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- 1. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/11 Paper 1 (Multiple Choice), maximum raw mark 40 Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 2. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE A/AS LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 11 © UCLES 2010 Question Number Key Question Number Key 1 D 21 A 2 A 22 C 3 A 23 B 4 B 24 A 5 C 25 C 6 B 26 C 7 B 27 A 8 C 28 D 9 B 29 D 10 A 30 A 11 C 31 D 12 D 32 D 13 A 33 A 14 C 34 A 15 B 35 A 16 D 36 D 17 A 37 C 18 B 38 A 19 D 39 C 20 D 40 C
- 3. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/12 Paper 1 (Multiple Choice), maximum raw mark 40 Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 4. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE A/AS LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 12 © UCLES 2010 Question Number Key Question Number Key 1 B 21 D 2 D 22 C 3 B 23 A 4 A 24 C 5 B 25 B 6 C 26 D 7 A 27 D 8 B 28 A 9 C 29 C 10 D 30 D 11 A 31 A 12 A 32 D 13 C 33 A 14 C 34 A 15 D 35 A 16 B 36 D 17 B 37 A 18 A 38 C 19 D 39 C 20 A 40 C
- 5. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/13 Paper 1 (Multiple Choice), maximum raw mark 40 Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 6. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE A/AS LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 13 © UCLES 2010 Question Number Key Question Number Key 1 A 21 D 2 C 22 B 3 B 23 C 4 B 24 C 5 B 25 A 6 D 26 D 7 A 27 D 8 C 28 C 9 D 29 A 10 C 30 D 11 A 31 A 12 A 32 A 13 B 33 D 14 C 34 D 15 A 35 A 16 B 36 A 17 D 37 C 18 B 38 C 19 A 39 C 20 D 40 A
- 7. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/21 Paper 2 (AS Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 60 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 8. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 21 © UCLES 2010 1 10–9 …………………………………………….…………..………….…………………........ B1 c …………………………………………….…………..………….………………………….. B1 mega ….……………………………………….…………..………….………………………. B1 tera …….……………………………………….…………..………….…………………….... B1 [4] 2 (a) scalar …………………………………………………………..………………………… B1 scalar …………………………………………………………..………………………… B1 vector …………………………………………………………..………………………… B1 [3] (b) (i) 1 gradient (of graph) is the speed/velocity (can be scored here or in 2)………. B1 initial gradient is zero …………………………………………………………… B1 [2] 2 gradient (of line/graph) becomes constant ……….……..…………………… B1 [1] (ii) speed = (2.8 ± 0.1) m s–1 ……… ………………………………………………… A2 [2] (if answer > ±0.1 but ≤ ±0.2, then award 1 mark) (iii) curved line never below given line and starts from zero …..………………….. B1 continuous curve with increasing gradient …………………..…………………. B1 line never vertical or straight ………………………………..……………………. B1 [3] 3 (a) either energy (stored)/work done represented by area under graph or energy = average force × extension ………………………………………… B1 energy = ½ × 180 × 4.0 × 10–2 ……………………………………..………………… C1 = 3.6 J …………………………………………………………………………. A1 [3] (b) (i) either momentum before release is zero ………………………………………. M1 so sum of momenta (of trolleys) after release is zero …..……………. A1 or force = rate of change of momentum (M1) force on trolleys equal and opposite (A1) or impulse = change in momentum (M1) impulse on each equal and opposite (A1) [2] (ii) 1 M1V1 = M2V2 ……………..……………………………………..………………. B1 [1] 2 E = ½ M1V1 2 + ½ M2V2 2 ………………………………………………………… B1 [1] (iii) 1 EK = ½mv2 and p = mv combined to give …………………………………… M1 EK = p2 / 2m …………………………………………………………………….. A0 [1] 2 m smaller, EK is larger because p is the same/constant …………………… M1 so trolley B …..………………………………………………………………….. A0 [1]
- 9. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 21 © UCLES 2010 4 (a) when a wave (front) passes by/incident on an edge/slit ….…..…………………… M1 wave bends/spreads (into the geometrical shadow) …………..…………………… A1 [2] (b) tan θ = 165 38 θ = 13° …………….………………………………..…………………………………… C1 d sin θ = nλ …………….………………………………..……….……………………… C1 d = 2.82 × 10–6 …………….……………………………….……………………………. C1 number = (1/d =) 3.6 × 105 ……………….……………………………………………. A1 [4] (c) P remains in same position …………………………………………………………… B1 X and Y rotate through 90° ……………………………………....……………………. B1 [2] (d) either screen not parallel to grating or grating not normal to (incident) light …………………………………………. B1 [1] 5 (a) region/area where a charge experiences a force ……………….………………….. B1 [1] (b) (i) left-hand sphere (+), right-hand sphere (–) ……………………..………………. B1 [1] (ii) 1 correct region labelled C within 10 mm of central part of plate otherwise within 5 mm of plate ………….…………………………………….. B1 [1] 2 correct region labelled D area of field not included for (b)(ii)1 …….………. B1 [1] (c) (i) arrows through P and N in correct directions …………………………………… B1 [1] (ii) torque = force × perpendicular distance (between forces) ….………………… C1 = 1.6 × 10–19 × 5.0 × 104 × 2.8 × 10–10 × sin30 = 1.1 × 10–24 N m …….…………….……………………………………… A1 [2] 6 (a) (i) P = VI …………………………..……………………………….…..……………… C1 60 = 12 × I I = 5.(0) A …………………………………………….…………………………… A1 [2] (ii) either V = IR or P = I 2 R or P = V2 / R ….………..………………. C1 either 12 = 5 × R or 60 = 52 × R or 60 = 122 /R ….……….…………… M1 R = 2.4 Ω …………………………………………………………………………. A0 [2] (b) R = ρL/A …………………………..…………………………………………………….. C1 A = π × (0.4 × 10–3 )2 (= 5.03 × 10–7 ) .…………..……………………………………… C1 L = (2.4 × 5.03 × 10–7 )/(1.0 × 10–6 ) = 1.2 m …………..……………….……………………………………………………. A1 [3] (c) resistance is halved ……………………………….…………………………………… M1 either current is doubled or power ∝ 1/R ….……… ……………………………… M1 power is doubled …………………….……..…………………………………………… A1 [3]
- 10. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 21 © UCLES 2010 7 (a) nuclei/atoms with same proton number/atomic number …...………………………. B1 nuclei/atoms contain different numbers of neutrons/different atomic mass ..……. B1 [2] (b) (i) 92 …………………………………………………………………………………… A1 [1] (ii) 146 ………………………………..………………………………………………… A1 [1] (c) (i) mass = 238 × 1.66 × 10–27 …..……………………….…………………………… C1 = 3.95 × 10–25 kg ………………….………………………………………… A1 [2] (ii) volume = 3 4 π × (8.9 × 10–15 )3 (= 2.95 × 10–42 ) ……..………………………… C1 density = (3.95 × 10–25 )/(2.95 × 10–42 ) = 1.3 × 1017 kg m–3 ……………………………………………................ A1 [2] (d) nucleus contains most of mass of atom ……………………………………………… B1 either nuclear diameter/volume very much less than that of atom or atom is mostly (empty) space .......................................................…………… B1 [2]
- 11. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/22 Paper 2 (AS Structured Questions) This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 12. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 22 © UCLES 2010 1 (a) micrometer/screw gauge/digital callipers ………………………………………. B1 [1] (b) (i) look/check for zero error ……………………………………………………. B1 [1] (ii) take several readings ……………………………………………………….. M1 around the circumference/along the wire …………………………………. A1 [2] 2 (a) e.g. initial speed is zero constant acceleration straight line motion (any two, one mark each) ……………………………………………………………….B2 [2] (b) (i) s = ½a t 2 0.79 = ½ × 9.8 × t 2 ………………………………………………………….. C1 t = 0.40 s allow 1 SF or greater ……………………………………………. A1 2 or 3 SF answer ……………………………………………………….. A1 [3] (ii) distance travelled by end of time interval = 90 cm ………………………. C1 0.90 = ½ × 9.8 × t 2 t = 0.43 s allow 2 SF or greater ……………………………………………. C1 time interval = 0.03 s ………………………………………………………... A1 [3] (c) (air resistance) means ball’s speed/acceleration is less ……………………… M1 length of image is shorter ………………………………………………………… A1 [2] 3 (a) (i) force is rate of change of momentum ………………………………………… B1 [1] (ii) force on body A is equal in magnitude to force on body B (from A) …………M1 forces are in opposite directions ……………………………………………… A1 forces are of the same kind ………………………………………………………A1 [3] (b) (i) 1 FA = – FB ……………………………………………………………………. B1 [1] 2 t A = t B ……………………………………………………………………… B1 [1] (ii) ∆p = FA t A = – FB t B ………………………………………………………….. B1 [1] (c) graph: momentum change occurs at same times for both spheres …………. B1 final momentum of sphere B is to the right …………………………………….. M1 and of magnitude 5 N s …………………………………………………………… A1 [3] 4 (a) e.g. no energy transfer amplitude varies along its length/nodes and antinodes neighbouring points (in inter-nodal loop) vibrate in phase, etc. (any two, 1 mark each to max 2 ………………………………………………………..B2 [2]
