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Law Review Cite Checking Guide


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This powerpoint is intended to serve as a guide to law review cite checkers at Rutgers -- Newark School of Law. Some of the materials from the tips sections was taken from the NYU Cite Checkers Guide.

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Law Review Cite Checking Guide

  1. 1. Law Review Citing Checking Guide Sarah Jaramillo Research Services Librarian [email_address] School of Law – Newark
  2. 2. You can download these slides at <ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda: <ul><li>The 19 th Edition of the Bluebook, Rule 18! </li></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Making sense of your citation(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Finding print & electronic sources in the law library </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Rutgers Univ. (RUL) resources </li></ul><ul><li>Making interlibrary loan (ILL) requests </li></ul><ul><li>Good websites & databases for cite checkers </li></ul>
  4. 4. The New Edition of the Bluebook <ul><li>The preface notes the locations of the major revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 18 has been substantially revised. Even though the new revision isn’t terribly clear, it offers more guidance than ever before on how to deal with internet sources and how to deal with having no access to a print version of a source </li></ul>
  5. 5. The New Edition of the Bluebook (cont’d) <ul><li>Here are some selected revisions from R.18 that I find “interesting” </li></ul><ul><li>18.2: Requires citation to print when AVAILABLE, unless there is a digital copy of the source that is authenticated, official OR an exact copy of the printed source </li></ul><ul><li>18.2.2: “An Internet source may be cited directly when it does not exist in a traditional printed format or when a traditional printed source, such as a letter or unpublished dissertation, exists but cannot be found or is so obscure that it is practically unavailable.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. The New Edition of the Bluebook (cont’d) <ul><li>Here are some selected revisions from R.18 that I find “interesting” (cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>R.18.3: “Because of the reliability and authoritativeness of LEXIS, Westlaw, Bloomberg Law and other commercial electronic databases such as Dialog, cite such sources, if available, in preference to other sources covered by rule 18. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tips <ul><li>Ask your editor for any sources already obtained from the author or the library </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate early and often with your editor and fellow staff about work already done on your footnotes. Sharing information saves time and avoids frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, bring the complete article text and footnotes when you come to the library. Context often helps to identify a source, and text and footnotes not assigned to you may be helpful for your footnotes. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tips <ul><li>Don’t forget that microfilm is an exact image of the original, including page numbering </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for assistance at the Law Library Reference Desk </li></ul><ul><li>Image formats on the Internet, such as PDF, are also exact copies of the original with page numbering and graphics. For cite-checking, PDF copies, just like microforms, are accepted as legitimate substitutes for the original. NB: LexisNexis and WESTLAW have begun to provide PDF images of certain sources, such as public laws and cases. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tips <ul><li>What if the book or journal you need is not on the shelf? Check the carrels and tables nearby. Inquire at the Circulation Desk about a search, or place a hold if the material is checked out. Also, check with your editor to see if another member of the staff has the book for another footnote. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Expectations <ul><li>It often difficult if not impossible to obtain the following sources either in PDF, microfilm, or in the original print version; this applies to general searches and ILL requests: </li></ul>Newspaper (articles or entire issues) Multi-volume sets Reference or reserve items Videos, DVDs Rare books & manuscripts Newsletters Pamphlets Entire volumes of law reviews or other periodicals Foreign laws or cases in English paper copies of materials that exist only online, e.g., WTO documents drafts or internal documents
  11. 11. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Determine the type of source you need to find. A book? Case? Article? Statute? Regulation? A proposed regulation? This will determine your research path. </li></ul><ul><li>If your searching for a case, statute, or regulation, use the Bluebook to determine the name of the source for which you should be looking. For foreign or int’l sources, use NYU’s Guide to Foreign & International Citation . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: The author cites to section of West’s United States Code Annotated, instead as the Bluebook dictates the United States Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Your author cites to an executive by number and lists a website as his source. The Bluebook in Table 1 tells you need to find the EO in the CFR for proper citation. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Bieber's dictionary of legal citations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Print: KF246 .P73 1997 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s on Lexis, too </li></ul></ul></ul>(1) Click on the “find a source” tab
  13. 13. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Bieber's dictionary of legal citations (cont’d) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Print: KF246 .P73 1997 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s on Lexis, too </li></ul></ul></ul>(2) Type in Bieber’s in the search field
  14. 14. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Bieber's dictionary of legal citations (cont’d) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Print: KF246 .P73 1997 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s on Lexis, too </li></ul></ul></ul>(3) Use the “term” segment to limit your results. For example, your looking for a citation Foye v. Sewell, 21 Abb. N. Cas. 15.
