Lecture 2 Differences between Writing & Speech

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Lecture 2 Differences between Writing & Speech

  1. 1. WRITING SKILLSWRITING SKILLSCED 1224CED 1224Lecture 2Lecture 2Differences between writingDifferences between writingand speechand speechMurni SalinaMurni SalinaFac of Education & Social ScienceFac of Education & Social ScienceUNISEL Bestari JayaUNISEL Bestari Jaya
  2. 2. Differences between writingand speech• Written and spoken language differin many ways. However some forms ofwriting are closer to speech thanothers, and vice versa. Below aresome of the ways in which these twoforms of language differ:
  3. 3. Differences between writingand speech• Writing is usuallypermanent andwritten textscannot usually bechanged once theyhave beenprinted/writtenout.• Speech is usuallytransient, unlessrecorded, andspeakers cancorrect themselvesand change theirutterances as theygo along.
  4. 4. Differences between writingand speech• Written languagetends to be morecomplex andintricate thanspeech with longersentences andmany subordinateclauses. Thepunctuation andlayout of writtentexts also have nospoken equivalent.• Spoken languagetends to be full ofrepetitions,incompletesentences,corrections andinterruptions, withthe exception offormal speechesand other scriptedforms of speech,such as newsreports and scriptsfor plays and films.
  5. 5. Differences between writingand speech• Writers can makeuse of punctuation,headings, layout,colours and othergraphical effectsin their writtentexts. Such thingsare not available inspeech.• Speech can usetiming, tone,volume, and timbreto add emotionalcontext.
  6. 6. Differences between writingand speech• Some grammaticalconstructions areonly used inwriting, as aresome kinds ofvocabulary, such assome complexchemical and legalterms.• Some types ofvocabulary areused only or mainlyin speech. Theseinclude slangexpressions, andtags like yknow,like, etc.
  7. 7. Differences between writingand speech• Some grammaticalconstructions areonly used inwriting, as aresome kinds ofvocabulary, such assome complexchemical and legalterms.• Some types ofvocabulary areused only or mainlyin speech. Theseinclude slangexpressions, andtags like yknow,like, etc.

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