- 13. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 22 © UCLES 2010 (b) (i) λ = (330 × 102 )/550 ………………………………………………………….. M1 λ = 60cm ……………………………………………………………………… A0 [1] (ii) node labelled at piston ………………………………………………………. B1 antinode labelled at open end of tube ……………………………………… B1 additional node and antinode in correct positions along tube …………… B1 [3] (c) at lowest frequency, length = λ/4 ………………………………………………... C1 λ = 1.8 m frequency = 330/1.8 ………………………………………………………………. C1 = 180Hz ………………………………………………………………………….... A1 [3] 5 (a) (i) Young modulus = stress/strain ……………………………………………… C1 data chosen using point in linear region of graph ………………………… M1 Young modulus = (2.1 × 108 )/(1.9 × 10–3 ) = 1.1 × 1011 Pa ……………………………………………………………….. A1 [3] (ii) This mark was removed from the assessment, owing to a power-of-ten inconsistency in the printed question paper. (b) area between lines represents energy/area under curve represents energy .. M1 when rubber is stretched and then released/two areas are different ……...... A1 this energy seen as thermal energy/heating/difference represents energy released as heat …………………………………………………………………… A1 [3] 6 (a) either P ∝ V 2 or P = V 2 /R …………………………………………………………. C1 reduction = (2302 – 2202 )/2302 = 8.5 % ………………………………………………………………….. A1 [2] (b) (i) zero ……………………………………………………………………………. A1 [1] (ii) 0.3(0)A ……………………………………………………………………….. A1 [1] (c) (i) correct plots to within ± 1mm ………………………………………………. B1 [1] (ii) reasonable line/curve through points giving current as 0.12A allow ± 0.005A) ………………………………………………………………. B1 [1] (iii) V = IR …………………………………………………………………………. C1 V = 0.12 × 5.0 = 0.6(0)V …………………………………………………………………... A1 [2] (d) circuit acts as a potential divider/current divides/current in AC not the same as current in BC ………………………………………………………………………. B1 resistance between A and C not equal to resistance between C and B ……. B1 or current in wire AC × R is not equal to current in wire BC × R B1 [2] any 2 statements
- 14. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 22 © UCLES 2010 7 (a) (i) either helium nucleus or contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons ………………………………… B1 [1] (ii) e.g. range is a few cm in air/sheet of thin paper speed up to 0.1 c causes dense ionisation in air positively charged or deflected in magnetic or electric fields (any two, 1 each to max 2) ………………………………………………….. B2 [2] (b) (i) α4 2 ……………………………………………………………………………… B1 either p1 1 or H1 1 ……………………………………………………………….. B1 [2] (ii) 1 initially, α-particle must have some kinetic energy ………………….. B1 [1] (ii) 2 1.1 MeV = 1.1 × 1.6 × 10–13 = 1.76 × 10–13 J …………………………. C1 EK = ½mv 2 ……………………………………………………………….. C1 1.76 × 10–13 = ½ × 4 × 1.66 × 10–27 × v 2 ……………………………… C1 v = 7.3 × 106 m s–1 ……………………………………………………..... A1 [4] use of 1.67 × 10–27 kg for mass is a maximum of 3/4
- 15. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/23 Paper 2 (AS Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 60 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 16. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 23 © UCLES 2010 1 (a) (i) 1% of ±2.05 is ±0.02 A1 [1] (ii) max. value is 2.08 V A1 [1] (b) there may be a zero error/calibration error/systematic error M1 which makes all readings either higher or lower than true value A1 [2] 2 (a) no resultant force/sum of forces zero B1 no resultant moment/torque/sum of moments/torques zero B1 [2] (b) (i) each force is represented by the side of a triangle/by an arrow M1 in magnitude and direction A1 arrows joined, head to tail B1 [3] (could be shown on a sketch diagram) (ii) if the triangle is ‘closed’ (then the forces are in equilibrium) B1 [1] (c) triangle drawn with correct shape (incorrect arrows loses this mark) B1 T1 = 5.4 ± 0.2N B1 T2 = 4.0 ± 0.2N B1 [3] (d) forces in strings would be horizontal B1 (so) no vertical force to support the weight B1 [2] 3 (a) evidence of use of area below the line B1 distance = 39 m (allow ±0.5m) A2 [3] (if > ±0.5m but ≤ 1.0m, then allow 1 mark) (b) (i) 1 EK = ½mv 2 C1 ∆ EK = ½ × 92 × (62 – 32 ) = 1240 J A1 [2] 2 EP = mgh C1 ∆ EP = 92 × 9.8 × 1.3 = 1170J A1 [2] (ii) E = Pt C1 E = 75 × 8 = 600J A1 [2] (c) (i) energy = (1240 + 600) – 1170 M1 = 670J A0 [1] (ii) force = 670/39 = 17N A1 [1] (d) frictional forces include air resistance B1 air resistance decreases with decrease of speed B1 [2]
- 17. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 23 © UCLES 2010 4 (a) (i) solid has fixed volume and fixed shape/incompressible B1 [1] (ii) gas fills any space into which it is put B1 [1] (b) atoms/molecules have (elastic) collisions with the walls (of the vessel) B1 momentum of atom/molecule changes B1 so impulse (on wall)/force on wall B1 random motion/many collisions (per unit time) gives rise to (constant) force/pressure B1 [4] (c) spacing (much) greater in gases than in liquids/about ten times C1 either spacing depends on 1/3 √ρ or ratio of spacings is about 8.8 A1 [2] 5 (a) (i) 1 number of oscillations per unit time (not per second) B1 [1] 2 nλ A1 [1] (ii) v = distance / time = nλ/t M1 n/t = f hence v= fλ A1 or f oscillations per unit time so fλ is distance per unit time M1 distance per unit time is v so v = fλ A1 [2] (b) (i) 1.0 period is 3 × 2 = 6.0 ms C1 frequency = 1/(6 × 10–3 ) = 170Hz A1 [2] (ii) wave (with approx. same amplitude and) with correct phase difference B1 [1] 6 (a) (i) movement/flow of charged particles B1 [1] (ii) work done per unit charge (transferred) B1 [1] (b) straight line through origin B1 resistance = V/I , with values for V and I shown M1 = 20 Ω A0 [2] (using the gradient loses the last mark) (c) (i) 0.5A A1 [1] (ii) either resistance of each resistor is 20Ω or total current = 0.8A C1 either combined resistance = 10 Ω or R = E/I = 10Ω A1 [2] (d) (i) 10V A1 [1] (ii) power = EI C1 = 10 × 0.2 = 2.0W A1 [2]
- 18. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 23 © UCLES 2010 7 (a) (i) either helium nucleus or particle containing two protons and two neutrons B1 [1] (ii) allow any value between 1cm and 10cm B1 [1] (b) (i) energy = (8.5 × 10–13 )/(1.6 × 10–13 ) M1 = 5.3MeV A0 [1] (ii) number = (5.3 × 106 )/31 C1 = 1.7 × 105 (allow 2 s.f. only) A1 [2] (iii) number per unit length = (1.7 × 105 ) /(a)(ii) correct numerical value A1 correct unit B1 [2]
- 19. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/31 Paper 31 (Advanced Practical Skills), maximum raw mark 40 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 20. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 31 © UCLES 2010 1 (a) Ring e.m.f. value (c) Six sets of values for V and I scores 5 marks, five sets scores 4 marks, etc. [5] Indicate the number of sets of readings. Incorrect trend –1 (wrong trend N increases, I increases). Apparatus correctly set up without help from supervisor. [2] Major help –2, minor help –1 Range of N in table to include 1 or 2 and 11 or 12. [1] Column headings (N (no unit), V/V, I/A, R/Ω, (1/R)/Ω–1 ) [1] Each column heading must contain a quantity and a unit where appropriate. Ignore units in the body of the table. There must be some distinguishing mark between the quantity and the unit (solidus is expected but accept for example, V(V)). Consistency of presentation of raw readings of I and V. [1] All values of I must be given to the same number of decimal places. All values of V must be given to the same number of decimal places. Significant figures. [1] S.f. for 1/R must be the same as, or one more than, the least number of s.f. used in I or V. Check each row. Values of 1/R correct. Underline and check the specified value of 1/R. [1] If incorrect, write in the correct value. (d) Graph (i) Axes [1] Sensible scales must be used. Awkward scales (e.g. 3:10) are not allowed. Scales must be chosen so that the plotted points occupy at least half the graph grid in both x and y directions. Indicate false origin with FO. Scales must be labelled with the quantity that is being plotted. Ignore units. Allow inverted axes but do not allow the wrong graph. Scale markings should be no more than three large squares apart. All observations must be plotted. [1] Write a ringed total of plotted points. Do not accept blobs (points > 0.5 small square). Ring and check a suspect plot. Tick if correct. Re-plot if incorrect. Work to an accuracy of half a small square. (ii) Line of best fit [1] Judge by balance of at least 5 trend points about the candidate’s line. There must be an even distribution of points either side of the line along the whole length. Indicate best line if candidate’s line is not the best line. Lines must not be kinked. Quality Judge by scatter of all points about a straight line. [1] All plots from table (minimum 5) must be within 1 mA of a straight line. Do not award if wrong graph or wrong trend.
