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Biochar Conserving Water for Plants

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Biochar Conserving Water for Plants

  1. 1. {…innovative means of conserving water and nutrients given to plants…} BIOCHAR AND PLANTS ROOTIGATION SAPIGATION FLOATIGATION GEOCHAR GEO Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy http://e-geo.org saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  2. 2. A circular pit is prepared BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 1 around the plant without damaging the roots. Part of the soil in the pit would be covered with polyethylene or biodegradable wax sprayed / covered with any water proof and durable material and then biochar compost would be applied. Biochar Waterproof liquid spray Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  3. 3. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 W WATER & NUTRIENTS A R E T Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  4. 4. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 WAT WATER & NUTRIENTS ER Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  5. 5. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 with grafted root (Rootrootgraft) W WATER & NUTRIENTS A R T E Rootroot Graft Grafting a root of a plant with another root of similar or different species Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  6. 6. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION Sap wood is exposed linearly and a layer of sterile biochar powder is applied and tied with a muslin cloth into which the water and fertilizers (diluted) would be given to the plant. By using the drip irrigation system, water is given slowly, not wasted. Fertilizers can be mixed in with the water in diluted form, so that the plant consumes them slowly, and roots are Biochar not exposed to concentrations of nutrients. This system benefits from biochar's superior storage capacity and affinity for water. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  7. 7. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with grafted root into the sap wood (SAPROOTGRAFT) Sap wood of a tree grafted with root /s (of same / similar / differeent species). Water loving roots (roots which remain submerged in water all the time) of a species would be more beneficial for grafting. These roots will take required amount of water Biochar from the water pipe and transfers to the plant. Biochar would be used for Grafted root protecting the exposed root Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  8. 8. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with the roots of parasitic plants. The roots of the parasitic plants could be tamed by suppressing the growth of parasitic plant for the benefit of the host tree. These roots will be used for sapigation. roots of Note: Research should be done further parasitic to improve this method. plants. The Usually the capacity of parasitic plants shoots are Biochar for intake of moisture and nutrients is suppresse very high. The rate of transfer of the d same to the host plant would be high. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  9. 9. FLOATIGATION Floatigation is growing plants on floats, where the water (including fertilizers) are taken through capillary action. The plant absorbs the required quantity of water aided by the capillary action of biochar. Water supply can be adjusted by raising or lowering containers as required. Plastic tray Float water (Styrofoam) Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  10. 10. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  11. 11. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  12. 12. “..these are innovative methods to reduce the loss of water and fertilizers given to plants..” Consider plants as sensitive, they need to be taken care because we have domesticated them for our own benefit in the name of agriculture. The treatment given to plants is “inplant” / “inhuman”. (The term inplant is given to experss insensitivity towards plants). ..throwing water on the ground and expecting the plant to consume all the water without wastage is almost impossible..the loss of water through percolation and evaporation etc., is almost inevitable. As the plants have no mobility and limited root system, we need to innovate and implement good practices to support them.. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com

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