  15. 15. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Bieber's dictionary of legal citations (cont’d) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? (cont’d) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bluebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black’s Law Dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Still no luck? Search for your citation in Google, Google Scholar, Google Books, Westlaw, and/or Lexis to see if someone else has cited your source </li></ul>
  17. 17. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>In Lexis, search for your citation in “Law Reviews, CLE, Legal Journals & Periodicals” database </li></ul>
  18. 18. Making sense of your citation <ul><li>In Westlaw, search for your citation in the TP-ALL database. This database searches all law reviews, texts, and bar journals that are on Westlaw. </li></ul>To locate this database, search for “tp-all” in the “search for a database” field
  19. 19. Finding print & electronic sources in the law library  The Process … <ul><li>Once you have the correct details related to your source (e.g. author, title, publication date, etc.), here is the process for actually finding your source. I will go over this process in more depth, in subsequent slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Check CALICO  the law library online catalog </li></ul><ul><li>If you can’t find the book at our library, check IRIS  the online catalog for the Rutgers University Libraries (RUL) system </li></ul><ul><li>If that doesn’t work, place an interlibrary loan (ILL) request; there’s an online form for this on our website . </li></ul>
  20. 20. To Search CALICO, our libraries online catalog, follow the link from the law library’s website: *CALICO only searches the law library’s collection, not the collections of other Rutgers Libraries
  21. 21. How do you use CALICO? Use these drop-down menus to frame your search query. Enter your search terms here ! Search keywords: “Prosser & Keaton on Torts.” Hit “ Search ” for your results!
  22. 22. Results of search for “Prosser & Keaton on Torts:”
  23. 23. Item record for “Prosser & Keaton on Torts:” Note the location , call #, and status data!
  24. 24. How to search for articles in CALICO <ul><li>When you are searching for a specific article, always search for the title of the journal. This is the case whether you are searching for print or electronic versions of an article. </li></ul>
  25. 25. How to search for articles in CALICO (cont’d) <ul><li>For example, you’re looking for the following article: Duncan Kennedy, Form and substance in private law adjudication, 89 Harvard L . Rev. 1685 (1976). Your first step will be to search for the Harvard Law Review in CALICO. </li></ul>
  26. 26. How to search for articles in CALICO (cont’d) In the catalog record, any electronic subscription we have will be noted. PS: HeinOnline is a great friend to cite checkers! Volume numbers
  27. 27. How to search in CALICO (cont’d) <ul><li>If the source for which you’re looking is published by the US Government, call or visit the government documents office to see if they have it. We’re a selective government depository library, so we have numerous government pubications (e.g. hearings, reports, pamphlets, etc.). However, most of the government publications we have are not cataloged (yet). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents office – 2 nd Floor, Law Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Documents phone number – (973) 353-5966 </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. How to search in IRIS <ul><li>If you are unable to find your source in CALICO, your next step is to search IRIS, the online catalog for all the RUL libraries. </li></ul>
  29. 29. How to search in IRIS Select the link for RUL to access IRIS
  30. 30. How to search in IRIS IRIS offers a quick search, a simple search, and an advanced search with multiple search queries. Remember that IRIS doesn’t search the law library’s catalog.
  31. 31. How to search in IRIS To locate journal articles, search for the title of the journal and then locate the article itself in electronic or print format.
  32. 32. How to search in IRIS: If the source you need is available on another campus, you can get it delivered to the library using IRIS Use the “Details” button to pull up an item’s record.
  33. 33. How to search in IRIS: Getting an item delivered … This record tells you where in RUL the item is located. Use the “ Book Special Request ” link in the box above to have the item sent to our library. IRIS will deliver items from any RUL but Dana.
  34. 34. The “ Book Special Request ” interface: Use this drop-down menu to choose the Law Library for your delivery location. Hit “submit” after entering your bar code.
  35. 35. How to search in IRIS: Article Delivery <ul><li>If the source you need is an article and that article is available ONLY in print (i.e., the university doesn’t also have an electronic subscription for the periodical) AND a Rutgers Library on another campus has the periodical, you can use IRIS article delivery. </li></ul>
  36. 36. How to search in IRIS: Article Delivery
  37. 37. How to search in IRIS: Article Delivery This screen pops up when you select the “Article Delivery” option from the IRIS catalog entry. Use your Pegasus username and password to log on. You’ll need to complete a registration profile the first time you log on.
