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SRHE New Researcher Conference, Newport, Wales, United Kingdom, 10 December 2013

Content Analysis of Higher Education Leadership (HEL):
Research and trends from 2008 to 2012
Dr. Sally Wai-Yan WAN
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Email: sallywywan@cuhk.edu.hk

Background
Aim
Research
Questions

Higher educational leadership (HEL)
• Significant roles of HEL in the context of managerialism and diversity
• Definitions of leadership widely ranging from different levels in higher education organizations (i.e. deanship,
academic leadership, distributed leadership, blended leadership, student leadership)
To investigate the research trends in the field of higher education leadership based on the recent 5-year top SSCI
journal publications
1.
2.
3.
4.

What percentage of articles published in these journals were related to leadership in higher education?
What research topics related to leadership in higher education were published in the period 2008-2012?
What were the highly cited research articles in the SSCI related to leadership in higher education in these journals?
What was the trend of the published articles concerning leadership in higher education in these ten journals in recent years?

Content analysis

Methodology

• Gives a more comprehensive review about research trends (Elo & Kyngäs, 2008)
• Provides a means for identifying, organizing, indexing, and retrieving data (Berg, 2001)

Selection criteria for analysing journal publications
• SSCI database
• High impact factors
• Specialism: higher education & leadership and management

HEL research: developed vs. developing?
Impact factor

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total

Review of Higher Education

1.324

Journal of Higher Education

1.150

Higher Education

0.937

Studies in Higher Education

0.982

Research in Higher Education

0.935

Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education

0.912

Higher Education Research & Development

0.901

Teaching in Higher Education

0.757

Journal of College Student Development

0.678

1/17
(5.88%)
1/25
(4%)
0/83
(0%)
0/44
(0%)
1/38
(2.63%)
0/53
(0%)
0/30
(0%)
0/51
(0%)
1/41
(2.44%)
0/27
(0%)

1/15
(6.67%)
0/25
(0%)
2/93
(2.15%)
0/57
(0%)
0/35
(0%)
0/55
(0%)
0/42
(0%)
0/50
(0%)
0/37
(0%)
0/26
(0%)

0/18
(0%)
0/29
(0%)
1/84
(1.19%)
1/56
(1.79%)
0/37
(0%)
1/56
(1.79%)
0/49
(0%)
0/52
(0%)
2/48
(4.17%)
2/27
(7.41%)

0/19
(0%)
1/27
(3.70%)
3/89
(3.37%)
1/55
(1.82%)
0/40
(0%)
0/55
(0%)
2/55
(3.64%)
0/56
(0%)
1/49
(2.04%)
0/26
(0%)

1/26
(3.85%)
4/32
(12.5%)
2/96
(2.08%)
2/59
(3.39%)
0/38
(0%)
0/70
(0%)
0/57
(0%)
0/56
(0%)
0/58
(0%)
1/25
(4%)

3/95
(3.16%)
6/138
(4.35%)
8/445
(1.80%)
4/271
(1.48%)
1/188
(0.53%)
1/289
(0.35%)
2/233
(0.86%)
0/265
(0%)
4/233
(1.72%)
3/131
(2.29%)

Higher Education Policy

Nil*

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Table 1a. Number of articles related to HEL in higher education journals from 2008 to 2012
Impact factor

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total

Academy of Management Learning & Education

4.800

Leadership Quarterly

4.295

Journal of Management Studies

4.255

Management Learning

1.676

Management Decision

1.302

Leadership

1.159

Management Communication Quarterly

0.875

Educational Administration Quarterly

0.745

Educational Management Administration Leadership

0.638

Nonprofit Management and Leadership

0.580

0/30
(0%)
0/41
(0%)
0/49
(0%)
0/28
(0%)
0/84
(0%)
0/21
(0%)
0/18
(0%)
0/15
(0%)
0/39
(0%)
0/19
(0%)

0/11
(0%)
0/51
(0%)
0/36
(0%)
0/38
(0%)
0/88
(0%)
5/22
(22.73%)
0/24
(0%)
0/18
(0%)
2/38
(5.26%)
0/20
(0%)

0/4
(0%)
0/63
(0%)
0/46
(0%)
0/28
(0%)
1/86
(1.16%)
0/22
(0%)
0/22
(0%)
0/22
(0%)
0/41
(0%)
0/18
(0%)

