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Cassava – The Root to Prosperity
Thiruvengadam Sridhar – Export Trading Group
Enhancing Cassava Production, Post Harvest S...
Export Trading Group
• Home sown, Home grown group in Africa
• Number one Group in Maize, Pulses and Fertilizers in Africa...
Cassava Characteristics
• Cassava is a tuber known by many names yuca, manioc, mandioca, casabe, and
tapioca
• Cassava roo...
Cassava Global - Countries
105 Countries
Latin America Africa Asia
50% 30%20%
Cassava Global – Area Under Production
Latin America Africa Asia
12MHa 3.5MHa3MHa
Cassava Global Productivity and Poverty
10 15 25
AxisTitle
Latin America AsiaYield /Ha tons Africa
Cassava Productivity and Poverty
437.5
906.25
1,375.00
1,843.75
2,312.50
2,781.25
3,250.00
10 15 20 25 30 35 40
ProfitinUS...
Cassava Mozambique
Deails Y2006 Y2007 Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 Y2012
CultivatedAreaha 857,700 993,800 953,600 1,254,000 1,2...
Present Cassava Value Chain in South Mozambique
Details Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4
Subsistence farming Fresh ...
Present Cassava Value Chain in North Mozambique
Details Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4
Subsistence farming Fresh ...
Enhance, Engineer and Encourage
• Introduce high yielding varieties
• Inputs and crop maintenance
• Increase yield per hec...
Critical Factors in Cassava Processing
• Highly perishable, to be processed within 48 hours of harvest
• Processing genera...
Plant Capacity and Scale of Economy
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
120%
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
InvestmentCost
Production Capacity Tons p...
Cassava Processing Mass Balance for 50,000 tons pa
Root washing
Root Milling
Starch Extraction
Starch Refining
Starch Dewa...
Key Factors in the Project – Raw Material
• Have acquired 5,000 hectares land for captive production to supply
100,000 ton...
Key Factors in the Project – Byproducts
• Fruit water would to be used for biogas and energy
production
• Plans are on to ...
Key Factors in the Project - Operation
• Own trucking fleet for transportation of roots from own
fields and out-grower fie...
Key Factors – Finished Products and Markets
• Priority shall be serve local market and local food needs such
as Eba, Gari,...
Presentation for world cassava congress
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Presentation for world cassava congress

  1. 1. Cassava – The Root to Prosperity Thiruvengadam Sridhar – Export Trading Group Enhancing Cassava Production, Post Harvest Supply Chain and Processing in Mozambique Cassava World Africa– Accra- Ghana – March 2016
  2. 2. Export Trading Group • Home sown, Home grown group in Africa • Number one Group in Maize, Pulses and Fertilizers in Africa • Operations in 42 countries across the Globe • 30 years of experience in Africa • Moved 3 million tons of cargo moved in the year 2014-15 • Group turnover valued at USD 3 billion in the year 2014-15 • Warehouses – over 300 with storage capacity over 1.8 million tons • Number of employees – over 7,000 • Number of commodities handled - 25
  3. 3. Cassava Characteristics • Cassava is a tuber known by many names yuca, manioc, mandioca, casabe, and tapioca • Cassava root is essentially a carbohydrate source. Its composition shows: – 60-65 % moisture; 20-31 % carbohydrate – 1-2 % crude protein, a comparatively low content of vitamins and minerals – the roots are rich in calcium and vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and nicotinic acid • Next to sugar cane and sugar beet, the cassava plant gives the highest yield of carbohydrates per cultivated area among crop plants • Cassava plays an important role in developing countries particularly in sub Saharan Africa as a major source of carbohydrate • Cassava also offers flexibility to resource-poor farmers because it serves as both subsistence and a cash crop • Cassava is flexible with respect to rainfall, soil conditions, seasons for planting and harvest • Roots can remain under soil for two to three years but once harvested perishes in 48 to 72 hours
  4. 4. Cassava Global - Countries 105 Countries Latin America Africa Asia 50% 30%20%
  5. 5. Cassava Global – Area Under Production Latin America Africa Asia 12MHa 3.5MHa3MHa
  6. 6. Cassava Global Productivity and Poverty 10 15 25 AxisTitle Latin America AsiaYield /Ha tons Africa
  7. 7. Cassava Productivity and Poverty 437.5 906.25 1,375.00 1,843.75 2,312.50 2,781.25 3,250.00 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 ProfitinUSD Yield per hectare tons Profit/ha
  8. 8. Cassava Mozambique Deails Y2006 Y2007 Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 Y2012 CultivatedAreaha 857,700 993,800 953,600 1,254,000 1,254,294 1,293,568 762,598 Productiontons 5,481,340 4,959,260 4,054,590 5,670,000 9,738,066 10,093,619 10,051,364 Yieldtons/Ha 6.39 4.99 4.25 4.52 7.76 7.80 13.18