  38. 38. How to search in IRIS: Article Delivery <ul><li>Click on “Article Request.” You will then be prompted to enter your citation info. </li></ul><ul><li>After you enter your request, you can monitor the status of the request at this same website. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Making ILL requests Select “ Interlibrary Loan ” from the drop-down menu.
  40. 40. Making ILL requests: A link to the ILL form is also available in CALICO … Click on the bottom, right-hand portion of the screen
  41. 41. Follow the step-by-step instructions . . . Select the link at left that best describes the format of the item you’re looking for. Please ask at the Reference Desk if you have questions about item formats. Note that journal articles tend to arrive by email, and as such, often arrive within a few days.
  42. 42. . . . to order the item you need! The more of this data you enter into the dialog boxes, the more quickly we can fulfill your Interlibrary Loan! And don’t forget to include your name and bar code data from your RU ID card!
  43. 43. Double-Check & Speed up your ILL request with Worldcat  A Link to Worldcat is on the CALICO page Click on “other catalogs” on the bottom, right-hand portion of the screen
  44. 44. Select “WorldCat” N.B.: You won’t be able to access WorldCat from home. Also, RUL only allows a certain number of WorldCat users at any given time. If you can’t log on, wait 20 minutes, and try again.
  45. 45. Pull drop-down menu for “ Advanced Search. ”
  46. 46. Define search queries with the drop-downs,
  47. 47. . . . and click “Search” to return your results. Note the “Libraries Worldwide” feature.
  48. 48. <ul><li>Through Worldcat , you can determine the following things: </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that the law library or another Rutgers library does not own the source for which you’re looking. If you place an ILL request for a book we own or another RU library owns, the request will be denied and you will have wasted lots of your valuable time </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Through Worldcat , you can determine the following things: </li></ul><ul><li>If time is of the essence, you can see if another library nearby has the book. For example, NYPL has an enormous collection and there are many other law school libraries in the metro area. </li></ul><ul><li>You can get the OCLC number or the ISBN number; this speeds up the process immensely. If you include either of these identifiers in your search, you will be assured that the item will be correctly & speedily placed. </li></ul>
  50. 50. In Worldcat, do not use the “place ILL request” link. Use the ILL form from law library’s webpage.
  51. 51. Summary of research process: <ul><li>Search CALICO </li></ul><ul><li>Search IRIS </li></ul><ul><li>Request any items you can’t find using steps 1 & 2 via ILL on the law library’s website: </li></ul><ul><li>WARNING : DO NOT USE the ILL form on RUL’s site. They will send a nasty email if you do. Use our ILL on the law library’s website. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Good websites & databases for cite checkers <ul><li>If you can’t find your source in the library or in one of the library’s electronic subscriptions, check google. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google often has PDFs of books that are in the public domain via Google books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Old versions of state codes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google will often have links to official versions of documents (e.g., EU cases, CFR pdfs, UN documents, etc.). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also, for government publications such as the CFR, Federal Register, etc., go to FDsys or GPOAccess to get official, authenticated PDFs of these publications. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Good websites & databases for cite checkers  Find historical materials on MOML. Again, use the drop-down menus and dialog boxes to construct your search.
  54. 54. Full-text of 21,000+ treatises (1800-1926)
  55. 55. View MOML documents as . pdfs or e-text.
  56. 56. Good websites & databases for cite checkers  Find PDFs of L.Rev. articles & other materials on HeinOnline ! Use the drop-down menus on our home page to find HeinOnline.
  57. 57. HeinOnline’s front page: HeinOnline offers the complete full-text of materials in pdf format, providing access to sources dating much farther back than either of its major competitors provide.
  58. 58. Searching HeinOnline’s Law Journal Library Select the “search” option hidden in the top left corner to search L.Revs.
  59. 59. Browsing Hein Online’s Law Journal Library. Use the Citation Navigator, or browse by title.
  60. 60. Click on the journal that you’re looking for.
  61. 61. Click on a particular volume for the contents.
  62. 62. Use the ToC menu at left to find an article. Or, toggle through the page controls to browse content page-by-page. N.B.: this page is a pdf of this journal’s title page.
  63. 63. Click on the “page #” link to open the article. And click on the print icon to print it.
  64. 64. Good websites & databases for cite checkers  Find pdfs of recent cases on Sup.Ct. website. Follow this link!
  65. 65. Good websites & databases for cite checkers – Google Scholar  Great for getting copies of articles and verifying citation information
  66. 66. The End <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Feel free to contact me at the reference desk, my office (164, in the New Jersey Room), or by email – </li></ul>