Hort design

1,379 views

Published on

lanscaping principles

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,379
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
18
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
121
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hort design

  1. 1. Principles of landscape design• Landscape design involves functional use of plants combined with artistic composition – Functional use of landscapes: • Visual or acoustic screens • Framing off-landscape views • Microclimate control (e.g. shading, protection from wind) • Creating enclosures (absolute or implied) – Functional uses should be considered first; landscape viewed as different units with different functions
  2. 2. Principles of landscape design• Artistic composition derived from physical properties of plants – Form: • Plants can be viewed as mainly horizontal or vertical – Horizontal shapes are less dramatic than vertical shapes • Tree forms depend on branching patterns • Shrub forms result from growth habits (e.g. upright or creeping)
  3. 3. Principles of landscape design• Physical properties of plants important in landscape design – Texture: • Stems, leaves, bark, and buds determine texture of plant – Large or widely separated plant features create effect of coarseness – Thick, tight foliage results in finer texture – Simple leaves appear coarser than compound leaves • Distance of view affects texture; farther you stand from plant, the finer its texture appears
  4. 4. Principles of landscape design• Physical properties of plants important in landscape design – Color: • Warm colors: yellows to reds – Bright, inviting and lively • Cool colors: greens to violets – Restful, receding, not as conspicuous • Foliage most often considered in landscape design, but flowers, bark and fruit also important
  5. 5. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Landscapes need some characteristics to tie together different (functional) units and plants within a unit • Characters that provide unity in landscape design – simplicity – variety – emphasis – balance – sequence – scale
  6. 6. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Simplicity (repetition) • Created with repetition of form, texture, colors, or specific plant species • Must prevent monotony; variety is used to ‘control’ repetition
  7. 7. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Variety • Varying forms, textures and shapes to prevent boredom
  8. 8. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Emphasis • Drawing attention to important features of landscape – Can draw attention to front door of residence by using plants that offer variety in color, texture or form near the door
  9. 9. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Balance • Symmetrical balance = elements on either side of an axis are identical (formal feel) • Asymmetrical balance = unlike elements of equal visual weight on each side of an axis (less formal) – achieved by balancing forms of unequal size (e.g. 1 tree balanced by 3 shrubs) – Color adds visual weight; brightly colored plant may need to be balanced with several plants of equal size but not brightly colored – Coarse textures are visually heavier than fine textures (more fine- textured plants needed to balance coarse-textured plants)
  10. 10. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Balance
  11. 11. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Sequence • Move viewer’s eyes over landscape in orderly fashion – Achieved by gradual progression of form, texture or color – Any plant that breaks gradual progression becomes a point of emphasis
  12. 12. Principles of landscape design• Unity in landscape design – Scale • Relative scale or proportion of landscape affects viewer’s mood – Most landscapes should be proportional to human height or height of structure

×