Biology of Cells
<ul><li>Biology : ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>A _____is the basic building block of all living things...
<ul><li>Life Processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything that is considered living must  __________________________________ <...
<ul><ul><li>R eproduction : ____________________________ _________________________________________________________________...
<ul><ul><li>N utrition : _____________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T ransport : ___________________________...
<ul><li>Exceptions to the Cell Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________...
<ul><ul><li>Types of Cells </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prokaryotic Cell : _________________________ ___________________________...
<ul><li>Eukaryotic Cell : _________________________ _______________________________________ ______________________________...
<ul><li>Animal and plant cells have many similarities, but also have some structural differences to better fit the functio...
<ul><li>Using the diagrams above fill in the chart below listing the organelles that are specific to plant and animal cell...
<ul><li>Studying Cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microscope : _____________________________ __________________________________...
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Staining : _________________________________ _________________________________________ </li></ul>Adds color to cel...
<ul><li>Electron Microscope : _______________________ __________________________________________ _________________________...
<ul><li>Levels of Organization in Living Things </li></ul>Cell Made up of organelles Tissue Collection of cells Organ Coll...
 
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Biology of Cells notes

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Biology of Cells notes

  1. 1. Biology of Cells
  2. 2. <ul><li>Biology : ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>A _____is the basic building block of all living things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cell Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>______________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>______________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>______________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul>The study of living things cell All living things are composed of cells All cells come from other cells All cells carry out all life processes
  3. 3. <ul><li>Life Processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything that is considered living must __________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R espiration : ______________________________ ___________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R egulation : ______________________________ _________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homeostasis : __________________________ ______________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul>carry out all life processes respond/react to changes in the internal and external environment converting food energy into usable energy (ATP) Organisms ability to maintain a constant internal environment
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>R eproduction : ____________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E xcretion : _______________________________ ________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>G rowth : _________________________________ </li></ul></ul>Increasing the size of the organism Producing offspring, increasing the number of organisms; necessary for the survival of the species, not an individual Removal of metabolic wastes from organism
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>N utrition : _____________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T ransport : _______________________________ ______________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S ynthesis : ____________________________ _____________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-living things may perform some of the life processes, but not all of them </li></ul></ul>obtaining or producing food movement of materials throughout the organism Combining smaller units to Produce larger molecules
  6. 6. <ul><li>Exceptions to the Cell Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>___________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________ contain DNA or RNA, the information molecules of living things, but ______________________ ______________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____________________________ also contain DNA and can reproduce themselves, but _____________________ ______________________________________________ </li></ul></ul>The first cell on Earth could not have come from another cell Viruses Cannot reproduce on their own, require a host cell Mitochondria and chloroplast Are not considered living because they don’t carry out all life processes are not considered living because they do not perform all life processes
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Types of Cells </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prokaryotic Cell : _________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: ____________________________ </li></ul></ul>Simple cells that lack a defined nucleus an all other membrane bound organelles Bacteria ( E.coli, Salmonella )
  8. 8. <ul><li>Eukaryotic Cell : _________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: ____________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ _______________ </li></ul></ul>Complex cell that has a defined nucleus along with other membrane bound organelles (mitochondria, ER, Golgi) Animal and plant cells Animal Cell Plant Cell
  9. 9. <ul><li>Animal and plant cells have many similarities, but also have some structural differences to better fit the functions of animals and plants specifically </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Using the diagrams above fill in the chart below listing the organelles that are specific to plant and animal cells: </li></ul>Centrioles Lysosome Large Central Vacuole Chloroplast Cell Wall
  11. 11. <ul><li>Studying Cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microscope : _____________________________ _______________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compound Light Microscope : ____________ ______________________________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only possible to see certain organelles in a cell (ex: _____________________________) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Instrument used to study objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye Membrane, nucleus, chloroplasts Has two lenses to magnify an image
  12. 16. <ul><li>Staining : _________________________________ _________________________________________ </li></ul>Adds color to cells to make the cell And organelles more visible
  13. 17. <ul><li>Electron Microscope : _______________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can provide 3-D image of cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a more detailed image than a light microscope </li></ul></ul>Provides much greater magnification than light microscope to see smaller structures and organelles Paramecium under light microscope Mitochondria under electron microscope
  14. 18. <ul><li>Levels of Organization in Living Things </li></ul>Cell Made up of organelles Tissue Collection of cells Organ Collection of tissues Organ System Collection of organs Organism Collection of organ systems

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