If you are delivering only Introduction to Windows Azure, and not SQL Database, use till Slide 25.DO NOT REMOVE THE FOLLOWING TEXT:Feel free to replace my name and logo with your name and logo, as long as you acknowledge me (Vikas Sahni, firstname.lastname@example.org, @sahnivi) as the author / compiler of this PowerPoint document in your talk.This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.In plain English, feel free to modify, as long as you send me your version.
Office 365 + Dynamics CRM Online includes a bit of PaaS, as customisation can be done and managed solutions deployed.WA now extends all the way from Virtual networks to Websites that can be created from the Gallery.
With June 2012 release, Windows Azure is more flexible than ever.Windows Azure helped pioneer the concept of Platform as a Service – and provides a rich set of managed, scalable services. Today, we are making these services even richer.Windows Azure also now supports Infrastructure as a Service – including the ability to host both Windows and Linux Virtual Machines in the cloud. Microsoft’s support of Linux is just one example of how it is embracing openness in a fundamental new way.With June 2012 release, we are supporting more operating systems, more languages, more open protocols, and releasing all of our SDKs on GitHub under an open source license.The end result is a truly unique offering. You can now use both Platform as a Service and Infrastructure as a Service together.You can now use the best of both the Microsoft ecosystem and open source ecosystem together.And you can now build better and more scalable solutions than ever before.
True to the Cloud ManifestoWindows Azure services are backed by monthly SLAs, providing you the confidence you need to deliver solutions to customers.
It is important to clarify that logical servers are not tied to physical machines, meaning the logical server is really just a unit of organization (you have a logical master database with data for the databases on the “logical server”).
This slide shows what happens when a primary fails. Clarify that there are a bunch of primary / secondaries on each machine (other databases on the cluster).
Explain that Database Migration has to take into account the increased communication time (build retry logic) and maximum DB size limit, currently 150 GB (Scale Out). May be good to advise audience to wait a few minutes till you get to the Scale Out slides.
Introduction to Windows Azure and Windows Azure SQL Database
• Azure Overview• What is SQL Azure?• Value Proposition• Usage scenarios• Concepts & Architecture• What is there and what is not• Federation and Reporting
Infrastructure Platform As a Software As a As a Service Service Service• Uses VMs • Provides APIs • Web Front End to Software• Consumer manages, patches and • Building Block Services • Multi-Tenant monitors machines • Provider manages VMs and • Logical Separation of data• Good for Legacy Apps patches • Very little customisation• Not great for scalability • Requires a migration of apps • Commodity • Great opportunity for scalability
Infrastructure Platform As a Software As a As a Service Service Service Windows Azure Office 365
At Microsoft: 1 billion: Windows Live ID authentications each day 3 to 4 billion: the # of emails filtered daily from >6 million mail boxes by Forefront 2 billion: the # of queries each month Bing 450 million: Hotmail users (now 16 years old) 100 million: users that get Windows Update worldwide, (now 14 years old) 20 million: Xbox Live users (now 10 years old) +400,000: square footage of new datacenters
More than 10 and less than 100 DCs worldwidePlus multiple global CDN locations Dublin Amsterdam Quincy Chicago Japan Hong Kong Boydton Des Moines San Antonio Singapore Quincy, Washington: approx 500K sq ft, 27MW, uses entirely hydro-electric power San Antonio, Texas: approx 477K sq ft, 27MW, uses recycled water for cooling Chicago, Illinois: 707K square feet with critical power of 60 MW, uses water side economization, containers Dublin, Ireland: approx 570K sq ft, up to 27MW, uses outside air for cooling.
