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Local government in Pakistan

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NIZAM UL HAK
Lecturer in Pakistan Affair
Higher education Commission Islamabad, Pakistan

Published in: Education
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Local government in Pakistan

  1. 1. (Final Presentation) L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T S Y S T E M O F P A K I S T A N Prepared by; NIZAM UL HAK NIZAMULHAKUE@GMAIL.COM
  2. 2. W H A T I S L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T? An administrative body for a small geographic area, such as a city, town, county, or state. Local governments can elect officials, enact taxes, and do many other things that a national government would do, just on a smaller scale.
  3. 3. A THEE PRONGE STRUCTURE OF L.G IN PAKISTAN DISTRICT GOVERNMENT TEHSIL GOVERNMENT UNION COUNCIL 3
  4. 4. UNION COUNCIL  Elected directly  For tenure of four years  One man one vote  Equal population basis  Total 21 members Nazim 1 N/Nazim 1 Muslim (male) 8 Muslim (female) 4 Workers (male) 4 Workers (female) 2 Minorities 1 Total 21  Undertake development projects at rural areas  To levy taxes and raise fund  To prepare annual development plan  To act as reconciliatory body i.e. Criminal, civil and family dispute. ELECTION POWER & FUNCTION 4
  5. 5. TEHSIL COUNCIL Tehsil government shall include;  Tehsil Nazim  Tehsil N/Nazim  Tehsil assembly  Tehsil administration  Tehsil Nazim shall be the head of TC Tehsil Administration (Cabinet)  TMO act as coordinator for the. Admin  Four other TMOs shall act as assistant to TMO on finance, land use, rural urban planning. Power & function of Tehsil Council  Provision of municipal services within tehsil council  Co-ordination between offices  Land control and master planning  Revising serialism of rural & urban areas  In case of urbanism its TC to divide it into numbers of town on population basis  Law and order within its jurisdiction 5
  6. 6. DISTRICT GOVERNMENT  Distt. Nazim  Distt. Naib Nazim  Distt. Council Nazim’s function & power • The executive head of the district • Head of the district administration • Police department shall answerable to him • All the subordinate members in his administration are answerable to him on people behalf • Further to next slide……. • All the union Nazims represent their respective union • All UC Nazims are the permanent members of the distt. Govt. • Seats equal to the number of all UN in the distt. • Allocation break-up • Women 33% • Workers/peasants 5% • Minorities 5% CREW ELECTION 6
  7. 7. FUNCTIONS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  8. 8. POWER OF DISTT. NAZIM AND NAIB NAZIM • The most prominent post • Honcho of all the political & administrative office. • Full controller over all the cultural and economic activities • Annual budget to be prepare under his surveillance • All the development program to be carried out by him • Zila Nazim be the speaker of the distt. Assembly • Work as spokesman between Distt. Nazim and Distt. Council. • In Nazim’s absence he take over as Nazim DISTT. NAZIM DISTT. NAIB NAZIM 8
  9. 9. . POWER OF NZAIM • The executive head of the Distt. Administration. • Police within his Distt. Is answerable to him • Can appoint various committee to monitor Distt administration • All division have been abolished. Distt. Administration is the sole unit. • Regulate, modify and levy taxes within his jurisdiction • Make by laws for the sub-ordinate units. • Its is however the provincial assembly which nullfy any law passed by the Distt. Govt. ADMINISTRATIVE LEGISLATIVE 9
  10. 10. 10 • Aggrandizement in tehsil area. • Division on a number of town • Division will be made on population basis • Same power & jurisdiction as of tehsil council. • Maintenance of law & order is the responsibility of Provincial govt • Provincial government shall provide police and appatus • Police will work under Local government then. • Quick dispensation of justice • Justice provision to the doorstep • Pre-emption of litigation • Decentralization of judiciary • Establishment of special couts for women • Justice on tehsil level CITY DISTRICT DISTRICT POLICE DSTT. JUDICIAL SYSTEM
  11. 11. 11 • No place of commissioner (As divisional dissolved) • DC replaced by District coordinator officer (DCO) • Separation of revenue and magistracy offices. Each have separate head. • From Britain time both offices were headed by DC and revenue collector respectively. • provide a check on government activity in the interests of the citizen. • to oversee the investigation of complaints of government against citizen RESTRUTURING OF THE PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICT OMBUDSMAN
  12. 12. PROBLEMS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN PAKISTAN If local govt perform same function at gross root level then what would NA & PAs would do?
  13. 13. PROBLEMS:  Political parties do not believe in decentralization/local democracy  Constitutional and legal recognition for local democracy  Over centralized modal and mindset  Economic constraints and lack of infrastructure  Bureaucratic Hurdles 13
  14. 14.  Un-elected intuitions are more powerful than representative parliament  Relatively weak role of parliament  Development funds to MNAs/MPAs and undermine the role of LG  Corruption in almost every sector  No Public Participation  Growing urbanization Cont.. 14
  15. 15. THANK YOU…..!!!!!!

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