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Design & Development of Water
Monitoring Systems
Under the guidance of
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy,
Coordinator, ClimaAdapt P...
Objectives:
What is system and different components in the system
Water depth measurement system
Soil moisture measurement...
What is a system?
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent
components forming an integrated whole or a set of el...
Block Diagram of System
ProcessorInput Transmission Output
Inputs (Sensors)
Contact sensors
 Soil moisture sensor
 Temperature and humidity sensor
 Pressure sensor
Non-Contact se...
Processing
 Arduino
 Micro Controller
An open source platform, easy to use software and
hardware
54 digital input and output pins
14 analog input pins
16 MHz cr...
Arduino over microcontrollers :
Inexpensive
Cross-platform
Simple programming environment
Transfering Mechanisms
 Wired
 Cable
 Wireless
 Bluetooth
 GSM/GPRS
 Wifi
Output
• SMS
• Image
• Video
• Light
• Sound
• Display
Input Processor Transmission Output
oContact
• Pressure
• Capacitance
• Bubbler
• Soil moisture
sensor
oNon
contact
• Ultr...
Display
Soil Moisture Measurement System
(CLICK v1.0)
Soil moisture sensor Arduino
Circuit and program
SMS
Soil Moisture Measurement System
(CLICK 2.0 )
Soil moisture sensor Arduino Mega GSM modem- SIM900
Circuit and Program
Soil Moisture Measurement System
(CLICK v3.0)
Soil moisture sensor Arduino
LEDs
Circuit and program
Display
Water Depth Measurement System
(TWEET v1.0)
Ultrasonic sensor HC- SR04 Arduino Mega
Circuit and program
SMS
Water Depth Measurement
(TWEET v2.0)
Ultrasonic sensor
HC- SR04
Arduino Mega GSM-SIM900
Circuit and program
Display
Temperature and Humidity Measurement
System
DHT11 sensor
Arduino
Circuit and program
SMS
Temperature and Humidity Measurement
System
DHT11 sensor Arduino Mega GSM modem- SIM900
Circuit and program
Power Analysis
1) Non rechargeable batteries
2) Rechargeable batteries
Electrically rechargeable
Solar panels
9V non rechargeable battery
12V electrically rechargeable battery
Installation in real time
Observations & Conclusions
Robust covering should be provided.
Graphical data transmission such as MMS is not possible
wit...
Limitations
Range of ultrasonic sensor is 3 m only.
Ultrasonic sensor can not be used, if it is to be
implemented in the s...
Future work
To install the device in the field, it is better to use solar
energy.
To reduce the power consumption,use logi...
Bibliography
1.Programming http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/HomePage
2. Arduino mega 2560 pin mapping diagram-
http://arduin...
Acknowledgement
We wish to express our deep sense of gratitude from the bottom of
our heart to our guide Dr.N.Sai Bhaskar ...
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity
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Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity

Arduino and sensors for water level, soil moisture, temperature & relative humidity for application in the ClimaAdapt Project areas - Nagarjuna Sagar Project Left and Right Canals in the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for water use efficiency - Canal and On Farm

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Sensors for water level, soil moisture temp & r.humidity

