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Epistemology of Samkhya Philosophy

Epistemology of Samkhya Philosophy:

1st Type: Pratyaksa (Perception)

Aloukik (Perception through the Mind)

Loukik (Perception through the External Five Senses)
Nirvikalpaka (Indeterminate) – First phase of Perception –Incomplete Perception
Savikalpaka (Determinate)- Second phase of Perception –Complete Perception


2nd Type: Sabda (Testimony) 

Laukika-Sabda : trustable testimony of trustable or knowledgeable person.
Vaidik-Sabda : words of Vedas .


3rd Type: Sabda (Testimony) 

Laukika-Sabda : trustable testimony of trustable or knowledgeable person.
Vaidik-Sabda : words of Vedas .

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Epistemology of Samkhya Philosophy

  1. 1. Epistemology of Samkhya Philosophy
  2. 2. Sahin Sahari Asst. Professor (Belda College) Ex-Asst. Professor of ABS Academy (Post Graduate Dept. of Education.) Ex-Guest Teacher of WBNSOU(Muragacha Govt. College) Ex-Guest Teacher of Jonepur High School B.A (Education). M.A(Education). B.Ed. NET(Education). SET(Education) Ph. D in Education(Contd..)
  3. 3. Epistemology of Samkhya •Aloukik Praytaksa •Loukik Praytaksa •Abito Anumana •Bito Anumana
  4. 4. 1st Type • Pratyaksa (Perception) 1. Aloukik (Perception through the Mind) 2. Loukik (Perception through the External Five Senses) a. Nirvikalpaka (Indeterminate) – First phase of Perception –Incomplete Perception b. Savikalpaka (Determinate)- Second phase of Perception –Complete Perception
  5. 5. 2nd Type • Sabda (Testimony) 1. Laukika-Sabda : trustable testimony of trustable or knowledgeable person. 2. Vaidik-Sabda : words of Vedas .
  6. 6. 3rd Type • Anumana (Inferences) 1. Abito Anuman - based upon last opportunity 2. Bito Anuman - Positive inferences based upon knowledgeable person • Purbabot Anuman- based on old experience • Samanyoto-Drishto Anuman – based on similarities
  7. 7. Sahin Sahari Asst. Professor (Belda College) Ex-Asst. Professor of ABS Academy (Post Graduate Dept. of Education.) Ex-Guest Teacher of WBNSOU(Muragacha Govt. College) Ex-Guest Teacher of Jonepur High School B.A (Education). M.A(Education). B.Ed. NET(Education). SET(Education) Ph. D in Education(Contd..)

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