High Nature Value Farmland as an European evaluation indicator


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High Nature Value Farmland as an European evaluation indicator

  1. 1. High Nature Value Farmland as an European evaluation indicator Andreas Bartel 26. Mai 2009 SALVERE Project Workshop AREC Raumberg-Gumpenstein 1
  2. 2. Overview  What is HNF F  Indicator for Evaluation of rural development programmes (=RDP)  History: Priciple and Definition (IRENA, EEA,  RDP)  From area approach to system approach  What for: Indicator whithin CMEF (Baseline - Result - Impact)  What: farming charateristics – Land cover (Habitats) – Species  How: implementation in AT (so far); DE (Fr,BE)  outlook: four steps proposed 2
  3. 3. Definition HNV Farmland: EEA/JRC HNV farmland comprises those areas in Europe where agriculture is a major (usually the dominant) land use and where that agriculture supports, or is associated with, either a high species and habitat diversity or the presence of species of European , and/or national, and/or regional conservation concern, or both’ (Andersen et al. 2003/2007). 3
  4. 4. Definition of HNV Farmland: EEA/JRC  Type 1: Farmland with a high proportion of semi-natural vegetation  Type 2: Farmland with a mosaic of low intensity agriculture and natural and structural elements, such as field margins, hedgerows, stonewalls, patches of woodland or scrub, small rivers etc.  Type 3: Farmland supporting rare species or a high proportion of European or World populations. 4
  5. 5. HNVF in Austria -what we have in mind Alpine pastures, extensive grassland with hedges, orchards, … 5
  6. 6. HNVF in Austria -what we have in mind Mosaic landscapes, vineyard terraces, narrow passes, species rich field margins 6
  7. 7. HNVF in Austria -what we don‘t have in mind Monotone fields of maize, rape, cereals, vegetables, … 7
  8. 8. Limits of the „area-approach“  CLC Class 322 (moors and heathland) - Problem inconsistant picture across Europa  Representation on 1km² cells: Share of HNV area and UAA (Alpen!)  Coarse spatial resolution (CLC-based) –> scale gap between management and evaluation  Not suitable as a change Indicator (static picture)  Grassland focused  Intensivly used areas in Upper Austria  Mixed cultivation patterns in Lower Austria 8
  9. 9. RD 07-13: Evaluation Indicator  CMEF: Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework  DG Agri (IEEP): guidelines 2007/2008 9
  10. 10. The system approach 10
  11. 11. Implementation in Austria  study Umweltbundesamt 2008 (Birdlife)  Based on the „area-approach“: - Verification & identification of HNVF 2007-2008 - from viewpoint biodiversity - landscape-level  Distribution of habitat-types and bird species - „farming Habitat-types“ - Land use - Farmland bird species  Share of „habitat suitable land use“  Species number of birds: difference to an expected mean value  Threshold and combination 11
  12. 12. Draft HNV Areas 13
  13. 13. Open questions  Striking discrepancy between criteria  Biodiversity and height  HNVF share related to area or UAA?  Implementation as RD-indicator:  Scale of evaluation ?  Dynamics ?  AEM as indicators for HNVF ? 14
  14. 14. Implementation in Germany  Sample area approach, (coupled to bird monitoring); stratified sampling design  2 a mapping rythm (n=2357), begin 2009  Level of detail: habitat types; selected HNV types  Goal: national area sum and changes (yearly)  For qualitative indication a bigger sample is needed  First guess: ca. 5% of UAA is HNVF 15
  15. 15. Four steps towards a RDP-Indicator  1. Describing and characterising the main types of HNV farming and forestry; (habitats, management, nature values associated)  2. Developing indicators to identify the extent of HNV farming - representative local case studies;  3. Developing indicators for monitoring changes in the extent and condition of HNV farming and forestry;  Monitoring of extent indicators and the agricultural practice  sample surveys of farming practices and biodiversity (condition);  4. Assess quantitative (extent) and qualitative (condition) changes in HNV farming in the context of the rural development programmes. 16
  16. 16. Conclusions  RD - Indicator is not yet developed to out of the box evaluation  Will not be an one value indicator, rather a set of different single aspects  HNV is strictly conservation focused; (re)development of HNV-systems is not its objective 17