Age of Sustainable Development

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This presentation is based on Dr. Jeffrey Sach's online course "The Age of Sustainable Development". Effectively consider this a white paper on "Introduction to Sustainable Development". For the higher-quality version, check out:

http://decklaration.com/susdev

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  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • India’s phone to toilet ratio
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Why not build the reports in a presentation format? Or in corporate parlance “a deck”Why slides?It easier to read slides (instead of lengthy documents)Easier to structure ideas as slides are discrete objectsSpeed up document creationSo build all reports in a presentation formatOr in corporate parlance “a deck”Why slides?It easier to read slides (instead of lengthy documents)Easier to structure ideas as slides are discrete objectsYou can leverage prior slides and speed up document creation process
  • Source: American Heritage Magazine ‐ http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2007/3/2007_3_8.shtml
  • Age of Sustainable Development

    1. 1. The Age of Sustainable Development Salahuddin Khawaja Based on Dr. Jeff Sach’s MOOC
    2. 2. I Intro to Sustainable Development
    3. 3. To understand Sustainable Development, we need to look at the population and how it is growing
    4. 4. Current World Population: * Darker shades reflect denser population 7 Billion
    5. 5. Has increased (since the beginning of the industrial revolution) 7 7 fold
    6. 6. And is growing!! 7
    7. 7. So with that context, what exactly is Sustainable Development?
    8. 8. Sustainable development is 2 ideas: 1 2 Way to Set understand this sustainable world ` goals How economic, social, environment and political factors fit together How we make the world prosperous, fair and sustainable? `
    9. 9. Sustainable development is 2 ideas: 1 2 Way to Set understand this sustainable world ` goals How economic, social, environment and political factors fit together How we make the world prosperous, fair and sustainable?
    10. 10. We live in an interconnected world
    11. 11. Our approach to how we live connects us to the physical world
    12. 12. We are the changing our world in unprecedented ways Climate Change Ocean Chemistry Species Extinction Air Quality
    13. 13. Extraordinary times calls for extraordinary measures.
    14. 14. Solutions will be complex. So embracing complexity is the only option.
    15. 15. Using technology in the right way will part of the solution Train powered by fossil fuel Train powered by renewable energy
    16. 16. How do we understand the complicated challenges we face?
    17. 17. Economic Social ` 4 dimensions to the puzzle of understanding our world Environment Political *“Way to understand this world” is an analytical approach, looking holistically at society
    18. 18. Social Inclusion Environment al Sustainabilit y ` Wealth Well Governed 4 dimensions to looking at how to set sensible goals *“Set sustainable goals” is also considered a Normative/ethical approach
    19. 19. Putting it together – Fundamental question
    20. 20. How can we use our knowledge of the interconnections of the economy, society, environment and governance . . .
    21. 21. . . . and think through this crowded 21st century, massive poverty and inequality and environmental stress . . .
    22. 22. . . . to achieve the goal of a wealth society, that is socially inclusive, environmentally sustainable and well governed?
    23. 23. II Economic Growth and Progress
    24. 24. ` Economic well being and prosperity is one crucial aspect of Sustainable Development
    25. 25. There have been great gains in economic well being `
    26. 26. There have been great gains in economic well being The industrial revolution launched decades of growth `
    27. 27. Population has grown alongside economic output Since 1950 the population has almost tripled `
    28. 28. We crossed the 7B in 2011 and are on track to hit 8B by 2024 and 9B by 2040s
    29. 29. The economic and population growth has come at a cost: impact to the planet (this is a challenge for Sustainable Development)
    30. 30. Alongside population and economic growth has come improved health
    31. 31. Infant mortality has decreased to 72% since 1950
    32. 32. Life expectancy has increased by 51%
    33. 33. This shows that progress of all forms is achievable
    34. 34. The key challenge is to ensure that progress is inclusive and environmentally sustainable, otherwise the gains we have made will be fleeting.
    35. 35. III Continuing Poverty
    36. 36. Many countries have escaped from economic hardship, but the prosperity has not been broad based
    37. 37. 1 Billion people live in extreme poverty (face a daily struggle to survive) - 36 -
    38. 38. Income might be a core part of poverty, but there are others: Food H e a l th Se r vi c e s Sa fe Wa te r Sa n ita tio n El e c tr i ci ty Ba s i c Ed u c a ti o n