  9. 9. Present Cassava Value Chain in South Mozambique Details Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 Subsistence farming Fresh Root Sales Dried Cassava Sales Experimental Industrial Processing Consumption Retailing Processing Storage / Warehousing Aggregation On farm Processing Cultivation Non Commercial cassava growing households Number 300,000 Production Volume 300,000 tons Fresh Roots Vol 7,000 tons Retailers Aggregators 7,000 tons Fresh roots Commercial cassava farmers number 40,000 Volume 20,000 tons fresh 13,000 tons dry Rale 5,000 tons small depots 3 Aggregators Not developed Retailers
  10. 10. Present Cassava Value Chain in North Mozambique Details Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 Subsistence farming Fresh Root Sales Dried Cassava Sales Experimental Industrial Processing Consumption Retailing Processing Storage / Warehousing Aggregation On farm Processing Cultivation Non Commercial cassava growing households Number 1.3 million Production Volume 3 million tons Fresh Roots Vol 5,000 tons Retailers Aggregators 5,000 tons Fresh roots Commercial cassava farmers number 300,000 Volume 405,000 tons 140,000 tons dry Cassava flour and dried chips 140,000 tons Mills number 30 Large depots 30, small depots 150 Aggregators number 1,000 Service mills number 150 Cassava Cake number 1 Pilot plant number 1 Brewery number 1 Bread Etha nol Beer RetailersBakeries
  11. 11. Enhance, Engineer and Encourage • Introduce high yielding varieties • Inputs and crop maintenance • Increase yield per hectare Enhance Cassava Production • Captive cultivation • Out-grower schemes • Partial mechanization and smooth logistics & transport Engineer Supply Chain • Develop products for local market • Design packing and branding • Develop value added products such as modified starch Encourage Local Market, Export Value Added Product
  12. 12. Critical Factors in Cassava Processing • Highly perishable, to be processed within 48 hours of harvest • Processing generates bio degradable waste and by-products which if not processed would impact environment • Requires huge amounts of water for processing • Generates more than input water as waste water (1.1 litre /kg) • Mobile processing units may not efficiently overcome waste management, sourcing water and disposing waste water • Efficient procurement, transportation and management of logistics is the key to success • Knowledge of the local terrain and backward integration with the growers is essential
  13. 13. Plant Capacity and Scale of Economy 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 InvestmentCost Production Capacity Tons per Hour CAPACITY PER HOUR VS INVESTMENT COST
  14. 14. Cassava Processing Mass Balance for 50,000 tons pa Root washing Root Milling Starch Extraction Starch Refining Starch Dewatering Starch Drying Starch Cooling Starch Packing Cassava 640 tons / day Sand, s0il, heading loss 64 tons/day Fruit water 656 m3 per day Water 496 m3 per day Cassava pulp 192 tons per day Pulp Dewatering Cassava Starch 160 tons per day
  15. 15. Key Factors in the Project – Raw Material • Have acquired 5,000 hectares land for captive production to supply 100,000 tons per annum • Plans are on for irrigation pond in the farm to ensure water supply • Plans are on to organize out-growers and smallholder farmers for balance quantity of 100,000 tons • No plans for complete mechanization, basic mechanization combined with smallholder farmers • Planning to streamline planting and harvest of cassava in a cyclic way for continuous supply of cassava roots particularly during dry season • Have planned investments in local logistics, storage and transportation
  16. 16. Key Factors in the Project – Byproducts • Fruit water would to be used for biogas and energy production • Plans are on to harvest leaves, process and pack for local market (Local delicacy called Makopa or Matapa) • Need to do research on packaging with multilayer films to ensure shelf life and ease of distribution • Excess leaf if any above the demand to be processed as powder for export as animal feed • In all the processes environmental impact assessment shall be a key component
  17. 17. Key Factors in the Project - Operation • Own trucking fleet for transportation of roots from own fields and out-grower fields • Ensure our own water supply and to best possible extent power generated from biogas produced from fruit water • High importance to manpower training in all the gamut of operations • Coordination with nodal agencies such as IIAM to introduce high yielding, pest / virus resistant verities and continuously monitor for virus and other plant infestations
  18. 18. Key Factors – Finished Products and Markets • Priority shall be serve local market and local food needs such as Eba, Gari, Ugali and flour for food needs. ETG would strive to create a local, regional and pan African market for cassava derivative food • Processed leaf to be packed in such way to preserve wet paste of cassava leaves • Processed dried cassava leaf powder for export • High quality cassava starch for exports • Modified starch for specific industrial needs (high value and low volume)

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