Compute Services in Windows AzureGOAL: Massive Scalability Page 13
Storage Services in Windows AzureGOAL: Scalable, durable utility-based storage Windows Azure storage is an application managed by the Fabric Controller Windows Azure applications can use native storage, Windows Azure SQL Database, or any other mechanism within a Windows Azure VM Application state is kept in storage services, so worker roles can replicate as needed Blobs can be stored in global Windows Azure Content Delivery Network (CDN) Page 14
Windows Azure Virtual MachinesGOAL: Flexible, No Lock-in Windows Azure Virtual Machines Microsoft Data Center can run Windows AND Linux Use standard VHD format, easy to move between Windows Azure and On-Premises Data Centers Equally easy to directly move to another service provider that supports VHDs Windows Azure Virtual Machines have persistent drives Continuous Storage Geo- replication, with Opt-Out discount Your Data Center Page 15
Windows Azure Web SitesGOAL: Build with familiar tools, Deploy in Seconds, Start for free Build with ASP.NET, Node.js or PHP Use Windows, Mac or Linux machines for development Deploy using FTP, Git or TFS Deploy from Gallery, includes DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress Start with free shared instance, Scale up and Scale Out as traffic grows Page 16
Windows Azure Web SitesGOAL: Build with familiar tools, Deploy in Seconds, Start for free Build with ASP.NET, Node.js or PHP Use Windows, Mac or Linux machines for development Deploy using FTP, Git or TFS Deploy from Gallery, includes DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress Start with free shared instance, Scale up and Scale Out as traffic grows Page 17
Windows Azure Web SitesGOAL: Build with familiar tools, Deploy in Seconds, Start for free Build with ASP.NET, Node.js or PHP Use Windows, Mac or Linux machines for development Deploy using FTP, Git or TFS Deploy from Gallery, includes DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress Start with free shared instance, Scale up and Scale Out as traffic grows Page 18
Windows Azure Web SitesGOAL: Build with familiar tools, Deploy in Seconds, Start for free Build with ASP.NET, Node.js or PHP Use Windows, Mac or Linux machines for development Deploy using FTP, Git or TFS Deploy from Gallery, includes DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress Start with free shared instance, Scale up and Scale Out as traffic grows Page 19
Windows Azure Web SitesGOAL: Build with familiar tools, Deploy in Seconds, Start for free Build with ASP.NET, Node.js or PHP Use Windows, Mac or Linux machines for development Deploy using FTP, Git or TFS Deploy from Gallery, includes DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress Start with free shared instance, Scale up and Scale Out as traffic grows 10 Free Shared Instances Page 20
Other ServicesWindows Azure ServiceService Bus Service ApplicationWindows Azure Active ServiceDirectory AccessControl Application SDS Authority Page 21
Extending SQL Server to the Cloud Windows Azure SQL Database On-premises SQL Server Business Data Sync Reporting Intelligence Database Symmetric Programming Model and tools Future Offerings Additional data platform capabilities: BI New services: Data and Web Services Page 22
Workload Patterns Optimal for Cloud “On and Off” “Growing Fast” Compute Compute Inactivity Period Average Usage Average Usage Time Time Business need: stay ahead of steady Business need: Periodic batch process but fast growing customer demand Ex. scenario: Credit card co. doing risk Ex. scenario: Digital syndication scoring for portfolio on a monthly basis Evidence: RiskMetrics financial analysis, Evidence: Associated Press Breaking monte carlo simulations News API 23
Workload Patterns Optimal for Cloud “Unpredictable Bursting” “Predictable Bursting” Compute Compute Average Usage Average Usage Time Time Business need: safely handle highly Business need: respond to periodic unpredictable spikes in customer demand peaks in customer usage and business cycle Ex. scenario: Marketing campaigns, event Ex. scenario: Ecommerce system, ticketing, retail fads, disaster internal payroll portal, corporate website response/recovery Evidence: TicketDirect ticketing system Evidence: Kelley Blue Book website 24
Workload Patterns not for the Cloud today Compute Business need: extreme uptime Business need: specific latency requirements, extreme transaction requirements, single transaction scope processing speeds across large database Ex. scenario: Credit Card Authorization, Ex. scenario: Betting exchanges, Stock Exchanges Commodity exchanges, Global Airline Reservation Distribution Systems 25
Presenter should insert her / his own case study 26
