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Linguistics imperialism

The causes, effects, start, and the way its going, what are the roles, what are the agencies through which linguistics imperialism is spreading.

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Linguistics imperialism

  1. 1. Linguistic Imperialism: A non-native speakers’ perspective Sajid Ali MS16-ENGL-02 Mehran University of Engineering and Technology Jamshoro
  2. 2. Linguistics Imperialism Definition Linguistic imperialism is the imposition of one language on speakers of other languages. Also known as linguistic nationalism, linguistic dominance, and language imperialism. In our time, the global expansion of English has often been cited as example of linguistic imperialism. About.Com
  3. 3. Linguistics Imperialism Definition The term “linguistic imperialism” originated in the 1930s as part of a critique of Basic English and was reintroduced by linguist Robert Phillipson in his monograph Linguistic Imperialism (OUP, 1992) About.Com
  4. 4. Major boosters of English •Business and trade • International Politics • International Education Aid •Internet • News Media Technology Most advanced sciences researches
  5. 5. English as social phenomenon 1. It brings changes in attitudes. 2. It promotes class system in society. 3. It encourages discrimination between knowledgeable and fluent in English 4. It has become language of power 5. Language of secrecy 6. Success is only in English language
  6. 6. Why remote imperialism? • To keep them at ease, let other people have hectic, let them learn to do trade with them. • To be everywhere in the world through their language (indirectly through their culture). • Earning is also one of main reasons, such as TESOL and TOEFIC tests • English people want to control the world remotely, which is similar to colonization. (Modern Colonization)
  7. 7. Effects of Linguistic Imperialism • English becomes barrier against education. • English is a symbolic language, which effects none speaker’s social, personal, and economic life. • Non-English speaker will have sense of inferiority over English people. • More popularity of English will lead our indigenous languages and culture to the brink of death.
  8. 8. Misconceptions and Realities • If one speaks English fluently in Pakistan, he/she is considered to be an educated person. • Native speakers assert that English has an intrinsic quality of accommodation, amalgamation, and coexistence. • English is superior to other languages. Which is not true. • No language is superior to other. • British English is standard English. • Success is only possible through English language. • Language can not be itself imperialistic in nature.
  9. 9. Linguistic or Cultural Imperialism • Imperialism: Conquer and control another country (J.Downing & A. Mohammadi). • Linguistic Imperialism: Transfer of a dominant language to other people (R. Phillipson) • Cultural Imperialism: Superimpose one culture over another (H. Schiller)
  10. 10. English People’s Efforts in Promotion of their Language • US & Tesol International partnership for promoting English ELT language skills. • British ELT efforts in Thailand and Ukraine such as: • Emphasizing monolingualism • Native as ideal teacher • USAid & British Council in Pakistan • Pakistan American Culture Center (PACC) • Through globalization, they are promoting their language (McDoland is prime example) • Phillipson condemns the institutions of IMF, British Council & World Bank for misguiding people showing English people as well trained, well educated in Education, economy, and politics.
  11. 11. Conclusion 1. Our indigenous languages are equally beautiful as English itself is. 2. English is coming as very strong force, which can’t be stopped so it is better to go with current. 3. We can promote multi-lingual society, but we must grasp English since almost every important aspect of life is related to English
  12. 12. Thank You
  13. 13. References • M. K. (n.d.). English as lingua franca: A linguistic imperialism? Retrieved August 6, 2016, from • Burns, A. (n.d.). Is English a form of linguistic imperialism? Retrieved August 8, 2016, from linguistic-imperialism • Phillipson, R. (2012). Linguistic imperialism alive and kicking. Retrieved August 7, 2016, from imperialism-english-language-teaching • Siddiqui, S. (2016, May 2). Linguistic imperialism. Retrieved August 8, 2016, from • Robert Phillipson (1997) Realities and Myths of Linguistic Imperialism, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 18:3, 238-248, DOI:10.1080/01434639708666317 • A. (2012). What is Language Imperialism? Retrieved August 5, 2016, from