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Biochar Conserving Water for Plants

Sai Bhaskar Reddy Nakka
Sai Bhaskar Reddy Nakka
Sai Bhaskar Reddy NakkaClimate Change Expert & Team Leader at MgtWell Consulting Services

A method of conserving water through application of

Biochar Conserving Water for Plants

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{…innovative means of conserving water and nutrients given to plants…}




       BIOCHAR AND PLANTS
                         ROOTIGATION
                          SAPIGATION
                         FLOATIGATION                  GEOCHAR
                                                       GEO
  Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy                             http://e-geo.org
  saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
A circular pit is prepared
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 1          around the plant without
                               damaging the roots. Part of
                               the soil in the pit would be
                               covered with polyethylene or
                               biodegradable wax sprayed /
                               covered with any water proof
                               and durable material and then
                               biochar compost would be
                               applied.
                 Biochar
                            Waterproof liquid spray




Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2




                                                     W
                                                    WATER & NUTRIENTS




                                                     A


                                                     R
                                                     E
                                                     T
                                                  Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
                                                  saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com

Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a
plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material
which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by
drip irrigation system
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2




                                   WAT
                            WATER & NUTRIENTS




                                   ER
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 with grafted root (Rootrootgraft)




                                                            W
                                                           WATER & NUTRIENTS




                                                            A


                                                            R
                                                            T
                                                            E
Rootroot Graft

Grafting a root
of a plant with
another root
of similar or
different
species
                                                           Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
                                                           saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a
plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material
which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by
drip irrigation system
BIOCHAR SAPIGATION

Sap wood is exposed linearly and a layer
of sterile biochar powder is applied and
tied with a muslin cloth into which the
water and fertilizers (diluted) would be
given to the plant.
By using the drip irrigation system,
water is given slowly, not wasted.
Fertilizers can be mixed in with the
water in diluted form, so that the plant
consumes them slowly, and roots are          Biochar
not exposed to concentrations of
nutrients. This system benefits from
biochar's superior storage capacity and
affinity for water.



Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy
                                Water and fertilizers
saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com

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Biochar Conserving Water for Plants

  • 1. {…innovative means of conserving water and nutrients given to plants…} BIOCHAR AND PLANTS ROOTIGATION SAPIGATION FLOATIGATION GEOCHAR GEO Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy http://e-geo.org saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 2. A circular pit is prepared BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 1 around the plant without damaging the roots. Part of the soil in the pit would be covered with polyethylene or biodegradable wax sprayed / covered with any water proof and durable material and then biochar compost would be applied. Biochar Waterproof liquid spray Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 3. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 W WATER & NUTRIENTS A R E T Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  • 4. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 WAT WATER & NUTRIENTS ER Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 5. BIOCHAR ROOTIGATION 2 with grafted root (Rootrootgraft) W WATER & NUTRIENTS A R T E Rootroot Graft Grafting a root of a plant with another root of similar or different species Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com Small Pouches of biochar compost would be attached to the roots of a plant. These can be made of any material, preferably a durable material which can expand. Water (including fertilizers) is taken by the plant by drip irrigation system
  • 6. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION Sap wood is exposed linearly and a layer of sterile biochar powder is applied and tied with a muslin cloth into which the water and fertilizers (diluted) would be given to the plant. By using the drip irrigation system, water is given slowly, not wasted. Fertilizers can be mixed in with the water in diluted form, so that the plant consumes them slowly, and roots are Biochar not exposed to concentrations of nutrients. This system benefits from biochar's superior storage capacity and affinity for water. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 7. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with grafted root into the sap wood (SAPROOTGRAFT) Sap wood of a tree grafted with root /s (of same / similar / differeent species). Water loving roots (roots which remain submerged in water all the time) of a species would be more beneficial for grafting. These roots will take required amount of water Biochar from the water pipe and transfers to the plant. Biochar would be used for Grafted root protecting the exposed root Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 8. BIOCHAR SAPIGATION with the roots of parasitic plants. The roots of the parasitic plants could be tamed by suppressing the growth of parasitic plant for the benefit of the host tree. These roots will be used for sapigation. roots of Note: Research should be done further parasitic to improve this method. plants. The Usually the capacity of parasitic plants shoots are Biochar for intake of moisture and nutrients is suppresse very high. The rate of transfer of the d same to the host plant would be high. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy Water and fertilizers saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 9. FLOATIGATION Floatigation is growing plants on floats, where the water (including fertilizers) are taken through capillary action. The plant absorbs the required quantity of water aided by the capillary action of biochar. Water supply can be adjusted by raising or lowering containers as required. Plastic tray Float water (Styrofoam) Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 10. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 11. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com
  • 12. “..these are innovative methods to reduce the loss of water and fertilizers given to plants..” Consider plants as sensitive, they need to be taken care because we have domesticated them for our own benefit in the name of agriculture. The treatment given to plants is “inplant” / “inhuman”. (The term inplant is given to experss insensitivity towards plants). ..throwing water on the ground and expecting the plant to consume all the water without wastage is almost impossible..the loss of water through percolation and evaporation etc., is almost inevitable. As the plants have no mobility and limited root system, we need to innovate and implement good practices to support them.. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy saibhaskarnakka@gmail.com