Windows Azure SQL Database Network Topology Applications use standard SQL client libraries: Application ODBC, ADO.Net, … TDS (tcp:1433) Load balancer forwards ‘sticky’ sessions to Load Balancer TDS protocol tierTDS (tcp: 1433) Gateway Gateway Gateway Gateway Gateway GatewayTDS (tcp: 1433) Data Node Data Node Data Node Data Node Data Node Data Node Scalability and Availability: Fabric, Failover, Replication and Load balancing29
Performance Considerations The distance your application travels to perform data access will affect performance Redesign your application for fewer trips to the database Use the same Data Center for all components of your application30
Application Topologies Windows Azure SQL Database access from within MS Datacenter Windows Azure SQL Database access from outside MS (Azure compute – ADO.NET) Datacenter (On-premises – ADO.NET) Application/ Browser App Code / Tools SOAP/REST ADO.NET Data Svcs/REST - EF HTTP/S HTTP/S App Code (ASP.NET) Windows Azure T-SQL (TDS) T-SQL (TDS) SQL Data Services MS SQL Data Services MS Datacenter Datacenter Code Near Code Far31
Data Hub “An aggregation of Enterprise, Partner, Desktop, and Device data within Windows Azure SQL Database” Windows Azure Enterprise Azure App On-premises App Windows Azure SQL Database Enterprise User Management Device Management Desktop Device Client App Client App Business Logic / Sync Gateway Rules Sync Client Sync Client32
Service Provisioning Model Each account has zero or more servers Account Azure wide, provisioned via a common portal Establishes a billing instrument The servers are logical, not tied to physical machines Each server has one or more databases Server Logical concept equal to a master DB Contains metadata about database & usage Unit of authentication, geo-location, billing, reporting Generated DNS-based name Database Each database has standard SQL objects Users, Tables, Views, Indices, etc Unit of consistency33
Database Replicas and Failover !Replica 1 Replica 2 DB Replica 3 Replica 434
Windows Azure SQL Database Deployment DB Script SQL Azure TDS Gateway35
Windows Azure SQL Database Accessing databases Change Connection String Windows Azure SQL Your App Database TDS Gateway36
Connecting to Windows Azure SQL Database Connect via Entity Framework, ADO.NET, ODBC, etc. OLE DB provider is NOT supported May need to include <login>@<server> Attaching a database is NOT supported Use familiar tools (sqlcmd, osql, SSMS, etc) Use SQL Server Management Studio 2008 R2 / 201237
Windows Azure SQL Database Security Supports SQL Server Security On-premise SQL Server security concepts still apply Server-level: sds_dbcreator, sds_securityadmin roles Database-level: same as on-premise SQL Server Administrative user is equivalent to sa38
T-SQL Support (full or partial) Constants Tables, joins, and table variables Constraints Transact-SQL language elements Cursors such as Index management and rebuilding Create/drop databases indexes Create/alter/drop tables Create/alter/drop users and logins Local temporary tables … Reserved keywords User-defined functions Stored procedures Views Statistics management Transactions Triggers39
T-SQL Not Supported Common Language Runtime (CLR) SQL Server configuration options Database file placement SQL Server Service Broker Database mirroring System tables Distributed queries Trace Flags Distributed transactions Filegroup management Full Text Search Global temporary tables40
Database Editions Two SQL Database SKUs: Web & Business You specify Web or Business Edition Web: EDITION = Web Business: EDITION = Business You specify MAXSIZE Web: MAXSIZE = 1GB| 5GB Business: MAXSIZE = 10GB | 20GB | 30GB | 40GB | 50GB | 100GB | 150GB This is the size we will not let you grow beyond You will be charged for the actual (peak) size (in any one day) CREATE DATABASE foo1 (EDITION=business, MAXSIZE=50GB); CREATE DATABASE foo2 (EDITION=business, MAXSIZE=30GB); CREATE DATABASE bar1 (EDITION=web, MAXSIZE=5GB); CREATE DATABASE bar2 (EDITION=web); -- Defaults to 1GB
Database Editions – Pricing as on June 7, 2012Windows Azure SQL Database Database is billed based on a graduated rate based on the size of the database,available as Web and Business Editions. The Web Edition supports up to a 5 GB maximum T-SQL based relationaldatabase. The Business Edition supports up to a 150 GB maximum size T-SQL-based relational database. Database Size Price Per Database Per Month 0 to 100 MB Flat $4.995 Greater than 100 MB to 1 GB Flat $9.99 Greater than 1 GB to 10 GB $9.99 for first GB, $3.996 for each additional GB Greater than 10 GB to 50 GB $45.954 for first 10 GB, $1.998 for each additional GB Great than 50 GB to 150 GB $125.874 for first 50 GB, $0.999 for each additional GBBilling Details Calculated on a daily basis, charged at a monthly rate for each SQL Azure database you utilize For databases greater than 1 GB, you will be billed in the next whole gigabyte incrementExample:If you utilized two Business Edition databases, one that was 4.4 GB and one that was 14.4 GB for 1 day during abilling month, you would be charged for a 5 GB and 15 GB database for that day, which would total $2.643.Below are the calculations: 5 GB: ($9.99 for the first GB + $3.996 per GB for the next 4 GB) / 31 days = $0.838 15 GB: ($45.954 for the first 10 GB + $1.998 per GB for the next 5 GB) / 31 days = $1.805
