in terms of framework, frequency and degree of transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector organisations gaining strength as advocates and service providers (Palestinian Authority) </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging networks in high-value sectors, women and youth entrepreneurs </li></ul>
  21. 21. Dimension 7 Strong business associations
  22. 22. Dimension 8 Quality of business support services <ul><li>In all countries programmes (services, targeted groups) to support small firms to overcome market failures (Enterprise Upgrading/Mise à niveau) </li></ul><ul><li>Business establishment support centers (industrial parks and zones) are well-established in most countries </li></ul><ul><li>Information gap about availability of programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of monitoring and evaluation tools to evaluate effectiveness of programmes using sizeable resources </li></ul>
  23. 23. Dimension 8 Quality of business support services
  24. 24. Dimension 9 and 10 EuroMed partnerships and networks, Clear and targeted information <ul><li>Experience in networking and partnerships between firms and between business support services at Euro-Med level but often donor funded pilot projects </li></ul><ul><li>Significant needs to improve quality of information, especially online </li></ul><ul><li>Development of interactive websites, portals and networks of information centres (Egypt, Israel, Morocco and Tunisia) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Dimension 9 EuroMed partnerships and networks
  26. 26. Dimension 10 Clear and targeted information
  27. 27. Next steps <ul><li>Ministerial conference in Nice : ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on implementing recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Next assessment by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>In the meantime, fine tune set of indicators paying more attention to SMEs, sustainable industrial development, accountancy and auditing standards, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Synergies, cooperation, a role for FCM </li></ul>
  28. 28. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation <ul><li>http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/international_relations/docs/mediterranean/2008_report_charter_en.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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