Ramadhaan – The
month of Mercy,
What Is Ramadhan??
Ramadhan is the ninth month of the
Islamic lunar calendar.
It is the blessed month in which
muslims fast from dawn to dusk.
It is the month in which Quran was
revealed to Prophet .
The word Ramadhan comes from the Arabic
root ramida or ar-ramad, which means
scorching heat or dryness and the arabic
word for fasting (Saum) literally means “to
refrain”-and it means not only refraining
from food and drink, but from evil actions,
thought, and words. Fasting is fard
(obligatory) for every adult Muslim, except
those who are ill, travelling, pregnant, going
through menstrual bleeding but they have to
make up their fast in the other days.
PURPOSE OF RAMADHAN
The month of Ramadhan is not like any other
month; its purpose is to rid man of those habits
which he has accumulated throughout the rest of
the year. It is a month that prepares man for the
remaining eleven months by teaching him
discipline and self control. This blessed month has
been sent by Allah to His bondsmen so that can
create a connection and draw closer to Allah by
reaping the many rewards that lie in this month. In
this month we will be given many opportunities to
reform ourselves and seek forgiveness for our bad
This is a month of reformation and self
reflection, where a believer can ponder of
over spirituality and piety and bring a
change for the better. The Prophet of Allah
has clearly stated:
Whoever does not give up lying and evil
actions, then Allah is not in need of his
leaving his food and drink” [Saheeh al-
THE PURPOSE OF FASTING
It is a Pillar of Islam.
Allah, the Most High says:
“ O you who believe! Fasting has been
ordained for you as it was ordained for
those before you, so that you may attain
Taqwa.” (Soorah Al-Baqarah:183)
Restraint and Self Discipline.
Benefits of fasting
1. Fasting makes a muslim feel the taste of
hunger and thirst which helps him to
realize the experience of the poor and
sympathezis with those who are needy .
2. It is required that the individual gives up
not only food, and sexual relations, but
also all forms of evil speech (eg.
3. It has also been noted by medical experts
that fasting improves the physical health
in numerous ways.
4. Fasting trains the individual for jihad by
giving him a good course in self-control.
The Virtues and Merits Of
“When Ramadhan comes, the gates of
Paradise are opened and the gates of hell
are cosed and devils are chained”
Umrah in Ramadhan:
Equal to one Hajj (pilgrimage)
Equal to one Hajj with Prophet Muhammad
Fasting also provides protection from evil
for those who sincerely fast. “Fasting is a
The month of Ramadhaan is the one in
which the Quran was sent down, the
greatest and the most unique merit of
Virtues of fasting
Door of Rayyan: There is in Paradise a door called Al-
Rayyan. It is for the fasting Muslims. Only those who fasted
the month of Ramadhan will enter it.
• Rejoices: There are two types of rejoices for the Muslims
who fast. These are:
(a) When breaking fast
(b) When meeting Allah (SWT) on the day of Judgment
• “Whoever fasts during the month of Ramadhaan out of
sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah will have
all of his previous sins forgiven.”
Blessed acts of worship during ramadhan
Taraweeh (Night Prayers) “Whoever performs the
Night prayers with sincerity and good intention
will receive forgiveness of his past mistakes”.
Seeking Lailatul Qadr (The Night of Power):
“The night of Al-Qadr(Decree)is better than a
thousand months”.Soorah Al-Qadr:3
I’tikaf (Seclusion in the Masjid)