Short film research media

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Short film research media

  1. 1. Short film research 1) What is a short film? A short film early is a technical description originally coined in the North American film industry in the period of cinema. A short film is any film not long enough to be considered a feature film. Date it was found 18/06/13 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short_film What makes short film interesting, though, is not its reduction to an indistinguishable format, but above all its hybrid variety. Date it was found 18/06/13 http://www.shortfilm.de/en/short-film-magazine/archive/topic/what-is- cinema-what-is-short-film.html Short film history The very first films were presented to the public in 1894 through Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope, a peepshow-like device for individual viewing. The best-known film from this time is perhaps the Lumière brothers’ Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895), which supposedly had audiences fleeing in terror as a celluloid locomotive hurtled towards them. In the early 1900s, improvements in recording and editing technology allowed film-makers to produce longer, multi-shot films. From about 1910 onwards, studio competition and audience demand induced film-makers to make even longer, multi-reel films and the first features were born. Dr Richard Farmer, an expert in British wartime cinema-going at University College London, sees the period between 1939 and 1945 as “something of a high-water mark for the short film in Britain”, though not everybody liked them. “While the government was extraordinarily keen to place its messages in British cinemas, cinema managers and patrons were much more ambivalent,” he says. “Some short films, especially those that showed British servicemen actively fighting the war, proved to be very popular, but there were also concerns that the cinema would gain a reputation as an 'interfering marm’ if it dedicated too much time to short government films and not enough to the [predominantly American] feature films upon which the magic of the pictures rested.”
  2. 2. Written by Rebecca Davies. Date: 18/06/13 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-life/7593291/The-long-history- of-short-films.html Genres Short films often cross genres. These are the best of the main film genres, including; comedy, drama, horror, sci- fi and thriller. Here is an example of a short film The Last 3 Minutes by Po Chan (2010) (US) (5minutes) Written and directed by American cinematographer Po Chan, The Last 3 Minutes is an unashamedly tear-jerking flashback through a dying man's life. Every shot is lovingly crafted and there are some beautiful landscapes - as one might expect from a DoP. Made in 2010, Chan also shows the possibilities of the new class of video-capable DSLR cameras (in this case a Canon 5D). It is truly filmic. Date: 18/06/13 http://www.filmsshort.com/genre/ Features of a short film Hook - Transition from real world to film world. This usually starts in the middle of a mess or mid-level climax to get the audience quickly into the story. Setup - the lead character is introduced with external wants (plot goals) and internal needs (Theme goals). Limits and rules of film world are established. I Inciting incident - An event happens that changes the status quo (what's normal), forcing Protagonist to take action to restore what is normal. Journey into unknown - Protagonist sets off to accomplish his goal, leaving what is safe and
  3. 3. Normal behind and entering the vast unknown (physically, emotionally, or spiritually). Investigation - Protagonist searches for the goal object or information while encountering a series of obstacles, interactions, or conflict. Turning point / big twist - A big plot twist, unexpected surprise, plot goal change, new information or unforeseen problems occurs to test the new change in the character. Final confrontation - Confrontation between two characters has been building since the beginning of the story and it finally happens. Climax - the most intense moment of the film; a very big grand moment full of importance, tension, and epiphanies. Resolution - Ties up loose ends in the story. Who lives/dies, wins/loses, gets the girl/guy, returns with the treasure, celebrates after a quest, or has a big death scene in a tragedy. From the university of Florida. Date: 19/06/13 Shorts often cross genres http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/osceola/challenge/documents/Features_of_Short_Fil m_Plot.pdf 2) Why make them? There are many reasons why you might make a short film and these will impact upon how you go about it. Making a film - be it a short or a feature - is largely a labour of love, so it's always worth clarifying why you are embarking on such madness and adventure. You could be making it for:
  4. 4. Experience - you might want to experiment with pulling a team together to make a story on film. A showreel - you might be pursuing a career in filmmaking and want to demonstrate your skills. Partnerships - you'd like to try working with certain people to see if you can go on to collaborate on projects in the future. Kudos - you may have found a high profile director/writer/actor, who'll help you raise your filmmaking profile, or want to use your film to elevate your own industry profile. Testing an idea out - you've always thought a certain story would work well on screen or you've got a feature film idea that you want to try out on a small scale first. Money - you may have been asked to work on a production with a budget to pay its crew. (This is very rare as short films don't generally pay in any financial dividends.) http://www.bbc.co.uk/filmnetwork/filmmaking/guide/introduction/why-make-a-short http://www.thesmalls.com/mr-and-mrs-bug-dream-vacation This link is an example of a short film, where it gives information about the producers, directors etc. Funding Government funding for shorts comes largely through the UK Film Council*, but there are other sources if you are prepared to look hard and to work your film around their agendas. Many funding sources look to fund digital shorts rather than projects that want to shoot on film, based on the argument that new directors should cut their teeth on the cheaper medium. Funding Sources UK Film Council/British Film Institute Until recently the first place to look for funding on a national level was the UK Film Council, but since the UKFC is due to close with the BFI taking over the majority of its responsibilities, this is no longer the case. Until the BFI releases more information about future funding models, filmmakers are in a temporary limbo, but more information will be posted here and in our Related Links: Funding section. National and Regional Screen Agencies The UKFC model of nine independent regional film bodies has also been revised by the coalition government. In its place is Creative England, a new organisation composed of three regional hubs. Creative England is currently undergoing a strategic consultation and until
  5. 5. that is complete, funding options for filmmakers are again uncertain. We will try to post any new on this page and in this section, when it is forthcoming: Related Links: Funding - UK Screen Agencies. Local Councils Local councils will often put money towards a short filmmaking initiative, especially if it deals with social exclusion or aids the local community in some way. You could visit your local council or county website to find out if their arts department will support a film project. Charities a number of charities fund short films (often though on an ad hoc basis). If you're interested in getting funding from a charity, think laterally about the type of film you are trying to make and don’t be afraid to contact organisations that are in some way linked to the topic/goal of your film. For example the Welcome Trust (UK's largest medical research charity) has an Arts Award that funds projects (including short films) inspired by biomedical science. Date: 19/06/13 http://www.bbc.co.uk/filmnetwork/filmmaking/guide/before-you-start/funding 4)Short film success PANIC ATTACK The pitch: In November 2009, Uruguayan advertising director Federico Alvarez signed up to visual effects blog www.motionographer.com and posted Panic Attack, an atmospheric short depicting a robot attack on the city of Montevideo, which was three years in the making. “People living in New York have watched Godzilla climbing their buildings,” says Alvaraz, “but the people of Uruguay have never had that experience. Panic Attack was my way of sharing that feeling with Uruguay. I wasn’t counting on it going global.” The cost: Filming took place over one day and cost $300, most of the budget going to the puzzled extras whose job it was to run screaming from absolutely nothing. The robots and explosions were added later. The reaction: Within days of the film going online, Alvarez was receiving calls from Hollywood; by the end of the following week he was in LA with his new agent. Less than two weeks later he had a contract with Mandate Pictures and Spider-Man director Sam Raimi to create a $30 million feature film, an alien-invasion set in Buenos Aires, due to be released next year. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-life/7594635/Short-film-success-stories.html date: 19/06/13 golden rules
  6. 6. - KEEP THE PRACTICALITIES OF WRITING IN MIND - THE SHORTER THE BETTER - MAKE IT VISUAL - FIND SINGLE MOMENTS - TELL A STORY - ENGAGE THE READER - BEWARE OF CLICHES http://www.raindance.org/7-rules-for-writing-short-films-2/

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