Convergence critical careers may 11 2012 hamilton (2)

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Convergence critical careers may 11 2012 hamilton (2)

  1. 1. Critical Occupations in the Next Economy Sally A. Hamilton, Ph. D. LeBow College of Business Drexel University
  2. 2. The Current Economic Situation• Forecasts concur that the recession and downturn have bottomed out…. – A huge deficit in jobs still exists compared to pre-recession levels. The U.S. has lost 5.3 million jobs(-3.8%) and California is down 6.6% over the last four year. – Overall wages have not risen over the last decade.• Forecasts can’t seem to agree on when the local economy will recover, and what form that recovery will take. – Some estimates are that California will continue to see labor markets at the 2007 level for at least four more years.• Commercial vacancies are high- 23% in the greater Sacramento area• Over half of all college graduates can’t find employment locally in their field• Long term unemployment is over 40% http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov; http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cwed;
  3. 3. The Current Labor Market Situation • Regional unemployment has recently dropped slightly, from over 12% to slightly above 11%. That is good news, but still more than double the rate of 5 years ago. • The California rate is currently 11.5% and the U.S. is 11.5% • Online job postings • The latest monthly report by the Conference Board said there were 25,600 ads posted in Sacramento, a nearly 15 percent gain from 22,300 in April 2011. The April total was down slightly from 26,200 ads in March. • Sacramento went from second nationwide in the number of unemployed per online advertised job vacancy to fourth in the new report, with 4.29 job seekers for every online opening Monthly Unemployment (%) 14.0% 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% Apr-06 Apr-07 Apr-08 Apr-09 Apr-10 Apr-11 Jan-06 Oct-06 Jan-07 Oct-07 Jan-08 Oct-08 Jan-09 Oct-09 Jan-10 Oct-10 Jan-11 Oct-11 Jan-12 Jul-06 Jul-07 Jul-08 Jul-09 Jul-10 Jul-11 Sacramento California U.S.http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov
  4. 4. Employment in Sacramento Region Today • Overall employment in the region is increasing, over the last couple of months. Employment has increased locally in local governments, professional and business services, and professional, scientific and technical services. • Some industries see continuing declines, including retail, utilities, and transportation. • The year over picture is weaker, with a slight decrease in employment year over year. Hospitality, recreation, and good services accounted for the majority of this. • There were increases in several sectors year over year, including education and health services. Industry Feb-12 Mar-12 Change Mar-11 Mar-12 Change All Industries 803,000 807,800 4,800 810,900 807,800 -3,100 Total Farm 6,500 6,900 400 7,200 6,900 -300 Total NonFarm 796,500 800,900 4,400 803,700 800,900 -2,800 Mining and Logging 400 400 0 400 400 0 Construction 31,600 31,900 300 33,600 31,900 -1,700 Manufacturing 32,900 32,600 -300 32,600 32,600 0 Trade, Transportation and Utilities 132,600 132,200 -400 130,900 132,200 1,300 Information Services 16,700 16,600 -100 16,800 16,600 -200 Financial Activities 46,900 46,800 -100 46,200 46,800 600 Professional and Business Services 100,400 102,100 1,700 101,300 102,100 800 Education and Health Services 105,100 104,900 -200 101,800 104,900 3,100 Leisure and Hospitality 76,700 77,200 500 82,200 77,200 -5,000 Other Services 27,800 28,500 700 27,600 28,500 900 Government 225,400 227,700 2,300 230,300 227,700 -2,600http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov
  5. 5. The Next Economy • The Next Economy Task Force has identified key areas of focus for economic growth • Life Sciences and Health Services • Information and Communications Technology • Advanced Manufacturing • Clean Energy Technology • Agribusiness and Food • Education and Knowledge Creation • Knowledge Intensive Business and Financial Services • These last two can be viewed as cutting across all other clusters • These clusters represent combinations of economic and locational strength for our region. • They also represent opportunities for job growth and increased employment • Based on these clusters, education providers need to be prepared for the occupations that will see growth and help the workforce to be able to meet the future employment demandData source: CSER Next Economy
  6. 6. The Question• We know that growth in these industry clusters will act as a crucible for further growth across all layers of the occupational pyramid.• What are the occupations critical to supporting the region’s key economic clusters?• The educational objective is to meet needs for skilled, solid employment that will generate job growth throughout the workforce spectrum.
