21st Century Leadership


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The following presentation on the 21st century leadership will observe key elements of this New style of leadership, which won India its independence, paved the past for an African American to become a President in the United States.

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21st Century Leadership

  1. 1. Masters in leadership MLDR 67021ST CENTURY LEADERSHIP Assignment 7.1 By: Samanga Amarasinghe
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The past decades which following fall of holy roman empire in 1456, world moving away from its stagnation due to man’s desire to expand beyond the capabilities, was compelled to experience various changes, in the 14 hundreds the age of discovery compelled the man to expand natural territories and establish themselves throughout the known world. Following this between the 17 and 18 century AD, the key challenge was the man attempt in keeping these territories occupied while further establishing them as independent nations became a primary concern. 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION CONT. However, with the new nations being established soughing out the internal and external differences presented a challenge to these nations, the demands of the citizens and the differences in opinion among other nations led the world to various conflicts as the World Wars, Cold war, Civil rights and the liberal movements of the 60’s began shaping the world. Nonetheless, following all these calamities the influenced the world, the scholars who observed these changes, began to notice the key players whose decisions, which caused these changes in the world. 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION CONT.  These observations on the leaders led to subject analysis in the field leadership, being something as a genuine smile, a kind action, or a firm finger of a father all being observed as leadership, the manner in which the leaders influenced the follows also had changed and shaped through the years. The tough Gen. Patton and Himmler “suck it up” type leadership mentalities observing their downfalls in obtaining an everlasting love from the followers as well as the long growth of their causes began to adopt a gentler and deep form of mentoring to sustain and endure the 4 results.
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION CONT.  This paved the way for observation of the 21st century leadership, a finer tune of leadership where the leader becomes the servant than the master did, where the leader is a mentor who empowers than a boss commands tasks to be completed. The following presentation on the 21st century leadership will observe key elements of this currant style of leadership, which won India its independence, paved the past for an African American to become a President in the United States. 5
  6. 6. WHAT IS THIS THING CALLED LEADERSHIP?  By definition of what leadership is through an expert observation is.  According to Peter Northouse (2010), “Is a Process where by an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal”  (p. 3).  Therefore it is a process which involve many actions and feed backs negative and positive, furthermore it is an action of a individual who by the way of utilizing the process influence one or more individuals to accomplish a goal or a task which impact the leader and the once being led.  The fight for Sri Lanka’s colonial oppression, which was a common to many who wanted to be ruled by the local monarchy, thus the process where leaders as Monarawila Keppetipola influenced the masses was through the Sri Lanka’s rebellion of 1817-1818. 6
  7. 7. DO WE ALL HAVE IT OR IS IT A GIFT THROUGHBIRTH?  Leadership is not a gift from birth but something one can leader or be taught. Any individual with cognitive thinking can be taught to become a good leader, but in being a good leader on must bare the ability to understand, listen and then utilize what was learned into practicality.  Mahatma Gandhi, who was an Indian Lawyer residing in South Africa during the British rule between 1893–1914, experienced the segregation of Indians in South Africa. Having ample opportunity to except the facts and continue the way of life, instead embarked in resisting the unjust law of the British which created the boundary, by means of none 7 violence, none compliance in fighting back.
  8. 8. DOES DESTINY CHOSE A LEADER?  Leadership is a process, therefore anyone can possess it, yes destiny plays a part it but a good leader can always shape their destiny by the actions and reaction which influence their followers and impact the future.  Adolf Hitler, An idler wondering the streets of Vienna became one of the most powerful leader in Germany from 1933 to 1942, bringing war torn Germany to a world power. This was accomplished through his ability in choosing the right people, communications and encouraging the philosophies of the German people at the time. 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS 21ST CENTURY LEADERSHIP?  Being a subject of great depth and broadness, one cannot explain in a simple sentence what is 21st century leadership, however based on expert observations.  Definition, 21st century leadership is the ability of a leader to create an exact vision of what they want to achieve same way believes that they will succeed, and then create the steps in achieving this goal (Latchem & Hanna, 2001, p. 53).  Furthermore, 21st century leadership also indicates that the leader should poses the ability to motivate and inspire the followers to think beyond the given attributes in achieving what is necessary, desirable and9 possible (Latchem & Hanna, 2001, p. 53).
