CHAPTER 3THE ROLE OF MULTIMEDIA IN EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY IN ELT MURNI SALINA B.Sc. Ed (TESL) UTM, Skudai M’sia
DEFINITION OF MULTIMEDIAFrom the words ‘multi’ and ‘media/medium’Multi – refers to many or multipleMedia/medium – is a tool, vehicle or agent to present or convey somethingMultimedia is all about communicating in several ways
MULTIMEDIA ELEMENTS AUDIO TEXT VIDEO MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM GRAPHIC ANIMATION INTERACTIVE
THE ROLE OF MULTIMEDIAPRESENTATION IN EDUCATIONTeachers to develop simple effective presentation for small group, a class or web-based presentationStudents to develop a presentation based on a task assigned or research
THE ROLE OF MULTIMEDIAPRESENTATION IN EDUCATIONThey can lecture better using slide presentations.They can annotate existing files live while lecturing.They are freed from physical proximity to the blackboard.Technology enhances collaboration among teachers.
WHY USE MULTIMEDIATECHNOLOGY?User friendly interfaceMeaningful and ease of useInteractivitySelf-paced interactionCost effectiveness with greater efficiency
INTERACTIVITY OF MULTIMEDIALinear presentation Non-linear presentation Main Page Scene 1 Scene 2 Scene 3 Scene 3 hypertext hypermedia start continuous end Home video
Types of Multimedia Presentation3 categories of multimedia presentation :-linear Presents information in sequence from the beginning till the end Navigation controls allow users to move forward or to the previous page
Types of Multimedia Presentation Start Scene 1 Scene 2 Scene 3 End Linear presentation
Types of Multimedia PresentationNon-linear simple Centralised information presentation Consists a menu which connects between information Navigation controls allow users to reach information in the first slide, second and so on.
Types of Multimedia Presentation Start Fourth slide First slide Main Menu Third slide Second slide Exit Non-linear simple
Types of Multimedia PresentationNon-linear complex All slides are connected directly. Users’ navigations in any slides can be moved freely. Each slides has connections directly and are allowed to return to any slides.
Types of Multimedia Presentation Start Main Menu First slide Fourth slide Second slide Exit Third slide Non-linear complex
Criteria of MS PowerpointCreate & customize slide master- can edit slide master such inserting logo,pictures, etc.Extract NarrationCreate web presentation"internal hyperlinks" that connect one slide to another, complete with "action" and "return" buttons.
Criteria of MS Powerpointset up "custom shows," - allow to specify which slides of a presentation should be shown, and in what order... without having to "hide" or rearrange slides via slide sorter view.set slide timings, create automatically repeating slide shows, and even record narration.
Criteria of MS Powerpointable to "annotate" slides during a presentation, with electronic "pencils," "felt-tipped pens," or "highlighters"... and save your annotations
MEDIUM OF DELIVERYStandalone Web-based application application An application that is An application that is accessed from storage accessed with a web devices browser over a network Such as Such as Floppy-disk The internet Hard disk The intranet CD ROM DVD ROM
WHERE TO USE MULTIMEDIASYSTEM? medical Business and home industries MULTIMEDIA others IN VARIOUS entertainment FIELDS Education and communication training administration
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNETGrey (1999) has identified four ways in which the internet can function as an educational tool in the classroom and these four ways are also applicable in ESL/EFL classrooms.
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNET1. Search for and receive2. Publish and provide3. Talk to and reply4. Collaborate and learn
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNETSearch for and receive Comprises activities that are based on using the internet as a huge virtual library. In these activities students search for and retrieve information from this library.
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNETPublish and provide These activities involve not the retrieval, but the publication of information. This publishing is done on web pages, which are the basic places where information is stored on the internet.
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNETTalk to and reply These are conversational activities that take place via the internet through email correspondence and in ‘chat’ rooms. This category could also include internet phone conversations.
FOUR BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THEINTERNETCollaborate and learn This category includes joint projects that involve students in two or more classrooms that might be thousands of miles apart. This fourth way of integrating the internet usually involves one or more of the other three ways.
MULTIMEDIA DEVELOPMENTUser interface principles Provide an organize structure Provide a simple design Keep the user interface visible Provide informative feedback Keep the user interface flexible Minimize memory load Provide shortcuts for frequent users