Nutrition status in bangladesh

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  • “Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health”
  • Increasing number of restaurants
  • Nutrition status in bangladesh

    1. 1. Nutrition Status of BangladeshAdapted from, green vegetables.jpg
    2. 2. Current Nutrition Status of Bangladesh• Overall diet is highly imbalanced: lacks vitamins and minerals - rice and cereal contributes 80% of the diet -vegetables contributes only 3% of the diet• Downward trend in the intake of - cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits - fish, meat, milk and oilo among all the people of Bangladesh• Increase in the amount of energy-dense and poor quality diet - chips, soft-drinks, juice -ice-cream, burger, chocolateo especially among the rich and urban populationSource: Banglapedia and BRAC
    3. 3. Double Burden of Malnutrition in Bangladesh• Undernutrition: -High prevalence of communicable disease: pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, measles, dengue, malaria, kala azar and filariasis. - major cause of morbidity and mortality• Energy-dense food: - Rapidly increasing epidemics of diabetes and cardiovascular disease - From 1986 to 2006, 60% increase in chronic non-communicable diseases (Global Health Action, 2009)Source: ICDDR,B and United Nations
    4. 4. Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh Nutrition % of the populationMalnutrition, in children (birth to 59 months) Wasting (weight-for-height) 17.42 Stunting (height-for-age) 43.22 Underweight (weight-for-age) 412Low birth-weight 361Exclusive breastfeeding (birth to 6 months) 432Anemia, in children (6 - 23 months) 643Chronic energy deficiency, in mothers 325Night blindness (Vitamin A deficiency), in 0.045children(18-59 months)Iodine deficiency, in children (6-12 years 33.861 Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 20042 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 20073 Helen Keller International / Institute of Public Health and Nutrition, 20024 Child and Mother Nutrition Survey of Bangladesh, 20055 Nutrition Surveillance Programme; Helen Keller International / Institute of Public Health and Nutrition, 20056 Bangladesh Iodine Deficiency Disorder / Universal Salt Iodization Survey, 2005
    5. 5. Causes• Changes in dietary patterns (structure and composition of diets and availability of processed foods)• Lifestyle (increased motorization, reduced physical labor, increased mechanization related activities)• Urbanization• Food insecurity/ poverty
    6. 6. ExamplesAccording to Food and Agricultural Organization(FAO), 56 Kg meat and 365 eggs should be consumedper person per year where only 11.27 Kg meat and 30eggs are consumed per head in Bangladesh
    7. 7. Involvement of organizations Governmental Public Health Agencies:• Ministry of Health and Family Welfare• Institute of public health and nutrition• Bangladesh Medical Research Council• Shobuj Chata, Shurjer Hashi UN and International :• WHO, UNICEF, World Bank• ICDDR,B: Centre for Nutrition(Adapted from: Bangladesh Development Research Center. 2009. http://www.bangladeshstudies.org/files/WPS_no7.pdf )
    8. 8. Contributions• Clinical development• Free vaccination• Supplement of vitamin A• Increased availability of iodine salt• Significant progress in cereal production• Increased food security
    9. 9. Challenges• Over-population (According to UNICEF, the population grows at the rate of 1.40%)• Lack of concentration on prevention than cure• Corruption
    10. 10. Recommendations to improve nutrition • Maintain a healthy balanced diet containing adequate micronutrients • Maintenance of proper family planning • Inclusion of effective nutrition interventions • Encouragement of intake of cereal food • More involvement of non-governmental organizations • Arrangements of campaigns of health awareness
    11. 11. ReferencesBanglapedia. Malnutrition. http://www.banglapedia.org/httpdocs/HT/M_0112. HTMBRAC. “Patterns and Trends in Food Consumption.” http://www.bracresearch.org/reports/patterns_and_ trends_of_food_consumption_field_survey_results_ pdf.pdfICDDR,B. “Infectious Disease and Vaccine Sciences.” https://centre.icddrb.org/activity/index.jsp?activityO bjectID=33IRIN. “Bangladesh: Children and Women Suffer Serious Malnutrition,” http://www.irinnews.org/Report/81544/BANGLADES H-Children-and-women-suffer-severe-malnutrition
    12. 12. References continued……Right Diagnosis. “Statistics by Country of Overweight.” http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/o/overweight/stats- country.htmUnited Nations. “The Nutrition Transition to 2030.” www.ifpri.cgiar.org/sites/default/files/pubs/divs/.../f cndp105.pdf

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