- 21. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 31 © UCLES 2010 (iii) Gradient [1] The hypotenuse of the triangle must be at least half the length of the drawn line. Both read-offs must be accurate to half a small square. If incorrect, write in correct value. Check for ∆y/∆x (i.e. do not allow ∆x/∆y). y-intercept from graph or substitute correct read-offs into y = mx + c [1] (Expect close to 0). Label FO. (e) M = gradient value. L = y–intercept value. No substitution method. [1] If inverted axes not corrected for –1 Value of M = value from part (a) ± 0.5V. [1] Value of L = 0 ± 1 mA. Appropriate units [Total: 20] 2 (b) Total time over which swings are measured > 10 s. [1] Correct calculation of T = Tn /n. [1] (c) (i) Value of l = 5 cm ± 1 cm [1] Evidence of repeats in length value (here or in d(iii)). [1] (ii) Measure in two different places/check zero error. [1] (iii) Percentage uncertainty in length. Consistent units. ∆l = 0.1 mm [1] If repeated readings have been taken, then the uncertainty can be half the range. Correct ratio idea required (0.1/length × 100%). (d) (ii) Measurement of time for longer tube. [1] t longer tube < t shorter tube [1] (iii) Measurement of length for longer tube to the nearest 1 mm. [1] Consistent unit (iv) Add two lengths together correctly. Allow rounding. [1] (e) Correct calculation of two values of k = T2 /l. [1] Valid conclusion based on the calculated values of k. [1] Candidate must test against a specified criterion.
- 22. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 31 © UCLES 2010 Limitations (4) Improvements (4) Ignore A Ap Two readings not enough (to support conclusion)/too few readings. As Take many readings and plot a graph/compare values of k. Do not allow average k. Repeat readings B Bp (l inaccurate because) gap between long and short tube/ ends of tubes uneven. Tubes not straight/kinked/disjointed. Bs Get one long tube without a break/stick two tubes together/use longer tube on its own. Method of smoothing ends. Parallax error C Cp Tube(s) not vertical when stationary/ not aligned with string. Cs Smaller diameter tube/thicker walled tube/suitable method of alignment. Thicker string D Dp Not swinging in one plane only/idea of non-uniform oscillation. Ds Method of reducing draught e.g. close windows, turn off fans, screen experiment. E Ep Time difficult to measure because difficult to know when oscillation returns to original position/maximum height. Es A marker to time as passes centre/reaches maximum displacement. Light gate at centre with timer/motion sensor at end with data logger/video with timer (playback) in slow motion. Difficult to release from same point each time/ human error/reaction time/unqualified use of light gates/sensors Xp/Xs Other valid suggestions (e.g. knot slipping) with valid method. [Total: 20]
- 23. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/32 Paper 32 (Advanced Practical Skills), maximum raw mark 40 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 24. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 32 © UCLES 2010 1 (b) Six sets of values for N and I scores 5 marks, five sets scores 4 marks, etc. [5] Incorrect trend –1. Apparatus set up correctly without help from supervisor. Minor help –1, [2] major help –2 Range – [1] To include N = 1 or 2 and N = 11 or 12. Column headings – [1] Each column heading must contain a quantity and a unit where appropriate. Ignore units in the body of the table. There must be some distinguishing mark between the quantity and the unit (solidus is expected, but accept, for example, I (A)) Consistency of presentation of raw readings of I – [1] All raw values of I must be given to the same number of decimal places. Significant figures – [1] S.f. for 1/I must be the same as, or one more than, the s.f. for I. Check each row. Values of 1/I correct – [1] Underline and check the specified value of 1/I. If incorrect, write in the correct value. (c) (i) Graph Axes – [1] Sensible scales must be used. Awkward scales (e.g. 3:10) are not allowed. Scales must be chosen so that the plotted points occupy at least half the graph grid in both x and y directions. Indicate false origin with FO. Scales must be labelled with the quantity that is being plotted. Ignore units. Allow inverted axes but do not allow the wrong graph. Scale markings should be no more than three large squares apart. Plots – [1] All observations must be plotted. Write a ringed total of plotted points. Do not accept blobs (points > half a small square). Ring and check a suspect plot. Tick if correct. Re-plot if incorrect. Work to an accuracy of half a small square. (ii) Line of best fit – [1] Judge by the balance of at least 5 trend plots about the candidate’s line. There must be an even distribution of points either side of the line along the whole length. Indicate best line if candidate’s line is not the best line. Line must not be kinked or thicker than 1 mm. Quality – [1] Judge by scatter of all points about a straight line. All plots in the table must be within 10 Ω of a straight line. Do not award if wrong graph or wrong trend.
- 25. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 32 © UCLES 2010 (iii) Gradient – [1] The hypotenuse of the triangle must be at least half the length of the drawn line. Both read-offs must be accurate to half a small square. If incorrect, write in the correct value. Check for ∆y/∆x (i.e. do not allow ∆x/∆y). y-intercept – [1] Either from graph or by substitution of correct read-offs into y = mx + c. Check for and label false origin. (d) G = gradient value and H = intercept value. [1] Do not credit if a substitution method is used. Range of values (–70Ω Y H Y –30 Ω and 3.5 V Y G Y 5.5 V) with appropriate units. [1] Do not credit if a substitution method is used. [Total: 20] 2 (b) (i) Value of maximum force to 1 d.p. in raw data and greater than 0N. [1] Evidence of repeated measurements of F in (b)(i) or (d). [1] (ii) Reaches maximum force suddenly (short time); no notice given when releases. [1] (iii) Percentage uncertainty in maximum force. [1] 0.1N Y ∆F Y 0.4 N. If repeated readings have been done then the uncertainty could be half the range. Correct ratio idea required (e.g. 0.2 / F × 100%). (c) (i) Measurement of raw t to the nearest 0.01 mm. [1] (ii) Take repeats in different places / (account for) zero errors. [1] (iii) Maximum force with three slides. Unit required. [1] (d) Measurement of thickness of one slide. [1] Measurement of maximum force with one slide. [1] Quality: F(b)(i) > F(d) > F(c)(iii) [1] (e) Calculation of two values of k. [1] Valid conclusion based on the calculated values of k. [1] Candidates must test against a specified criterion.
- 26. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 32 © UCLES 2010 (f)(i),(ii) Identify limitations and improvements Limitations (4) Improvements (4) Do not credit A Two readings are not enough (to support conclusion Take more (sets of) readings and plot a graph Repeat readings. B Maximum force reached without warning (if not already credited in (b)(ii)) Bs Practical method of recording maximum value e.g. video with playback in slow motion / max-min newton metre / force sensor with data logger / masses with pulley. Parallax error. Solution for parallax error. ‘Use of computer’ to measure maximum force. C t changes due to compression force of magnets / slide thickness non uniform (if not already credited) / thread thickness adds to separation. Method of attaching newton meter without thread / measure and add thread thickness. D Zero error on newton meter when used horizontally. Adjust zero / practical vertical arrangement. Condition of newton meter. E Glass may affect magnetic force / effect of surrounding magnetic materials (e.g. G clamp). Use a variety of materials to separate magnets and test if material affects results / use a non magnetic clamp / glue first magnet to bench. Reference to Earth’s field. F Friction with bench. Method of reducing friction. G Difficulties with alignment of force with magnets. Method of raising magnets / longer loop. X Difficult to measure force due to weak magnets / small force (if validated by SR) More sensitive newton meter. [Total: 20]
- 27. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/33 Paper 31 (Advanced Practical Skills), maximum raw mark 40 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 28. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 33 © UCLES 2010 1 (c) Six sets of readings of I and V scores 5 marks, five sets scores 4 marks, etc. [5] Indicate the number of sets of readings. Incorrect trend –1 (wrong trend is I increases, V10 decreases). Apparatus correctly setup without help from supervisor. [2] Range of I: Imin Y 10 mA and Imax [ 35 mA. Ignore POT errors. [1] Column headings (e.g. V/V, I/A, V10 /V10 ). [1] Must have V and I columns. Each column heading must contain a quantity and a unit where appropriate. Ignore units in the body of the table. There must be some distinguishing mark between the quantity and the unit. (solidus is expected but accept, for example, V(V)) Consistency of presentation of raw readings. [1] All values of V must be given to the same number of decimal places (must have dp). All values of I must be given to the same number of decimal places. Significant figures. Sf for V10 must be the same as or one more than the sf used in V. Check each row. [1] Values of V10 correct. Underline and check the specified value of V10 . [1] If incorrect, write in the correct value. (d) Graph (i) Axes Sensible scales must be used. Awkward scales (e.g. 3:10) are not allowed. [1] Scales must be chosen so that the plotted points occupy at least half the graph grid in both x and y directions. Indicate false origin with FO. Scales must be labelled with the quantity that is being plotted. Ignore units. Allow inverted axes but do not allow the wrong graph. Scale markings should be no more than three large squares apart. Plots All observations must be plotted. [1] Write a ringed total of plotted points. Do not accept blobs (points > 0.5 small square). Ring and check a suspect plot. Tick if correct. Re-plot if incorrect. Work to an accuracy of half a small square. (ii) Line of best fit [1] Judge by balance of at least 5 trend points about the candidate’s line. There must be an even distribution of points either side of the line along the whole length. Indicate best line if candidate’s line is not the best line. Lines must not be kinked. Quality Judge by scatter of all points about a straight line. All points in table (minimum 5) must be within 2 mA of a straight line. [1] Do not award if wrong graph or wrong trend.