    39. 39. Huge variation in income levels exist `
    40. 40. As well as infant mortality `
    41. 41. Poverty is mainly concentrated in two regions: Tropical Africa & South Asia
    42. 42. Even in developed countries there are significant pockets of poverty as a result of the uneven distribution of income
    43. 43. A favela (shantytown) of 200,000 people in Rio, right next to high end buildings
    44. 44. Geography of wealth & poverty is complex (not only across regions but within countries)
    45. 45. IV Environmental Threats
    46. 46. We have become a threat to ourselves
    47. 47. Economic production has become so large
    48. 48. Population has increased vastly
    49. 49. World economic output: $ 85 Trillian per year
    50. 50. Physical earth is being overwhelmed
    51. 51. Water we are using Energy we are burning By the: ` Land we are used to feed the planet Pollution from the chemicals used
    52. 52. We are facing an unprecedented climate crises (droughts, floods, heat waves, forest fires, etc.)
    53. 53. As the # of storms increases, so does the economic disruption
    54. 54. This is the new normal. As such, scientists have given our age a new name:
    55. 55. Anthropecene: the human age of the planet
    56. 56. The planet is changing fundamentally as a result of human activity Causing the oceans to be more acidic Changing the Water cycle Warming the atmosphere Melting the Glaciers ` Polluting the air Extinction of other species
    57. 57. The main driver for this is humanity’s massive use of fossil fuels
    58. 58. As a result Carbon Dioxide concentration has increased `
    59. 59. This is what is causing massive disruption to the climate systems
    60. 60. Other factors are at play: Using large amounts of nitrogen based fertilizers Way we are using water ` Carbon Dioxide is making ocean more acidic Chopping Trees to make room for farm land
    61. 61. + Economic Activity = Increase in Population Planet systems are being threatened
    62. 62. How? By trespassing planetary boundaries
    63. 63. Profound risks in trespassing planetary boundaries
    64. 64. Profound risks in trespassing planetary Sustainable boundariesdevelopment is the science of understanding these risks and what we can do to stay within the safe operating limits
    65. 65. Balancing act: Honor the limits as we continue to improve our wellbeing
    66. 66. V Paths
    67. 67. We have two paths that we can take: 1 2 Business as Usual Path Sustainable Development Path vs.
    68. 68. Path 1: Business as Usual – entails staying the course
    69. 69. Pros Poverty has declined Technology has advanced Overall progress (economic growth, infant mortality decreasing)
    70. 70. Pros Poverty has declined Cons Boundaries are being trespassed (climate disasters, etc.) Technology has advanced Growth is not inclusive Overall progress (economic growth, infant mortality decreasing) Not sustainable
    71. 71. There has to be a better way, where the growth is inclusive and environmentally sustainable
    72. 72. Path 2: Sustainable Development
    73. 73. By 2030 70% of the population will live in cities
    74. 74. So, the path to sustainable development will be sustainable cities
    75. 75. Smarter Cities Smart Architecture Smart Transport Clean Energy ` Effective Water Use Recycling Sharing
    76. 76. Let’s take some examples
    77. 77. Electric vehicles charged by electricity produced by clean energy
    78. 78. Wind farms used to produce clean energy
    79. 79. Agriculture improvements (e.g. rice that resists flooding)
    80. 80. Urban farming
    81. 81. The path of sustainable development will ensure that everyone (regardless of sex, age, religion, race) has access to food, education and health
    82. 82. The essence of sustainable development is problem solving
    83. 83. A focused, global effort is needed in a short period of time (decades, not centuries) …
    84. 84. To move to a sustainable development path - 84 -
    85. 85. Miguel Allianz Spider Web Azcolvin429 Alex Proimos Contreras Stethoscopes The Opte Project Boston globe Alicia Nijdam Occupy Secl New Scientist Frederic James Bisson Gralo Eliezer Borges Cridland Paulo URENIO Barcellos Jr. Michael Movchin eathead1962 Chris Lim IRRI Images Lars Karlsson Mihael Simonic
    86. 86. Developed and Designed by Salahuddin Khawaja s@decklaration.com +1 917 523 6904 More at Decklaration.com ABOUT THE AUTHOR Salah has 14 years of experience, primarily in the Financial Services Industry. Before joining JP Morgan he spent 11 years at Deloitte & Touche helping Fortune 500 clients with various types of Strategic Initiatives. He believes in the power of Presentations, Storytelling and Visual Design. That is why he started Decklaration. Areas of Expertise: Strategy Development, Business Transformation, System Integration, Program & Project Management, Mobile Strategy, Data Analytics, Executive Presentations Sample Clients: Bank of America, Citi , MasterCard

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