  1. 1. Design & Development of Water Monitoring Systems Under the guidance of Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy, Coordinator, ClimaAdapt Project, WALAMTARI Presented By: N.Shiva K.Sathish S.Mahammad D.Navya S.Chandi Priya Darshini Summer Internship for RGUKT Students during 26-05-2014 to 19-07-2014
  2. 2. Objectives: What is system and different components in the system Water depth measurement system Soil moisture measurement system Temperature and humidity measurement system Power supply Limitations Challenges • Future work References
  3. 3. What is a system? A system is a set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole or a set of elements (often called 'components' ) and relationships which are different from relationships of the set or its elements to other elements or sets. Each element in the system is called “component”.Every system is having following components 1) Input 2) Processor 3) Transmitter 4) Output
  4. 4. Block Diagram of System ProcessorInput Transmission Output
  5. 5. Inputs (Sensors) Contact sensors  Soil moisture sensor  Temperature and humidity sensor  Pressure sensor Non-Contact sensors  Ultrasonic sensor  Doppler sensor  Optical sensor
  6. 6. Processing  Arduino  Micro Controller
  7. 7. An open source platform, easy to use software and hardware 54 digital input and output pins 14 analog input pins 16 MHz crystal oscillator Serial communication is possible because of Tx , Rx pins Flash memory of 256 KB SRAM of 8 KB EEPROM of 4 KB Recommended voltage 7V-12V
  8. 8. Arduino over microcontrollers : Inexpensive Cross-platform Simple programming environment
  9. 9. Transfering Mechanisms  Wired  Cable  Wireless  Bluetooth  GSM/GPRS  Wifi
  10. 10. Output • SMS • Image • Video • Light • Sound • Display
  11. 11. Input Processor Transmission Output oContact • Pressure • Capacitance • Bubbler • Soil moisture sensor oNon contact • Ultrasonic • Doppler • Optical oMCU oArduino oWired • Cable oWireless • Bluetooth • GSM/GPRS • Wifi Overview •SMS •Sound •Light •Image •Display
  12. 12. Display Soil Moisture Measurement System (CLICK v1.0) Soil moisture sensor Arduino
  13. 13. Circuit and program
  14. 14. SMS Soil Moisture Measurement System (CLICK 2.0 ) Soil moisture sensor Arduino Mega GSM modem- SIM900
  15. 15. Circuit and Program
  16. 16. Soil Moisture Measurement System (CLICK v3.0) Soil moisture sensor Arduino LEDs
  17. 17. Circuit and program
  18. 18. Display Water Depth Measurement System (TWEET v1.0) Ultrasonic sensor HC- SR04 Arduino Mega
  19. 19. Circuit and program
  20. 20. SMS Water Depth Measurement (TWEET v2.0) Ultrasonic sensor HC- SR04 Arduino Mega GSM-SIM900
  21. 21. Circuit and program
  22. 22. Display Temperature and Humidity Measurement System DHT11 sensor Arduino
  23. 23. Circuit and program
  24. 24. SMS Temperature and Humidity Measurement System DHT11 sensor Arduino Mega GSM modem- SIM900
  25. 25. Circuit and program
  26. 26. Power Analysis 1) Non rechargeable batteries 2) Rechargeable batteries Electrically rechargeable Solar panels
  27. 27. 9V non rechargeable battery 12V electrically rechargeable battery
  28. 28. Installation in real time
  29. 29. Observations & Conclusions Robust covering should be provided. Graphical data transmission such as MMS is not possible with Arduino, Arduino compatible cameras are not adequately available in the market. Areas at which signal strength is less, power consumption by the system is more to send data as SMS. To overcome this problem one should go for the networks which are having high signal strength. Ultrasonic sensor should not be installed near the bank, as water near the bank may not be stable at all the times.
  30. 30. Limitations Range of ultrasonic sensor is 3 m only. Ultrasonic sensor can not be used, if it is to be implemented in the stilling well because of the reason that sentry angle is 15 degrees only. If flow is not smooth, measurement may not be accurate.
  31. 31. Future work To install the device in the field, it is better to use solar energy. To reduce the power consumption,use logical devices to activate the system only at required times and system should be idle for remaining. Automation of the gates if device installed at the reservoirs, automation of the motors if the device installed in the farming fields. Incorporate the exhaust fan in the device as heat sink, to protect the device from heat. To send images use Raspberry pi.
  32. 32. Bibliography 1.Programming http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/HomePage 2. Arduino mega 2560 pin mapping diagram- http://arduino.cc/en/Hacking/PinMapping2560 3. Arduino mega 2560 schematic diagram http://arduino.cc/en/uploads/Main/arduino-mega2560_R3-sch.pdf 4.LCD display image http://www.engineersgarage.com/electronic-components/16x2-lcd- module-datasheet
  33. 33. Acknowledgement We wish to express our deep sense of gratitude from the bottom of our heart to our guide Dr.N.Sai Bhaskar Reddy, Coordinator, ClimaAdapt for his motivating discussions, overwhelming suggestions, ingenious encouragement and advice, invaluable supervision, exemplary guidance throughout this project. We would like to extend our heartful thanks to Sri L.Narayana Reddy, Director General, WALAMTARI and Engineer-in-Chief, I & CAD Dept., for giving this great opportunity of taking intern at WALAMTARI. We are immensely grateful to our Vice Chancellor Prof.R V Raja Kumar for his support in undertaking internship in I & CAD Department. We are also thankful to Mr.Kiran, Data Processing Officer, Miss.A.Sravanthi, Water Manager and Mr.Pranith for their constant backing in all aspects of this project.

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Arduino and sensors for water level, soil moisture, temperature & relative humidity for application in the ClimaAdapt Project areas - Nagarjuna Sagar Project Left and Right Canals in the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for water use efficiency - Canal and On Farm

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