Abstract writing


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Abstract writing

  1. 1. Abstract Writing 8 February 2012 Cristina Costa (Academic Development Unit) Victoria Sheppard (Research & Innovation)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Identifying conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Call for Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Writing your abstract </li></ul><ul><li>What happens next? </li></ul>Overview
  3. 3. <ul><li>Why do them? </li></ul>1. Academic Conferences Testing ideas, methods, results Feedback & new perspectives Dissemination Raising profile Networking Professional development Help write thesis
  4. 4. <ul><li>When to do them? </li></ul><ul><li>How to find out about them? </li></ul><ul><li>Which ones to choose </li></ul><ul><li>Practicalities – location, funding Scope and interest Previous conferences Reputation Programme </li></ul>Conferences cont.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>UK Social Policy Association http://www.social-policy.org.uk/conference.html </li></ul><ul><li>QRMH4 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/sociology/events/qrmh/index.aspx </li></ul>2. Call for Papers
  6. 6. <ul><li>To extract: </li></ul><ul><li>Theme (flexibility) </li></ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Postgraduate submissions </li></ul><ul><li>What to submit and when </li></ul><ul><li>Previous conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers </li></ul>Call for Papers cont.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Primary audience = conference committee/reviewer </li></ul><ul><li>How do you convince committee that: </li></ul><ul><li>Your research is important, relevant and interesting </li></ul><ul><li>It contributes something to the field </li></ul><ul><li>Research is rigorous ? </li></ul><ul><li>all in less than 300 words! </li></ul>3. Writing the Abstract
  8. 8. <ul><li>Create a Research Space </li></ul><ul><li>3 steps or ‘moves’ to introduce your research. </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed form for an abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a territory </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a niche </li></ul><ul><li>Occupy the niche </li></ul><ul><li>Swales and Feak (2000), English in Today’s Research World, University of Michigan press </li></ul>CARS model
  9. 9. <ul><li>This can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1: Claiming centrality (eg. The effect of...has been studied extensively in recent years) </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Making topic generalisation (eg. There is now much evidence to support the hypothesis that...) </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Reviewing items of previous research (eg. Observations by Smith (1999), Miller (2001) and Morton (2007) suggest that….) </li></ul>Establishing a territory
  10. 10. <ul><li>This can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1A: Counter claiming (eg. However, these studies have failed to recognise the….) OR </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1B: Indicating a gap (eg. Despite the importance of..., few researchers have studied...) OR </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1C: Question raising ( In spite of these early observations, the mechanism...has remained unclear ) OR </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1D: Continuing a tradition (eg. Hence, additional studies of...are needed. ) </li></ul>Establishing a niche
  11. 11. <ul><li>This can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1A: Outlining purposes (eg. the purpose of this paper is to…./ This paper evaluates the effect of … on …. ) OR </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Announcing principal findings (eg. This paper hopes to show that... ) </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Indicating structure (eg. I will outline… before demonstrating how…) </li></ul><ul><li>Really important in conference abstract to identify what THIS PAPER will cover. </li></ul><ul><li>Not presenting entire research project, one aspect of it </li></ul>Occupying a niche
  12. 12. Example 1 How does this abstract estalish a territory? “… has long been seen as crucial for…” claiming centrality Summary of how this topic has been talked about – topic generalisation and review Establish a niche? “ rather than…. this paper seeks to…” counter claiming “rethinking existing narratives…” raising questions Occupy a niche? “ this paper seeks to…” Outlining purposes “ This paper will focus on two…” Structure “First it will explore …. Second…” structure “ This paper will argue that…” announcing findings
  13. 13. Group Work Look at the other examples of abstracts Identify the moves made by writer What type of audience do you think they are aimed at? Any other features of style and language.
  14. 14. What happens next? Reviewing Process Criteria - examples