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Smart technology for Water Use Efficiency ClimaAdapt

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Smart technologies and systems for water use efficiency - on farm, canal systems. Open source hardware and software used...

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Smart technology for Water Use Efficiency ClimaAdapt

  1. 1. 14Nov2014 Authors: Sai Bhaskar Reddy Nakka, Coordinator, ClimaAdapt Project,WALAMTARI Yella Reddy Kaluvai Director (Agriculture & Research),WALAMTARI & Narayan Reddy Llati, Director General, WALAMTARI Smart technologies for improving Water Use Efficiency : Initiatives under ClimaAdapt Project byWALAMTARI Water And Land Management Training and Research Institute (WALAMTARI) Himayatsagar, Hyderabad - 500030 National Workshop on Climate Change and Water : Improving Water Use Efficiency 13-14 Nov 2014
  2. 2. Water Use Efficiency CANAL MONITORING MANUAL - DATA COLLECTION AUTOMATION - SENSORS MANAGEMENT MANUAL - SCHEDULE AUTOMATION - CANAL AUTOMATION DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS ON-FARM MONITORING MANUAL - DATA COLLECTION AUTOMATION - SENSORS MANAGEMENT MANUAL - SCHEDULE AUTOMATION - CANAL AUTOMATION DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
  3. 3. Developed sensors for measuring the parameters - water level, soil moisture, relative humidity, temperature
  4. 4. RBC (Replogle, Bos, Clemmens) flumes
  5. 5. Challenges in collecting data The first problem primarily has to do with entering data manually, while the second problem is caused by different colleagues in the field taking measurements in different ways People can cheat by sending information without being in the field based on their experience / guess.
  6. 6. WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TIMELY RELEASE OF WATER ANALYSIS VOLUME OF WATER
  7. 7. Field level monitoring
  8. 8. Portable sensors
  9. 9. Ultrasonic sensors for water level Temperature and relative humidity sensor Soil Moisture sensor
  10. 10. GSM BOARD FOR SENDING SMS Arduino Uno Microcontroller
  11. 11. CLICK sensor for soil moisture with GSMTWEET sensor for water level with GSM
  12. 12. Ongoing work # Parameter Number Prototypes developed 30 No of trainings organised 10 No. of exposure visits organised 2 No. of people trained 200 Sensors installed 10 Software Development ongoing
  13. 13. • Monitoring • Control centre • Sensors development lab • Software development • Operation and maintenance - Sensors, instruments, transducers, communication systems, power, etc. • Decision support systems – Information visualization, Graphics, Artificial Intelligence, analysis, reports, etc. WATER MANAGEMENT CENTRE
  14. 14. SmartTechnology Systems # Component Application Identified options 1 Hardware / Instruments Information collection sensors / instruments Water level Ultrasonic sensor, For water flows and quantity Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler, Sensors for soil moisture, Temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation Cameras for collecting photos and videos Information processing and receivers Computers, Servers, Laptops, Tablets, Smart Phones Sensors development and maintenance Sensors and instrumentation lab Decision support system Control centre Communication or information transfer systems Satellite communication, Radio Frequency, telephone, cell phone Wifi, blue tooth, GSM and data logger Control Center Automation, Semi-automation and manual systems
  15. 15. # Component Application Identified options 2 SOFTWARE CNFMS – Java, SCADA, PID etc., softwares GIS / Remote sensing, Big data, Information visualization
  16. 16. Flow diagram
  17. 17. Software and Sensors Dev.Team RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION CAPACITY BUILDING - Superintending Engineer and team - Farmers Associations and other institutions - Farmers - WALAMTARI - Field Training Centres - Water Manager - PhD Scholars - Internships Canal Network Flow Monitoring System [CNFMS] Design -Software Engineers -Electronics and communicati on engineers Etc., Implement ClimaAdapt I&CAD BIOFORSK & PARTNERS WALAMTARI WATER MANAGEMENT Sensors and Instruments Lab
  18. 18. Climate Cell WALAMTARI, AP Projects ClimaAdapt Project Canal Network flow monitoring system Research and studies Forum ClimateWater Forum –discussion groups, website Networking Meetings / conferences / seminars / workshops Capacity building Training, awareness, sensitization, etc. Dissemination - Online / Print – Books , booklets, magazines , posters, Publications STAKEHOLDERS •IRRIGATION DEPARTMENT •LINE DEPARTMENTS •CIVIL SOCIETY •PUBLIC SECTOR •PRIVATE SECTOR PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS -FARMERS’ ASSOCIATIONS -SHGWOMEN -YOUTH & CHILDREN POLICY / ADVOCACY I & CAD Bioforsk and project partners
