The job application process interview


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The Job Application Process Interviews and Follow-Ups

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The job application process interview

  1. 1. The Job Application Process Interviews and Follow-Ups Successful Preparation for Interview A. Prior to the Interview B. Chronology of the Interview C. Activity During the Interview D. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview
  2. 2. Interview Preparation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Know yourself Know your resume Know the company Know the position Know some questions and answers Know your nonverbal appearance communicates loudly. 7. Know that your oral delivery also communicates. 8. Know the meeting place, time, and other details. 9. Know some basic salary ranges. 10. Know that you must rehearse.
  3. 3. Interview Preparation 1. Know Yourself  Review the self-assessment documents you created based on your:     Skills Accomplishments Interests, and Personal values.
  4. 4. Interview Preparation 2. Know Your Resume  Take at least two copies of your resume with you; and know its content well.
  5. 5. Interview Preparation 3. Know the Company  Do some research about the company where you are going for an interview.  Information may be available from professional or industry journals.  The best source of information, nowadays, is company websites.
  6. 6. Interview Preparation 4. Know the Position  Prepare with the strongest qualification if the job position is known.  If the position is general, come with your personal qualifications, well-rehearsed and known.
  7. 7. Interview Preparation 5. Know Some Questions and Answers  Prepare some of your questions in advance.  Try to anticipate some of your interviewer’s questions-and your answers.
  8. 8. Interview Preparation 6. Know that Your Nonverbal Appearance Communicates Loudly.  It suggests that your clothing, your shoes, your jewelry, your lotion, your colour choice, your grooming-all say something about you.  When in doubt, be conservative in dress.
  9. 9. Interview Preparation 7. Know that Your Oral Delivery Also Communicates.  A monotone rarely holds attention.  Oral variety is pitch, rate, and volume will help
  10. 10. Interview Preparation 8. Know the Meeting Place, Time and Other Details.  Arrive early, know the name of your interviewer.
  11. 11. Interview Preparation 9. Know Some Basic Salary Ranges.  Avoid locked-in-stone positions on salary; initial interviews are not the place for negotiation sessions.  However, knowing possible salary ranges is advisable.
  12. 12. Interview Preparation 10. Know that You Must Rehearse.  Mock interviews-with video playback are recommended.  Take the advantage of placement office of your educational institute to rehearse for oral and nonverbal appearance.
  13. 13. Chronology of Interview As with most communication instances, an interview also has:  An introductory period  A middle assessment period, and  A concluding period
  14. 14. Chronology of Interview  There is no consistent pattern for job interview.  Many first interviews are done to screen candidates for a possible second interview.  A typical interview pattern is as follows:  Introduction Company Information Candidate assessment Conclusion.
  15. 15. Chronology of Interview Introduction (about 2 to 5 minutes)  Interviewers seeks to put candidate at ease.  Chitchat, causal talk about personal information on resume.  Candidate tries to make positive up-front impression: smile, handshake, sense of enthusiasm.
  16. 16. Chronology of Interview Company Information ( about 5 to 10 minutes)  Interviews may indicate type of positions available, some information about the company.  Candidates suggest a high degree of interest in company, in the position.
  17. 17. Chronology of Interview Candidate Assessment (about 10 to 20 minutes)  Interviewer tries to assess the qualification of the candidates  His or her strengths and weaknesses  Candidates employs data, evidence: via goals, skills, accomplishments, interests, and personal values.  Questions: during this period a variety of questions, challenges testing of candidate occurs.
  18. 18. Chronology of Interview Conclusion (about 1 to 2 minutes)  Interviewers determine the ending of the interview: suggests when an answer will be forthcoming.  Candidate tries to summarize his or her qualifications, reaffirm interest in the company and position, and express appreciation for the interview.
  19. 19. Positive and Negative Behaviour During an Interview Positive, Desirable Behaviour 1. Show Enthusiasm, vitality, interest: You can do so by the alert way:     2. You sit and look By your facial expressions The questions you ask, and The answer you give. Be Honest  State your data clearly, without exaggeration. 2. Listen Attentively, Concentrate  Do not interrupt. Let the interviewer finish. Then try to link your achievements with your answer.
  20. 20. Positive and Negative Behaviour During an Interview Positive, Desirable Behaviour 4. Keep Answers Brief  5. Show Interest in the Company  6. The more answers you provide, the more varied the information you can give about yourself. Here, too, tactfully relate your achievements to your future employer’s need. Show Analytical Skills  Organize your answers, take time to comment on both pros and cons, short-and-long-term benefits.
  21. 21. Positive and Negative Behaviour During an Interview Negative Factors to Avoid 1. Discourtesy:  1. Avoid first names, doodling, disinterest. Jargon, slang  1. This is not the time to project an image that you are tuned into jargon of youth. Overaggressive or cynical attitude  Avoid the superiority complex and “know-it-all” attitude.
  22. 22. Positive and Negative Behaviour During an Interview Negative Factors to Avoid 4. Unfavourable Comments  4. Focus on positive. Omit criticisms of former colleagues or other employees. Disregard for Positive Factors  If you put the word “failure to” before each of the six suggestions for positive behaviour, you will have a total of 11 in this list of negatives to avoid.
  23. 23. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview  It is hard to predict which question will occur in your interview.  Each interviewer has a set of favorite questions and the time of day according to the convenience of the company.  Regardless of your preparation, there will be some unexpected questions.  Pause, try to organize your answers, and offer it with a high degree of confidence.  During interview, you could also refer to your resume, using it as a support for your comments.
  24. 24. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview  Here is the list of favorite and a bit difficult questions that are usually asked by the interviewers:  Where do you expect to be in five years?  Give me list of your strengths and weaknesses?  When have you successfully motivated others over whom you had no authority or power?  What do you think it takes to be successful in this position?  Why should we hire you?
  25. 25. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview  Tell me about your work experience. What did you accomplish?  Give me three reasons why you are interested in our company.  How well do you do you work with teams and other people; what evidence do you have for that statement?  How is the job search going? Who else have you spoken with?  Which course did you like best? Least? Why?  If you were starting your schooling over, which courses would you add to your program? Why?
  26. 26. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview  Describe the kind of boss you prefer?  What personal characteristics are necessary for success in your field?  Give me an example of a situation which upset you in either your school or your place of work.  What do you know about our company?  Do you prefer working alone or with others?  Which of your college years was the most difficult?  Can you get recommendations from all your previous employers?  Do you like routine work?
  27. 27. Answering or Asking Questions During the Interview      Define cooperation for me. Give me an example of analytical mind? What was the last book you read? What is your major weakness? What are the disadvantages of your chosen field? END