Radio Ga Ga

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  • Radio Ga Ga

    1. 1. Internet radio       Samantha Iyer
    2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Internet radio is an audio broadcasting service on the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>You may have also heard of it as: web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  Simply put, it is radio on the Internet! </li></ul>
    3. 3. ... What it is <ul><ul><li>Internet radio is of two kinds: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associated with traditional (terrestrial) radio stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is it different from other streaming services? Like traditional radio, Internet radio is very different from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>'On-demand' file serving and Podcasting: Here, you download instead of stream </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages & Disdavantages: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet radio involves streaming, which means that listeners have a continuous 'stream' of audio. But, they have no control over the content being broadcast.   </li></ul>
    4. 4. But why use Internet radio? <ul><ul><li>What you listen to does not occupy space on your hard drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenience in terms of access - anywhere, anytime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Internet radio has no geographic limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike traditional radio, Internet radio is not limited to audio. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The cost of getting “on the air” is less for an Internet broadcaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet radio can appeal to niche listeners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But, with such awesome-ness, comes great resposibility - to the people and the government. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Availability <ul><ul><li>Worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere, anytime You can even make your own radio station online: </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. ... Availability <ul><ul><li>But, there are catches: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some sites are available only for users in specific countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with regard to device connected to the Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free vs. pay for access models </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Why is it so popular? <ul><li>  So what exactly makes people flock to online radio stations? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet proliferation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased 3G coverage and sales of Internet capable phones </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Internet Radio Proliferation <ul><ul><li>More than 8 in 10 Americans are online from any location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly Internet Radio audience increased 50% from 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At-work streaming increased an average of 43% each year from 2000 to 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio web site visitors are highly loyal, with two-thirds of station web site visitors visiting weekly, and nearly a quarter visiting daily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>41% visited a website due to an ad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>57% of weekly internet radio users reported listening while purchasing goods at a website </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Source:  Arbitron Inc./Edison Media Research, 2006 </li></ul>
    9. 9. 2008 World Internet Users and Population Stats  Source: Neilsen Online, December 31, 2008
    10. 10. Repercussions <ul><ul><li>Copyright Issues: Open source software like FreeMusicZilla will extend the problem with P2P and streaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business implications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tie ups with cellular service providers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MP3/MP4 audio manufacturers  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More people responding to ads that are relevant to them </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Major Internet Radio Stations <ul><li>www.imeem.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.pandora.com </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>www.last.fm </li></ul><ul><li>Others include www.music.yahoo.com , www.shoutcast.com </li></ul>
    12. 12. Pandora <ul><ul><li>Music Genome Project &quot;Since we started back in 2000, we've carefully listened to the songs of tens of thousands of different artists - ranging from popular to obscure - and analyzed the musical qualities of each song one attribute at a time. This work continues each and every day as we endeavor to include all the great new stuff coming out of studios, clubs and garages around the world.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is also available as an application on phones with 3G coverage  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great intuitive software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent audio quality </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Pandora's Features <ul><ul><li>Its free! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use and register </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good user interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thumbs up/down button allows the user to rate selections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few advertisements  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The recommendation algorithm is great </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can share stations with your friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You cannot make playlists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No option to search for songs/artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no guarantee that you will hear a specific song again unless you bookmark it </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Imeem <ul><ul><li>Its free! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good user interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music for Android-supporting phones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can make your own playlists and share them with friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can access your friends' playlists and also see what they have been listening to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike Facebook and other social networking sites, Imeem does not show friends' news feeds  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It allows you to search for music/artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can upload your own audio files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The recommendation algorithm is not that advanced </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Lastfm.com     <ul><ul><li>It has a great music recommendation system called the 'Audioscrobbler.' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good user interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a stand-alone, small software that you download to your computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can add songs to a playlist, but may not be able to play the whole song </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It only recommends the station where the song is playing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can love/ban artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users can create custom radio stations and playlists from any of the audio tracks in Last.fm's music library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has very high quality sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These recommendations are very genre-specific and relevant to the user </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Internet Radio Timeline <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  Source: Penn State University </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Long story short: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    18. 18. Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel (CARP) <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines appropriate royalty rates, methods how those rates are enforced and how the royalties are distributed  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes decisions for specific types of copyrighted media like radio, cable TV and digital audio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004 replaced CARP with the Copyright Royalty Board </li></ul>
    19. 19. Copyright Royalty Board (CRB) <ul><ul><li>Judges are appointed to serve staggered six year terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluates circumstances of royalty rates for copyrighted materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets appropriate rates according to US law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is responsible for the increase of royalty rates for internet radio  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This increase called for the proposal of the Internet Radio Equality Act </li></ul>
    20. 20. Internet Radio Equality Act <ul><ul><li>Introduced to the Senate on May 10 2007 to decrease royalty rates  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The legislation appears to have been abandoned in committee, as of July 19, 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The old royalty rate of $.000768 per song is set to increase incrementally until the rate reaches $.0019 by the year 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    21. 21. Controversies <ul><li>Traditional radio broadcasters pay only publishing royalties and no performance royalties. </li></ul><ul><li>October 1998 : US Congress passed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) Results: Performance royalties are to be paid for satellite and Internet radio broadcasts in addition to publishing royalties </li></ul><ul><li>June 26, 2007 : Day of Silence Many US Internet broadcasters shut off their audio streams or streamed ambient sound, sometimes interspersed with brief public service announcements. </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

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