  10. 10. WHAT IS 21ST CENTURY LEADERSHIP?CONT.  Therefore in observing the description of 21st century leadership and its characteristics, it can be defined as transformational leadership also known as servant leadership.  According to Peter Northouse (2010), “ The process where by a person engages with others and creates a connection that raises the level of motivation and morality in both the leader and the followers” (Northhouse, 2010, p. 177).  Being the most abrupt form of leadership which include humility, compassion, understanding as well as determination, and courage. The 21st century leadership has shown the world that its driving force is not intended to be the leaders but the followers who in becoming leaders themselves complete the goals at hand 10 through intrinsic motivation.
  11. 11. TO BE OR NOT TO BE UNASSUMING The definition of unassuming according to Merriam Webster (2011), “Not assuming: modest”, (2011, p. n.p) based on this definition unassuming leadership is the leadership which involve modesty, or servant leadership. In observing the contrasting point of actively avoid being seen as “unassuming,” a leader as stated by Machiavelli must maintain a balance of being a lion and a fox. A lion to scare the wolves, and fox to avoid traps (Machiavelli, 1985), thus a immodest leader being a lion to an extent would become pray to the enemies flattery, back stabbing etc. A too modest leader would also become a problem, as they would constantly be running from the wolves, which render obstacles to their goals as well as to their followers. 11
  12. 12. SKILLS OF A 21ST CENTURY LEADER  Flexible  Values people for their diversity  Unite People  Dedicated  Mentor followers than stating facts  Respect follows beyond the task environment  Risk Taker  Value none task related needs of the followers  Bold in facing the consequences of their action  Great thinker and scholar  Distribute power than keep it 12
  13. 13. FLEXIBLE An old Sri Lankan proverb states that “One regardless of its strength, must be a bamboo tree than an oak.” in explaining the wisdom, a bamboo tree in spite of being a weaker tree is very flexible, hence when strong winds strike, the bamboo tree surviving retaining minimum damage always bend to the wind. But an Oak so mighty and strong due to it being such, gets up rooted by the strong winds. In an ever changing world with a diverse humanity a 2st century leader despite being well prepared to accomplish their goals will always leave room for errors or sudden changes. 13
  14. 14. VALUES PEOPLE FOR THEIR DIVERSITY  A leaders greatest asserts are his or her followers, it is a great assert due to the diversity it presents. Each has something positive to contribute an unique talent which is engulfed with in them, a 21st century leader will value and utilize this ability in humanity to“Castro and Mandela post liberation of Angola” the maximum capacity while compelling From AFROCUBISM: An old transatlantic love story the individuals to exceed their normal capabilities which enables a bigger diversity.  The continent of South America, present a vast diversity of people, personalities and beliefs, Ernesto Cheguevara who spear headed the Cuban revolution of 1953-59 through his travels inside the south American jungles utilized these 14 diversities it presented.