0/14
(0%)
0/79
(0%)
0/68
(0%)
0/26
(0%)
0/90
(0%)
0/23
(0%)
0/28
(0%)
0/23
(0%)
2/41
(4.88%)
0/17
(0%)

0/38
(0%)
0/76
(0%)
0/53
(0%)
1/26
(3.85%)
0/97
(0%)
0/24
(0%)
0/35
(0%)
0/22
(0%)
4/42
(9.52%)
0/14
(0%)

0/97
(0%)
0/310
(0%)
0/252
(0%)
1/146
(0.68%)
1/445
(0.22%)
5/112
(4.46%)
0/127
(0%)
0/100
(0%)
8/201
(3.98%)
0/88
(0%)

9
8
7

Findings &
Discussion

6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Table 1b. Number of articles related to HEL in leadership and management journals from 2008 to 2012

Characteristics of highly-cited papers (citations /yr.: 1.20-3.80)
• Research approach: Quantitative & qualitative
• Participants: academic staff vs. students
• Topics:
 Leadership practice in HE sectors
 Student leadership development
 Gender issue in HE management

Implications

•
•
•

List of 6 highly-cited papers:
1. Bolden, Petrov, & Gosling, J. (2009). Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(2), 257-277.
2. Macfarlane (2011). Studies in Higher Education, 36(1), 57-73.
3. Dugan, & Komives (2010). Journal of College Student Development, 51(5), 525-549.
4. Collinson, D., & Collinson, M. (2009). Leadership, 5(3), 365-380.
5. Seifert, Goodman, Lindsay, Jorgensen, Wolniak, Pascarella, & Blaich (2008). Research in Higher Education, 49(2), 107-125.
6. Grummell, B., Devine, D., & Lynch, K. (2009). Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(3), 329-349.

Journals with high impact factors: interested in HEL?
Variations in preferences of choosing topics in different journals?
Widely-ranged topics for exploration

References
Berg, B. L. (2001). An introduction to content analysis. In B. L. Berg (Ed.), Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (pp. 238–267). Boston: Allyn and Bacon
Elo, S., & Kyngas, H. (2008). The qualitative content anlysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107-115. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x

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Content Analysis of Higher Education Leadership: Research and trends from 2008 to 2012

