Free flight concept

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Free flight concept in aviation

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Free flight concept

  1. 1. AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. FREE FLIGHT CONCEPT PRESENTING BY: AMNA HAFEEZ
  3. 3. FREE FLIGHT CONCEPT Free flight is a new concept being developed to take the place of the current air traffic management methods through the use of technology. True free flight eliminates the need for Air Traffic Control (ATC) operators by giving the responsibility to the pilot in command.
  4. 4. What is free flight? Air Traffic Management concept More freedom in selecting rules No longer restricted to airways Direct route but airborne separation Free flight concept under IFR conditions
  5. 5. HISTORY Free flight began as an effort to become less dependent on the human factor and more dependent on the growing technology of its day. Free flight were identified in 1971 by United Airlines systems manager William Cotton In the 1970's the GPS satellite navigation system
  6. 6. In 1991 the International Civil Aviation Organization created the Future Air Navigation System Panel In 1995 David Hinson plans to implement free flight
  7. 7. HUMAN FACTORS OF FREE FLIGHT Free flight would represent more Technological Evolution operational
  8. 8. REGIONS Unrestricted Restricted Transition
  9. 9. UNRESTRICTED Little guidance from ATC Flexibility to fly for pilots Complicated in bad weather ATC will have to assist the pilots and guide
  10. 10. RESTRICTED The freedom of the pilot has been restricted significantly. TRANSITION Slightly restricted however pilots retain some flexibility to exercise free flight.
  11. 11. APPROACHES OF FREE FLIGHT Airborne Ground Mixed focus Separation
  12. 12. EXAMPLES Free flight is operational in Alaska and Hawaii, and part of the Pacific Ocean Using about 2,000 aircraft Full implementation is projected to take 20 years
  13. 13. NEXT GENERATION AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM The Next Generation Air Transportation System (Next Gen) proposes to transform air traffic control system from an aging ground-based system to a satellite-based system. GPS technology will be used to shorten routes, save time and fuel, reduce traffic delays, increase capacity.
  14. 14. QUESTIONS ARISES What on-board equipment is needed to avoid traffic? Will the pilots be able to cope with the extra task? Is it safe? Will pilots feel safe? What happens in extremely busy traffic situations?
  15. 15. CONCLUSION In conclusion, many new technologies and operational concepts are being examined for the future air traffic control system. Making intelligent choices will depend on finding systems and concepts that allow both pilots and controllers to maintain situation awareness.

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