- 29. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 33 © UCLES 2010 (iii) Gradient The hypotenuse of the triangle must be at least half the length of the drawn line. [1] Both read-offs must be accurate to half a small square. If incorrect, write in correct value. Check for ∆y/∆x (i.e. do not allow ∆x/∆y). y-intercept from graph or substitute correct read-offs into y = mx + c [1] Label FO. (e) a = gradient value and b = y–intercept value. [1] If inverted axes not corrected for –1 Range of values (0.1AV–10 Y a Y 0.9AV–10 , b = 0 ± 0.01A) and appropriate units [1] [Total: 20] 2 (a) Raw value(s) of x: 25.0 cm Y x Y 35.0 cm with unit to nearest mm. [1] (b) (i) Evidence of repeated measurements of d in (b)(i) or (e) [1] Value of d = 3.0 mm ± 1.0 mm or SV ± 1.0 mm [1] Raw values of d to at least 0.1 mm (ii) Value of t in range 1 s to 10 s unless SV indicates otherwise. Allow SV ± 5 s [1] (c) Absolute uncertainty in t1 in the range 0.1 to 0.6 s [1] If repeated readings have been taken, then the uncertainty could be half the range. Correct calculation to get % uncertainty. (d) v calculated correctly with consistent units. [1] (e) Second value for d. [1] Second value for t. [1] Quality: t2 less than t1. (d increases, t decreases) [1] (f) (i) Calculation of two values of k. [1] (ii) Valid conclusion based on the calculated values. [1] Candidate must test against a specified criterion. (iii) Relate raw values of x, t and d. Any decimal place arguments score zero. [1]
- 30. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 33 © UCLES 2010 Limitations (4) Improvements (4) Ignore A Ap Two readings not enough (to support conclusion)/too few readings. As Take more (sets of) readings and plot a graph/compare values of k. Repeat readings. B Bp Time too short/reaction time large compared to measured time/parallax error in judging start/stop. Bs Increase x/lengthen tube/smaller balls/video with timer (playback) in slow motion. Light gates, motion sensors, data loggers, computers, helpers, solution for parallax error. Set squares, rulers, etc. C Cp Difficult to see glass balls. Cs Use coloured balls/shine light through. Use ball bearings (type of ball and oil stays fixed). D Dp Terminal velocity not reached (by the first marker). Ds A valid method to check reached TV, e.g. time constant over three markers/video with timer (playback) in slow motion, multi-flash photography/stroboscope. References to starting point. Do not accept ‘move x down’ on its own. Change viscosity of oil (oil and glass must remain fixed). E Ep Balls not all the same diameter/size/shape/mass Es Use micrometer screwgauge/top pan balance X Xp Balls had a hole in/air bubbles on ball or oil. Xs Clean balls/immerse in oil [Total: 20]
- 31. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/34 Paper 32 (Advanced Practical Skills), maximum raw mark 40 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 32. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 34 © UCLES 2010 1 (a) Apparatus set up without help from Supervisor. [1] Value of L to nearest mm. [1] (d) Table – Six sets of readings of d and h scores 5 marks, five sets scores 4 marks, etc. Incorrect trend –1. [5] Range – Range of values of d [ 15 cm. [1] Column headings – Each column heading must contain a quantity and a unit. Ignore units in the body of the table. There must be some distinguishing mark between the quantity and the unit e.g. 1/d / m–1 or 1/d (m–1 ). [1] Consistency – All raw values of h must be given to the nearest mm. [1] Significant figures – S.f. for 1/d must be the same as, or one more than, the s.f. given for raw d. Check each row. [1] Calculated values – Check the specified value of 1/d. If wrong, write in the correct value. [1] (e) (i) Graph Axes – Sensible scales must be used. Awkward scales (e.g. 3:10) are not allowed. Scales must be chosen so that the plotted points occupy at least half the graph grid in both x and y directions. Indicate a false origin with FO. Scales must be labelled with the quantity that is being plotted. Ignore units. Allow inverted axes but do not allow the wrong graph. Scale markings should not be more than three large squares apart. [1] Plotting of points – All observations must be plotted. Do not accept ‘blobs’ (points > half a small square). Ring and check a suspect point. Tick if correct. Re-plot if incorrect. Work to an accuracy of half a small square. [1] (ii) Line of best fit – Judge by the balance of at least 5 trend points about the candidate’s line. There must be an even distribution of points either side of the line along the whole length. Indicate best line if candidate’s line is not the best line. Line must not be kinked or thicker than 1 mm. [1] Quality – Judge by scatter of all points about a best line. All plots from table (minimum 5) must be within 0.1 m–1 of a straight line (in 1/d direction). Do not credit if it is the wrong graph or if the trend is wrong. [1]
- 33. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 34 © UCLES 2010 (iii) Gradient – The hypotenuse of the triangle must be at least half the length of the drawn line. Read-offs must be accurate to half a small square – if wrong write in the correct value(s). Check for ∆y/∆x (i.e. do not allow ∆x/∆y). [1] y-intercept – Value must be read from graph to nearest half small square (after checking for false origin) or calculated using ratios or y = mx + c. [1] (f) Correct calculation of z (gradient value must be used). Ignore sign. [1] Value of z given with unit of length (gradient value must be used). [1] [Total: 20] 2 (a) Measurement of I in range 1.5 A–2.5 A and to 0.1A or better. [1] (c) Measurement of x to the nearest mm. [1] (d) Measurement of θ (less than 45°). Raw values to no more than nearest degree or half degree. [1] (e) Percentage uncertainty in θ : Correct method, using ∆θ = half the range, or ∆θ = 2° to 10°. [1] (f) (i) Evidence of repeated measurements either here or in (d). [1] (ii) Correct average value of θ. [1] (g) Second measurement of x. [1] Second measurement of I. [1] Quality: I decreases as x decreases. [1] (h) (i) Correct calculation of two values of k. [1] (ii) Valid conclusion based on the calculated values of k. Candidate must test against a specified criterion. [1] (iii) Statement that the s.f. for k depend on the s.f. for I and x. Ignore any reference to d.p. [1]
- 34. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 34 © UCLES 2010 (i) Identifying limitations and suggesting improvements Limitations (4) Improvements (4) Ignore A Two readings (of x and I) are not enough (to draw a valid conclusion). Take more readings and plot a graph. Repeat readings. B Difficult to measure x / difficult to keep x constant / difficult to keep distance between wire and magnet constant / difficult to keep distance between wire and stick constant. Use a clamped ruler / method of fixing the string Parallax error in measuring x. C Magnet does not come to rest. Practical method of damping / shield from draughts / turn off fans. Magnet swings too fast. D Measured angles are very small Use larger currents / use bigger protractor Use stronger / larger magnet. E Parallax error in measuring θ / reading protractor / reading deflection. Method of bringing protractor closer to wire / shine light from above Increase x / use mirror. F Difficult to alter rheostat while holding string. Method of fixing the string (unless already credited in B) / method of fixing rheostat to bench / use assistant. G (θ affected by) magnetic materials nearby / stray magnetic fields. Use wooden / non-magnetic stands. Move object further away. H Fluctuating current. Method of improving contact with wire (e.g. cleaning contacts, soldered connections). Do NOT credit: Use sensors / use lightgates / use video. [Total: 20]
- 35. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/35 Paper 31 (Advanced Practical Skills), maximum raw mark 40 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 36. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 35 © UCLES 2010 1 (c) Six sets of readings of I and V scores 5 marks, five sets scores 4 marks, etc. [5] Indicate the number of sets of readings. Incorrect trend then –1 (wrong trend P increases, R4 decreases). Apparatus correctly set up without help from supervisor. [2] Major help –2, minor help –1 Range of V: Vmin Y 2 V and Vmax [ 10 V. [1] Column headings (V/V, I/A, P/W, R/Ω, R 4 /Ω4 ) [1] Must have V and I columns. Each column heading must contain a quantity and a unit where appropriate. Ignore units in the body of the table. There must be some distinguishing mark between the quantity and the unit (solidus is expected but accept, for example, V(V)). Consistency of presentation of raw readings. [1] All raw values of V must be given to the same number of decimal places and this must be 0.1 V. All raw values of I must be given to the same number of decimal places Significant figures. [1] S.F. for P must be the same as, or one more than, the least number of S.F. used in V or I. Check each row. Values of R4 correct. Underline and check the specified value of R4 . [1] If incorrect, write in the correct value. (d) (i) Graph Axes: Sensible scales must be used, no awkward scales (e.g. 3:10). [1] Scales must be chosen so that the plotted points must occupy at least half the graph grid in both x and y directions. Indicate false origin with FO. Scales must be labelled with the quantity which is being plotted. Ignore units. Allow inverted axes but do not allow wrong graph. Scale markings should be no more than three large squares apart. Plots All observations must be plotted. Write a ringed total of plotted points. [1] Do not accept blobs (points > 0.5 small square). Ring and check a suspect plot. Tick if correct. Re-plot if incorrect. Work to an accuracy of half a small square. (ii) Line of best fit [1] Judge by balance of at least 5 trend points about the candidate’s line. There must be an even distribution of points either side of the line along the whole length. Indicate best line if candidate’s line is not the best line. Lines must not be kinked. Quality [1] Judge by scatter of all points about a straight line. All points in the table (minimum 5) must be within 50 mW of a straight line. Do not award if wrong graph or wrong trend.
