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Pentium processor

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differences , Features , and Information about Pentium processors

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Pentium processor

  1. 1. Submitted to : Sir Azeem By Syed Salman Jilani
  2. 2. Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel The name Pentium is originally derived from the Greek word pente meaning "five" as the original Pentium processors used Intel's fifth-generation micro architecture
  3. 3. Pentium I Pentium - 1993-1996 (60-200 MHz) First Pentium CPU models.  The Pentium had an L2 cache from 256KB to 1MB  used a 50, 60 or 66 MHz system bus  contained from 3.1 to 3.3 million transistors built on 0.6 to 0.35 process.  Chips were housed in PGA packages
  4. 4. Pentium II Pentium II - 1997-1999 (233-450 MHz) The Pentium II used a 66 or 100 MHz system bus Desktop models had 7.5 million transistors 512KB L2 cache and were housed in SECC packages Mobile models had 27.4 million transistors 256KB L2 cache and were housed in either BGA or Mobile Minicartridge (MMC) packages
  5. 5. Pentium III Pentium III - 1999-2001 (500 MHz-1.13 GHz) The Pentium III added 70 additional instructions to the Pentium II.  The Pentium III used a 100 or 133 MHz system bus and either a 512KB L2 cache or a 256KB L2 Advanced Transfer Cache.  it contained from 9.5 to 28 million transistors, used the 0.25 or 0.18 micron process
  6. 6. Pentium IV Pentium 4 - Introduced in 2000 (1.4-3.4 GHz) Latest Pentium architecture started out with a 400 MHz system bus and 256KB L2 cache later increased to 800 MHz and 2MB  The first models contained 42 million transistors, used the 0.18 micron process and came in 423-pin and 478- pin PGA packages.  Intel's first Pentium 4 chipset was the 850 and supported only Rambus memory (RDRAM), but subsequent chipsets switched to DDR SDRAM.
  7. 7. Dual Core & Core 2 duo Chaos Meaning of dual core and core 2 duo "Core" was the name by Intel for their newer processor. "Core 2" was the name for the next version of that "Core" processor. When you see "Duo" then that means there are two processors in the same packaged chip. Thus “Dual Core" and "Core 2 Duo" are both two processor chips, one being the newer "Core 2" variety
  8. 8. Dual-Core  Dual-Core (2006-2009) (1.3 to 2.6 GHz)  FSB (Front side Bus) speeds 533 MHz to 800 MHz Min. feature size 65 nm to 45 nm Instruction set MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, x86-64 Core name(s)  Yonah  Merom-2M  Allendale  Wolfdale-3M
  9. 9. Core 2 duo • Core 2 duo (2006-2011) (1.06 to 3.33 GHz) • FSB speeds 800 MT/s to 1600 MT/s • Min. feature size 65 nm to 45 nm • Instruction set x86, x86-64, SSE4.1 is for 45 nm processors only • Core name(s) • Allendale, • Conroe,Conroe-L, • Merom-2M, Merom, Merom-L, • Kentsfield, Wolfdale, Yorkfield, Penryn
  10. 10. Core I[x] Odd Chaos  Why does Intel produce core i3, core i5 and core i7 processors, but not core i2, core i4 or core i6 processors?  The information on letters and numbers is not longer corresponding to a specific technical features or technology on the Products.  This naming scheme is now divided as low-level units (Core i3), mid-range units (Core i5) and high-end performance processors (Core i7).  These names were selected only for marketing purposes.
  11. 11. Core i3 Core i3 for desktops •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 3.4-3.8GHz •Max Turbo : N/A •Cache : 3/4MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400- 4600 Core i3 for low- power desktops •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2.9-3.2GHz •Max Turbo : N/A •Cache : 3/4MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400- 4600 Core i3 for mobile devices •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2.4-2.6GHz •Max Turbo : N/A •Cache : 3MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i3 for Ultra books •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 1.7-2GHz •Max Turbo : N/A •Cache : 3MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400
  12. 12. Core i5 Core i5 for desktops •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 3-3.5GHz •Max Turbo : 400MHz •Cache : 6MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i5 for low- power desktops •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 1.9-2.5GHz •Max Turbo :1GHz •Cache : 6MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i3 for mobile devices •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2.5-2.9GHz •Max Turbo : 700MHz •Cache : 3MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400 Core i3 for Ultra books •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 1.3-2GHz •Max Turbo : 1.5GHz •Cache : 3MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400- 5000
  13. 13. Core i7 Core i7 for desktops •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 3.4-4GHz •Max Turbo : 500MHz •Cache : 8MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i7 for low- power desktops •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2-2.7GHz •Max Turbo :1.2GHz •Cache : 8MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i7 for mobile devices •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2.9-3GHz •Max Turbo : 700MHz •Cache : 4MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i7 for Ultra books •Cores : 2 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 1.5-2.1GHz •Max Turbo : 1.6GHz •Cache : 4MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4400- 5000
  14. 14. Core i7 Core i7 quad-core for mobile devices •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2.2-3.1GHz •Max Turbo : 1GHz •Cache : 8MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 Core i7 quad-core for high-end mobile devices •Cores : 4 •Hyper-Threading : Yes •Base Clock: 2-2.6GHz •Max Turbo :1.2GHz •Cache : 8MB •GPU :HD Graphics 4600 / Iris Pro Graphics 5200

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