  7. 7. Projections for Sacramento Region Percent growth Annual New Annual Replacement Annual Total Median Annual Occupational Title rate, 10 yrs Jobs Needs Jobs Salary Total, All Occupations 10.5 11,018 22,330 33,348 $39,567 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 24.8 1,020 845 1,865 $81,557 Healthcare Support Occupations 27.0 557 243 800 $29,645 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 14.4 438 541 979 $76,177 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 11.3 735 1,303 2,038 $59,762 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 18.7 272 416 688 $67,419 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 15.1 1,116 1,599 2,715 $50,420 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 13.1 965 2,625 3,590 $19,446 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 10.9 209 381 590 $82,718http://www.labormarketinfo.edd.ca.gov
  8. 8. Health and Life Sciences OccupationsAcupuncturists Life ScientistsAnesthesiologists Medical and Health Services ManagersExercise Physiologists Health Information TechniciansBacteriologists Medical ScientistsBehavioral Health Technicians Laboratory TechnologistsBiochemists Nurse PractitionersBiological Scientists Respiratory Therapy TechniciansBiological Technicians EpidemiologistsBiomaterials Engineers Family and General PractitionersBiomedical Engineers Forensic PsychologistsBiomedical Equipment Technicians Health Diagnosing and TreatingMedical Researchers PractitionersCardiologists Health EducatorsChemists Health Practitioner Support TechnologistsChild and Family Counselors and TechniciansChiropractors Social WorkersDietitians Occupational Therapy and PhysicalLaboratory Technologists and Technicians Therapists, Assistants and AidesCounselors OptometristsSurgeons PharmacistsDentists, Dental Surgeons Public Health OfficialsDiagnostic Related Technologists and Technicians PsychologistsDietitians and Nutritionists Registered Nurses- all specialtiesEmergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
  9. 9. Health and Life Sciences Annual growth Annual Annual Total Annual Annual Education andOccupation rate % new jobs replacement Job Growth Wages Training LevelsOccupational and Physical Therapists 4.2 11 20 31 $145,938 ProfessionalDentists 1.7 22 28 50 $126,985 ProfessionalPharmacists 1.8 22 19 41 ProfessionalPhysicians and Surgeons 1.9 3 2 5 $50,858 ProfessionalChiropractors 2.1 3 2 5 $50,858 ProfessionalPsychiatrists 2.3 5 4 9 $50,858 ProfessionalSurgeons 2.5 24 15 39 $165,516 ProfessionalFamily and General Practitioners 2.9 15 9 24 $94,973 ProfessionalAnesthesiologists 2.9 4 6 10 $90,467 ProfessionalOptometrists 2.9 8 5 13 ProfessionalMedical Scientists 4.7 77 33 110 $87,787 ProfessionalMental Social Workers 1.4 9 14 23 $41,471 Master’sMental Health Counselors 1.7 13 14 27 $60,126 Master’sSpeech-Language Pathologists 2.2 17 13 30 $75,765 Master’sCounselors 2.4 8 7 15 $30,818 Master’sOccupational Therapists 3.0 16 10 26 $88,138 Master’sPhysical Therapists 3.3 33 12 45 $86,545 Master’sMedical and Health Services Managers 1.9 39 40 79 $98,459 Bachelors PlusMedical and Clinical LaboratoryTechnologists 1.7 12 13 25 $62,969 BachelorsDietitians and Nutritionists 2.3 12 18 30 $67,901 BachelorsMedical and Public Health Social Workers 2.4 12 13 25 $62,106 Bachelors
  10. 10. Health and Life Sciences Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Annual Education andOccupation rate % jobs replacement Job Growth Wages Training LevelsMedical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1.6 18 20 38 $41,903 AssociatesDiagnostic Medical Sonographers 1.7 4 3 7 $82,572 AssociatesRadiologic Technologists and Technicians 2.2 19 12 31 $72,687 AssociatesMedical Records and Health InformationTechnicians 2.3 16 13 29 $40,198 AssociatesRegistered Nurses 2.6 393 261 654 $92,678 AssociatesRespiratory Therapists 2.6 20 13 33 $70,015 AssociatesDental Hygienists 3.8 67 36 103 $94,088 AssociatesPhysical Therapist Assistants 3.9 9 3 12 $56,441 AssociatesHealthcare Practitioners and TechnicalWorkers, 2.0 14 15 29 $50,117 Voc EdHealth Technologists and Technicians 2.1 64 93 157 $54,611 Voc EdLicensed Practical and Licensed VocationalNurses 2.2 31 19 50 $35,985 Voc EdMassage Therapists 2.8 161 76 237 $35,226 Voc EdOpticians, Dispensing 1.8 52 60 112 $37,963 OJTSocial and Human Service Assistants 3.2 46 36 82 $38,867 OJTPharmacy Technicians 3.6 101 31 132 $29,365 OJTDental Assistants 3.9 7 5 12 $41,239 OJTMedical Equipment Repairers 1.7 28 17 45 $35,487 OJTHealthcare Support Workers 1.9 5 3 8 $33,829 OJTNursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 2.0 10 6 16 $27,875 OJTHome Health Aides 4.6 12 4 16 $23,887 OJT
