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ANGRAU, RARS, LAM FARM, GUNTUR 
9th July 2014
food water 
shelter climate 
energy environment
SPIRITUAL 
CULTURAL 
BELIEFS 
RITUALS 
FESTIVALS 
CREMATIO 
N 
ALTARS 
TERMITES / 
ANTS 
REPULSION 
EARTHWO 
RMS 
INCREASE...
SOIL 
BIOCHAR 
BIOCHAR 
COMPOST 
AGRICUTURE 
PADDY 
METHANE 
EMISSIONS 
REDUCTION 
PESTICIDE & 
COMPLEX 
CHEMICALS 
AFFECT...
Biocharculture Adaptation benefits 
Securing the crop from 
drought and climate 
variabiiity 
Reclaim the degraded 
soils,...
• Agriculture productivity increase 
• Low input agriculture Natural 
• Local jobs and equity 
• Local enterprises Social ...
SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR 
CROP RESIDUE (800 million tons of biomass 
burnt) 
COTTON STALKS (22.3 million tons genera...
Plants 
Biochar 
Stoves 
Soil Fertility 
Carbon Sequestration 
Emission reduction 
Water conservation 
Carbon as biochar 
...
PROSOPIS JULIFLORA 
MAIN SOURCE
CHARCOAL 
PRODUCTION
Major challenges 
Climate change - 
variability - 
extremes 
Soil fertility Water 
management 
Impact of 
hazardous 
pesti...
Advantages of Biochar Urban Gardens 
Sink for CO2 and contribution to climate change mitigation. 
Converting dry waste int...
Alkaline Soils
COMPOST JAGGERY 
BIOCHAR 
SOIL MICROBES 
GREEN MULCH
BIOCHAR COMPOST
OKRA - CONTROL AND BIOCHAR PLOTS 
CONTROL BIOCHAR COMPOST 
4 KGS 8 KGS 12 KGS
CONTROL 
1.5 FEET 6 FEET 
BIOCHAR
Methane Emissions from paddy fields
Biochar – livestock urine
BIOCHAR URINALS 
TAPPING NITROGEN FROM URINE 
OF ANIMALS AND PEOPLE USING 
BIOCHAR
OTHER BIOCHAR APPLICATIONS 
BIOCHAR BRICKS, GREEN BUILDINGS 
WATER LESS CLEANING
Advantages of Biochar Urban Gardens 
These are low cost solutions for efficient use of urban spaces. 
Complement food need...
{…innovative means of conserving water and nutrients given to plants…} 
BIOCHAR AND PLANTS 
ROOTIGATION 
SAPIGATION 
FLOAT...
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 1 
Waterproof liquid spray 
Biochar 
A circular pit is prepared 
around the plant without 
damaging th...
W 
A 
T 
E 
R 
WATER & NUTRIENTS 
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy 
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com 
Small Pouche...
WAT 
ER 
WATER & NUTRIENTS 
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy 
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 with grafted root (Rootrootgraft) 
W 
A 
T 
E 
R 
WATER & NUTRIENTS 
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy 
saibh...
BIOCHAR SAPIGATION 
Biochar 
Sap wood is exposed linearly and a layer 
of sterile biochar powder is applied and 
tied with...
BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with grafted root into 
the sap wood (SAPROOTGRAFT) 
Sap wood of a tree 
grafted with root /s (of 
same...
BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with the roots of 
parasitic plants. 
Water and fertilizers 
Biochar 
The roots of the parasitic plants...
FLOATIGATION 
Floatigation is growing plants on floats, where the water (including fertilizers) 
are taken through capilla...
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy 
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy 
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
Sewagigation 
Perforated pipe 
Sand 
Biochar 
Gravel
Road 
Sewerage 
Clean water for irrigation 
Drip Irrigation 
Sewagigation
“..these are innovative methods to reduce the loss of water and 
fertilizers given to plants..” 
Consider plants as sensit...
