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Garbage bin
decision making
Decision making
0 What is Decision making?
0 identifying and choosing alternative solutions
that lead to a desired state o...
Types
Decision can be either programmed or non
programmed.
0 Programmed : decisions that are simple and
routine and have a...
Factors effecting decision
making
0 Perception – “know before you make.”
0 Priority – without knowing what you want there ...
SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
Garbage Can Model
0 In 1972, as a NSF-SSRC post-doctoral fellow at Stanford
University, Dr. Michael D. Cohen worked with J...
Garbage Can Model - a theory that
contends that decisions in
organizations are random and
unsystematic
0 Extremely organic...
Garbage Can Model
0 Three Causes
0 Problematic preferences
0 Unclear, poorly understood technology
0 Turnover
0 Streams of...
Garbage Can Theory
0 The garbage-can theory adds that an organization "is a
collection of choices looking for problems, is...
Illustration of Independent Streams of Events in the
Garbage Can Model of Decision-Making
SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
Consequences of the
Garbage Can Model
1. Solutions may be proposed even when problems
do not exist
2. Choices are made wit...
leaders can make a difference
in the "garbage can" by:
0 carefully timing issue creation
0 being sensitive to shifting int...
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Garbage bin decision making

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Garbage bin decision making

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Garbage bin decision making

  1. 1. Garbage bin decision making
  2. 2. Decision making 0 What is Decision making? 0 identifying and choosing alternative solutions that lead to a desired state of affairs 0 It the process of examining your possibilities, options, comparing them and choosing a course of action. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  3. 3. Types Decision can be either programmed or non programmed. 0 Programmed : decisions that are simple and routine and have a pre established decision making plan. 0 Non programmed : decisions that are new and complicated and require thought and creativity. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  4. 4. Factors effecting decision making 0 Perception – “know before you make.” 0 Priority – without knowing what you want there cant be any decision made about. 0 Acceptability – accept whether its hard or easy if you think your decision is correct. 0 Demands – make sure that no one gets hurt by your decision. 0 Style – don’t be outdated. 0 Resources – make your way with what is available. don’t ask for more in the region of scarcity. 0 Judgment – go on with the correct decision. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  5. 5. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  6. 6. Garbage Can Model 0 In 1972, as a NSF-SSRC post-doctoral fellow at Stanford University, Dr. Michael D. Cohen worked with James G. March and visiting professor Johan Olsen from the University of Bergen. 0 Together they published the paper; A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice. 0 The paper, since frequently cited, describes a model which disconnects problems, solutions and decision makers from each other. 0 This was a novel approach compared to traditional decision theory. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  7. 7. Garbage Can Model - a theory that contends that decisions in organizations are random and unsystematic 0 Extremely organic environments 0 Pattern or flow of multiple decisions 0 Think of the whole organization 0 Explain decision making in high uncertainty Problems Solutions Choice opportunitiesParticipants Garbage Can Model SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  8. 8. Garbage Can Model 0 Three Causes 0 Problematic preferences 0 Unclear, poorly understood technology 0 Turnover 0 Streams of events instead of defined problems and solutions 0 Problems 0 Potential solutions 0 Participants 0 Choice opportunities SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  9. 9. Garbage Can Theory 0 The garbage-can theory adds that an organization "is a collection of choices looking for problems, issues and feelings looking for decision situations in which they might be aired, solutions looking for issues to which they might be the answer, and decision makers looking for work". 0 Problems, solutions, participants, and choice opportunities flow in and out of a garbage can, and which problems get attached to solutions is largely due to chance. SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  10. 10. Illustration of Independent Streams of Events in the Garbage Can Model of Decision-Making SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  11. 11. Consequences of the Garbage Can Model 1. Solutions may be proposed even when problems do not exist 2. Choices are made without solving problems 3. Problems may persist without being solved 4. A few problems are solved SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU
  12. 12. leaders can make a difference in the "garbage can" by: 0 carefully timing issue creation 0 being sensitive to shifting interests and involvement of participants 0 recognizing the status and power implications of choice situations 0 abandoning initiatives that get hopeless entangled with others 0 realize the planning is largely symbolic and an excuse for interaction SAJNA FATHIMA,SMBS,MGU

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