  11. 11. Information and Communications Technology Occupations• Computer and Information • Database and Systems Research Scientists Administrators and Network• Computational Theory Scientists Architects• Computer and Information • Administrators, Computer Analysts Systems Hardware• Analysts, Information Security • Architects, Computer Network• Software Developers and • Computer Support Specialists Programmers • Computer User Support• Architects, Computer Systems Specialists Software • Computer Network Support• Designers, Web Specialists• Computer Hardware Designers • Computer Laboratory Technicians• Computer Hardware Engineers • Mathematical Science Occupations • Health Informatics
  12. 12. Information and Communications Technology Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Annual Education and TrainingOccupation rate % jobs replacement Job Growth Wages LevelsComputer and InformationSystems Managers 1.2 23 31 54 $109,870 BachelorsComputer and Mathematical Certification/Occupations 1.4 438 541 979 $76,177 AssociatesComputer Software Engineers, Certification/Applications 2.9 96 28 124 $82,742 AssociatesComputer Software Engineers, Certification/Systems Software 1.8 77 35 112 $89,750 Associates Certification/Database Administrators 1.6 12 12 24 $71,901 AssociatesNetwork and Computer Systems Certification/Administrators 1.9 38 32 70 $74,018 AssociatesNetwork Systems and Data Certification/Communications Analysts 4.4 70 29 99 $72,505 Associates
  13. 13. Advanced Manufacturing• A survey of U.S. manufacturing employers found that 80 percent of respondents said that they had a serious problem finding qualified candidates for the highly technical world of modern manufacturing. (National Association of Manufacturers) http://www.doleta.gov/brg/indprof/Manufacturing_profile.cfm• Jobs in the Advanced Manufacturing industry require a variety of skill sets. • Workers need the production skills to set up, operate, monitor and control the manufacturing process. • They need the process design and development skills to continuously improve production processes. • They need skills in health and safety to maintain a safe work environment. • They need skills in maintenance, installation and repair to maintain and optimize complex equipment and systems. • They need knowledge of supply chain logistics in order to plan and monitor the movement and storage of materials and products. • Finally, manufacturing workers need skills in quality assurance and continuous improvement to ensure that products and processes meet quality requirements.
  14. 14. Advanced Manufacturing Occupations• Logisticians • Industrial Engineers• Operations Research Analysts • Drafters, Engineering Technicians,• Analysts, Operations and Mapping Technicians• Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineers • Industrial Engineering Technicians• Chemists and Chemical Engineers • Plant and System Operators• Electrical and Electronics Engineers • Ceramic Scientists• Circuit Design Engineers • Crude Testers• Efficiency Engineers • Assembly Line Supervisors• Metal Engineers • Assemblers and Fabricators• Mechanical Engineers • Metal Workers and Plastic Workers• Mining and Geological Engineers • Machinists • Petroleum Engineers• Electro-Mechanical Technicians
  15. 15. Advanced Manufacturing Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Education and TrainingOccupation rate jobs replacement Job Growth Annual Wages LevelsEngineers 1.1 140 251 391 $86,679 BachelorsMathematical Scientists 1.3 22 50 72 $71,205 MastersOperations Research Analysts 1.3 21 46 67 $71,205 MastersGeoscientists 1.9 12 20 32 $73,179 MastersManagement Analysts 1.2 75 110 185 $66,339 Bachelors PlusCivil Engineers 1.6 71 75 146 $97,149 BachelorsPurchasing Agents 1.7 26 41 67 $56,060 BachelorsMechanical Engineers 1.1 9 23 32 $83,285 BachelorsLogisticians 1.9 7 8 15 $72,722 BachelorsIndustrial Engineers 1.7 6 9 15 $76,679 BachelorsElectrical and ElectronicsRepairers, Commercial andIndustrial Equipment 1.7 4 4 8 $74,949 Voc EdProduction Workers 1.5 10 15 25 $27,623 OJTMixing and Blending MachineSetters, Operators, and Tenders 1.8 9 9 18 $30,512 OJTExtruding, Forming, Pressing,and Compacting MachineSetters, Operators, and Tenders 1.3 1 3 4 $29,205 OJT
  16. 16. Clean Energy Technology• In July, President Obama’s Council of Economic Advisors released a report saying that the stimulus package had saved or created over 330 000 clean- energy jobs in the first half of this year. Those jobs mainly went to electricians, solar photovoltaic installers, wind-turbine technicians, etc.• The Clean Edge survey, which was published last October, found that the top five clean-tech jobs sectors are solar, biofuels and biomaterials, conservation and efficiency, the smart grid, and wind power. • An entry-level geothermal power engineer gets a median salary of about US $71 800. • The median salary for a midlevel hardware design engineer in the smart-grid industry is $87 700, while a midlevel design engineer in solar PV made $65 000. http://spectrum.ieee.org/at-work/tech- careers/renewable-energy-renewable-jobs