  19. 19. Sensors 26 SENSORS CONTACT PRESSURETYPE CAPACITANCETYPE SHAFT ENCODERS BUBBLER NON CONTACT ULTRASONIC RADAR ADCP (SONAR) Mobile Canal Control
  20. 20. Digital Pulsed Doppler or Acoustic Doppler current profiler contact type • Pulsed wave (PW) Doppler systems use a transducer that alternates transmission and reception of ultrasound. • One main advantage of pulsed Doppler is its ability to provide Doppler shift data selectively from a small segment along the ultrasound beam, referred to as the “sample volume”. • The location of the sample volume is operator controlled. 28
  21. 21. River Surveyor
  22. 22. River Surveyor • The patented and award-winning RiverSurveyor®, S5/M9 systems give a new perspective to the notion of measuring open channel hydraulics. Using SonTek's exclusive SmartPulseHD®, multiple acoustic frequencies are fused with precise bandwidth control for the most robust and continuous shallow-to-deep discharge measurements ever. A deterministic microcontroller expertly apportions the proper acoustics, pulse scheme, and cell size to get the highest definition possible so you can focus on the measurement, not the instrument setup.The system even has a vertical beam for precise channel definition and it's all designed to work intuitively.
  23. 23. Aqua Profiler 31
  24. 24. Aqua Profiler Contact type The system is designed to measure both, the vector and the magnitude (using twin velocity beams) of individual velocity cells to account for velocity variations within the flow and obtain the flow profile. A third vertical acoustic or hydrostatic sensor beam is used to measure water level.
  25. 25. Technical architecture
  26. 26. Smart phones and tablets
  27. 27. DATA FLOW PATH 35
  28. 28. DATAVISUALISATION 36 Graphical representation
  29. 29. SENSORS WATER LEVEL ACCURACY POWER INPUT COST/UNIT(Rs) SERVICE OF AGENCY 1) CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC 1 year warrenty >RADAR RANGING SENSOR 40275-72585 a)CS475-L 50mm-20m ± 5mm 9.6-16 Vdc b)CS476-L 50mm-30m ±3mm 9.6-16 Vdc c)CS477-L 400mm-70m ±15mm 9.6- 16 Vdc >SONIC RANGING SENSOR 2565-55285 SR50A-L 0.5-10m ±1cm 9-18 Vdc 2) VIRTUAL ELECTRONICS >DIGITAL WATER LEVEL RECORDER-RADAR TYPE 3025-60125 DWLR-R 15m-70m ±2mm 12 v 37
  30. 30. 3) HYDROVISION >ULTRASONIC LEVEL SENSOR 2575-50254 SEP3702 25m ±2% 24Vdc SHANGHAI CX-RLM RADAR WATER LEVEL SENSOR WITH ALARM 30 m <0.1% 4216-60230 1Year warranty 4) CHEMINS WATER LEVEL SENSOR LKZLD-A 30 m <0.1% 24Vdc RADARWATER LEVEL SENSOR HD 30 m 6000-12000 38
  31. 31. 5) SHANGHAI CX-RLM-081 PULSE RADAR INFRARED WATER LEVEL SENSOR 20m <0.1% 7000-60230 RRF-15 70m ±5mm 60230-18690 VRPWRD51-56 20m ±10mm 48184-12460 VRPWRD35 20m ±3mm 24Vdc 48184-12460 SHAANXICHINA-RADARWATER LEVEL SENSOR YK=RLT01 35m ±2mm 6023-72276 39
  32. 32. Meteorological predictions and information Weather forecast information to mobiles Pest and disease surveillance for major crops Weather based crop insurance products Computer- models ObservationsWeather information VIPS
  33. 33. http://washtech.wordpress.com/2010/11/03/monitoring-water-for-people-launches-android-app/ Real time Maps
  34. 34. Real-time data The application allows water users to instantly access information from handheld devices on stream for surface water, major reservoir levels, canal water flows/levels.The free mobile app will be made available for iPhone,Android and MSWindows for stakeholders to access information. River levels and flows Storage elevations, volumes and discharges Canal Levels at nodes Ground water levels. Determine water availability, water allocations and water releases develop water sharing plans evaluate the performance of water sharing plans predict flood levels to protect people and property gauge the health of rivers and floodplains manage surface and groundwater resources
  35. 35. The real time is useful Adopting the irrigation scheduling water usage can be minimized Generating crop water demand and supply graphs and make use of the same while releasing water to canals. Predicting occurrence of rainfall in the future by using rainfall probability analysis Adoption of visualization techniques for quick decision making and supervision of gates, meters and other field devices. Water delivery would be equitable and also economical
  36. 36. Thank you…

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