- 37. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 35 © UCLES 2010 (iii) Gradient [1] The hypotenuse of the triangle must be at least half the length of the drawn line. Both read-offs must be accurate to half a small square. If incorrect, write in correct value. Check for ∆y / ∆x (i.e. do not allow ∆x / ∆y). y-intercept from graph or substitute correct read-offs into y = mx + c [1] Label FO. (e) a = gradient value and b = y–intercept value. [1] Units for a and b are correct (expect WΩ–4 for a and W for b). [1] Range: a = 3 × 10–9 ± 1 × 10–9 or SV ± 33% [Total: 20] 2 (a) (ii) Value of d, with consistent unit. Range of d: 5 ± 1 cm [1] d to nearest mm. [1] (c) (ii) Evidence of repeated measurements of t either in (c)(ii) or (e)(ii). [1] Value of t in range 5 to 30 s. [1] (d) Absolute uncertainty in t in the range 0.5 to 1.0 s. [1] If repeated readings have been taken, then the uncertainty can be half the range. Correct calculation to get % uncertainty. [1] (e) (ii) Second value for d. [1] Second value for t. [1] Quality: t2 less than t1. [1] (f) (i) Correct calculation of two values of k or equivalent. [1] (ii) Valid conclusion based on the calculated values of k. [1] Candidate must test against a specified criterion. (iii) Justification with reference to the significant figures in t and d. [1]
- 38. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 35 © UCLES 2010 (g) Limitations (4) Improvements (4) Ignore A Ap Two readings not enough (to support conclusion) / too few readings. As Take more (sets of) readings and plot a graph / compare values of k. Repeat readings B Bp Marker never exactly on 2 cm or 0.5 cm: either above or below / increments in changes in amplitude too large / difficult to judge 2 cm and 0.5 cm. Bs Video with timer (playback) in slow motion / position sensor above with data logger / measure the amplitudes over time. Use computer to improve the experiment. Multi-flash photography? Light gates. C Cp Straw not vertical (straight) / straw bumping into sides/ non-vertical oscillation. Cs Wider container / glue straw / method of alignment. No ref to changing oil D Dp Difficult to measure ‘d’ because of lining up meniscus / refraction of curved container. Ds Mark straw/ mark container / use travelling microscope / vernier calliper? E Ep Difficult to measure time because moves past the marker quickly / small distances involved. Es Video with timer (playback) in slow motion / position sensor above with data logger. Credit once only. [Total: 20]
- 39. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/41 Paper 4 (A2 Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 100 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 40. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 41 © UCLES 2010 Section A 1 (a) angle (subtended) at centre of circle B1 (by) arc equal in length to radius B1 [2] (b) (i) point S shown below C B1 [1] (ii) (max) force / tension = weight + centripetal force C1 centripetal force = mrω2 C1 15 = 3.0/9.8 × 0.85 × ω2 C1 ω = 7.6 rad s–1 A1 [4] 2 (a) (i) 27.2 + 273.15 or 27.2 + 273.2 C1 300.4 K A1 [2] (ii) 11.6 K A1 [1] (b) (i) (<c2 > is the) mean / average square speed B1 [1] (ii) ρ = Nm/V with N explained B1 so, pV = 1/3 Nm<c2 > B1 and pV = NkT with k explained B1 so mean kinetic energy / <EK> = ½m<c2 > = 3/2 kT B1 [4] (c) (i) pV = nRT 2.1 × 107 × 7.8 × 10–3 = n × 8.3 × 290 C1 n = 68 mol A1 [2] (ii) mean kinetic energy = 3/2 kT = 3/2 × 1.38 × 10–23 × 290 C1 = 6.0 × 10–21 J A1 [2] (iii) realisation that total internal energy is the total kinetic energy C1 energy = 6.0 × 10–21 × 68 × 6.02 × 1023 C1 = 2.46 × 105 J A1 [3] 3 (a) (i) to-and-fro / backward and forward motion (between two limits) B1 [1] (ii) no energy loss or gain / no external force acting / constant energy / constant amplitude B1 [1] (iii) acceleration directed towards a fixed point B1 acceleration proportional to distance from the fixed point / displacement B1 [2] (b) acceleration is constant (magnitude) M1 so cannot be s.h.m. A1 [2]
- 41. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 41 © UCLES 2010 4 (a) ability to do work B1 as a result of the position/shape, etc. of an object B1 [2] (b) (i) 1 ∆Egpe = GMm / r C1 = (6.67 × 10–11 × {2 × 1.66 × 10–27 }2 ) / (3.8 × 10–15 ) C1 = 1.93 × 10–49 J A1 [3] 2 ∆Eepe = Qq / 4πε0r C1 = (1.6 × 10–19 )2 / (4π × 8.85 × 10–12 × 3.8 × 10–15 ) C1 = 6.06 × 10–14 J A1 [3] (ii) idea that 2EK = ∆Eepe – ∆Egpe B1 EK = 3.03 × 10–14 J = (3.03 × 10–14 ) / 1.6 × 10–13 M1 = 0.19 MeV A0 [2] (iii) fusion may occur / may break into sub-nuclear particles B1 [1] 5 (a) (i) VH depends on angle between (plane of) probe and B-field B1 either VH max when plane and B-field are normal to each other or VH zero when plane and B-field are parallel or VH depends on sine of angle between plane and B-field B1 [2] (ii) 1 calculates VHr at least three times M1 to 1 s.f. constant so valid or approx constant so valid or to 2 s.f., not constant so invalid A1 [2] 2 straight line passes through origin B1 [1] (b) (i) e.m.f. induced is proportional / equal to M1 rate of change of (magnetic) flux (linkage) A1 constant field in coil / flux (linkage) of coil does not change B1 [3] (ii) e.g. vary current (in wire) / switch current on or off / use a.c. current rotate coil move coil towards / away from wire (1 mark each, max 3) B3 [3] 6 (a) all four diodes correct to give output, regardless of polarity M1 connected for correct polarity A1 [2] (b) NS / NP = VS / VP C1 V0 = √2 × Vrms C1 ratio = 9.0 / (√2 × 240) = 1/38 or 1/37 or 0.027 A1 [3]
- 42. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 41 © UCLES 2010 7 (a) arrow pointing up the page B1 [1] (b) (i) Eq = Bqv C1 v = (12 × 103 ) / (930 × 10–6 ) C1 = 1.3 × 107 m s–1 A1 [3] (ii) Bqv = mv 2 / r C1 q/m = (1.3 × 107 ) / (7.9 × 10–2 × 930 × 10–6 ) C1 = 1.8 × 1011 C kg–1 A1 [3] 8 (a) momentum conservation hence momenta of photons are equal (but opposite) M1 same momentum so same energy A1 [2] (b) (i) (∆)E = (∆)mc2 C1 = 1.2 × 10–28 × (3.0 × 108 )2 = 1.08 × 10–11 J A1 [2] (ii) E = hc / λ λ = (6.63 × 10–34 × 3.0 × 108 ) / (1.08 × 10–11 ) C1 = 1.84 × 10–14 m A1 [2] (iii) λ = h / p p = (6.63 × 10–34 ) / (1.84 × 10–14 ) C1 = 3.6 × 10–20 N s A1 [2] Section B 9 (a) (i) point X shown correctly B1 [1] (ii) op-amp has very large / infinite gain M1 non-inverting input is at earth (potential) / earthed / at 0 V M1 if amplifier is not to saturate, inverting input must be (almost) at earth potential / 0 (V) same potential as inverting input A1 [3] (b) (i) total input resistance = 1.2 kΩ C1 (amplifier) gain (= –4.2 / 1.2) = –3.5 C1 (voltmeter) reading = –3.5 × –1.5 = 5.25 V A1 [3] (total disregard of signs or incorrect sign in answer, max 2 marks) (ii) (less bright so) resistance of LDR increases M1 (amplifier) gain decreases M1 (voltmeter) reading decreases A1 [3]
- 43. Page 5 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 41 © UCLES 2010 10 (a) X-ray taken of slice / plane / section B1 repeated at different angles B1 images / data is processed B1 combined / added to give (2-D) image of slice B1 repeated for successive slices B1 to build up a 3-D image B1 image can be viewed from different angles / rotated B1 max 6 [6] (b) (i) 16 A1 [1] (ii) evidence of deducting 16 then dividing by 3 C1 to give A1 [2] 3 2 6 5 11 (a) frequency of carrier wave varies (in synchrony) with signal M1 (in synchrony) with displacement of signal A1 [2] (b) advantages e.g. less noise / less interference greater bandwidth / better quality (1 each, max 2) disadvantages e.g. short range / more transmitters / line of sight more complex circuitry greater expense (1 each, max 2) B4 [4] 12 (a) gain / loss/dB = 10 lg(P1/P2) C1 190 = 10 lg(18 × 103 / P2) or –190 = 10 lg P2 / 18 × 103 ) C1 power = 1.8 × 10–15 W A1 [3] (b) (i) 11 GHz / 12 GHz B1 [1] (ii) e.g. so that input signal to satellite will not be ‘swamped’ to avoid interference of uplink with / by downlink B1 [1]