  17. 17. Clean Energy Technology Occupations• Alternative Fuel and Hybrid Technician • Industrial Engineer• Architect ‐ Green Building and Design • Industrial Production Managers• Plant Operations • Landscape Architect• Civil Engineer/Civil Engineering Technician • LEED Accredited Professionals• Control System Applications Engineer • Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineers• Electrical/Electronic Engineer/Technician • Power System Operations and Engineering• Energy Engineer/Energy Infrastructure • Solar and PV Installation Engineer • Solar Energy Engineer and Systems Design• Energy Manager and Analyst • Solar Inverter Systems Engineer• Environmental Engineer or Technician • Solar Lab Plant Operations• Environmental Health and Safety • Solar Systems Installer Managers • Solar/PV Fabrication, Installation & Testing• Green Building Construction and Design • Sustainable Assemblers• Hazardous Materials Removal Worker • Water and Wastewater Management and Engineering
  18. 18. Clean Energy Technology Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Education andOccupation rate % jobs replacement Job Growth Annual Wages Training LevelsEngineering Managers 1.3 17 27 44 $121,209 Bachelors PlusEnvironmental Scientists andSpecialists 1.4 27 55 82 $75,875 BachelorsEnvironmental Engineers 2.3 11 10 21 $80,485 BachelorsArchitects 1.2 14 19 33 $90,778 BachelorsEngineers 1.1 140 251 391 $86,679 BachelorsEnvironmental EngineeringTechnicians 2.4 5 4 9 $47,099 Voc EdMechanics and Installers 1.9 20 18 38 $45,506 OJTWater and Waste TreatmentPlant and System Operators 2.3 13 13 26 $61,964 OJTHazardous Materials RemovalWorkers 1.2 2 5 7 $37,067 OJTRefuse and Recyclable MaterialCollectors 1.6 21 37 58 $41,740 OJTElectrical Installers and Repairers 1.4 5 13 18 $83,121 OJTPower Plant Operators 1.2 2 6 8 $80,159 OJT
  19. 19. Agriculture and Food Occupations • Mechanical Engineer• Agrichemical specialist • Nursery operator• Agricultural Engineer • Organic certification• Agricultural Mechanic or Technician • Organic chemist• Biological Engineer • Organic dairy production• Commodity Buyer • Organic food processing• Crop consultant • Organic product development• Crop Insurance • Organic researcher• Entomologist • Pest controller• Environmental scientist • Plant and animal breeding specialist• Extension officer • Plant and animal nutritionist• Farm manager • Plant Manager• Feed Production • Plant Pathology biologist• Fisheries scientist • Precision Ag Technician• Food broker • Research technologist• Food Processing • Sales• Food technology specialist • Seed producer• Forest science specialist • Soil chemist• Grain Merchandiser • Soil conservationist• Greenhouse manager • Soil microbiologist• Greenhouse technician • Weed scientist• Integrated pest management • Wetland specialist• Irrigations technologist
  20. 20. Agriculture and Food Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Annual Education andOccupation rate jobs replacement Job Growth Wages Training LevelsNatural Sciences Managers 1.8 11 18 29 $101,657 Bachelors PlusHydrologists 0.7 1 4 5 $98,142 Master’sChemists 0.4 3 28 31 $63,818 Master’sConservation Scientists 0.5 2 4 6 $68,805 Bachelors PlusBiological Scientists, All Other 2.0 8 11 19 $72,808 BachelorsSoil and Plant Scientists 2.0 5 9 14 $74,940 BachelorsFood Scientists and Technologists 2.7 3 4 7 $75,020 BachelorsEngineering Technicians 1.3 6 9 15 $55,102 AssociatesFarm Equipment Mechanics 1.7 2 2 4 $40,464 Voc EdFood Preparation and Serving RelatedOccupations 1.3 965 2,625 3,590 $19,446 OJTCombined Food Preparation andServing Workers 1.9 278 309 587 $18,946 OJTHosts and Hostesses, Restaurant,Lounge, and Coffee Shop 1.3 28 152 180 $19,207 OJTMeat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters andTrimmers 1.6 7 14 21 $26,635 OJTFood Processing Workers 1.2 37 90 127 $24,000 OJTAgricultural Workers, All Other 0.4 2 7 9 $27,679 OJT
  21. 21. Role of Education in Supporting the Next Economy• How can educators support and help meet the occupational needs of the Next Economy?• Success will be comprised of a partnership between employers, K-12 education, vocational education and community colleges, and public and private universities and colleges.• Focus. Pick a given cluster or occupational area and focus on improving outcomes in those areas, matching occupations to your key competencies.• Be nimble. Be able to cut across bureaucracy to address needs quickly.