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Biocharculture mast

  1. 1. ANGRAU, RARS, LAM FARM, GUNTUR 9th July 2014
  2. 2. food water shelter climate energy environment
  3. 3. SPIRITUAL CULTURAL BELIEFS RITUALS FESTIVALS CREMATIO N ALTARS TERMITES / ANTS REPULSION EARTHWO RMS INCREASE GOOD STOVES •TLUDs •Other stoves SOURCES (BIOMASS) CROP RESIDUE POULTRY LITTER WASTE MANAGEM ENT •Sludge FOOD PRESERV PRACTICES ING FOOD CLEANIN G MEDICIN E MATTRE SS TOOTH POWDER AIR QUALITY • CO2 / CH4 WATER TREATM ENT AQUARI UM / TERRARI UMS BIOCHAR URINALS BIOCHAR BRICKS SOAK PITS FILTERIN G MEDIA INSECT REPELLE NT INCREASED PRODUCTI ON SOIL AMENDMENT SOIL TEMPERAT URE REGULATE D MOISTURE RETENTION WATER CONSERVA TION NITROGEN / PHOSPHOR OUS RETENTION NURSERIES PESTICIDES ADBSORBTI ON SOIL MICROBES DENSITY INCREASE BIOCHAR COMPOST CARBON SEQUESTR ATION POULTRY - CH4 REDUCTION ANIMALS LIVESTOCK - URINE AND DUNG FYM / COMPOST BIOMASS BIOCH AR ENERG Y Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy, GEO http://e-geo.org | http://biocharculture.com
  4. 4. SOIL BIOCHAR BIOCHAR COMPOST AGRICUTURE PADDY METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION PESTICIDE & COMPLEX CHEMICALS AFFECTS MITIGATION EMMISIONS REDUCTION FROM FARM YARD MANURES AND COMPOSTS CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT ANIMALS APPLICATION IN ANIMAL PLACES TO TAP URINE, SANITATION AND EMISSIONS REDUCTION RUMINANT ANIMALS METHANE EMISSIONS REDUCTION AS FEED ADDITIVE SOAKING IN WITH ANIMALS URINE AND EXCRETA - VALUE ADDITION ENERGY SOURCE FROM EFFICIENT TLUD COOK STOVES AS BY PRODUCT FROM GASIFIER STOVES, BOILERS ETC CHARCOAL PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS / WASTE MANAGEMENT HABITAT BIOCHAR BRICKS BIOCHAR IN AQUARIUMS BIOCHAR IN POULTRY FARMS BIOCHAR IN FRIDGES, MATTRESSES, ETC. SANITATION BIOCHAR URINALS BIOCHAR TOILETS BIOCHAR IN CATTLE SHEDS CLEANING PLATES / UTENSILS BATHING HEALTH CLEANING TEETH BIOCHAR TABLETS BIOCHAR IN FOOD AS PART OF FOOD PREPARATIONS WATER WATER PURIFICATION – COLOR, ODOR, REMOVAL OF HARMFUL ELEMENTS, ETC. RITUAL / SPIRITUAL / RELIGIOUS / PRACTICES FIRE / ALTAR / YAGNAS / AGNIHOTRA FIRE DURING FESTIVALS CREMATIONS NATURAL / ARTIFICIAL FIRES IN FORESTS / FIELDS, ETC.
  5. 5. Biocharculture Adaptation benefits Securing the crop from drought and climate variabiiity Reclaim the degraded soils, water conservation, Lessen the impact of hazardous pesticides and complex chemicals & to reduce plant uptake. reducing emissions and increasing the sequestration of greenhouse gases Conversion of cotton stalks into Biochar an option and address carbon sequestration Increase in crop yield increases in C, N, pH, and available P to the plants Impacts of Biochar last more than 1000 years.
