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Mat Dev 220092010

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the roles of textbook and the amount of reliance. the advantages and disadvantages.

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Mat Dev 220092010

  1. 1. MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT & ADAPTATION ( CED 2213)
  2. 2. THE ROLES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS & TEXTBOOKS <ul><li>Resource for presentation materials – both spoken & written </li></ul><ul><li>Source of activities for learners practice & communicative interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Reference source for grammar, vocabulary & pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Source for stimulation & ideas for classroom language activities </li></ul><ul><li>As syllabus (reflect learning objectives which have already been determined) </li></ul><ul><li>Resource for self-directed learning </li></ul><ul><li>A support for less experienced teachers </li></ul><ul><li>c7 </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE AMOUNT OF RELIANCE <ul><li>Amount of reliance on textbooks indicates the perception of the teacher towards t/b & T&L process </li></ul><ul><li>Over dependence on t/b will see each text is carefully studied & followed meticulously </li></ul><ul><li>Over reliance is more commonly found in schools with centralized syllabus, (i.e. Malaysia) where officially approved t/b is prescribed for use </li></ul><ul><li>C9-11 </li></ul>
  4. 4. DISADVANTAGES OF OVER RELIANCE <ul><li>Possible lack of variety in teaching procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced range of response to individual student needs & problems </li></ul><ul><li>Possible lack of spontaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced level of creativity in teaching techniques & language use </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the importance of individual contributions of the teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Stifle innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Severely limits flexibility </li></ul>
  5. 5. BALANCED RELATIONSHIP <ul><li>Balanced means a basic textbook is used selectively and supported by a variety of supplementary materials </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can select materials from a range of alternatives & sources </li></ul><ul><li>T/b serves as a framework for language content & sequencing but used selectively & supplemented by other materials whenever desirable. </li></ul><ul><li>C9-11 </li></ul>
  6. 6. ADVANTAGES OF BALANCED RELATIONSHIP <ul><li>There is a common framework provided by the textbook that acts as a point of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Less experienced teachers can use the book as heavily as they need to </li></ul><ul><li>There is a scope for replacing unsuitable parts of the book with other materials </li></ul><ul><li>There is a scope for teachers to develop confidence to experiment with alternative materials </li></ul><ul><li>Gives more variety to classroom activities & teaching techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Gives more flexible response to students’ individual needs. </li></ul>

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