  22. 22. Role of Education in Supporting the Next Economy• A key success factor is the ability of educators and educational institutions to provide students with experiential education.• To do this, educators need to actively and genuinely engage in the world around them, provide solid leadership, and work across silos to build partnerships for success.
  23. 23. Appendix
  24. 24. Business and Financial Services Occupations• Business Operations Specialists• Claims Adjusters, Appraisers, Examiners, and Investigators• Financial Specialists• Accountants and Auditors• Appraisers and Assessors• Budget Analysts• Credit Analysts• Financial Analysts and Advisors• Analysts, Insurance• Financial Examiners• Bank Examiners• Credit Counselors and Loan Officers• Agents, Mortgage Loan• Tax Examiners, Collectors and Preparers, and Revenue Agents• Financial Specialists, Miscellaneous• Actuaries• Financial Clerks
  25. 25. Knowledge Intensive Business Services Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Job Education andOccupation rate % jobs replacement Growth Annual Wages Training LevelsFinancial Specialists 1.1 273 421 694 $65,393 MastersBusiness Operations Specialists 1.1 462 882 1,344 $68,223 MastersMarket Research Analysts 2.2 31 39 70 $60,653 MastersLoan Counselors 2.7 3 1 4 $42,400 BachelorsPersonal Financial Advisors 2.2 53 25 78 $49,967 BachelorsEmployment, Recruitment, andPlacement Specialists 1.8 19 27 46 $50,536 BachelorsCredit Analysts 1.4 6 7 13 $56,031 BachelorsCompensation, Benefits, and JobAnalysis Specialists 2.0 16 22 38 $61,608 BachelorsCost Estimators 1.9 35 41 76 $61,670 BachelorsAccountants and Auditors 1.5 104 114 218 $63,553 BachelorsHuman Resources, Training, andLabor Relations Specialists, All Other 1.9 42 55 97 $63,842 BachelorsFinancial Examiners 4.6 5 2 7 $67,704 BachelorsBudget Analysts 1.4 13 15 28 $68,243 BachelorsFinancial Analysts 1.8 27 27 54 $73,329 BachelorsBilling and Posting Clerks andMachine Operators 1.4 36 44 80 $33,760 OJTBill and Account Collectors 1.7 43 48 91 $33,835 OJTProcurement Clerks 1.2 3 10 13 $41,106 OJT
  26. 26. Education and Knowledge Creation• Postsecondary Teachers- includes college professors, professional schools• Fellows, Teaching• Vocational Educators• Military Science Teachers• Preschool, Primary, Secondary, and Special Education School Teachers• Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors• Self-Enrichment Education Teachers• Citizenship Teachers• Public Relations• Interpreters• Librarians
  27. 27. Education and Knowledge Creation Annual growth Annual new Annual Total Annual Job Education andOccupation rate % jobs replacement Growth Annual Wages Training LevelsPostsecondary Teachers 1.7 263 276 539 $81,198 DoctorateLibrarians, Curators, andArchivists 1.0 13 46 59 $66,012 Master’sSurvey Researchers 3.0 8 7 15 $35,592 MastersPrimary, Secondary, andSpecial Education SchoolTeachers 1.4 511 864 1,375 $59,300 Bachelors PlusOther Teachers andInstructors 1.9 135 107 242 $34,692 Bachelors PlusTraining and DevelopmentSpecialists 1.9 22 30 52 $57,568 BachelorsEducation Administrators 2.7 8 9 17 $80,306 BachelorsPublic Relations Specialists 2.1 51 59 110 $71,126 BachelorsSocial Science ResearchAssistants 2.0 4 9 13 $38,082 Voc EdInterpreters and Translators 2.2 15 17 32 $38,209 OJT

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