- 44. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/42 Paper 4 (A2 Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 100 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 45. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 42 © UCLES 2010 Section A 1 (a) work done moving unit mass M1 from infinity to the point A1 [2] (b) (i) at R, φ = 6.3 × 107 J kg–1 (allow ± 0.1 × 107 ) B1 φ = GM / R 6.3 × 107 = (6.67 × 10–11 × M) / (6.4 × 106 ) C1 M = 6.0 × 1024 kg (allow 5.95 → 6.14) A1 [3] Maximum of 2/3 for any value chosen for φ not at R (ii) change in potential = 2.1 × 107 J kg–1 (allow ± 0.1 × 107 ) C1 loss in potential energy = gain in kinetic energy B1 ½ mv 2 = φ m or ½ mv 2 = GM / 3R C1 ½ v 2 = 2.1 × 107 v = 6.5 × 103 m s–1 ………..……(allow 6.3 → 6.6) A1 [4] (answer 7.9 × 103 m s–1 , based on x = 2R, allow max 3 marks) (iii) e.g. speed / velocity / acceleration would be greater B1 deviates / bends from straight path B1 [2] (any sensible ideas, 1 each, max 2) 2 (a) (i) reduction in energy (of the oscillations) (B1) reduction in amplitude / energy of oscillations (B1) due to force (always) opposing motion / resistive forces (B1) [2] any two of the above, max 2 (ii) amplitude is decreasing (very) gradually / oscillations would continue (for a long time) /many oscillations M1 light damping A1 [2] (b) (i) frequency = 1 / 0.3 = 3.3 Hz A1 [1] allow points taken from time axis giving f = 3.45 Hz (ii) energy = ½ mv 2 and v = ωa C1 = ½ × 0.065 × (2π/0.3)2 × (1.5 × 10–2 )2 M1 = 3.2 mJ A0 [2] (c) amplitude reduces exponentially / does not decrease linearly M1 so will be not be 0.7 cm A1 [2]
- 46. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 42 © UCLES 2010 3 (a) (i) 1 deg C corresponds to (3840 – 190) / 100 Ω C1 for resistance 2300 Ω, temperature is 100 × (2300 – 3840) / (190 – 3840) temperature is 42°C A1 [2] (ii) either 286 K ≡ 13°C or 42°C ≡ 315 K B1 thermodynamic scale does not depend on the property of a substance M1 so change in resistance (of thermistor) with temperature is non-linear A1 [3] (b) heat gained by ice in melting = 0.012 × 3.3 × 105 J C1 = 3960 J heat lost by water = 0.095 × 4.2 × 103 × (28 – θ) C1 3960 + (0.012 × 4.2 × 103 × θ) = 0.095 × 4.2 × 103 × (28 – θ) C1 θ = 16°C A1 [4] (answer 18°C – melted ice omitted – allow max 2 marks) (use of (θ – T) then allow max 1 mark) 4 (a) force = q1q2 / 4πε0x2 C1 = (6.4 × 10–19 )2 / (4π × 8.85 × 10–12 × {12 × 10–6 }2 ) C1 = 2.56 × 10–17 N A1 [3] (b) potential at P is same as potential at Q B1 work done = q∆V M1 ∆V = 0 so zero work done A0 [2] (c) at midpoint, potential is 2 × (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 6 × 10–6 ) C1 at P, potential is (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 3 × 10–6 ) + (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) C1 change in potential = (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) energy = 1.6 × 10–19 × (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) C1 = 1.0 × 10–22 J A1 [4] 5 (a) e.g. ‘storage of charge’ / storage of energy blocking of direct current producing of electrical oscillations smoothing (any two, 1 mark each) B2 [2] (b) (i) capacitance of parallel combination = 60 µF C1 total capacitance = 20 µF A1 [2] (ii) p.d. across parallel combination = ½ × p.d. across single capacitor C1 maximum is 9V A1 [2] (c) either energy = ½CV 2 or energy = ½QV and Q = CV C1 energy = ½ × 4700 × 10–6 × (182 – 122 ) C1 = 0.42 J A1 [3]
- 47. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 42 © UCLES 2010 6 (a) (i) straight line with positive gradient M1 through origin A1 [2] (ii) maximum force shown at θ = 90° M1 zero force shown at θ = 0° M1 reasonable curve with F about ½ max at 30° A1 [3] (b) (i) force on electron due to magnetic field B1 force on electron normal to magnetic field and direction of electron B1 [2] (ii) quote / mention of (Fleming’s) left hand rule M1 electron moves towards QR A1 [2] 7 (a) either the value of steady / constant voltage M1 that produces same power (in a resistor) as the alternating voltage A1 [2] or if alternating voltage is squared and averaged (M1) the r.m.s. value is the square root of this averaged value (A1) (b) (i) 220 V A1 [1] (ii) 156 V A1 [1] (iii) 60 Hz A1 [1] (c) power = Vrms 2 / R C1 R = 1562 / 1500 = 16 Ω A1 [2] 8 (a) (i) number = (5.1 × 10–6 × 6.02 × 1023 ) / 241 C1 = 1.27 × 1016 A1 [2] (ii) A = λN C1 5.9 × 105 = λ × 1.27 × 1016 λ = 4.65 × 10–11 s–1 A1 [2] (iii) 4.65 × 10–11 × t½ = ln2 C1 t½ = 1.49 × 1010 s = 470 years A1 [2] (b) sample / activity would decay appreciably whilst measurements are being made B1 [1]
- 48. Page 5 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 42 © UCLES 2010 Section B 9 (a) (i) fraction of the output (signal) is added to the input (signal) M1 out of phase by 180° / π rad / to inverting input A1 [2] (ii) e.g. reduces gain increases bandwidth greater stability reduces distortion (any two, 1 mark each) B2 [2] (b) (i) gain = 4.4 / 0.062 = 71 A1 [1] (ii) 71 = 1 + 120/R C1 R = 1.7 × 103 Ω A1 [2] (c) for the amplifier not to saturate B1 maximum output is (71 × 95 × 10–3 =) approximately 6.7 V M1 supply should be +/– 9 V A1 [3] 10 (a) (i) strain gauge B1 [1] (ii) piezo-electric / quartz crystal / transducer B1 [1] (b) circuit: coil of relay connected between sensing circuit output and earth B1 switch across terminals of external circuit B1 diode in series with coil with correct polarity for diode B1 second diode with correct polarity B1 [4] 11 either quartz or piezo-electric crystal B1 opposite faces /two sides coated (with silver) to act as electrodes B1 either molecular structure indicated or centres of (+) and (–) charge not coincident B1 potential difference across crystal causes crystal to change shape B1 alternating voltage (in US frequency range) applied across crystal B1 causes crystal to oscillate / vibrate B1 (crystal cut) so that it vibrates at resonant frequency B1 [6] (max 6)
- 49. Page 6 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 42 © UCLES 2010 12 (a) signal becomes distorted / noisy B1 signal loses power / energy / intensity / is attenuated B1 [2] (b) (i) either numbers involved are smaller / more manageable / cover wider range or calculations involve addition & subtraction rather than multiplication and division B1 [1] (ii) 25 = 10 lg(Pmin / (6.1 × 10–19 )) C1 minimum signal power = 1.93 × 10–16 W C1 signal loss = 10 lg(6.5 × 10–3 )/(1.93 × 10–16 ) = 135 dB C1 maximum cable length = 135 / 1.6 C1 = 85 km so no repeaters necessary A1 [5]
- 50. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/43 Paper 4 (A2 Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 100 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 51. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 43 © UCLES 2010 Section A 1 (a) work done moving unit mass M1 from infinity to the point A1 [2] (b) (i) at R, φ = 6.3 × 107 J kg–1 (allow ± 0.1 × 107 ) B1 φ = GM / R 6.3 × 107 = (6.67 × 10–11 × M) / (6.4 × 106 ) C1 M = 6.0 × 1024 kg (allow 5.95 → 6.14) A1 [3] Maximum of 2/3 for any value chosen for φ not at R (ii) change in potential = 2.1 × 107 J kg–1 (allow ± 0.1 × 107 ) C1 loss in potential energy = gain in kinetic energy B1 ½ mv 2 = φ m or ½ mv 2 = GM / 3R C1 ½ v 2 = 2.1 × 107 v = 6.5 × 103 m s–1 ………..……(allow 6.3 → 6.6) A1 [4] (answer 7.9 × 103 m s–1 , based on x = 2R, allow max 3 marks) (iii) e.g. speed / velocity / acceleration would be greater B1 deviates / bends from straight path B1 [2] (any sensible ideas, 1 each, max 2) 2 (a) (i) reduction in energy (of the oscillations) (B1) reduction in amplitude / energy of oscillations (B1) due to force (always) opposing motion / resistive forces (B1) [2] any two of the above, max 2 (ii) amplitude is decreasing (very) gradually / oscillations would continue (for a long time) /many oscillations M1 light damping A1 [2] (b) (i) frequency = 1 / 0.3 = 3.3 Hz A1 [1] allow points taken from time axis giving f = 3.45 Hz (ii) energy = ½ mv 2 and v = ωa C1 = ½ × 0.065 × (2π/0.3)2 × (1.5 × 10–2 )2 M1 = 3.2 mJ A0 [2] (c) amplitude reduces exponentially / does not decrease linearly M1 so will be not be 0.7 cm A1 [2]