Migrating Databases “Just change the connection string” * once database is migrated SQL Server Management Studio 2012 has increased support for Windows Azure SQL Database Migrating Databases Hands On Lab in the Windows Azure Platform Training Kit43
Moving data Scripted INSERT statements SQL Server Integration Services BCP (bulk copy) is supported SQL Data Sync44
Special Considerations: Database Size Maximum single database size is currently 150GB Database size calculation Includes: primary replica data, objects and indexes Does NOT include: logs, master database, system tables, server catalogs or additional replicas Must handle partitioning logic within the application45
Special Considerations: Throttling MSDN • Use traditional SQL Server best practices • Build in retry logic especially if you expect very high throughput demands • Consider scaling out for high throughput scenarios46
Scaling Up v Scaling Out 1 x 10GB database 10 x 1GB databases47
Why scale out? Scale out on low cost commodity hardware Increased throughput for massive load Increased relational database storage volume48
Sharding basics Several databases are used to store a portion of the application’s data The same schema is used across all databases Data is horizontally partitioned among databases (shards) based on certain criteria (i.e.: geographical info, customer)49
Analyzing the sharding model Primary Shard Global Shard Child Global Country, OrderDate ContactID could50 be the partition field
Scale Out Considerations Database sharding causes complexity Can you separate your database per tenant? Partitioning strategy is highly dependant on scenario Is there natural partitioning that facilitates use cases? Uniform partitioning via round-robin (modulo) can be highest performance Apps may need to be changed/re-architected to take advantage SQL Federation provides support you can do scale-out manually Effective scale/load testing is important to understand how to federate51
SQL Federation Provides Scale-Out Support in SQL Database Partition data and load across many servers Bring computational resources of many to bear Take advantage of elastic provisioning of databases Pay as you go benefits Zero physical administration Federation includes Robust Connection Management Online repartition operations Split & Merge Databases
SQL Federation: Concepts Federation Root Represents the data being partitioned Federation “CustData” Federation Key (Federation Key: CustID) The value that determines the routing of a piece of data Member: PK [min, 100) Atomic Unit AU AU AU PK=5 PK=25 PK=35 All rows with the same federation key value: always together! Federation Member (aka Shard) Member: PK [100, 488) A physical container for a range of atomic units AU AU AU PK=105 PK=235 PK=365 Federation Root The database that houses federation directory Member: PK [488, max) AU AU AU PK=555 PK=2545 PK=356553
Introducing SQL Reporting Extend Reporting to the Cloud
SQL Reporting Developer Agility & Choice Build reports using familiar design tools Publish reports to the cloud or embed directly within applications Use consistent API’s to view, execute and manage reports Extended Reach & Accessibility Secure and reliable access to reports Access reports within an application or via a web browser Render and export to the format desired Elastic Scale & Reliability Off-premises reporting infrastructure lowers TCO Highly available Windows Azure environment Scales to meet the demands of the business as needed55
SQL Reporting Scenarios Operational reports over SQL Database data Customers can report over their SQL Database data, not necessarily with the intent to embed them into an application. Embedding reports into my Windows or Azure application Developers can use same patterns and tools they use today to embed reports into their applications in connected mode against SQL Reporting Service.
Learning Windows Azure SQL Database www.azure.com Hands on Labs in Windows Azure Platform Training Kit Follow the team bloggers57
Want to Know More? Windows Azure http://windowsazure.com/ Windows Azure Training Kit http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?displaylang=en&id=8396 MSDN Development Center http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windowsazure/gg619386.aspx58