Unit 1 jan 2011 resource booklet

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Unit 1 jan 2011 resource booklet

  1. 1. Edexcel GCE Geography Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: Global Challenges RESOURCE BOOKLET Friday 14 January 2011– Morning Paper Reference 6GE01/01 Do not return the Resource Booklet with the question paper. Turn over M38009A ©2011 Edexcel Limited. 1/1/1/1/1 *M38009A*
  2. 2. SECTION A The following resources relate to Questions 1–6. Figure 1 World trends in the number of reported disasters per year 1900–2000 Number of reported disasters ‘All disasters’ include geophysical events (such as earthquakes) and hydro-meteorological events (including all types of storm) (Source: Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal) Figure 2 Ways of managing climate change MITIGATION MANAGING ADAPTATION CLIMATE CHANGE Mitigation means tackling the underlying cause: the build-up of greenhouse gases. 2 Adaptation means dealing with the consequences of climate change. M38009A
  3. 3. Figure 3 Predicted changes in flood risk for England and Wales by 2080 Change in annual economic losses from flooding no change low increase medium increase high increase decrease M38009A 3 Turn over
  4. 4. 4 USA - 53 Turkey - 66 China - 56 Japan - 125 Thailand - 476 South Korea - 137 Malaysia - 20 Hungary - 123 Slovakia - 60 Poland - 301 Czech Republic - 96 UK - 2115 Republic of Ireland - 100 Figure 4 The number of Tesco stores worldwide in 2010. Tesco is a UK retail Transnational Corporation (TNC) (Source: www.tescoplc.com) M38009A
  5. 5. Figure 5 Immigration and emigration trends for the UK 1998–2008 600 500 Thousands of people 400 300 200 100 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year Immigration Emigration (Source: www.statistics.gov.uk/) Figure 6 An inner London house and the families living there in 1901 and 2011 1901 Name 2011 Age Name Age Eliza Hunter (F) 73 David Goodwin (M) 47 William Hunter (M) 38 Rupal Goodwin (F) 48 Doris Hunter (F) 36 Samira Goodwin (F) 13 Frank Hunter (M) 15 Jasmine Goodwin (F) 11 Harold Hunter (M) 14 Betsy Hunter (F) 11 Emma Hunter (F) 10 Richard Hunter (M) 8 Susan Hunter (F) 5 M38009A 5 Turn over
  6. 6. SECTION B The following resources relate to Questions 7–10. Figure 7 The distribution of volcanic activity in the Pacific region Eurasian Plate North American Plate Hawaiian Islands Cocos Plate Nazca Plate Indo–Australian Plate South American Plate Pacific Plate Antarctic Plate Key 6 active volcano plate boundary M38009A
  7. 7. Figure 8 GDP per capita, total greenhouse gas emissions (shown as carbon dioxide equivalent) and CO2(e) emissions per capita for selected countries, 2007 Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita (US $) Total CO2(e) emissions (millions of tonnes) CO2(e) emissions per capita (tonnes) USA 47,440 5,769 19.1 China 3,259 6,028 4.6 Brazil 8,295 347 1.8 521 40 0.2 Singapore 38,972 45 9.8 Saudi Arabia 18,855 358 14.8 Bangladesh (Source: www.iea.org) Figure 9 A ‘shrinking world’ timeline of technological innovation THEN M38009A 1900 1935 1939 1954 1969 1969 1970 1973 1974 1989 1994 1995 1996 1997 2002 2004 2008 Telephone & radio are already being used Fax machine Television Colour television Early internet Moon landing First GPS satellite First mobile phones Desktop computers World Wide Web Blogging begins EasyJet founded Google founded Mass market mobiles First i-pod on sale Podcasting begins Twitter takes off NOW 7 Turn over
  8. 8. Figure 10 The changing size and distribution of world megacities Moscow London Paris New York Seoul Istanbul Tehran Los Angeles Beijing Delhi Cairo Karachi Mumbai Mexico City Dacca Tokyo Osaka Shanghai Guangzhou Kolkata Manila Lagos Jakarta Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo 8 megacities in 1985 Population in millions (metropolitan area) 20+ 15.1-20 10-15 Buenos Aires Less than 10 million Moscow London Paris New York Seoul Istanbul Tehran Los Angeles Beijing Delhi Cairo Karachi Mumbai Mexico City Tokyo Osaka Shanghai h i Guangzhou Dacca Kolkata Manila Lagos Jakarta Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo 26 megacities in 2009 8 Buenos Aires Population in millions (metropolitan area) 20+ 15.1-20 10-15 Less than 10 million M38009A

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