.
Work Breakdown Structure
•
History of CNG
• After World War I Muselini in 1914 had ordered for
alternate fuel as such Italy is forefront in CNG
techn...
History of CNG in Bangladesh
• It was 1982 when price of fuel oils jumped in the international
market. In that year Bangla...
• CNG being cleanest fuel it has advantage over petrol
and diesel fuel. The engine exhaust of a CNG vehicle
has certain ad...
Uses of CNG
Residential use (Cooking, Heating, Air
conditioning etc)
Commercial use (Food Service, hotel,
healthcare facil...
Safety Features
CNG storage cylinders are stronger than petrol tanks since it has been
tested at 5,200 psi pressure and is...
Present Situation
there are a lot of refilling stations but not enough CNG-run
vehicles. Out of 19,000 CNG vehicles 10,000...
What's Next
“We'll not wait anymore, we've decided that the RPGCL workshop
will convert the government vehicles. The semi-...
The excellent knock-resistance property of CNG allows use of a
higher compression ratio for increased power output and fue...
Product Price / Liter TK. Avg. Km/ Liter Cost / Km Tk
100 Octane 79 10 7.9
Petrol 82 9 9.11
CNG (1
m3=1.10L)
25 11 2.27
Cost per Liter Gasoline CNG Savings
Cost of 8
Liter/day
464 62 402
Monthly
consumption
13,920 1,860 12,060
Yearly consumpt...
How People Get Attracted
Price
Campaign
Social contribution
Environment friendly
Gas Sector Description
• Gas Transmission Company Limited (GTCL),
• Bangladesh Petroleum Exploration Company Limited
(BAPE...
Technical Aspect
• CNG filling station: The CNG station will be
designed to fill 800 - 1000 Vehicles per day of 16-
18 hou...
Details of the Machinery
• MODEL : ASPRO IODM 115-5-4R
• COUNTRY OF ORIGIN : ARGENTINA
• TYPE : HORIZONTAL BOXER
• NO OF S...
Marketing Aspect
• Bangladesh is one of the natural gas producing
countries in South Asia having reserve of 22-
24 TCF (Re...
policy package
Free registration/ permission for business
enrolment.
Financial support through bank loans and
leasing comp...
Environmental Aspects
very low particulate emissions
low emission of airborne toxins
negligible SO2 emissions
less noisy o...
Economic Aspects
• the significantly lower exhaust emissions, especially of particulate matter (PM),
one more major reason...
Investment Cost
Capital Investment
Land 10,800,000.00
CNG Aspro Plant 30,395,000.00
Right of access from CDA & various aut...
Fund
INVESTOR
50%
BANK LOAN
30%
Others
20%
CNG
Break Even Analysis
Contribution Margin p.u = Selling Price per unit – Variable Cost per unit
= 8.50 – 4.82
= 3.68
Break E...
Limietation of project
lack of operational and maintenance skill
CNG equipment handling
investors having no ideas of highl...
Recommendations
1 the operator should have through knowledge, comprehensive training
and well conversant with the operatio...
Project Planing
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Project Planing

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Design, Procurement & Installation CNG filling station equipment.

