NATURA 2000
   a practicable tool for the
   protection of semi natural
   grassland?



SALVERE - 26.5.2009; G.Gubisch
Natura 2000 sites - Styria


 41 styrian Natura 2000-sites:

 617.763 acres (ca. 15% of total styrian area)

  Bird Direc...
Styrian Natura 2000 sites




                   FA13C-Naturschutz
Federal Environmental Agency, 2008:

HNVF / UAA             utilised agricultural area




                               ...
NATURA 2000


 NATURA 2000-goals:

  Cooperation with land users / Information
  Drafting of management plans for Natura...
N/SN Grassland formations

 Habitat Directive Annex 1:
 Styria: 10 Natural and semi-natural grassland formations (Austria:...
HNVF / Landscape elements




       Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
HNVF / Landscape elements




       Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
Nutzung - Gefährdung
HNVF / Landscape elements




      Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
Nature conservation fund - Styria


  Areas funded by contracting programs (2008):

   EAFRD: M 214 - ÖPUL 2008:
    3.04...
Nature Kontrollen fund – Styria
  CC conservation


  Projects funded:
  EAFRD (cofinanced EU/national)

  2007-2013:
  − ...
a practicable tool?


                                             Declining of grassland
                                ...
Conservation status of 6210


                                          Conservation status e.g. of:

                    ...
Trockenrasen Stmk!!!
Conservation status of 6210


 Resume I:

    25% of the inquired 6210 habitats have national releva...
Conservation status of 6210

Resume II:

   High importance of securing and optimization 50 % of the
    habitats within ...
 NRS …


                                                     Ramsar/SAC/SPA-
                                           ...
 NRS …  ERS

 Our goal:
   previously              Ramsar/SAC/SPA-Site Lafnitztal:
   information              •   Enac...
NATURA 2000 seed production

 Semi-natural grasslands seed production
 within Natura 2000 sites:

 Aspects to be considere...
This




                         Thank you
                          for your
                          attention




   ...
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NATURA 2000: a practicable tool for the protection of semi natural grassland?

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NATURA 2000: a practicable tool for the protection of semi natural grassland?

