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Bauhaus final ppt

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Bauhaus final ppt

  1. 1. BY- SAJIDA SHAHNUM 3-C
  2. 2.  SIMPLICITY , FUNCTIONALISM , ANONYMOUS AND ITS EMPHASIS ON THE HARDCRAFT ETHIC. The name Bauhaus stems from the German words for "to build" and "house." DEFINITION
  3. 3. Bauhaus is a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts. It operated from 1919 to 1933, it publicized and taught for the approach to design The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius Ironically, despite its name and the fact its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department for the first several years of its existence Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modernist architecture and modern design INTRODUCTION :
  4. 4. PLAN OF BAUHAUS SCHOOLPLAN OF BAUHAUS SCHOOL 3-D VIEW OF BAUHAUS SCHOOL3-D VIEW OF BAUHAUS SCHOOL
  5. 5. The school existed in three German cities under three different architect- directors (Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1927, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 to 1933). 1. Weimar from 1919 to 1925 2. Dessau from 1925 to 1932 3. Berlin from 1932 to 1933
  6. 6. most student should face the fact that their future should be involved primarily with industry and mass production rather than with individual craftsmanship teachers in schools of design should be men who are in advance of their profession rather than safely and academically in the rearguard the schools of design should, as the Bauhaus did, bring together the various arts of painting, architechture, theatre, photography, weaving, typography, etc., into a modern synthesis which disregards conventional distinctions between the "fine" and "applied" arts a school of design should have on its faculty the purely creative and interested artist such as the easel painter as a spiritual counterpoint to the practical technician in order that they may work and teach side by side for the benefit of the student PHILOSOPHY OF BAUHAUS :
  7. 7. manual experience of materials is essential to the student of design- experience at first confined to free experiment and then extended to the practical workshop the study of rational design in terms of techniques and materials should be only the first step in the development of a new and modern sense of beauty because we live in the 20th century, the student architect or designer should be offered no refuge in the past but should be equipped for the modern world in its various aspects, artistic, technical, social, economic, spiritual, so that he may function in society not as a decorator but as a vital participant.
  8. 8. In 1920 two important artistic events help to change the Bauhaus. 1.One was as international conference of the awant-grad that the idea on purity of form and honesty of construction to establish a new constructivist international. 2. The other was the major exhibition of Soviet design arranged interest not only in constructivism but also the social aims which informed it.
  9. 9. LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE,LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. WALTER ADOLPH GEORGWALTER ADOLPH GEORG GROPIUSGROPIUS WAS A GERMAN ARCHITECT AND FOUNDER OF BAUHAUS. ALONG WITH LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE AND. major architects of bauhaus movement :
  10. 10. Between 1919 and 1933 the German school art and design called the Bauhaus was producing designs which were truly made for mass production but it was thirty years later that industry caught up with this thinking and was able to manufacture the designs for products such as furniture and lighting cheaply enough and in large quantities . Many of the designs we now regard as design classics originate from the bauhaus One of the main objectives of the bauhaus was to unify art, craft , and technology The machine was considered a positive element , and therefore industrial and product design were important components. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design and typography. OBJECTIVES OF BAUHAUS :
  11. 11. Functional Techniques: 1.Simplicity 2.Symmetry 3.Angularity 4.Abstraction 5.Consistency 6.Unity 7.Organization 8. Economy 9. Subtlety 10.Continuity 11.Regularity 12.Sharpness 13.Monochromaticity
  12. 12. INTERIOR : staircaise in Paul Klee's house in Dessau. Random bit of ceiling that makes quite clear the sympathy between the Bauhaus and other avante-gardes of the early 20th century,
  13. 13. Drawings by Herbert Bayer in the stairway of the main building of the Bauhaus Weimar. Made for the first Bauhaus Exhibition in 1923.
  14. 14. Bauhaus Door Knob Arguably the most famous piece designed by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus doorknobs geometric forms and industrial flourishes, such as exposed screws, set the tone for what the Bauhaus aesthetic was about Bauhaus Lamp Probably the most iconic piece of lighting to come out of the Bauhaus, William Wagenfeld's lamp, constructed of precisely cut glass and metal, is among the first objects to emerge under the Bauhaus' technology-focused regime. PRODUCT DESIGNING:
  15. 15. Bauhaus Tea Infuser Designed in 1924 by Marianne Brandt, the Bauhaus tea infuser has a built-in strainer, non-drip spout, and heat-resistant handle made of ebony, embracing the school's principals of combining functionality and aesthetic. Barcelona Chair Designed in 1929 by future Bauhaus head Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and partner Lily Reich, the gentle, swooping lines Barcelona chair served as a precursor of what was to come with the mid-century modern furniture movement
  16. 16. GROPIUS CHAIR MARCEL BEUER CHAIR Bauhaus Wasilly Chair Of all the chairs to come out of the Bauhaus, this is the one that commonly comes to mind. Designed my Marcel Breuer, the Wasilly chair is a mix of steel and leather, using no more material than is absolutely needed, while providing maximum comfort. It's a design you'll still find in homes today.
  17. 17. Marcel Breuer chair, one of the very first tubular steel chairs, designed in 1925.
  18. 18. Bauhaus Chess Set Designed in 1922 by Josef Hartwig, the best part about the chess pieces is that the design of each also indicates the type of movement it is capable of Bauhaus Nesting Tables Nothing quite says "smart" like five separate tables that fit into the footprint of one. And the use of colors with each table is something that would be revisited by Ray and Charles Eames decades later
  19. 19. Marianne brandt desklamp MIES VAN DER ROHE CANTILEVERED CHAIR
  20. 20. PETER BEHRENS 1910 CLOCK NEUM SLUTZKY TEAPOT Bauhaus Cradle The Bauhaus Cradle emerged in the early days of the German design school, but the simplicity of this magazine holder, both with regard to the form and colors used, doesn't undermine the inherent playfulness of the design.
  21. 21. HE SOUGHT PERFECTION IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF FORMS AND SYMMETRY IN ITS DETAILING, WALTER TEAGUE RADIO LEICA CAMERA
  22. 22. GROPIUS DIRECTORS HOUSE GROPIUS’ ARCHITECTURAL DESIGNS EXPRESSED HIS THEME OF A UNITY BETWEEN WORK AND BUILDING. BAUHAUS WOODEN TOYS BAUHAUS MONDERIA ARCHITECTURE

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