- 52. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 43 © UCLES 2010 3 (a) (i) 1 deg C corresponds to (3840 – 190) / 100 Ω C1 for resistance 2300 Ω, temperature is 100 × (2300 – 3840) / (190 – 3840) temperature is 42°C A1 [2] (ii) either 286 K ≡ 13°C or 42°C ≡ 315 K B1 thermodynamic scale does not depend on the property of a substance M1 so change in resistance (of thermistor) with temperature is non-linear A1 [3] (b) heat gained by ice in melting = 0.012 × 3.3 × 105 J C1 = 3960 J heat lost by water = 0.095 × 4.2 × 103 × (28 – θ) C1 3960 + (0.012 × 4.2 × 103 × θ) = 0.095 × 4.2 × 103 × (28 – θ) C1 θ = 16°C A1 [4] (answer 18°C – melted ice omitted – allow max 2 marks) (use of (θ – T) then allow max 1 mark) 4 (a) force = q1q2 / 4πε0x2 C1 = (6.4 × 10–19 )2 / (4π × 8.85 × 10–12 × {12 × 10–6 }2 ) C1 = 2.56 × 10–17 N A1 [3] (b) potential at P is same as potential at Q B1 work done = q∆V M1 ∆V = 0 so zero work done A0 [2] (c) at midpoint, potential is 2 × (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 6 × 10–6 ) C1 at P, potential is (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 3 × 10–6 ) + (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) C1 change in potential = (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) energy = 1.6 × 10–19 × (6.4 × 10–19 ) / (4πε0 × 9 × 10–6 ) C1 = 1.0 × 10–22 J A1 [4] 5 (a) e.g. ‘storage of charge’ / storage of energy blocking of direct current producing of electrical oscillations smoothing (any two, 1 mark each) B2 [2] (b) (i) capacitance of parallel combination = 60 µF C1 total capacitance = 20 µF A1 [2] (ii) p.d. across parallel combination = ½ × p.d. across single capacitor C1 maximum is 9V A1 [2] (c) either energy = ½CV 2 or energy = ½QV and Q = CV C1 energy = ½ × 4700 × 10–6 × (182 – 122 ) C1 = 0.42 J A1 [3]
- 53. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 43 © UCLES 2010 6 (a) (i) straight line with positive gradient M1 through origin A1 [2] (ii) maximum force shown at θ = 90° M1 zero force shown at θ = 0° M1 reasonable curve with F about ½ max at 30° A1 [3] (b) (i) force on electron due to magnetic field B1 force on electron normal to magnetic field and direction of electron B1 [2] (ii) quote / mention of (Fleming’s) left hand rule M1 electron moves towards QR A1 [2] 7 (a) either the value of steady / constant voltage M1 that produces same power (in a resistor) as the alternating voltage A1 [2] or if alternating voltage is squared and averaged (M1) the r.m.s. value is the square root of this averaged value (A1) (b) (i) 220 V A1 [1] (ii) 156 V A1 [1] (iii) 60 Hz A1 [1] (c) power = Vrms 2 / R C1 R = 1562 / 1500 = 16 Ω A1 [2] 8 (a) (i) number = (5.1 × 10–6 × 6.02 × 1023 ) / 241 C1 = 1.27 × 1016 A1 [2] (ii) A = λN C1 5.9 × 105 = λ × 1.27 × 1016 λ = 4.65 × 10–11 s–1 A1 [2] (iii) 4.65 × 10–11 × t½ = ln2 C1 t½ = 1.49 × 1010 s = 470 years A1 [2] (b) sample / activity would decay appreciably whilst measurements are being made B1 [1]
- 54. Page 5 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 43 © UCLES 2010 Section B 9 (a) (i) fraction of the output (signal) is added to the input (signal) M1 out of phase by 180° / π rad / to inverting input A1 [2] (ii) e.g. reduces gain increases bandwidth greater stability reduces distortion (any two, 1 mark each) B2 [2] (b) (i) gain = 4.4 / 0.062 = 71 A1 [1] (ii) 71 = 1 + 120/R C1 R = 1.7 × 103 Ω A1 [2] (c) for the amplifier not to saturate B1 maximum output is (71 × 95 × 10–3 =) approximately 6.7 V M1 supply should be +/– 9 V A1 [3] 10 (a) (i) strain gauge B1 [1] (ii) piezo-electric / quartz crystal / transducer B1 [1] (b) circuit: coil of relay connected between sensing circuit output and earth B1 switch across terminals of external circuit B1 diode in series with coil with correct polarity for diode B1 second diode with correct polarity B1 [4] 11 either quartz or piezo-electric crystal B1 opposite faces /two sides coated (with silver) to act as electrodes B1 either molecular structure indicated or centres of (+) and (–) charge not coincident B1 potential difference across crystal causes crystal to change shape B1 alternating voltage (in US frequency range) applied across crystal B1 causes crystal to oscillate / vibrate B1 (crystal cut) so that it vibrates at resonant frequency B1 [6] (max 6)
- 55. Page 6 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 43 © UCLES 2010 12 (a) signal becomes distorted / noisy B1 signal loses power / energy / intensity / is attenuated B1 [2] (b) (i) either numbers involved are smaller / more manageable / cover wider range or calculations involve addition & subtraction rather than multiplication and division B1 [1] (ii) 25 = 10 lg(Pmin / (6.1 × 10–19 )) C1 minimum signal power = 1.93 × 10–16 W C1 signal loss = 10 lg(6.5 × 10–3 )/(1.93 × 10–16 ) = 135 dB C1 maximum cable length = 135 / 1.6 C1 = 85 km so no repeaters necessary A1 [5]
- 56. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/51 Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation), maximum raw mark 30 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 57. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 51 © UCLES 2010 1 Planning (15 marks) Defining the problem (3 marks) P1 Vary v and measure d, or v is the independent variable and d is the dependent variable [1] P2 Keep mass constant [1] P3 Keep the wood constant/keep same type of nails [1] Methods of data collection (5 marks) M1 Diagram of apparatus showing mass falling onto centre of nail [1] M2 Change height of falling mass (to change v) [1] M3 Measurement(s) from which v can be determined, e.g. measure height fallen; light gate(s) connected to timer/data-logger measuring time, and ticker tape/motion sensor. Do not award stopwatch methods. [1] M4 Appropriate equation to determine v (the velocity of the mass at the instant it hits the nail) [1] M5 Detail on measuring d ; subtract, needle, mark nail, depth gauge [1] Method of analysis (2 marks) A1 Plot a graph of log d against log v [1] A2 n = gradient [1] Safety considerations (1 mark) S1 Precaution linked to falling masses, e.g. keep well away/sand trays [1] Additional detail (4 marks) D 1/2/3/4 Relevant points might include [4] 1. Method to create a large d, e.g. large mass, thin nails, soft wood 2. Use of a guide for falling mass/guide for nail 3. Use of vernier scale to measure d 4. Repeat experiment and determine an average 5. Use different part of wood for each test 6. Method to make nail vertical e.g. set square 7. Discussion / preliminary experiment about thin nails going totally into wood 8. lg d = n lg v + lg k [Total: 15]
- 58. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 51 © UCLES 2010 2 Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks) Part Mark Expected Answer Additional Guidance (a) A1 Cπ2 1 Allow CC 0.159 6.28 1 = (b) T1 T2 4.55 330 or 333 4.00 290 or 294 3.33 240 or 238 2.86 210 or 208 2.50 180 or 179 2.22 160 or 161 T1 awarded for 1/f column; ignore rounding and sf e.g. allow 4.54 or 4.544 or 4.545 T2 awarded for Xc column – must be values in table U1 ± 20 (allow ± 17 or 18 or 19), decreasing to ± 10 (allow ± 7) Allow one significant figure. Do not allow ± 10 for 1st row. (c) (i) G1 Six points plotted correctly Must be within half a small square. Allow ecf from table. U2 Error bars in Xc plotted correctly Check first and last point. Must be accurate within half a small square. All plots must have error bars. (ii) G2 Line of best fit If points are plotted correctly then lower end of line should pass between (2.0, 142) and (2.0, 148) and upper end of line should pass between (4.85, 360) and (4.95, 360). Allow ecf from points plotted incorrectly – examiner judgement. G3 Worst acceptable straight line. Steepest or shallowest possible line that passes through all the error bars. Line should be clearly labelled or dashed. Should pass from top of top error bar to bottom of bottom error bar or bottom of top error bar to top of bottom error bar. Mark scored only if error bars are plotted. (iii) C1 Gradient of best-fit line The triangle used should be at least half the length of the drawn line. Check the read-offs. Work to half a small square. Do not penalise POT. U3 Error in gradient Method of determining absolute error. Difference in worst gradient and gradient.