  15. 15. UNITE PEOPLE  The success of any organization or a group relies not on the tools, finances or the leaders but the unity of the diverse people who belong to the organization or the group. Because it is the people who are delegated in doing different tasks which makes the organization function or the task be “life’s work”Moammar Gadhafi with the leaders of the completed. Therefore a 21st century African Union Colonel6’s Blog leader will focus on making sure that the followers are united among themselves and as a collective to the organization. 15
  16. 16. DEDICATED In leadership, facing the obstacles which prevail a given task or a goal, dedication of the leader can be observed as a vital capability. 21st century leaders show exceptional abilities in their dedication to a organization or the group which they belong. They will first obtain great knowledge in the subject matter at hand become the first believer of the organization or the groups mission and goals then begin to employ them accordingly to the followers 16
  17. 17. MENTOR FOLLOWERS THAN STATING FACTS  21st century leaders will instill empowerment than the rule of conduct. A manager will always rely on the facts, the laws and by laws on how and why things need to move the direction they need to. But a great leader of a 21st century leader will leave all these behind and encourage change and empowerment for the followers to chose the manner in which the task is to be accomplished.  Eugene Kranz: The original mission of the Apollo 13 was to explore the Fra Mauro formation, however 199,995 miles from earth , due to an rupture in the Oxygen tank, the plans needed to be changed. Having no way to complete the mission the Astronauts James A. Lovell, Jr., John L. Swigert, and Fred W. Haise, Jr. were compelled to return to Gene Kranz in 2007 earth. But due to the damage endured by the service module the return trip to earth was also next toObtained from Rotary National Award for Space Achievement website impossible. But flight director Eugene Kranz through his exclusive leadership and empowerment abilities coordinating all the teams which included the scientists, the flight control teams, politicians managed to get the boys home safely. 17
  18. 18. RESPECT FOLLOWERS BEYOND THE WORK ENVIRONMENT  The work or professional environment of a person is just one part of their life, thus in seeing the true humanity one must go beyond the professional environment. A 21st century leader known the line in between work and normal life, also he or she has the capacity to move between these lines among their the followers.  Ernesto Cheguevara was well know to many byErnesto with his Family, author obtained this his short name ‘El Che” this short name was image from his private collection given to him by the people of Argentina because of his personality, the word Che is used by Argentineans as a colloquial slang to “Friend”. That was what Ernesto was to everybody he came across a Friend not the great El Che. 18
  19. 19. RISK TAKER  As a 21st century leader on must be willing to think outside the box, and take the chance, no goal can be accomplished with great success without taking a risk. Many of the 21st century leader became successful because they took the risk of success at the cost of failure.  Benazir Bhutto, nominated as the prime minister of Pakistan, broke the record of being the first female head of government Benazir Bhutto in a Islamic state, furthermore until herObtained from obit life death transition website assassination on 27th December 2007 she consistently worked developing programs for health, social welfare and education for the underprivileged. Which many a times put her life at risk (Bhutto,2008). 19
  20. 20. VALUE NONE TASK RELATED NEEDS OF THE FOLLOWERS  A 21st century leader will understand that the followers have a life beyond the work or task environment, they will observe and respect that family life, and personal needs of the followers.  General Denzil Kobbakaduwa, he was a true gentlemen and soldier, Gen. Kobbakaduwa, always loved by his followers and superiors for understanding of humanity and conduct. Personal recall of Gen. Kobbakaduwa was that each time he head to the frontlines, he would request that his wife would make various traditional sweets to take to the boys ( soldiers under his command), furthermore he always ensureGen. Kobbakaduwa on the right with Brig. that the “Boys” were well attended to, this included Vijaya Wimalarathne in 1991 , author obtained this image from his private their family matter as the death, or sickness of a loved collection one if found out by Gen. Kobbakaduwa, one could assure a visit from him or his Aide de camp to ensure the soldier and his needs were met. 20
