الــمدرســــة الــوطــــنــيــة للــمــهــنــدســيــن بــتــونــس
école nationale d'ingénieurs de Tunis
ENIT ATHENS Week 2013
MACHINE TO MACHINE COMMUNICATION
OVERVIEW AND APPLICATIONS
ENIT 6’COM LAB.
18 November 2013
What is M2M?
M2M End to End Network Architecture
M2M Standards Trends
M2M Market Drivers & Barriers
M2M Market Size & Projections
M2M for Smart Grid
M2M for Smart Home
M2M for Electric Vehicles
M2M for Smart Cities
WHAT IS M2M?
M2M refers end to end data communications between
two or more machines with NO HUMAN intervention.
The capability to communicate with both wireless of
wired devices of same ability.
Most often, M2M systems are task-specific.
MACHINE TO MACHINE
•Device could be a water meter,
electricity meter etc. monitored
by means of sensors or a device
instructed to actuate.
•Key words: Sensors and
•Network which facilitate end to
end connectivity between
machine composed of radio,
•Key Words: hardware,protocols,
end to end delay and reliability.
•Device (computer) which
extracts processes and gathered
control and instructs other
•Key words: middleware
SMART FRIDGE TO MANAGE FOOD INVENTORY
M2M could be your fridge contacting the grocer asking for fresh
oranges that you just ran out of.
ELECTRIC VEHICLES EXCHANGE
It is your car exchanging maps and traffic information with other
cars to choose the best road in order to drive you to work or to
PUBLIC COFFEE MACHINE
It is the public coffee machine contacting automatically service
provider because it will be out of milk or water after X operations!
M2M BASIC STAGES
Taking data out
of a machine
Threw wired and
by automating the
flow of data
ETSI M2M ARCHITECTURE
M2M Area Network
M2M MARKET DRIVERS
Diminishing prices for devices and
Widespread deployment of wire line and
wireless IP networks
Ubiquitous coverage provided by commercial
Clear regulatory requirements and green
M2M MARKET BARRIERS
standards leading to
Security and privacy
Network operator and
M2M VALUE CHAIN
Machine & Device
Network Equipment Providers
Value chain Actors
Reproduced Beecham Research Report 2012
M2M MARKET PROJECTIONS
“There is expected to be phenomenal growth in M2M over the next 10
years. Almost 50 billion Internet-connected devices by 2020”
Alcatel-Lucent, New Jersey, USA
By 2020 there will be
around 2.4 billion road
vehicles (including cars,
commercial vehicles) in
the world with
M2M SMART GRID ADDED VALUES
Permitting Smart Grid Monitoring and control.
Providing Reliability, Efficiency, Security , and Instant feedback.
Smart metering :Automatic collection of consumption, diagnostic,
and state information data from water- or energy-metering
Data communicated to a central database for billing,
troubleshooting, analysis, and load management.
Demand response: Adjust and distribute dynamic price
information for peak-load minimization.
M2M Communications, M2M communications : a systems approach by David Boswarthick, Omar Elloumi,
Olivier Hersent, Wiley 2012.
Zhong Fan; Kulkarni, P.; Gormus, S.; Efthymiou, C.; Kalogridis, G.; Sooriyabandara, M.; Ziming Zhu;
Lambotharan, S.; Woon Hau Chin, "Smart Grid Communications: Overview of Research Challenges,
Solutions, and Standardization Activities," Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE , vol.15, no.1,
pp.21,38, First Quarter 2013.
Niyato, D.; Lu Xiao; Ping Wang, "Machine-to-machine communications for home energy management
system in smart grid," Communications Magazine, IEEE , vol.49, no.4, pp.53,59, April 2011
Sahu, N.; Dehalwar, V., "Intelligent machine to machine communication in home area network for smart
grid," Computing Communication & Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), 2012 Third International
Conference on , vol., no., pp.1,6, 26-28 July 2012
Emilio Ancillotti, Raffaele Bruno, Marco Conti, The role of communication systems in smart grids:
Architectures, technical solutions and research challenges, Computer Communications, Volume 36,
Issues 17–18, November–December 2013, Pages 1665-1697, ISSN 0140-3664,
M2M Telefonica, http://www.telefonica.com/en/home/jsp/home.jsp
M2M networking , Quoc Duy Vo http://www.cs.sunysb.edu/~bjchoi/teaching/cse534/resources/M2M.pdf
Micha Dohler M2M in Smart Grid and Smart Cities Tutorial; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gz4cwZwKzE#t=11