  1. 1. NATURA 2000 a practicable tool for the protection of semi natural grassland? SALVERE - 26.5.2009; G.Gubisch
  2. 2. Natura 2000 sites - Styria 41 styrian Natura 2000-sites: 617.763 acres (ca. 15% of total styrian area)  Bird Directive (SPA): 5 sites  FFH Directive (SAC): 23 sites  FFH / Bird Directive: 13 sites Habitat Directive Annex 1 (habitats): 53 Habitat Directive Annex 2 (animal and plant species): 65 Bird Directive Annex 1 (bird species): 35 Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  3. 3. Styrian Natura 2000 sites FA13C-Naturschutz
  4. 4. Federal Environmental Agency, 2008: HNVF / UAA utilised agricultural area FA13C-Naturschutz
  5. 5. NATURA 2000 NATURA 2000-goals:  Cooperation with land users / Information  Drafting of management plans for Natura 2000 sites  Realisation of planned targets  Conservation and developement of habitat types, plant and animal-species (directives)  Funding nature conservation measures: − EAFRD European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development − EU-cofinanced − National financed Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  6. 6. N/SN Grassland formations Habitat Directive Annex 1: Styria: 10 Natural and semi-natural grassland formations (Austria: 15 formations) 61. Natural grasslands *6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi / Lückige basophile oder Kalk-Pionierrasen (Alysso-Sedion albi) 6130 Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae / Schwermetallrasen (Violion calaminariae) 6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grassland / Boreo-alpines Grasland auf Silikatsubstraten 6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands / Alpine und subalpine Kalkrasen 62. Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies *6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (*important orchid sites) / Naturnahe Kalk-Trockenrasen und deren Verbuschungsstadien ( Festuco-Brometalia) (*besondere Bestände mit bemerkenswerten Orchideen) *6230 Species-rich Nardus grassland on siliceous substrates in mountain areas and submountain areas in continental Europe / Artenreiche montane Borstgrasrasen (und submontan auf dem europäischen Festland) auf Silikatböden 64. Semi-natural tall-herb humid meadows 6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) / Pfeifengraswiesen auf kalkreichem Boden, torfigen und tonig-schluffigen Böden (Molinion caeruleae) 6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels / Feuchte Hochstaudenfluren der planaren und montanen bis alpinen Stufe 65. Mesophile grasslands 6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) / Magere Flachland-Mähwiesen (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 6520 Mountain hay meadows / Berg-Mähwiesen xxx…no or small importance in connection with grassland mowing/pasturing xxx…increased importance in connection with grassland mowing/pasturing xxx…high importance in connection with grassland mowing/pasturing Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  7. 7. HNVF / Landscape elements Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  8. 8. HNVF / Landscape elements Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  9. 9. Nutzung - Gefährdung HNVF / Landscape elements Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  10. 10. Nature conservation fund - Styria Areas funded by contracting programs (2008):  EAFRD: M 214 - ÖPUL 2008: 3.044 contract-partner 8.734 ha Mio € 4,58  BEP 2008 - national financed: 740 contract-partner, 1.000 ha € 328.456,-  5 other national financed site-specific programs 2008: € 277.003,- Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  11. 11. Nature Kontrollen fund – Styria CC conservation Projects funded: EAFRD (cofinanced EU/national) 2007-2013: − M 213 Payments Natura 2000 and agriculture − M 323a Rural development Nature Conservation projects: ca. € 2 Mio p.a. (6% Leader) Further project-details: www.netzwerk-naturschutz-le.at www.naturschutz.steiermark.at Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  12. 12. a practicable tool? Declining of grassland numerous examples: • BFN–Germany • Coracias garrulus European roller dramatic decline • Crex crex Corn crake dramatic decline • Statistics of some styrian N2000-sites • … Cross compliance? Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  13. 13. Conservation status of 6210 Conservation status e.g. of: 6210: Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates ESG Biogeographische Region FFH-LRT 6210 alpin kontinental Erhaltungszustand [ha] [ha] A 0 11,12 B 1,20 58,83 C 0 34,72 gesamt 1,20 104,66 • rate of coverage continental region: ca. 80 % • rate of coverage alpine region: < 5 % Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  14. 14. Trockenrasen Stmk!!! Conservation status of 6210 Resume I:  25% of the inquired 6210 habitats have national relevance; more than 50% have regional relevance;  For some of the habitats the botanical and the zoological importance highly differ from each other. Collecting datas of both is important, botany as well as zoology.  Many of the 6210 habitats are extremely small: on average 0,46 ha. 21 of 66 habitats are smaller than 1 ar!  27% currently seem not endangered (e.g. nitrification, fallow land) Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  15. 15. Conservation status of 6210 Resume II:  High importance of securing and optimization 50 % of the habitats within the next 1 or 2 years.  Currently 24 % of the habitats are secured; 4 of 5 zoological important habitats are not secured  6210 is mainly used for pasturing  Within the „6210-projekt“ 92% of the 20 ha are classifiabled as *important orchid sites (outside of Natura 2000 sites)  6210: rate of coverage in the continental region within Natura 2000-sites is ca. 80 %  6210: rate of coverage in the alpine region within Natura 2000-sites is < 5 % Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  16. 16.  NRS … Ramsar/SAC/SPA- site Lafnitztal: Declining of grassland • Lack of voluntary contracting- programs • Lack of sovereign regulations Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  17. 17.  NRS …  ERS Our goal: previously Ramsar/SAC/SPA-Site Lafnitztal: information • Enacted since 2005 instead of • 2002-2008: afterwards Declining of grassland: ca. 24% imposing sanctions Declining of fallow land: ca. 40% • Plowing of grassland mainly since 2006  Thus: Implementation of a regional NATURA2000-manager (Information, Screenings, …)  Thus: Implementation of a voluntary regional site-specific contracting-program Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  18. 18. NATURA 2000 seed production Semi-natural grasslands seed production within Natura 2000 sites: Aspects to be considered:  Cooperation with regional managers of the respective natura 2000 site and the department for nature conservation  Consideration of site-targets and parcel-targets  Implementation of a GIS-based register  Documentation of seed-harvesting (when, where, who, …GIS)  Optionally adjustment to altered specifications (related to species/habitats)  Monitoring of the croped parcels  Possibly adjustments of existing contracts. Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation
  19. 19. This Thank you for your attention Federal government of styria - Department for nature conservation

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