Open Data: Open Your Mind

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In a world where many of our digital spaces are becoming more closed than ever, open data is a concept that is rapidly on the rise.

In this talk we’ll explore what open data is (and what it isn’t), why we should care about it, and look at how you can introduce it into your projects with regards to practical publication and consumption. We’ll specifically consider open data within the context of front-end development, including discussing some useful tools and reference points.

Open data isn’t just dry and technical - it gives us great scope to be creative, and throughout this talk we’ll go through some of the amazing things that it has been used for globally, in the hope that it will inspire you to create something yourself.

Published in: Data & Analytics, Internet

Open Data: Open Your Mind

  1. OPEN DATA: OPEN YOUR MIND Sally Jenkinson, From the Front, 17.09.2015 @sjenkinson | sally@recordssoundthesame.com
  2. sally@recordssoundthesame.com | @sjenkinson Digital solutions architect & consultant Records Sound the Same Ltd Sally Jenkinson
  3. @sjenkinson WHAT IS DATA?
  4. data(ˈdeɪtə ; ˈdɑːtə) Plural noun • A series of observations, measurements, or facts; information • Also called: information (computing) the information operated on by a computer program Although now often used as a singular noun, data is properly a plural. From Latin, literally: (things) given, from dare to give collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/data
  5. data data content content @sjenkinson
  6. EXPOSE INGEST INSPIRE CONTENT COLLECT
  7. “Big data” @sjenkinson
  8. I ♡ DATA
  9. @sjenkinson
  10. sallyjenkinson.co.uk/labs/teatracker
  11. developer.marvel.com/terms
  12. DATA SHARING
  13. Open data = freedom
  14. WHAT IS OPEN DATA?
  15. Re-publish Derive new content or data Make money by selling products Charge a fee for access
  16. Make money by selling products Charge a fee for access
  17. Consumption & publication @sjenkinson
  18. ♥ github.com/caesar0301/awesome-public-datasets
  19. Licensing
  20. theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing OPEN LICENCES FOR CREATIVE CONTENT Public domain (CC0) Attribution (CC-by) Attribution & share-alike (CC-by-sa)
  21. theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing OPEN LICENCES FOR DATABASES Public domain (PDDL) Attribution (ODC-by) Attribution & share-alike (ODbL)
  22. theodi.org/guides/publishers-guide-open-data-licensing | theodi.org/guides/reusers-guide-open-data-licensing OTHERS Open Government Licence OS Open Licence
  23. THE BENEFITS OF OPEN DATA
  24. Generating value & making savings @sjenkinson
  25. +$3 trillion / year mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/open_data_unlocking_innovation_and_performance_with_liquid_information open data
  26. Transparency @sjenkinson
  27. “…within two years chemical emissions nationwide (at least as reported, and presumably also in fact) had decreased by 40 percent. ! Some companies were launching policies to bring their emissions down by 90 percent, just because of the release of previously sequestered information.” maban.co.uk/80
  28. Improved efficiency Improved effectiveness Impact measurement @sjenkinson
  29. Participation & self- empowerment @sjenkinson
  30. Improved or new private products or services & innovation @sjenkinson
  31. New knowledge from combined data sources and patterns in large data volumes @sjenkinson
  32. LINKED DATA linkeddata.org
  33. WE ARE HUMANS
  34. “a formal specification of a shared conceptualisation” @sjenkinson
  35. “Start to explain the data in understandable terms, and to illustrate some of the relationships, in ways normal people can understand” @sjenkinson
  36. bbc.co.uk/ontologies
  37. bbc.co.uk/things
  38. DATA & USER EXPERIENCES
  39. ! “How far do you live from your workplace? Chances are, you'd answer that question in minutes rather than miles. An hour on the bus tells us a lot more than 47 miles. That's why we made Mapumental. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Given any start point or destination, it'll show everywhere within the chosen commute time, by public transport.” mapumental.com/services/travel-time
  40. “How accessible is your nearest school, post office, or GP’s surgery? ! In Wales, that’s not always a simple question: the country’s mountainous landscapes, rural populations, and sometimes infrequent bus services can mean that those without cars are rather cut off from public service provision.” mapumental.com/services/accessibility
  41. “Just how quickly could fire engines reach a given postcode in case of a fire? It’s a question that’s pivotal to decisions made by both the emergency services and the insurance industry.” mysociety.org/2013/04/22/fire-fire-mapumental-and-fire-engine-journey-times
  42. CHALLENGES & LIMITATIONS
  43. PRACTICAL TECHNICAL SOCIAL LEGAL @sjenkinson
  44. Accuracy
  45. Cost
  46. Data privacy & the individual
  47. Discoverability
  48. Combining data sets & licences clipol.org/tools/compatibility
  49. Misinterpretation & misrepresentation
  50. WORKING WITH OPEN DATA
  51. Consuming open data @sjenkinson
  52. d3js.org
  53. NOT JUST DIGITAL!
  54. opensensors.io
  55. DOUG MCCUNE dougmccune.com
  56. STEFANIE POSAVEC stefanieposavec.co.uk
  57. “Air Transformed is a series of wearable data objects that communicate this physical burden in different ways. Though seemingly decorative, they are based entirely on open air quality data from Sheffield, UK, a former steelmaking city and notorious for its bad air.” stefanieposavec.co.uk/data/#/airtransformed
  58. Publishing open data @sjenkinson
  59. Clear licensing & usage information A plan for support Structure & quality @sjenkinson
  60. 1. Identification & planning @sjenkinson
  61. 2. Extracting & cleaning openrefine.org | clean-sheet.org
  62. 3. Sharing @sjenkinson
  63. FIVE STAR DATA 5stardata.info
  64. ★ Make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license. ★★ Make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table). ★★★ Use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel). ★★★★ Use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff. ★★★★★ Link your data to other data to provide context.
  65. OPEN DATA CERTIFICATES certificates.theodi.org
  66. AND IN THE END…
  67. @sjenkinson ! sally@recordssoundthesame.com recordssoundthesame.com THANK YOU. Thank you to these lovely people for making their content open under a Creative Commons or public domain licence: Linking Open Data cloud diagram 2014, by Max Schmachtenberg, Christian Bizer, Anja Jentzsch and Richard Cyganiak - lod-cloud.net DougMcCune - dougmccune.com stefanieposavec.co.uk flickr.com/photos/rachubarama/2709346242 imgur.com/47D7zGqxkcd.com/1138 flickr.com/photos/troymars/9113025616 The Roof of Wales - flickr.com/photos/stray_croc/4743302841 Fire Wall - flickr.com/photos/epleitez/1714341218 Money - flickr.com/photos/mikephotoart/12839909303 cc - flickr.com/photos/kalexanderson/7175627336 RDF - flickr.com/photos/gertcha/8292978031

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