  21. 21. BOLD IN FACING THE CONSEQUENCES OF THEIR ACTION  Despite being bold and collective in making decisions some of them will have dire consequences, thus a leader must be prepared to face such with the same boldness as making them.  Keppetipola Disawe, was a Sri Lankan leader, who rebelled against the British for their wrong doings after the Udarata Treaty of 1815. Upon the British capturing him, and before he was to beheaded, he calmly requested two wishes one to clean himself up to pray, then requested the executioner to cut his dead with one stroke.  According to M.D Saldin (2009): Keppetipola who conducted himself with great firmness and self possession, and was greatly surprised at the pusillanimity of his fellow prisoner, in the most dispassionate manner observed, that Madugalle acted like a fool. He then, in a firm and collected manner shook hands with Mr. Sawers, and 21 bade him farewell. (P.N.P)
  22. 22. DISTRIBUTE POWER THAN KEEP IT  A good 21st century leader understand that the power which move a vision to action is not within themselves but with the followers thus they will focus on empowering than becoming the power.  President J.F. Kennedy, can be observed a good example for empowering other, during his presidency Kennedy was given a big challenge, that was to resist the cold war, and bring the nation to the next stage in doing so challenged the citizens to take up the challenge. And as a result the Apollo space program, the favorable results with the Cuban missile crisis President Kennedy granted the nation a good standing in facing the future.Obtained from John.F.Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum website  According to J.F. Kennedy (1961): And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. (p.n.p) 22
  23. 23. STORYTELLING SKILLS  Story is a powerful tool used to engage others in designing a better future and in creating an understandable connection with meaningful action in the present. Storytelling is artful narrative applied to bring people together as a result of individualized interpretation of the story.  Good example for this skill is president Reagan using the Irish and soviet jokes in President Reagan communicating his messages to the people. DueObtained from Wordpress website to this use of humor and storytelling president Reagan was able engrave his message to his followers as well as other leaders without hurting the feelings of other fellow leaders. 23
  24. 24. CONCLUSION In observing a majority of the key elements of the 21st century Leadership it can be observed, that the 21st century leaders are not just an avenger manager who hold the title of a leader. But the 21st century leaders are called to much high responsibility than any other form of leadership, they are called to be the servants when everybody calls them the masters. Also they need to be a fox and a lion based on the need of their followers, same time they are required to live liver higher form of lifestyle which inspires the followers. Thus being a 21st century leader one will be asked to surrender themselves to the better of their cause or the organization. 24
  25. 25. REFERENCE Abbott, J. (1901). Julius Caesar. New York: Harper & Brothers. Bakshi, S. R. (1997). Mahatma Gandhi: Congress and Its Leadership. New Delhi: Mehra Offset Press. Brown, A., & Shevtsova, L. (2001). Gorbachev, Yeltsin, and Putin: political leadership in Russias transition. Wshington D.C.: Brookings Institute Press. Chattopadhyaya, H. (1994). Ethnic unrest in modern Sri Lanka: an account of Tamil- Collins, J. (2001). Good to Great. New York: Collins Business. Dalton, D. (1993). Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. New York: Columbia University Press. Dalton, D. (1993). Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. New York: Columbia University Press. Dāsa, R. (2005). The global vision of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. Fowler, W. W. (1891). Julius Caesar, and the foundation of the Roman Imperial System. London: G.P. Putnams Sons. 25 Gandhi, R. (1991, August). Rajivs India. (S. Garewal, Interviewer)
  26. 26. REFERENCE CONTINUE Gandhi, S. (2009, December 08). An interview with Congress president Sonia Gandhi. (P. Correspondant, Interviewer) Ghosh, P. A. (1999). Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka and role of Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF). New Delhi: S.B.Nagia. Greenberg, M. (1989). The buck stops here: a biography of Harry Truman. Minneapolis: Dillion Press. Latchem, C. R., & Hanna, D. E. (2001). Leadership for 21st Century Learning: Global Perspectives From Educational Innovators. Sterling: Stylus Publishing Inc. Northhouse, P. G. (2010). Leadership Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage. OBrien, M. (2005). John F. Kennedy:A Biography. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. Sarkar, N. I. (2007). Sonia Gandhi : Tryst With India. Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books. Singh, D. (1992). The IPKF in Sri Lanka. Columbia: South Asia Books. Sinhalese race relations. New Delhi: M.D.Publications PVT. LTD. Speer, A. (1970). Inside the Third Reich: memoirs. New York: Simon 26& Schuster Paperback.