  • 1. SRHE New Researcher Conference, Newport, Wales, United Kingdom, 10 December 2013 Content Analysis of Higher Education Leadership (HEL): Research and trends from 2008 to 2012 Dr. Sally Wai-Yan WAN The Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong Email: sallywywan@cuhk.edu.hk Background Aim Research Questions Higher educational leadership (HEL) • Significant roles of HEL in the context of managerialism and diversity • Definitions of leadership widely ranging from different levels in higher education organizations (i.e. deanship, academic leadership, distributed leadership, blended leadership, student leadership) To investigate the research trends in the field of higher education leadership based on the recent 5-year top SSCI journal publications 1. 2. 3. 4. What percentage of articles published in these journals were related to leadership in higher education? What research topics related to leadership in higher education were published in the period 2008-2012? What were the highly cited research articles in the SSCI related to leadership in higher education in these journals? What was the trend of the published articles concerning leadership in higher education in these ten journals in recent years? Content analysis Methodology • Gives a more comprehensive review about research trends (Elo & Kyngäs, 2008) • Provides a means for identifying, organizing, indexing, and retrieving data (Berg, 2001) Selection criteria for analysing journal publications • SSCI database • High impact factors • Specialism: higher education & leadership and management HEL research: developed vs. developing? Impact factor 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total Review of Higher Education 1.324 Journal of Higher Education 1.150 Higher Education 0.937 Studies in Higher Education 0.982 Research in Higher Education 0.935 Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 0.912 Higher Education Research & Development 0.901 Teaching in Higher Education 0.757 Journal of College Student Development 0.678 1/17 (5.88%) 1/25 (4%) 0/83 (0%) 0/44 (0%) 1/38 (2.63%) 0/53 (0%) 0/30 (0%) 0/51 (0%) 1/41 (2.44%) 0/27 (0%) 1/15 (6.67%) 0/25 (0%) 2/93 (2.15%) 0/57 (0%) 0/35 (0%) 0/55 (0%) 0/42 (0%) 0/50 (0%) 0/37 (0%) 0/26 (0%) 0/18 (0%) 0/29 (0%) 1/84 (1.19%) 1/56 (1.79%) 0/37 (0%) 1/56 (1.79%) 0/49 (0%) 0/52 (0%) 2/48 (4.17%) 2/27 (7.41%) 0/19 (0%) 1/27 (3.70%) 3/89 (3.37%) 1/55 (1.82%) 0/40 (0%) 0/55 (0%) 2/55 (3.64%) 0/56 (0%) 1/49 (2.04%) 0/26 (0%) 1/26 (3.85%) 4/32 (12.5%) 2/96 (2.08%) 2/59 (3.39%) 0/38 (0%) 0/70 (0%) 0/57 (0%) 0/56 (0%) 0/58 (0%) 1/25 (4%) 3/95 (3.16%) 6/138 (4.35%) 8/445 (1.80%) 4/271 (1.48%) 1/188 (0.53%) 1/289 (0.35%) 2/233 (0.86%) 0/265 (0%) 4/233 (1.72%) 3/131 (2.29%) Higher Education Policy Nil* 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Table 1a. Number of articles related to HEL in higher education journals from 2008 to 2012 Impact factor 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total Academy of Management Learning & Education 4.800 Leadership Quarterly 4.295 Journal of Management Studies 4.255 Management Learning 1.676 Management Decision 1.302 Leadership 1.159 Management Communication Quarterly 0.875 Educational Administration Quarterly 0.745 Educational Management Administration Leadership 0.638 Nonprofit Management and Leadership 0.580 0/30 (0%) 0/41 (0%) 0/49 (0%) 0/28 (0%) 0/84 (0%) 0/21 (0%) 0/18 (0%) 0/15 (0%) 0/39 (0%) 0/19 (0%) 0/11 (0%) 0/51 (0%) 0/36 (0%) 0/38 (0%) 0/88 (0%) 5/22 (22.73%) 0/24 (0%) 0/18 (0%) 2/38 (5.26%) 0/20 (0%) 0/4 (0%) 0/63 (0%) 0/46 (0%) 0/28 (0%) 1/86 (1.16%) 0/22 (0%) 0/22 (0%) 0/22 (0%) 0/41 (0%) 0/18 (0%) 0/14 (0%) 0/79 (0%) 0/68 (0%) 0/26 (0%) 0/90 (0%) 0/23 (0%) 0/28 (0%) 0/23 (0%) 2/41 (4.88%) 0/17 (0%) 0/38 (0%) 0/76 (0%) 0/53 (0%) 1/26 (3.85%) 0/97 (0%) 0/24 (0%) 0/35 (0%) 0/22 (0%) 4/42 (9.52%) 0/14 (0%) 0/97 (0%) 0/310 (0%) 0/252 (0%) 1/146 (0.68%) 1/445 (0.22%) 5/112 (4.46%) 0/127 (0%) 0/100 (0%) 8/201 (3.98%) 0/88 (0%) 9 8 7 Findings & Discussion 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Table 1b. Number of articles related to HEL in leadership and management journals from 2008 to 2012 Characteristics of highly-cited papers (citations /yr.: 1.20-3.80) • Research approach: Quantitative & qualitative • Participants: academic staff vs. students • Topics:  Leadership practice in HE sectors  Student leadership development  Gender issue in HE management Implications • • • List of 6 highly-cited papers: 1. Bolden, Petrov, & Gosling, J. (2009). Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(2), 257-277. 2. Macfarlane (2011). Studies in Higher Education, 36(1), 57-73. 3. Dugan, & Komives (2010). Journal of College Student Development, 51(5), 525-549. 4. Collinson, D., & Collinson, M. (2009). Leadership, 5(3), 365-380. 5. Seifert, Goodman, Lindsay, Jorgensen, Wolniak, Pascarella, & Blaich (2008). Research in Higher Education, 49(2), 107-125. 6. Grummell, B., Devine, D., & Lynch, K. (2009). Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(3), 329-349. Journals with high impact factors: interested in HEL? Variations in preferences of choosing topics in different journals? Widely-ranged topics for exploration References Berg, B. L. (2001). An introduction to content analysis. In B. L. Berg (Ed.), Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (pp. 238–267). Boston: Allyn and Bacon Elo, S., & Kyngas, H. (2008). The qualitative content anlysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107-115. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x