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Project Planing

  1. 1. .
  2. 2. Work Breakdown Structure
  3. 3.
  4. 4. History of CNG • After World War I Muselini in 1914 had ordered for alternate fuel as such Italy is forefront in CNG technology and they are the pioneer of CNG technology. New Zealand, Argentina, Pakistan have started using the CNG as alternate fuel for automotive long before that is why many gas standard & code frame by New Zealand.
  5. 5. History of CNG in Bangladesh • It was 1982 when price of fuel oils jumped in the international market. In that year Bangladesh had to spend 80 percent of its total export earnings for importing fuel oils. In Chittagong BGSL supplying gas from Sangu and Bakherabad gas fields and having 94.50% of Methane and density around 0.566. The moisture and other impurities coming along with the gas affect the performance of machines
  6. 6. • CNG being cleanest fuel it has advantage over petrol and diesel fuel. The engine exhaust of a CNG vehicle has certain advantages over petrol such as there is no lead, lower nitrous oxides (NO2) and no organic gas emission like carbon monoxide (black smoke). Being the cleanest fuel it eliminates frequent vehicle maintenance and increases engine oil change intervals
  7. 7. Uses of CNG Residential use (Cooking, Heating, Air conditioning etc) Commercial use (Food Service, hotel, healthcare facilities) Industrial use (Paper, Metal, chemical manufactures etc) Power generation Fertilizer (Ammonia- Nitrogen Fertilizer) Alternative fuel to Gasoline (Compressed Natural Gas) Aviation fuel
  8. 8. Safety Features CNG storage cylinders are stronger than petrol tanks since it has been tested at 5,200 psi pressure and is made of fire resistant chromium and molybdenum seamless metal structure and fire & bullet proof. CNG has a specific gravity of 0.587 i.e. lighter than air, if it leaks, it rises up and dissolves in the atmosphere, while petrol will puddle on the ground exposing itself to the danger of catching fire
  9. 9. Present Situation there are a lot of refilling stations but not enough CNG-run vehicles. Out of 19,000 CNG vehicles 10,000 are three- wheelers, 3,000 taxicabs and 6,000 government and private cars. The number of CNG-run buses is below 100. Pump owners said the vehicles they feed each day are not enough to make their business profitable. Moreover, some other refilling stations are getting ready to provide service shortly.
  10. 10. What's Next “We'll not wait anymore, we've decided that the RPGCL workshop will convert the government vehicles. The semi-government and autonomous bodies will be allowed to convert their vehicles at private workshops,” said former State Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources
  11. 11. The excellent knock-resistance property of CNG allows use of a higher compression ratio for increased power output and fuel economy, compared to petrol. The energy content per kg of CNG is very similar to that of petroleum-based fuels, but it has lower energy content per unit of volume. At these high compression ratios, natural gas-fuelled engines have higher thermal efficiencies than those fuelled by gasoline. CNG has a higher octane number than petrol and it is therefore possible for CNG engines to operate at a higher compression ratio than petrol engines without knocking.
  12. 12. Product Price / Liter TK. Avg. Km/ Liter Cost / Km Tk 100 Octane 79 10 7.9 Petrol 82 9 9.11 CNG (1 m3=1.10L) 25 11 2.27
  13. 13. Cost per Liter Gasoline CNG Savings Cost of 8 Liter/day 464 62 402 Monthly consumption 13,920 1,860 12,060 Yearly consumption 167,040 22,320 144,720
  14. 14. How People Get Attracted Price Campaign Social contribution Environment friendly
  15. 15. Gas Sector Description • Gas Transmission Company Limited (GTCL), • Bangladesh Petroleum Exploration Company Limited (BAPEX) • the Titas Gas Transmission and Distribution Company Limited (TGTDCL) • the Jalalabad Gas Transmission and Distribution System Limited (JGTDSL) • Sylhet Gas Fields Company Limited (SGFL) • the Bakhrabad Gas Fields Company Limited (BGFCL)
  16. 16. Technical Aspect • CNG filling station: The CNG station will be designed to fill 800 - 1000 Vehicles per day of 16- 18 hours of operation with an average intake of 10-15m3 of gas per vehicle. Huge numbers of green tri wheelers are also the potential customers whose average intake is 5 m3 apart from the taxicab, microbus and car
  17. 17. Details of the Machinery • MODEL : ASPRO IODM 115-5-4R • COUNTRY OF ORIGIN : ARGENTINA • TYPE : HORIZONTAL BOXER • NO OF STAGES : 4+1 • INLET PRESSURE RANGE : 0.5 – 1.1 BAR • POWER :145/183 Kw • SPEED : 800/900/1000 rpm • COOLING SYSTEM : AIR COOLED • DISPENSER : 2 MASS FLOW DISPENSER ( 2 HOSE EACH) • CONTROL PANEL : CONTROL PANEL WITH SOFT START • STORAGE SYSTEM : 1 STORAGE SYSTEM ( 2500 WL)
  18. 18. Marketing Aspect • Bangladesh is one of the natural gas producing countries in South Asia having reserve of 22- 24 TCF (Recoverable). power, fertilizer industrial Transport Sector and domestic sectors
  19. 19. policy package Free registration/ permission for business enrolment. Financial support through bank loans and leasing companies. One stop service facility for gas, electricity, water, and municipal permit etc. Technical assistance through RPGCL. Lease of government's unused land on long term basis. Duty free import facility for CNG stations, cylinders, kits and CNG dedicated vehicles. CNG business is open for private sectors including international entrepreneurs.
  20. 20. Environmental Aspects very low particulate emissions low emission of airborne toxins negligible SO2 emissions less noisy operation, with less vibration and less odors than the equivalent diesel engines.
  21. 21. Economic Aspects • the significantly lower exhaust emissions, especially of particulate matter (PM), one more major reason for switching to natural gas is to diversify energy sources, since worldwide natural gas reserves are more abundant than oil reserves. In 2000, the ratio of proven reserves to production of natural gas was estimated to be 62 years, and that of oil 38 years. A country that imports oil, but has an abundant supply of natural gas, may find it particularly attractive to consider natural gas as a transport fuel so as to reduce its oil import bills.
  22. 22. Investment Cost Capital Investment Land 10,800,000.00 CNG Aspro Plant 30,395,000.00 Right of access from CDA & various auth 300,000.00 Site development 2,000,000.00 Building, shade & security lightings 3,000,000.00 Gas Connection & Security 2,600,000.00 Electricity Connection & Security 2,000,000.00 Others Including training & inspection etc 500,000.00 Consultancy & supervision charges 250,000.00 Tools and equipments etc 250,000.00 Furniture and other office equipments 500,000.00 Stand by Generator 5,200,000.00 Installation Charges 532,500.00 Insurance & others 250,000.00
  23. 23. Fund INVESTOR 50% BANK LOAN 30% Others 20% CNG
  24. 24. Break Even Analysis Contribution Margin p.u = Selling Price per unit – Variable Cost per unit = 8.50 – 4.82 = 3.68 Break Even P.u = Total Fixed Cost/ Contribution Margin per unit = 6,165,120/3.68 = 1,675,304 M3 i.e 44.00 % Break Even Point (amount) = Total Fixed Cost/ Contribution Margin (CM) ratio = 6,165,120/ 0.43 = 14,337,488.00
  25. 25. Limietation of project lack of operational and maintenance skill CNG equipment handling investors having no ideas of highly sophisticated control system Performance of the compressor is depends on the inlet pressure and gas temperature Difficulty of Gas measurement
  26. 26. Recommendations 1 the operator should have through knowledge, comprehensive training and well conversant with the operational philosophy and logic. 2 the PDB power supply is uncertain and irritant it is recommended to opt for CNG engine driven compressor. 3 All the compressors are designed for ideal conditions and will never be able to deliver up-to its full capacity due to various reasons explained earlier 4 that some sort of set back in each and every machine developed either due to operational or equipment failure. 5 Gas leak detection is necessary to be included with order as it is not only requiring for safe operation but also economic point of gas loss

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