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Contested Planet Mock


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Advice on how to improve in time for the exam!

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Contested Planet Mock

  1. 1. Contested Planet Mock Most of you’ve got a mountain to climb before next Tuesday
  2. 2. Energy security a) Suggest how the contrasting distribution/pattern of major oil exporters and importers shown in Figure 1 could affect the energy security of some nations <ul><li>Lots of people hardly referred to the map at all! You needed to use the resource. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil exporters – hardly anyone mentioned OPEC, the Gulf states. Where have you been? </li></ul><ul><li>Importers – MEDCs and NICs </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of you didn’t say why energy security was an issue! </li></ul><ul><li>You had to use examples to illustrate how problems could occur – we’ve been doing about the SGS for 3 weeks, you should have been able to say something about political instability, the Straits of Hormuz, Russia cutting off the gas to Ukraine, etc and how that would threaten the importing countries. </li></ul>
  3. 3. b) The development of alternative energy sources is a possible response to future energy demands. Assess the possible costs and benefits of this approach <ul><li>Firstly you needed to say what alternative energy sources were (not fossil fuels!) </li></ul><ul><li>You needed to talk about individual types of energy and how they would be good/bad in the future, eg HEP, tidal/wave, wind, solar, nuclear, biogas/fuel, geothermal, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>YOU MUST KNOW DETAIL AND EXAMPLES OF WHAT IS HAPPENING. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to make sure you do an overview “assessment” to get into top band </li></ul><ul><li>This is A Level if you write vague stuff you’ll get crap marks! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Water Security a) Suggest how water resources and human wellbeing might be affected by the data in Figure 2 <ul><li>You needed to make the point that the poor pay more for their water and they can’t afford it. You should have used the graph more than most did. (NOTE It’s always going to be cheaper to put water down a pipe once the pipe is in place than employing someone to transport it in a truck to each user) </li></ul><ul><li>If in LEDCs they pay more for water they suffer (wellbeing affected): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health; they might have to use water from contaminated sources which will spread disease (revise this), they might not have enough water (suffer dehydration with health effects, probably not drop down dead!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time/effort; they might have to spend a lot of time trying to find cheap/alternative water sources, which could mean missing school for kids, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If they pay less for water in MEDCs water resources will suffer: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They will probably not take care over its use (hosepipes on lawns, etc) and therefore deplete stocks of groundwater and cause reservoirs to become depleted. This might lead to the need for investment in desalination (not sustainable) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. b) Using named examples, assess the role of different players and decision makers in trying to secure a sustainable water future <ul><li>Hardly anyone started by explaining what a sustainable water future would be! </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to talk about individuals, governments/councils, water companies, the environment agency, NGOs. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus far too often on something which wasn’t sustainable eg Gibe 3 and desalination. You can’t just learn one case study! </li></ul><ul><li>International agreements over transboundary resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to go through stuff like Inner Mongolia (Chinese Government moving pastoralist farmers off the land to towns), SE England (Geofactsheet), greywater, rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation (Yemen) </li></ul><ul><li>Needed overall assessment to get top band </li></ul>
  6. 6. Biodiversity a) Explain the pattern of alien species invasions, and suggest the possible impacts of alien species on ecosystems <ul><li>Far too little use of the map (and the key). This was all about shipping routes, particularly between MEDCs (trading). </li></ul><ul><li>Last year in AS crowded coasts we did about threats to marine ecosystems and I explained about ballast. You should have looked at this! </li></ul><ul><li>Then needed to talk about the sort of things alien species do (not necessarily marine), so goats in Galapagos, grey squirrels in UK, etc. You have a page of notes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. b) Evaluate the relative importance of global and local threats to one named global ecosystem <ul><li>The global ecosystem should have been coral reefs (not “Belize’s coral reefs”). </li></ul><ul><li>You needed to have a variety of threats (in places Belize, Palau, etc). GCSE case studies will not do, you should have moved on long ago: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global – climate change, el nino, possibly fishing industry (aquarium trade) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local – fishing eg dynamite (not “bombs”, you sound like 5 year olds!), cyanide (learn the spelling!), development, removal of mangroves, pollution, sewage, tourist trampling and souvenirs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finish off with how important they are (evaluate) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Superpowers You shouldn’t have done this! <ul><li>THINK! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Development gap a) Explain the message of the cartoon, and state how far you agree with its message <ul><li>The cartoon needed discussion – the “tightrope”, it’s hard, obstacles to development. Needed to cover several of the obstacles. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples to back up the argument </li></ul>
  10. 10. b) Assess the view that economic development is not possible without causing environmental degradation <ul><li>Need case studies. There was too much “farming needs lots of land so that causes trees to be chopped down”! Examples such as pollution in China, 3 gorges dam, Gibe 3, would have been fine </li></ul><ul><li>Really needed contrast (“assess”) to show that not all development needs to be degrading, so some examples of sustainable – renewable energy, small projects (Practical Action, Farm Africa, Trickle up) </li></ul>
  11. 11. REMEMBER <ul><li>Always start by defining/explaining the terms in the title – if it says “sustainable” you need to say what sustainable means! </li></ul><ul><li>Learn case studies. This is A Level and without the detail I have taught you, you will not do well. </li></ul><ul><li>Use geographical terminology “chopping down trees”, “catching lots of fish you don’t want” won’t do it! </li></ul>