- 59. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 51 © UCLES 2010 (d) C2 C = 1/(2π × gradient) = 0.159/gradient Gradient must be used correctly. Allow ecf from (c)(iii). Do not penalise POT. If gradient within range given, then C in range (2.08 – 2.21) × 10–6 U4 Method of determining error in C Uses worst gradient and finds difference. Allow fractional error methods. Do not check calculation. C3 Consistent unit of C : F Penalise POT; allow s Ω–1 or Ω–1 Hz–1 . Should be about 10–6 F. Unit must be consistent with working. (e) (i) C4 0.455 – 0.490 given to 3 sf or 0.46 – 0.49 given to 2 sf Answer must be in ranges given. (ii) U5 Percentage uncertainty in gradient + 10% Expect to see similar calculation to above. Allow using largest or smallest value methods. [Total: 15] Uncertainties in Question 2 (c) (iii) Gradient [E3] 1. Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit – gradient of worst acceptable line 2. Uncertainty = ½ (steepest worst line gradient – shallowest worst line gradient) (d) C [E4] 1. Uncertainty = C from gradient – C from worst acceptable line 2. gradient gradient∆ = ∆ C C (e) τ [E5] 1. Substitution method to find worst acceptable τ using either largest C × 242 × 103 or smallest C × 198 × 103 Percentage uncertainty = 100× ∆ τ τ 2. Percentage uncertainty = 10100 gradient gradient +× ∆ = 10100 +× ∆ C C
- 60. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/52 Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation), maximum raw mark 30 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 61. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 52 © UCLES 2010 1 Planning (15 marks) Defining the problem (3 marks) P1 x is the independent variable, B is the dependent variable or vary x and measure B [1] P2 Keep the number of turns on the coil/radius of the coil constant [1] Do not accept same coil – ‘coil’ is not a variable P3 Keep the current (in the coil) constant [1] Methods of data collection (5 marks) M1 Diagram showing coil and Hall probe with a means of read out appropriately positioned along axis [1] M2 Coil connected to a power supply [1] M3 Measure x with a ruler [1] M4 Hall probe at right angles to direction of magnetic field or gives maximum output for each reading [1] M5 Method to determine axis of coil or to find x = 0 [1] Method of analysis (2 marks) A1 Plot a graph of ln B against x [1] A2 Relationship valid if a straight line is produced (ignore reference to y-intercept) [1] Safety considerations (1 mark) S1 Precaution linked to (large) current in coil/heating, e.g. switch off when not in use to avoid overheating coil; do not touch because it is hot [1] Additional detail (4 marks) D 1/2/3/4 Relevant points might include [4] 1. Method to create a large magnetic field, e.g. use large current or large number of turns. 2. Reasoned method to keep current constant. 3. Reasoned method to keep Hall probe in same orientation (e.g. use of set square, fix to rule, optical bench or equivalent). 4. B is proportional to voltage across Hall probe/calibrate Hall probe (in a known magnetic field). 5. Repeat experiment with Hall probe reversed or equivalent. 6. Identifies logarithmic equation i.e. ln B = –p x + ln B0 7. Avoid external magnetic fields. 8. Method to keep Hall probe along axis. Do not allow vague computer methods. [Total: 15]
- 62. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 52 © UCLES 2010 2 Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks) Part Mark Expected Answer Additional Guidance (a) A1 g 2 4π Allow g 39.5 (b) T1 Column headings: T / s and T 2 / s2 There must be a dividing mark between the quantity and the unit, i.e. “in”; “/”; (unit) e.g. T (s). T2 3.57 or 3.572 3.20 or 3.204 2.79 or 2.789 2.40 or 2.403 1.99 or 1.988 1.59 or 1.588 Must be values in the table. U1 From ± 0.04 to ± 0.02 or ± 0.03 Allow more than one significant figure, e.g. ± 0.038. (c) (i) G1 Six points plotted correctly Must be within half a small square. Ecf allowed from table. U2 Error bars in T 2 plotted correctly. Check first and last point. Must be accurate within half a small square. All plots must have error bars. (ii) G2 Line of best fit If points are plotted correctly then lower end of line should pass between (37, 1.5) and (38, 1.5) and upper end of line should pass between (92, 3.7) and (94, 3.7). Allow ecf from points plotted incorrectly – examiner judgement. G3 Worst acceptable straight line. Steepest or shallowest possible line that passes through all the error bars. Line should be clearly labelled or dashed. Should pass from top of top error bar to bottom of bottom error bar or bottom of top error bar to top of bottom error bar. Mark scored only if error bars are plotted. (iii) C1 Gradient of best fit line The triangle used should be at least half the length of the drawn line. Check the read-offs. Work to half a small square. Do not penalise POT. U3 Error in gradient Method of determining absolute error. Difference in worst gradient and gradient. (d) C2 g = 4π2 /gradient = 39.5/gradient Gradient must be used correctly. Allow ecf from (c)(iii). U4 Determines uncertainty in g Uses worst calculated g value or fractional method. Do not check calculation. C3 Consistent unit: cm s–2 or m s–2 Penalise POT. Allow equivalent cm/s2 and m/s2 Unit must be consistent with working.
- 63. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 52 © UCLES 2010 (e) (i) C4 24.6 to 25.9 given to 3 sf or 25 or 26 given to 2 sf. Allow m, etc. (ii) U5 Determines percentage uncertainty in l Check method; allow with or without consideration of ∆T. [Total: 15] Uncertainties in Question 2 (c) (iii) Gradient [E3] 1. Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit – gradient of worst acceptable line 2. Uncertainty = ½ (steepest worst line gradient – shallowest worst line gradient) (d) [E4] 1. Uncertainty = g from gradient – g from worst acceptable line 2. gradient gradient∆ = ∆ g g (e) [E5] 1. Works out worst l then finds difference then uses 2 2. 100100 gradient gradient 100 × ∆ =× ∆ =× ∆ l l g g 3. 100100 2 gradient gradient 100 2 × ∆ =× ∆ + ∆ =× ∆ + ∆ l l T T T T g g
- 64. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9702 PHYSICS 9702/53 Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation), maximum raw mark 30 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the examination. • CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes. CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2010 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.
- 65. Page 2 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 53 © UCLES 2010 1 Planning (15 marks) Defining the problem (3 marks) P1 x is the independent variable, B is the dependent variable or vary x and measure B [1] P2 Keep the number of turns on the coil/radius of the coil constant [1] Do not accept same coil – ‘coil’ is not a variable P3 Keep the current (in the coil) constant [1] Methods of data collection (5 marks) M1 Diagram showing coil and Hall probe with a means of read out appropriately positioned along axis [1] M2 Coil connected to a power supply [1] M3 Measure x with a ruler [1] M4 Hall probe at right angles to direction of magnetic field or gives maximum output for each reading [1] M5 Method to determine axis of coil or to find x = 0 [1] Method of analysis (2 marks) A1 Plot a graph of ln B against x [1] A2 Relationship valid if a straight line is produced (ignore reference to y-intercept) [1] Safety considerations (1 mark) S1 Precaution linked to (large) current in coil/heating, e.g. switch off when not in use to avoid overheating coil; do not touch because it is hot [1] Additional detail (4 marks) D 1/2/3/4 Relevant points might include [4] 1. Method to create a large magnetic field, e.g. use large current or large number of turns. 2. Reasoned method to keep current constant. 3. Reasoned method to keep Hall probe in same orientation (e.g. use of set square, fix to rule, optical bench or equivalent). 4. B is proportional to voltage across Hall probe/calibrate Hall probe (in a known magnetic field). 5. Repeat experiment with Hall probe reversed or equivalent. 6. Identifies logarithmic equation i.e. ln B = –p x + ln B0 7. Avoid external magnetic fields. 8. Method to keep Hall probe along axis. Do not allow vague computer methods. [Total: 15]
- 66. Page 3 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 53 © UCLES 2010 2 Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks) Part Mark Expected Answer Additional Guidance (a) A1 g 2 4π Allow g 39.5 (b) T1 Column headings: T / s and T 2 / s2 There must be a dividing mark between the quantity and the unit, i.e. “in”; “/”; (unit) e.g. T (s). T2 3.57 or 3.572 3.20 or 3.204 2.79 or 2.789 2.40 or 2.403 1.99 or 1.988 1.59 or 1.588 Must be values in the table. U1 From ± 0.04 to ± 0.02 or ± 0.03 Allow more than one significant figure, e.g. ± 0.038. (c) (i) G1 Six points plotted correctly Must be within half a small square. Ecf allowed from table. U2 Error bars in T 2 plotted correctly. Check first and last point. Must be accurate within half a small square. All plots must have error bars. (ii) G2 Line of best fit If points are plotted correctly then lower end of line should pass between (37, 1.5) and (38, 1.5) and upper end of line should pass between (92, 3.7) and (94, 3.7). Allow ecf from points plotted incorrectly – examiner judgement. G3 Worst acceptable straight line. Steepest or shallowest possible line that passes through all the error bars. Line should be clearly labelled or dashed. Should pass from top of top error bar to bottom of bottom error bar or bottom of top error bar to top of bottom error bar. Mark scored only if error bars are plotted. (iii) C1 Gradient of best fit line The triangle used should be at least half the length of the drawn line. Check the read-offs. Work to half a small square. Do not penalise POT. U3 Error in gradient Method of determining absolute error. Difference in worst gradient and gradient. (d) C2 g = 4π2 /gradient = 39.5/gradient Gradient must be used correctly. Allow ecf from (c)(iii). U4 Determines uncertainty in g Uses worst calculated g value or fractional method. Do not check calculation. C3 Consistent unit: cm s–2 or m s–2 Penalise POT. Allow equivalent cm/s2 and m/s2 Unit must be consistent with working.
- 67. Page 4 Mark Scheme: Teachers’ version Syllabus Paper GCE AS/A LEVEL – May/June 2010 9702 53 © UCLES 2010 (e) (i) C4 24.6 to 25.9 given to 3 sf or 25 or 26 given to 2 sf. Allow m, etc. (ii) U5 Determines percentage uncertainty in l Check method; allow with or without consideration of ∆T. [Total: 15] Uncertainties in Question 2 (c) (iii) Gradient [E3] 1. Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit – gradient of worst acceptable line 2. Uncertainty = ½ (steepest worst line gradient – shallowest worst line gradient) (d) [E4] 1. Uncertainty = g from gradient – g from worst acceptable line 2. gradient gradient∆ = ∆ g g (e) [E5] 1. Works out worst l then finds difference then uses 2 2. 100100 gradient gradient 100 × ∆ =× ∆ =× ∆ l l g g 3. 100100 2 gradient gradient 100 2 × ∆ =× ∆ + ∆ =× ∆ + ∆ l l T T T T g g