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Le passé composé

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Le passé composé

  1. 1. Le passé Composé<br />Mademoiselle Samantha M. Borashko<br />2011 Octobre<br />
  2. 2. Le Passé Composé<br />The past tense in French!<br />An action or state of beingcompleted in the past.<br />Somethingthatisdone and over. <br />I dancedwithher. <br />Wereadthat book.<br />Sheate the cake. <br />
  3. 3. To create the pasttense one must first identify the subjectof the sentence (Je/tu/elles/etc.) and the verb. (manger/danser/ouvrir/etc.) The verbisaccompaniedby ahelpingverb, eitheravoir or être,. The helpingverbisconjugatedin accordance with the subject of the sentence. The action beingperformed, the verb, has a pastparticiplethatisaddedand placedafter the helpingverb. **If the helpingverbusedwas être, then one needs to make the subject and verbagree, if nessecary.<br />Je suis parti(e) avec mes amis. = I leftwithmyfriends.<br />
  4. 4. La forme <br />Subject<br />+ <br />Conjugated avoir / être <br />+ <br />Pastparticiple<br />=<br />Le Passe Compose<br />
  5. 5. Exemples<br />Red=SubjectPurple=HelpingVerb(avoir/etre) Green=PastParticiple<br />J’ai finimes devoirs. <br />Ellea choisi la robe bleu. <br />Jesuis rentréechez moi. <br />Vousavez mort.<br />Nous sommesdansé avec toute le monde. <br />
  6. 6. avoir<br />J’ai<br />Tu as<br />Il/Elle/On a<br />Nous avons <br />Vous avez<br />Ils/Elles ont<br />The majority of phrases in the passé composéwill use avoir as the helpingverb. <br />Exemple: J’ai fait mes devoirs. <br />
  7. 7. Verbsthat use Avoir<br />Faire<br />Etre<br />Faire<br />Jouer<br />Manger<br />Voir<br />Boire<br />Vouloir<br />Lire<br />Ecouter<br />Pouvoir <br />Ouvrir<br />Fermer<br />Sauter<br />Frapper<br />Parler<br />Répondre<br />Reussir<br />Along withmany, manyothers!!<br />
  8. 8. être<br />Je suis<br />Tu es<br />Il/Elle/On est<br />Nous sommes<br />Vous étés<br />Ils/Elles sont<br />Etre isusedwith17 verbsonly! <br />They are known as the house verbs or MRS. DR. VANDERTRAMPP verbs. <br />Exemple: Elle est allée au café. <br />
  9. 9. House Verbs<br />Theseverbs use the helpingverb être. <br />Memorize! <br />
  10. 10. MRS. DR. VANDERTRAMPP<br />Mourir<br />Retourner<br />Sortir<br />Devenir<br />Revenir<br />Venir<br />Arriver<br />Naître<br />Descendre<br />Entrer<br />Rentrer<br />Tomber<br />Rester<br />Aller<br />Monter<br />Partir<br />Passer<br />Theseverbs use the helpingverb être. <br />Memorize! <br />
  11. 11. PastParticiples<br />er é <br />Jouer Joué <br />Rentrer  Rentré <br />Manger  Mangé <br />re u<br />Descendre  Descendu <br />Perdre  Perdu<br />Vendre  Vendu<br />ir i <br />Finir  Fini<br />Choisir  Choisi<br />Réussir  Réussi <br />This is the way to form a REGULAR pastparticiple. Verbsending in –er are the mostcommon. There are exceptions to this. <br />
  12. 12. IrregularPastParticiples<br />Many of the verbsthatwe use again and again have irregularpastparticiples. <br />Unfortunately, all youcan do ismemorizethem. <br />As well as others. <br />Faire  Fait<br />Etre  Été <br />Avoir  Eu<br />Boire  Bu<br />Lire  Lu<br />Mettre Mis<br />Apprendre  Appris<br />Prendre  Pris<br />Pouvoir  Pu<br />Savoir  Su<br />Teindre  Teint<br />Vivre  Vécu<br />Naitre  Né<br />
  13. 13. Etre was the helpingverb? <br />If youused être as the helpingverb and the subject of the verbisfeminineyou must makeitagree. <br />Add an –e to the pastparticiple. <br />If youused être as the helpingverb and the subject of the verbwas plural you must makeitagree. <br />Add a –s to the pastparticiple. <br />The subjectwasfeminine?<br />The subjectwas plural?<br />You do not need to makeagreements if the youused avoir as the helpingverb.<br />
  14. 14. Exemples avec être<br />Je suis tombé(e) dans la rue.<br />Tu es arrivé(e) toute suite. <br />Elle est allée au cinéma. <br />Il est sorti avec ses amis. <br />Nous sommes venu(e)s trop tard. <br />Vous êtes rentré(e)(s).<br />Elles ont parties sans moi. <br />I fell in the street. <br />You arrivedquickly. <br />Shewent to the cinema. <br />He went out withhisfriends. <br />We came toolate. <br />Theyreturned. <br />They (girls) leftwithout me. <br />Français<br />Anglais<br />
  15. 15. Exemples avec avoir<br />J’ai fait le gâteaux. <br />Tu as vu la célébrité. <br />Elle a joué aves ses frères.<br />Il a parlé. <br />Nous avons écouté de la musique. <br />Vous étés bu le café. <br />Elles ont aimé leur chat. <br />I made the cake.<br />You sawthe celebrity. <br />Sheplayedwithherbrothers. <br />He spoke. <br />Welistened to the music. <br />Theydrank the coffee. <br />Theylovetheir cat. <br />Français<br />Anglais<br />
  16. 16. En Révision<br />Is the verb a house verb? <br />If yes, use être as the helpingverb.<br />If no, use avoir as the helpingverb. <br />Conjugate avoir/être in accordance with the subject. <br />Use the pastparticiple of the verb.<br />If être wasused as the helpingverb, make the subject and verbagree. <br />
  17. 17. Citations<br />Slide #5 - Eiffel Tower Picture - http://www.clker.com/clipart-14270.html<br />Slide #9 – House Pictures - http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/The-Pass-Compos-with-tre.topicArticleId-25559,articleId-25534.html<br />
  18. 18. C’est la fin!<br />A tout a l’heure. <br />

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