  6. 6. • Agriculture productivity increase • Low input agriculture Natural • Local jobs and equity • Local enterprises Social • Least skills • Biocharculture Human • Local technologies • Low energy Physical • Low carbon economy • Low cost Financial • Carbon sequestration and energy security • Mitigation and adaptation to climate change Environment
  7. 7. SOURCES OF BIOMASS FOR BIOCHAR CROP RESIDUE (800 million tons of biomass burnt) COTTON STALKS (22.3 million tons generated) PROSOPIS JULIFLORA RICE HUSK OTHER BIOMASS
  8. 8. Plants Biochar Stoves Soil Fertility Carbon Sequestration Emission reduction Water conservation Carbon as biochar Water and fertilizers conservation Carbon sequestration Energy Emissions reduction Biomass conservation Biochar as byproduct
  9. 9. PROSOPIS JULIFLORA MAIN SOURCE
  10. 10. CHARCOAL PRODUCTION
  11. 11. Major challenges Climate change - variability - extremes Soil fertility Water management Impact of hazardous pesticides and nitrogen fertilizers Burning of crop residue Alkalinity of soils
  12. 12. Advantages of Biochar Urban Gardens Sink for CO2 and contribution to climate change mitigation. Converting dry waste into biochar using biochar stoves and utilizing the energy. http://goodstove.com Efficient solid waste management Insulation to the roof Entertainment and cultural activity space Social gathering Conducting meetings and workshops Health walk ways A great place for exercise and mental peace. Aesthetics
  13. 13. Alkaline Soils
  14. 14. COMPOST JAGGERY BIOCHAR SOIL MICROBES GREEN MULCH
  15. 15. BIOCHAR COMPOST
  16. 16. OKRA - CONTROL AND BIOCHAR PLOTS CONTROL BIOCHAR COMPOST 4 KGS 8 KGS 12 KGS
  17. 17. CONTROL 1.5 FEET 6 FEET BIOCHAR
  18. 18. Methane Emissions from paddy fields
  19. 19. Biochar – livestock urine
  20. 20. BIOCHAR URINALS TAPPING NITROGEN FROM URINE OF ANIMALS AND PEOPLE USING BIOCHAR
  21. 21. OTHER BIOCHAR APPLICATIONS BIOCHAR BRICKS, GREEN BUILDINGS WATER LESS CLEANING
  22. 22. Advantages of Biochar Urban Gardens These are low cost solutions for efficient use of urban spaces. Complement food needs by growing food. Fresh and nutritious food is available close to habitation Economic savings through access to self grown food Utilization of waste for creating biochar compost. Carbon sequestration through biochar use. Emissions reduction, improved soil fertility and management, efficient use of water and conservation, increased soil microbial density, micorhazea (fungus), etc.
  23. 23. {…innovative means of conserving water and nutrients given to plants…} BIOCHAR AND PLANTS ROOTIGATION SAPIGATION FLOATIGATION SEWAGIGATION
  24. 24. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 1 Waterproof liquid spray Biochar A circular pit is prepared around the plant without damaging the roots. Part of the soil in the pit would be covered with polyethylene or biodegradable wax sprayed / covered with any water proof and durable material and then biochar compost would be applied. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  25. 25. W A T E R WATER & NUTRIENTS BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  26. 26. WAT ER WATER & NUTRIENTS BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  27. 27. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 with grafted root (Rootrootgraft) W A T E R WATER & NUTRIENTS Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Rootroot Graft Grafting a root of a plant with another root of similar or different species Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  28. 28. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION Biochar Sap wood is exposed linearly and a layer of sterile biochar powder is applied and tied with a muslin cloth into which the water and fertilizers (diluted) would be given to the plant. By using the drip irrigation system, water is given slowly, not wasted. Fertilizers can be mixed in with the water in diluted form, so that the plant consumes them slowly, and roots are not exposed to concentrations of nutrients. This system benefits from biochar's superior storage capacity and affinity for water. Water and fertilizers Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  29. 29. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with grafted root into the sap wood (SAPROOTGRAFT) Sap wood of a tree grafted with root /s (of same / similar / differeent species). Water loving roots (roots which remain submerged in water all the time) of a species would be more beneficial for grafting. These roots will take required amount of water from the water pipe and transfers to the plant. Biochar would be used for protecting the exposed root Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Biochar Grafted root Water and fertilizers
  30. 30. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with the roots of parasitic plants. Water and fertilizers Biochar The roots of the parasitic plants could be tamed by suppressing the growth of parasitic plant for the benefit of the host tree. These roots will be used for sapigation. Note: Research should be done further to improve this method. Usually the capacity of parasitic plants for intake of moisture and nutrients is very high. The rate of transfer of the same to the host plant would be high. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com roots of parasitic plants. The shoots are suppresse d
  31. 31. FLOATIGATION Floatigation is growing plants on floats, where the water (including fertilizers) are taken through capillary action. The plant absorbs the required quantity of water aided by the capillary action of biochar. Water supply can be adjusted by raising or lowering containers as required. Plastic tray water Float (Styrofoam) Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  32. 32. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  33. 33. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  34. 34. Sewagigation Perforated pipe Sand Biochar Gravel
  35. 35. Road Sewerage Clean water for irrigation Drip Irrigation Sewagigation
  36. 36. “..these are innovative methods to reduce the loss of water and fertilizers given to plants..” Consider plants as sensitive, they need to be taken care because we have domesticated them for our own benefit in the name of agriculture. The treatment given to plants is “inplant” / “inhuman”. (The term inplant is given to experss insensitivity towards plants). ..throwing water on the ground and expecting the plant to consume all the water without wastage is almost impossible..the loss of water through percolation and evaporation etc., is almost inevitable. As the plants have no mobility and limited root system, we need to innovate and implement good practices to support them.. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com

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